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PUBLICATIONS    OF    THE 

NORTH    CAROLINA    HISTORICAL    COMMISSION 

LEGISLATIVE    REFERENCE     LIBRARY 


NORTH  CAROLINA  MANUAL 

1933 


COMPILED    AND    EDITED 
BY 

H.  M.   LONDON 

LEGISLATIVE    REFERENCE    LIBRARIAN 


RALEIGH 

NORTH     CAROLINA     HISTORICAL     COMMISSION 

1933 


Presses    of 

Edwards  &   Brouohton   Company 

State   Printers 

Raleigh,    N.    C. 


PREFACE 

This  volume  is  issued  by  the  North  Carolina  Historical  Com- 
mission in  order  to  furnish  in  succinct  form  information  about  the 
State,  its  government  and  institutions,  which  otherwise  would  re- 
quire much  investigation  in  many  different  sources.  Unless  other- 
wise stated,  the  data  in  each  case  is  the  latest  available. 

Similar  manuals  were  issued  by  the  Secretary  of  State  in 
1903,  1905,  and  1907,  and  by  the  North  Carolina  Historical  Com- 
mission in  1909,  1911,  1913,  1915,  1917,  1919,  1921,  1923,  1925,  1927, 
1929  and  1931.  The  demand  for  these  volumes  has  been  so  great 
that  all  editions  except  those  of  1925  and  1927  have  been  exhausted. 

The  cut  in  the  1930-1931  and  1931-1933  appropriations  of  the  His- 
torical Commission  as  a  result  of  the  general  condition  of  State 
finances  has  compelled  a  sharp  reduction  in  the  size  and  scope  of 
the  1931  and  1933  editions  of  the  Manual.  The  sections,  "Executive 
Departments,"  "Judicial  Department,"  "State  Departments,  Boards 
and  Commissions,"  "State  Charitable  and  Correctional  Institu- 
tions," "Miscellaneous,"  and  "Constitutions,"  which  are  found  in 
previous  editions,  have  been  omitted. 


NORTH  CAROLINA  HISTORICAL  COMMISSION 

M.  C.  S.  Noble,  Chairman,  Chapel  Hill 

Heriot   Clakkson Raleigh 

Mrs.  Thomas  O'Berry Goldsboro 

Miss  Neil  Battle  Lewis Raleigh 

R.   D.   W.  Connob Chapel  Hill 

A.  R.  Newsome,  Secretary,  Raleigh 


CONTENTS 


Page 

Official  Register  for  1933-1934 7 

The  Legislative  Department: 

Officers  ond  Members  of  the  Senate 13 

Senators  14 

Senatorial  Districts 15 

Standing  Committees  of  the  Senate 17 

Officers  and  Members  of  the  House  of  Representatives 21 

Representatives    23 

Standing  Committees  of  the  House  of  Representatives 26 

New  State  Boards  and  Commissions: 

Department  of  Labor 35 

Reorganized  Board  of  Agriculture 36 

Highway  Commission  37 

Banking  Department  38 

Department  of  Personnel  39 

Division  of  Purchase  and  Contract 40 

Local  Government  Commission  43 

University  Consolidation  Commission  45 

Constitutional  Commission  46 

Commission  for  the  Improvement  of  the  Laws 46 

State  Board  of  Plumbing  and  Heating  Examiners 47 

Platforms  of  Political  Parties,  1932: 

Democratic    National    Platform    51 

Republican  National   Platform  56 

State  Democratic  Platform  67 

State  Republican  Platform  71 

Election  Returns  : 

Popular  and  Electoral  Votes  for  President  by  States,  1932 85 

Popular  Vote  for  President  by  States,  1916-1928 86 

Vote  for  President  by  Counties,   1920-1932 88 

Vote    by    Counties    for    Governor    in    Democratic    Primaries, 

1924-1932  91 

Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primary,  1932 !»:* 


6  Contents 

Page 
Vote    for   State   Officers   in   Democratic   Primaries,   192S,   1930 

and  1932 99 

Democratic   Primary    Vote,   June   7,   1930,   for   United   States 

Senator   100 

Democratic  Primary  Vote,  June  4  and  July  2,  1932,  for  United 

States  Senator  101 

Republican    Primary   Vote,    June   4,    1932,   for    United    States 

Senator  103 

Vote  for  Governor  by  Counties,  1920-1932 104 

Vote  for  United  States  Senator,  1924-1932 106 

Vote  for  Members  of  Congress,  1924-1932 108 

Vote  for  Constitutional  Amendments  by  Counties,  1932 118 

Biographical  Sketches: 

Executive    Officials    127 

Justices  of  the  Supreme  Court  133 

United  States  Senators  137 

Representatives  in  Congress  138 

Members  of  the  General  Assembly 144 


OFFICIAL  REGISTER  FOR  1933-34 


LEGISLATIVE  DEPARTMENT 

Alexander  H.  Graham President  of   the   Senate Oiange 

R.    L.    Harris Speaker  of  the  House  of  Representatives.  Person 

EXECUTIVE    DEPARTMENT 

J.  C.  B.  Ehringhaus - Governor Pasquotank 

Alexander  H.  Graham Lieutenant  Governor Orange 

Stagey  W.  Wade Secretary  of  State Wake 

Baxter    Durham   Auditor Wake 

Charles  M.   Johnson Treasurer Wake 

A.   T.   Allen Superintendent  of  Public  Instruction. ...Alexander 

Dennis  G.  Brummitt Attorney  General Granville 

JUDICIAL  DEPARTMENT 

supreme  court  justices 

Walter  P.  Stacy Chief   Justice New  Hanover 

W.  J.  Adams Associate  Justice Moore 

Heriot    Clarkson Associate  Justice Mecklenburg 

George  W.   Connor Associate  Justice Wilson 

W.  J.   Brogden Associate  Justice Durham 

superior  court  judges 

W.  L.   Small First  District Pasquotank-Elizabeth  City 

M.  V.  Barnhill Second  District Nash-Rocky  Mount 

R.   Hunt  Parker Third  District Halifax-Roanoke  Rapids 

Frank  A.  Daniels Fourth  District Wayne-Goldsboro 

J.  Paul  Frizzelle Fifth  District Greene-Snow  Hill 

H.  A.   Grady Sixth   District Sampson-Clinton 

W.    C.  Harris Seventh  District Wake-Raleigh 

E.  H.  Cranmer Eighth  District Brunswick-Southport 

N.  A.   Sinclair Ninth  District Cumberland-Fayettevilh> 

William  A.  Devin Tenth  District Granville-Oxford 

J.  H.  Clement Eleventh  District Forsyth- Winston-Salem 

H.  Hoyle  Sink — Twelfth  District Davidson-Lexfngton 

A.   M.    Stack Thirteenth  District Union-Monroe 

W.  F.  Harding Fourteenth    District Mecklenburg-Charlotte 

J.    M.    Oglesby Fifteenth   District Cabarrus-Concord 

Wilson   Warlick Sixteenth  District Catawba-Newton 

T.  B.  FlNLEY Seventeenth    District Wilkes-Wilkesboro 

Michael   Schenck Eighteenth  District Henderson-Henderson  vilU> 

P.  A.  McElroy Nineteenth    District Madison-Marshall 

Felix  E.   Alley Twentieth  District Haywood-Waynesville 

special  judges 

G.   V.   Cowper Lenoir-Kinston 

Clayton    Moore Martin-Williamston 

Frank  S.  Hill Cherokee-Murphy 

EMERGENCY'   JUDGE 

Thomas  J.   Shaw Guilford-Greensboro 

solicitors 

Herbert  R.  Leary First  District Chowan-Edenton 

Donnell    Gilliam Second    District Edgecombe-Tarboro 

W.  H.  S.  BURGWYN Third  District Northampton-Woodland 


8  Official  Registeb 

C.  L.    Williams Fourth    District Lee-Sanford 

D.  M.   Ci-ark Fifth  District Pitt-Greenville 

.T.  A.  POWERS Sixth    District Lenoir-Kinston 

,T.   C.   Little Seventh  District Wake-Raleigh 

WOODUS     KELliUM Eighth    District New  Hanover-Wilmington 

T.   A.    McNeill. _. Ninth   District Robeson-Lumberton 

I.i;o    Carr Tenth   District Burlington -Alamance 

Carlisle    W.    HlGGINS Eleventh    District Alleghany-Sparta 

11.    L.   KOONTZ Twelfth  District Guilford-Greensboro 

F.   D.   Ptttt.t.tph Thirteenth    District Richmond-Rockingham 

J.  (i.   CARPENTER. Fourteenth   District Gaston-Gastonia 

Z.    V.    LONG Fifteenth  District Iredell-Statesville 

L.   S.  SPURUNQ —Sixteenth   District Caldwell-Lenoir 

JOHN    K.   JONES Seventeenth  District Wilkes-North  Wilkesboro 

.1.  W.  Pless Eighteenth  District McDowell-Marion 

ZEBULON  V.  Nettles -.Nineteenth  District Buncombe-Asheville 

John   M.  Queen Twentieth   District Haywood-Waynesville 

CORPORATION  COMMISSION 

W.   T.    Lee Chairman Haywood 

George  P.   Pell Commissioner Forsyth 

Stanley    Winborn Commissioner Hertford 

R.    Otis   Self Chief  Clerk Jackson 

ADMINISTRATIVE  DEPARTMENTS,  BOARDS,  AND  COMMISSIONS 
adjutant  general's  department 
J.   Van   B.   Metts The  Adjutant  General New  Hanover 

department   of   agriculture 
W.    A.    Graham Commissioner Lincoln 

department   of  labor 
A.    L.    FLETCHER Commissioner Ashe 

department  of  insurance 

D.  C.    BONEY Commissioner Lenoir 

department  of  revenue 
A.   J.   Maxwell Commissioner Craven 

state  highway  commission 

E.  B.  JEFFRESS Chairman Guilford 

Charles   Ross Attorney Harnett 

state  board  of  health 
Dr.  J.  M.  Parrott Secretary Lenoir 

department  of  conservation  and  development 
J.   W.   HARRELSON Director Cleveland 

state  board  of  charities  and  public  welfare 
Mks.    \V.   T.    Host Commissioner Wake 


Official  Register 

NORTH    CAROLINA    HISTORICAL    COMMISSION 
A.    R.    Newsome Secretary Union 

LIBRARY  COMMISSION 

Miss  Marjorie  Beal Secretary Wake 

STATE    LIBRARY 

Miss  Carrie  L.  Broughton Librarian Wake 

LAW    LIBRARY 

John  A.  Livingstone Librarian Wake 

personnel  commission 
Frank   L.   Dunlap Director Anson 

industrial  commission 
Matt   H.   Allen Chairman Lonoir 

STATE    PRISON 

George    Ross   Poi- Superintendent Johnston 

LOCAL    GOVERNMENT    ADVISORY    COMMISSION 

W.   E.   Easterling Director Wake 

BUDGET  BUREAU 

J.  C.  B.  Ehringhaus,  Governor,  Ex  Officio. .Director Pasquotank 

BOARD   OF  EQUALIZATION 

LeRoy   B.   Martin Secretary Yadkin 

BANKING    COMMISSION 

Gurnet  P.    Hood Commissioner Wayne 

DIVISION    OP    PURCHASE   AND    CONTRACT 

A.   S.   Brower Director Wake 


II) 


Official  Registeb 


SUPERIOR  C'oikt  CALENDAR,   1933-34 


I  >i^t  rirt 


Spring,  1933 


Fall,   1933 


Spring,  1934 


Fall,  1934 


1 

.link-" 

■J. 

Judge 

:t 

Judge 

l 

Judge 

5 

Judge 

6 

Judge 

7 

Judge 

8 

.fudge 

9 

Judge 

10 

Judge 

11 

Judge 

12 

Judge 

13 

Judge 

14 

Judge 

15 

Judge 

16 

Judge 

17 

Judge 

18 

Judge 

19 

Judge 

20 

Judge 

Barnhill Judge 

Parker Judge 

1  >;i  1 1  ids rudge 

Frizr.elle rudge 

Grady Judge 

Harris Judge 

Cranmer rudge 

Sinclair Judge 

Deviii Judge 

.Small Judge 

Sink Judge 

Stack .Judge 

Harding Judge 

Oglesby Judge 

Warlick Judge 

Finley Judge 

Sch. rick Judge 

McElroy: Judge 

Alley Judge 

Clement Judge 


Small Judge 

Barnhill Judge 

Parker Judge 

Daniels Judge 

Frizzelle  ...  Judge 

Grady Judge 

Harris rudge 

Cranmer Judge 

Sinclair Judge 

Devin ludge 

Clement Judge 

Sink Judge 

stuck Judge 

Harding ludge 

Oglesby Judge 

Warlick Judge 

Finley Judge 

SchencJc Judge 

McElroy....  Judge 
Alley Judge 


Devin Judge 

Small Judge 

Barnhill....  Judge 

Parker Fudge 

I  taniels Judge 

Frizzelle Judge 

<  Irady Judge 

Harris Judge 

Cranmer....  Judge 

Sinclair Judge 

Alley Judge 

Clement Judge 

Sink Judge 

Stack Judge 

Harding....  Judge 

Oglesby Judge 

Warlick Judge 

Finley Judge 

Schenck Judge 

McElroy Judge 


Sinclair 

Devin 
Small 
Barnhill 
Parker 

I  taniels 
Frizzelle 
Grady 
Harris 
Cranmer 
McElroy 

Alley 
Clement 
Sink 
Stack 
Harding 
Oglesby 
Warlick 
Finley 
Schenck 


PART  I 
THE  LEGISLATIVE  DEPARTMENT 


1.  Officers  of  the  Senate. 

2.  Members  of  the  Senate  (Arranged  Alphabetically). 

3.  Members  of  the  Senate   (Arranged  by  Districts). 

4.  Senatorial  Districts. 

5.  Standing  Committees  of  the  Senate. 

6.  Officers  of  the  House  of  Representatives. 

7.  Members  of  the  House  of   Representatives    (Arranged   Alpha- 

betically). 

8.  Members    of    the    House    of    Representatives     (Arranged    by 

Counties). 

9.  Standing  Committees  of  the  House  of  Representatives. 


OFFICERS  AND  MEMBERS  OF  THE  SENATE 


OFFICERS 


A.  H.  Graham - President 

W.  A.  Clark - President  pro  tern . 

LeRoy  B.  Martin Principal  Clerk 

John  D.  Norton . Sergeant-at-Arms.. 

B.  F.  Smith Reading  Clerk 


.Orange 

.Edgecombe 

-Yadkin 

.Jackson 

.Wake 


SENATORS 

(Alphabetically  Arranged) 


Name 


Aiken,  John  W - -    Twenty-fifth 


Bagley,  Dudley 

Bailey,  C.  L 

Barker,  J.  Abner 

Beatty,  John  D.,  Jr. 

Bell,  J.  0 

Blackstock,  C.  E.... 

Bland,  D.  H 

Boggan,  W.  K 

Blackburn,  J.  M 

Blue,  L.  M 

Brown,  W.  A _ 

Burgin,  W.  0 


Clark,  W.  G 

Clement,  Hayden. 

Corey,  A.  B 

Cross,  T.  S 


Dempsey,  J.  C 

Dunagan,  Stover  P.. 


Efird,  Crayon  C. 

Fuller,  D.  H.... 
Francis,  W.  R... 


Grady,  Paul  D 

Greene,  George  L.. 

Griffin,  E.  F 

Griffin,  L.  E 

Gwyn,  Allen  H 


Hairfield,  E.  M.... 

Hanes,  R.  M 

Hartsell,  L.  T.,  Jr.. 
Hill,  John  Sprunt.. 
Hinsdale,  John  W.. 

Ingram,  H.  L 

Joyner,  W.  H 

Kirkpatrick,  T.  L.. 


District 


First 

Second 

Ninth 

Tenth 

Twenty-fourth . 

Thirtv-first 

Eighth 

Nineteenth 

Twenty-fourth . 

Eighteenth 

Ninth 

Eighteenth 


Fourth 

Twenty-fir,st . 

Fifth 

Thirteenth.-. 


Sixth .__. 

Twenty-seventh. 

Nineteenth  j 


Eleventh 

Thirty-second- 

Eighth-. 

Thirtieth 

Sixth. 

First---. 

Seventeenth  - . 


Twenty-eighth . 
Twenty-second - 

Twentieth 

Sixteenth 

Thirteenth 


Twelfth... 

Third 

Twentieth 


Party 


Democrat Hickory 


Democrat- . 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat. . 
Republican. 
Democrat.  . 
Democrat. - 
Democrat.. 


Democrat . 
Democrat . 
Democrat . 
Democrat  . 

Democrat. 
Democrat  . 

Democrat. 

Democrat  . 
Democrat. 


Democrat . . 
Republican. 
Democrat . . 
Democrat  -- 
Democrat.. 


Democrat  . 
Democrat . 
Democrat. 

Democrat . 

Democrat. 

Democrat . 


Post  Office 


Moyock 

Plymouth 

Roseboro 

Elizabetntown 

Tuxedo 

Asheville 

Goldsboro 

Wadesboro 

North  Wilkesboro 

Gibson 

Rocky  Point 

Lexington 

Tarboro 
Salisbury 
Greenville 
Sanford 

Wilson 
Rutherfordton 

Albemarle 

Lumberton 
Waynesville 

Kenly 

Bakersville 

Louisburg 

Edenton 

Reidsville 


Democrat Morganton 

Democrat Winston-Salem 


Concord 
Durham 
Raleigh 

Asheboro 

Garysburg 
Charlotte 


n 


I.l  (.1SLATIVK    Dk.I'AKTMKXT 


Senators — Con  tinned 

Name 

District 

Party 

Post  Office 

Land,  E.  M 

Twenty-fifth 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

Democrat 

States  ville 

Long,  Dr.  T.  W.  M. 

Fourth 

Roanoke  Rapids 

MacLean,  A.  D 

Second 

Washington 

Twelfth.. 

Raeford 

MeDuffee,  D.  P...                   

Fourteenth 

Henderson 

McNeill,  George      

Tenth 

Fayette  ville 

McNeill,  P.  T. 

Twenty-ninth 

West  Jefferson 

Moore,  Larry  I.  .                   

Seventh 

New  Bern 

Noell,  J.  W 

Fifteenth. 

Roxboro 

Patton,  R.  A 

Thirtv-third 

Franklin 

Rankin,  R.  Grady 

Twenty-sixth 

Gastonia 

Sparger,  S.  Gilmer 

Twenty-third 

Danbury 

Summersill,  E.  W 

Seventh 

Jacksonville 

Walker,  D.  J 

Sixteenth 

Burlington 

Waynick,  C.  P 

Seventeenth 

High  Point 

SENATORS 

(Arranged  by  Districts) 


(Democrats  except  otherwise  indicated) 

first  District— D.  W.  Bagley,  Moyock;   L.  E.  Griffin,  Edenton. 

Seco7id  District — C.  L.  Bailey,  Plymouth;  A.  D.  MacLean,  Wash- 
ington. 

Third  District — W.  H.  Joyner,  Garysburg. 

Fourth  District— W.  G.  Clark,  Tarboro;  Dr.  T.  W.  M.  Long, 
Roanoke  Rapids. 

Fifth  Dist7-ict — A.  B.  Corey,  Greenville. 

Sixth  District — E.  F.  Griffin,  Louisburg;    J.   C.   Dempsey,  Wilson. 

Seventh  District — Larry  I.  Moore,  New  Bern;  E.  W.  Summersill, 
Jacksonville. 

Eighth  District— D.  H.  Bland,  Goldsboro;   Paul  D.  Grady,  Kenly. 

Ninth  District — W.  A.  Brown,  Rocky  Point;  J.  Abner  Barker, 
Roseboro. 

Tenth  District — George  McNeill,  Fayetteville;  J.  D.  Beatty,  Jr., 
Elizabethtown. 

Eleventh   District — David  H.   Fuller,  Lumberton. 


Senatorial  Districts  15 

Tioelfth   District — Ryan    McBryde,    Raeford;    Henry    L.    Ingram, 
Asheboro. 

Thirteenth  District — T.  S.  Cross,  Sanford;  J.  W.  Hinsdale,  Raleigh. 

Fourteenth  District — D.  P.  McDuffee,  Henderson. 

Fifteenth  District — J.  W.  Noell,  Roxboro. 

Sixteenth   District — John    Sprunt    Hill,    Durham;    D.    J.    Walker, 
Burlington. 

Seventeenth   District— C.    M.    Wayniek,    High    Point;    Allen    H. 
Gwyn,  Reidsville. 

Eighteenth  District — L.  M.  Blue,  Gibson;  W.  0.  Burgin,  Lexington. 

Nineteenth  District — W.  K.  Boggan,  Wadesboro;  Crayon  C.  Eflrd, 
Albemarle. 

Twentieth  District— L,.  T.  Hartsell,  Jr.,  Concord;  T.  D.  Kirkpatrick, 
Charlotte. 

Twenty-first  District — Hay  den  Clement,  Salisbury. 

Twenty-second  District — R.  M.  Hanes,  Winston-Salem. 

Twenty-third   District — S.   Gilmer   Sparger,   Walnut   Cove. 

Twenty-fourth  District— J.  M.  Blackburn,  N.  Wilkesboro    (R). 

Twenty-fifth    District — John    W.    Aiken,    Hickory;    E.    M.    Land, 
Statesville. 

Twenty-sixth  District — R.  Grady  Rankin,  Gastonia. 

Twenty-seventh  District — Stover  P.  Dunagan,  Rutherfordton;  J.  0. 
Bell,  Tuxedo. 

Twenty-eighth  District — E.  M.  Hairfield,  Morganton. 

Twenty-ninth  District — P.  T.  McNeill,  W.  Jefferson. 

Thirtieth   District — George    L.    Greene,    Bakersville    (R). 

Thirty- fir st  District — C.  E.  Blackstock,  Asheville. 

Thirty-second  District — W.   Roy  Francis,  Waynesville. 

Thirty-third  District — R.  A.  Patton,  Franklin. 


SENATORIAL  DISTRICTS 

Ch.   161,  P.  L.  1921 

First  District — Camden,  Chowan,  Currituck,  Gates,  Hertford,  Pas- 
quotank and  Perquimans  counties  shall  elect  two  senators. 

Second  District— Beaufort,  Dare,  Hyde,  Martin,  Pamlico,  Tyrrell 
and  Washington  shall  elect  two  senators. 

Third  District — Bertie  and  Northampton  shall  elect  one  senator. 

Fourth  District — Edgecombe  and  Halifax  shall  elect  two  senators. 


16  Legislative  Department 

Fifth  District — Pitt  shall  elect  one  senator. 

Sixth  District — Franklin,  Nash,  and  Wilson  shall  elect  two 
senators. 

Seventh  District — Carteret,  Craven,  Greene,  Jones,  Lenoir,  and 
Onslow  shall  elect  two  senators. 

Eighth  District — Johnson  and   Wayne   shall   elect   two   senators. 

Ninth  District — Duplin,  New  Hanover,  Pender  and  Sampson  shall 
elect  two  senators. 

Tenth  District — Bladen,  Brunswick,  Columbus  and  Cumberland 
shall  elect  two  senators. 

Eleventh  District — Robeson  shall  elect  one  senator 

Twelfth  District — Harnett,  Hoke,  Moore  and  Randolph  shall  elect 
two  senators. 

Thirteenth  District — Chatham,  Lee  and  Wake  shall  elect  two 
senators. 

Fourteenth  District — Vance  and  Warren  shall  elect  one  senator. 

Fifteenth  District — Granville  and  Person  shall  elect  one  senator. 

Sixteenth  District — Alamance,  Caswell,  Durham  and  Orange  shall 
elect  two  senators. 

Seventeenth  District — Guilford  and  Rockingham  shall  elect  two 
senators. 

Eighteenth  District — Davidson,  Montgomery,  Richmond,  and  Scot- 
land shall  elect  two  senators. 

Nineteenth  District — Anson,  Stanly  and  Union  shall  elect  two 
senators. 

Twentieth  District — Cabarrus  and  Mecklenburg  shall  elect  two 
senators. 

Twenty-first  District — Rowan  shall  elect  one  senator. 

Twenty-second   District — Forsyth    shall    elect    one    senator. 

Twenty-third  District — Stokes  and  Surry  shall  elect  one  senator. 

Twenty-fourth  District — Davie,  Wilkes  and  Yadkin  shall  elect 
one  senator. 

Twenty-fifth  District — Catawba,  Iredell  and  Lincoln  shall  elect 
two  senators. 

Twenty-sixth  District — Gaston  shall  elect  one  senator. 

Twenty-seventh  District — Cleveland,  Henderson,  McDowell,  Polk 
and  Rutherford  shall  elect  two  senators. 

Twenty-eighth  District — Alexander,  Burke  and  Caldwell  shall  elect 
one  senator. 


Senate  Committees  17 

Twenty-ninth  District — Alleghany,  Ashe  and  Watauga  shall  elect 
one  senator. 

Thirtieth  District— Avery,  Madison,  Mitchell  and  Yancey  shall 
elect  one  senator. 

Thirty-first  District — Buncombe   shall  elect  one   senator. 

Thirty-second  District — Haywood,  Jackson  and  Transylvania  shall 
elect  one  senator. 

Thirty-third  District — Cherokee,  Clay,  Graham.  Macon  and  Swain 
shall  elect  one  senator. 


SENATE  COMMITTEES  SESSION  1933 

Agriculture — Senators  Blue,  chairman;  Brown,  McBryde,  Hill, 
Aiken,  Hairfield,  McNeill  of  Ashe,  Patton,  McDuffee,  Land,  Bagley, 
Joyner,  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  "Waynick,  Clark. 

Appropriations — Senators  Clement,  chairman;  Rankin,  Long,  Mc- 
Neill of  Cumberland,  Cross,  Hill,  Gwyn,  Burgin,  Land,  Francis, 
Blackburn,  Kirkpatrick,  Bagley.  Clark,  Hairfield. 

Banks  and  Currency — Senators  Hill,  chairman;  Bailey,  Moore, 
Barker,  Ingram,  McDuffee,  Gwyn,  Burgin,  Hartsell,  Hanes,  Rankin, 
Bell,  Blackstock,  Greene. 

Caswell  Training  School — Senators  Corey,  chairman;  Bailey,  Joy- 
ner, Barker,  Noell,  Boggan,  Hairfield,  McNeill  of  Ashe,  Patton. 

Claims — Senators  Cross,  chairman;  Bagley,  Joyner,  Summersill, 
Beatty,  Walker,  Boggan,  Sparger,  McNeill  of  Ashe,  Patton. 

Labor  and  Commerce —  Senators  Boggan,  chairman;  Griffin  of 
Chowan,  Corey,  Dempsey,  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  Cross,  Waynick, 
Efird,  Kirkpatrick,  Rankin,  Blackstock,  Patton. 

Commercial  Fisheries — Senators  Griffin  of  Chowan,  chairman: 
Bagley,  Joyner,  Griffin  of  Franklin,  Summersill,  Brown,  Barker, 
Beatty,  Noell,  Blue,  Hartsell,  Sparger,  Bell,  Greene,  Francis. 

Congressional  Districts — Senators  Bailey,  chairman;  Bagley 
Dempsey,  Bland,  Griffin  of  Franklin,  Gwyn,  Walker,  Fuller,  Bog- 
gan, Hartsell,  Aiken,  Francis. 

Conservation  and  Development — Senators  Burgin,  chairman;  Grit- 
fin  of  Chowan,  Clark,  Moore,  Grady,  McBryde,  Hinsdale,  Walker, 
Clement,   Blackburn,  Rankin,   Dunagan,  Hairfield. 


18  Legislative  Department 

Consolidated  Statutes — Senators  Barker,  chairman;  Bailey,  Corey, 
Summersill,  Grady,  McDuffee,  Walker,  Burgin,  Sparger,  Land. 

Constitutional  Amendments — Senators  Waynick,  chairman;  Clark, 
Moore,  Bland,  Grady,  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  Fuller,  Cross,  Noell, 
Hill,  MacLean,  Kirkpatrick,  Clement,  Hanes,  Land,  Dunagan,  Black- 
stock,  Greene,  Aiken. 

Corporation  Commission — Senators  Moore,  chairman;  Bailey, 
Clark,  Corey,  Bland,  Waynick,  Boggan,  Efird,  McNeill  of  AsEe. 

Corporations — Senators  McNeill  of  Ashe,  chairman;  Grady,  Bar- 
ker, Beatty,  Hinsdale,  Walker,  Sparger,  Blackstock. 

Counties,  Cities,  and  Toicns — Senators  Dunagan,  chairman;  Mc- 
Duffee, Ingram,  Dempsey,  Blackstock,  Summersill,  Joyner,  Brown, 
McNeill  of  Cumberland,  McBryde,  Walker,  Blue,  Efird,  Hanes,  Bell, 
Long. 

Courts  and  Judicial  Districts — Senators  Aiken,  chairman;  Long, 
Griffin  of  Franklin,  McLean,  Summersill,  Beatty,  Hinsdale,  Gwyn, 
Land,  Dunagan. 

Distribution  of  Governor's  Message — Senators  Bagley,  chairman; 
Clark,  Dempsey,   Ingram,  Efird. 

Education — Senators  MacLean,  chairman;  Griffin  of  Chowan, 
Moore,  Grady,  Beatty,  Noell,  Efird,  Kirkpatrick,  Sparger,  Bell, 
Francis,   Blackburn,   Clark,   Land,   Ingram,   Greene,   Corey,   Blue. 

Election  Laws — Senators  Walker,  chairman;  Griffin  of  Chowan, 
Joyner,  Long,  Moore,  Brown,  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  Noell,  Sparger, 
McNeill  of  Ashe,  Greene. 

Engrossed  Bills — Senators  Hartsell,  chairman;  Joyner,  Corey, 
Cross,  Waynick,  Blue,  Boggan,  Blackburn. 

Enrolled  Bills — Senators  Efird,  chairman;  Bailey,  Griffin  of  Frank- 
lin, Barker,  Aiken,  Bell,  Greene. 

Federal  Relations — Senators  Kirkpatrick,  chairman;  MacLean, 
Moore,  Bland,  McDuffee,  Noell,  Waynick,  Blue,  Clement,  Hairfield. 

Finance — Senators  Rankin,  chairman;  Clement,  MacLean,  Sum- 
mersill, Fuller,  Ingram,  Hinsdale,  McDuffee,  Waynick,  Burgin, 
Hanes,  Aiken,  Dunagan,  Blackstock,  Greene,  Griffin  of  Franklin, 
Noell. 

Game  Laws — Senators  Fuller,  chairman;  Bagley,  Joyner,  Griffin 
of  Franklin,  Summersill,  Brown,  Beatty,  McBryde,  Cross,  Blue, 
Efird,   Hanes,   Bell,  Ingram,   Patton. 


Senate  Committees  19 

Immigration — Senators  Bell,  chairman;  Clark,  Griffin  of  Frank- 
lin, Barker,  Kirkpatrick,  Patton. 

Insane  Asylums — Senators  Hairfield,  chairman;  Bagley,  Clark, 
Long,  Bland,  Brown,  Hinsdale,  Gwyn,  Blue,  Sparger,  Francis. 

Institutions  for  the  Blind — Senators  Efird,  chairman;  Griffin  of 
Chowan,  Corey,  Summersill,  Grady,  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  Burgin. 

Institutions  for  the  Deaf — Senators  Noell,  chairman;  Dempsey, 
Barker,  McBryde,  Walker,  Boggan,  Kirkpatrick,  Bell. 

Insurance — Senators  Hanes,  chairman;  MacLean,  Griffin  of  Frank- 
lin, Bland,  Beatty,  Fuller,  Cross,  McBryde,  Waynick,  Burgin,  Hart- 
sell,  Blackburn. 

Internal  Improvements — Senators  Sparger,  chairman;  Bagley, 
MacLean,  Moore,  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  Hinsdale,  Blue,  Clement, 
Blackburn. 

Journal — Senators  Patton,  chairman;  Bailey,  Clark,  Dempsey, 
Brown,  Ingram,  Hill,  Sparger,  McNeill  of  Ashe. 

Judiciary  No.  1 — Senators  Hinsdale,  chairman;  Griffin  of  Chowan, 
MacLean,  Griffin  of  Franklin,  Moore,  Bland,  Fuller,  McDuffee,  Gwyn, 
Hartsell,   Clement,   Aiken,   Dunagan,    Barker,    Francis,   Blackburn. 

Judiciary  No.  2 — Senators  Grady,  chairman;  Bailey,  Corey,  Hair- 
field,  Summersill,  Walker,  Burgin,  Kirkpatrick,  Sparger,  Land, 
Beatty,  Blackstock,  Greene,  Boggan. 

Justices  of  the  Peace — Senators  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  chairman; 
Patton,  McNeill  of  Ashe,  Aiken,  Boggan,  Walker,  Fuller,  Brown, 
Joyner. 

Library — Senators  Beatty,  chairman;  Griffin  of  Chowan,  Long, 
McBryde,  Waynick,  Hartsell,  Rankin,  Blackstock. 

Manufacturing — Senators  McBryde,  chairman;  Clark,  Corey, 
Brown,  Cross,  Gwyn,  Efird,  Bell. 

Military  Affairs — Senators  Dempsey,  chairman;  Bagley,  Bailey, 
Blackstock,  Corey,  Cross,  Dunagan,  Efird,  Fuller,  Francis,  Griffin  of 
Franklin,  Griffin  of  Chowan,  Gwyn,  Hanes,  Ingram,  McDuffee,  Way- 
nick, Aiken. 

Penal  Institutions — Senators  Joyner,  chairman;  Griffin  of  Chowan, 
Clark,  Ingram,  Hanes,  Dunagan,  Hairfield,  Long. 

Printing — Senators  Noell,  chairman;  Joyner,  Long,  Brown, 
Beatty,  McBryde,  Hinsdale,  Waynick,  Hartsell. 

Pensions  and,  Soldiers'  Homes — Senators  Bland,  chairman;  Joyner, 
Dempsey,  Grady,  McDuffee,  Hill,  Blue,  Boggan. 


20  I.I  '.Isl.  A  I  1VK     DePAKTMENT 

Propositions  and  Grievances — Senators  McDuffee,  chairman; 
Griffin  of  Franklin,  Bland,  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  McBryde,  Hart- 
sell,  Sparger,  Francis. 

Public  Health — Senators  Long,  chairman;  Bagley,  Brown,  In- 
gram, Walker,  Burgin,  Kirkpatrick,  Blackburn,  McNeill  of  Ashe. 

Public  Roads — Senators  Gwyn,  chairman;  McDuffee,  Fuller,  Kirk- 
patrick, Dunagan,  Hill,  Bell,  Aiken,  Bailey,  Dempsey,  Moore,  Clem- 
ent, Burgin. 

Railroads — Senators  Francis,  chairman;  MacLean,  Corey,  Grady, 
Beatty,  Cross,  Clement,  Land. 

Rules — Senators  Clark,  chairman;  Long,  Griffin  of  Franklin,  Mc- 
Duffee, Walker,   Gwyn,   Burgin,   Clement,   Hanes,   Land,   Rankin. 

Salaries  and  Fees — Senators  Blackstock,  chairman;  Bagley,  Way- 
nick,  Burgin,  Hanes,  Rankin,  Greene. 

Senatorial  Districts — Senators  Griffin  of  Franklin,  chairman; 
Moore,  Grady,  Barker,  McDuffee,  Boggan,  Kirkpatrick,  McNeill  of 
Ashe. 

Senate  Expenditures — Senators  Summersill,  chairman;  Corey, 
Brown,  McBryde,  Efird,  Bell. 

Trustees  of  the  University — Senators  Land,  chairman;  Beatty, 
Clement,  Efird,  Francis,  Griffin  of  Franklin,  Hanes,  Hill,  Long, 
Waynick,  Patton,  Clark,  Bagley. 

Public  Welfare — Senators  Ingram,  chairman;  Dempsey,  Summer- 
sill,  Beatty,  Ingram,  Hill,  Blackburn. 

Water  Commerce — Senators  Brown,  chairman;  MacLean,  Grady, 
Fuller,  Noell,  Blue,  Hairfield,  Bagley. 

Special  Joint  Committee 

Reorganization  of  State  Government — Senators  Moore,  chairman; 
Hanes,  MacLean. 

Salaries  and  Personnel  of  State  Departments — Senators  Blackstock, 
chairman;  McNeill  of  Cumberland,  Corey. 


OFFICERS  AND  MEMBERS  OF  THE  HOUSE 
OF  REPRESENTATIVES 


OFFICERS 

R.  L.  Harris Speaker _ Person 

Thad  Edre Principal  Clerk Hertford 

John  H.  McKinnon - Reading  Clerk .Robeson 

C.  M.  Higgins Sergeant-at-Arms Davidson 

Mrss  Rosa  B.  Mund Engrossing  Clerk Cabarrus 

REPRESENTATIVES 

(Alphabetically  Arranged) 


Name 


Allen,  Claude  W 

Arndt,  Herbert  L 

Aycock,  Charles  Brantley 
Ayeock,  J.  R 

Barden,  G.  A 

Bean,  J.  W 

Beaslev,  Roland  F 

Bender,  R.  P 

Berryman,  W.  J 

Binford,  H.  N 

Boswell,  F.  W 

Bowie,  T.  C.... 

Boyd,  Basil  M 

Braddy,  C.  L 

Brawlev,  S.  C 

Brock,  B.  C 

Brown,  W.  T 

Cameron,  A.  B 

Cherry,  R.  G... 

Coffey,  F.  H 

Cover,  G.  W„  Jr 

Cowles,  Charles  H 

Cox,  R.  M 

Crews,  N.  S 

Culpepper,  W.  T 

Davis,  George  E 

Dees,  Julius  G 

Doughton,  R.  A 

Douglass,  S.  E 

Dowtin,  J.  A.. 

Eagles,  W.  W 

Eaton,  T.  R 

Edwards,  John  R 

English,  N.  C. 

Etheridge,  R.  B 

Everett,  R.  0 

Ewing,  W.  C. 

Falkner,  0.  S 


County 


Party 


Granville. 
Catawba. 
Wake.... 
Wayne... 


Craven 

Rowan 

Union 

Jones.. 

Chowan 

Rockingham.. 

Wilson 

Ashe 

Mecklenburg. 

Bladen 

Durham 

Davie 

Perquimans.. 


Moore 

Gaston 

Caldwell.  __ 

Cherokee 

Wilkes 

Forsyth 

Forsyth 

Pasquotank. 


Hyde 

Pamlico 

Alleghany. 

Wake 

Warren 


Edgecombe.. Democrat 


Yadkin. 

Pitt.. 

Randolph 

Dare 

Durham 

Cumberland. 

Vance _. 


Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat . 
Democrat. 


Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Republican. 
Democrat.. 


Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat- . 
Democrat.  . 
Republican. 
Democrat- . 
Democrat . . 
Democrat.. 


Democrat. 
Democrat . 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat . 


Republican. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat- 
Democrat.. 
Democrat . . 
Democrat  — 


Post  Office 


Democrat. 


Creedmoor 
Conover 
Raleigh 
Fremont 

New  Bern 

Spencer 

Monroe         » 

Pollocksville 

Edenton 

Spray 

Wilson 

West  Jefferson 

Charlotte 

Council 

Durham 

Mocks  ville 

Hertford 

Carthage 

Gastonia 

Lenoir 

Andrews 

Wilkesboro 

Winston-Salem 

Winston-Salem 

Elizabeth  City 

Lake  Landing 

Bayboro 

Sparta 

Raleigh 

Warrenton 

Macclesfield 

Yadkinville 

Greenville 

Trinity 

Manteo 

Durham 

Faycttevillc 

Henderson 


.).) 


Legislative  Department 


Representatives— Continued 


Name 


Flanagan,  E.  G 

Froneberger,  P.  C 

Galloway,  M.  W 

Gardner,  E.  A 

Garibaldi,  Joe 

Garrou,  Francis  L... 

Gatling,  G.  D.___ 

Gattis,  S.  M.,Jr 

Gilliam,  J.  W.,  Jr 

Gradv,  C.  Gilbert 

Graeber,  C.  H 

Graham,  Ernest 

Grant,  L.  Clayton 

Greene,  Tipton  S 

Greer,  R.  T 

Griffin,  Clarence 

Groves,  J.  A 

Hamilton,  Luther.. 

Harris,  R.  L 

Haynes,  C.  H 

Howell,  James  H _. 

Hoyle,  T.  C,  Jr 

Hutchins,  Charles 

Ingram,  Charles 

James,  Allison 

Johnson,  R.  G 

Johnson,  V.  R 

Ledford,  Glover  P 

Lee,  Dr.  J.  Marshall 

Lumpkin,  W.  L 

McEachern,  Laurie. 

McLauchlin,  D.  L 

Makepeace  ,0.  P 

Martin,  Julius  C 

Massenburg  ,J.S 

Mebane,  Mrs.  Lily  C.  M. 

Mizzell.C.  E 

Monroe,  D.  A 

Moore,  J.  Tracy 

Morphew,  R.  B 

Moss,  0.  B 

Moye.J.  C 

Murphy,  Walter 

Neal,  W.  W 

Newman,  Harriss 

Oaks,  W.  G 

O'Berrv,  Thomas 

Olive,  Hubert  E 

Phillips,  A.  R 

Pope,  R.  Hunter 


County 


Pitt... 
Gaston. 


Transylvania.. 

Cleveland 

Mecklenburg.. 

Burke 

Gates 

Orange 

Alamance 

Johnston 

Cabarrus 

Robeson 

New  Hanover. 

Mitchell 

Watauga 

Rutherford... 
Stanly 


Carteret.. 
Person . . . 

Surry 

Haywood. 
Guilford.. 
Yancey... 


Macon . 


Forsyth . . 
Pender... 
Chatham. 

Clay 

Sampson. 
Franklin. 


Hoke. . . 

Scotland. 


Lee 

Buncombe... 

Polk 

Rockingham. 
Washington.. 
Montgomery. 

Guilford 

Graham 

Nash 

Greene 

Rowan 


McDowell 

New  Hanover. 

Avery 

Wayne 

Davidson 


Stokes Democrat . 

Halifax Democrat. 


Party 


Democrat  . 
Democrat. 


Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.  . 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.  . 
Republican. 
Democrat . . 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 


Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat  . 
Democrat. 

Democrat. 

Democrat . 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 


Republican . 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 


Democrat. 
Democrat. 


Democrat.  . 
Democrat. . 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat .  . 
Republican. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat- . 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 


Democrat. 
Democrat. 


Republican. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat . . 


Post  Office 


Greenville 
Gastonia 

Brevard 

Shelby 

Charlotte 

Valdese 

Gates 

Hillsboro 

Altamahaw 

Four  Oaks 

Kannapolis 

Red  Springs 

Wilmington 

Bakersville 

Blowing  Rock 

Forest  City 

Albemarle 

Morehead  City 

Roxboro 

Mount  Airy 

Waynesville 

Greensboro 

Burnsville 

Franklin 

Winston-Salem 

Burgaw 

Pittsboro 

Hayesville 
Newton  Grove 
Franklinton 

Raeford 

Wagram 

Sanford 

Ashevillc 

Tryon 

Spray 

Roper 

Biscoe 

Greensboro 

Robbinsville 

Spring  Hope 

Snow  Hill 

Statesville 

Marion 
Wilmington 

Elk  Park 

Goldsboro 

Lexington 

Dalton 
Enfield 


Members  of  House  of  Representatives 


23 


Representatives — Continued 


Name 


Randolph,  John  P... 

Ray,  T.  R 

Rouse,  Robert  H 

Ruark,  J.  W 

Scarborough,  D.  E 

Sigmon,  W.  H 

Smith,  J.  C 

Sprinkle ,  Herschel 

Spruill,  C.  W 

Stevens,  L.  L 

Sullivan,  W.  A 

Tatem.C.  W 

Taylor,  F.  N... 

Taylor,  H.  L 

Taylor,  J.  A._ 

Thomas,  F.  E 

Thompson,  Marshall  A... 

Thompson,  W.  A 

Thompson,  W.  Avery 

Tompkins,  D.  D 

Turner.  D.  E 

Turner,  Thomas,  Jr 

V'ann,  J.  N 

Warlick,  John  D 

Watson,  Van  S 

White,  R.  Jennings 

Williams,  H.  D 

Wilson,  Robt.  T 

Woodall,  Preston 

Woodfin,  J.  F 

Womble,  Brantley 

Young,  J.  R 


Countv 


Swain 

Henderson... 

Lenoir 

Brunswick... 

Richmond.  __ 

Lincoln 

Martin 

Madison 

Bertie 

Camden 

Buncombe... 

Tyrrell 

Halifax 

Mecklenburg. 

Currituck 

Anson 

Robeson 

Beaufort 

Columbus... 

Jackson 

Iredell 

Guilford 

Hertford 

Onslow 

Nash 

Northampton 

Duplin 

Caswell 

Johnston 

Alexander 

Wake 

Harnett 


Party 


Democrat. 
Democrat . 
Democrat . 
Democrat . 


Democrat- . 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Republican  _ 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 
Democrat.. 


Democrat. 
Democrat . 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat  . 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat  . 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 

Democrat. 

Democrat. 
Democrat . 
Democrat. 
Democrat  . 
Democrat. 
Democrat. 
Democrat  . 
Democrat. 


Post  Office 


Democrat Dunn 


Bryson  City 
Hendersonville 
Kinston 
Southport 

Rockingham 

Denver 

Robersonville 

Marshall 

Windsor 

Indiantown 

Asheville 

Columbia 

Enfield,  R.  I".  I). 

Charlotte 

Maple 

Wadesboro 

Maxton 

Aurora 

Hallsboro 

Sylva 

States  ville 

High  Point 

Ahoskie 

Jacksonville 
Rocky  Mount 
Conway 
Kenansville 
Yanceyville 
Benson 

Taylorsville,  Rt.  3 
Raleigh 


REPRESENTATIVES 

(Arranged  by  Counties) 

(Democrats  except  otherwise  indicated) 
Alamance — J.   W.   Gilliam,  Jr.,  Altamahaw. 
Alexander — J.  F.  Woodfin,  Taylorsville,  R.  3. 
Alleghany — R.  A.  Doughton,   Sparta. 
Anson — F.  E.  Thomas,  Wadesboro. 
Ashe— T.  C.  Bowie,  W.  Jefferson. 
Avery— W.  G.  Oaks,  Elk  Park    (R). 
Beaufort — W.  A.  Thompson,  Aurora. 
Bertie— C.  W.  Spruill,  Windsor. 
Bladen— C.  L.  Braddy,  Council. 


-\  Legislative  Department 

Brunswick — J.  W.   Ruark,   Southport. 

Buncombe — W.  A.  Sullivan,  Asheville;  Julius  C.  Martin,  Asheville 

Burke — Francis  L.  Garrou,  Valdese. 

Cabarrus — C.  H.  Graeber,  Kannapolis. 

Caldwell — F.  H.  Coffey,  Lenoir. 

Camden — L.  L.  Stevens,   Indiantown. 

Carteret — Luther  Hamilton,  Morehead  City. 

Caswell — Robert  T.  "Wilson,  Yanceyville. 

Catawba — Herbert  L.  Arndt,  Conover. 

Chatham — Victor  R.  Johnson,  Pittsboro. 

Cherokee — G.  W.  Cover,  Jr.,  Andrews. 

Chowan — W.  J.  Berryman,  Edenton. 

Clay — Glover  P.  Ledford,  Hayesville    (R). 

Cleveland — Ernest  Gardner,   Shelby. 

Columbus — W.  Avery  Thompson,  Hallsboro. 

Craven — G.  A.  Barden,  New  Bern. 

Cumberland — W.  C.  Ewing,  Fayetteville. 

Currituck — James  A.  Taylor,  Maple. 

Dare — R.  B.  Etheridge,  Manteo. 

Davidson — H.  E.   Olive,   Lexington. 

Davie — B.   C.   Brock,  Mocksville    (R). 

Duplin — H.  D.  Williams,  Kenansville. 

Durham — R.  0.  Everett,  Durham;   S.  C.  Brawley,  Durham. 

Edgecombe — W.  W.  Eagles,  Macclesfield. 

Forsyth — R.    M.    Cox,    Winston-Salem;    Allison    James,    Winston 
Salem;    Nat  S.  Crews,  Winston-Salem. 

Franklin — W.  L.   Lumpkin,   Franklinton. 

Gaston — R.  G.  Cherry,  Gastonia;    P.   C.   Froneberger,   Gastonia. 

Gates— G.   D.   Gatling,   Gates. 

Graham — R.  B.  Morphew,  Robbinsville. 

Granville — Claude  Allen,  Creedrnoor. 

Greene — J.  C.  Moye,  Snow  Hill. 

Guilford— Thos.  Turner,  Jr.,  High  Point;  T.  C.  Hoyle,  Jr.,  Greens- 
boro;  J.  Tracy  Moore,  Greensboro. 

•Halifax — R.  Hunter  Pope,  Enfield;  F.  M.  Taylor,  Enfield,  R.  F.  D. 

Harnett — J.  R.  Young,  Dunn. 

Haywood — Hardin  Howell,  Waynesville. 

Henderson— T.  R.  Ray,  Hendersonville. 

Hertford — J.  N.  Vann,  Ahoskie. 


Members  of  House  of  Representatives  2."> 

Hoke — Laurie   McEachern,    Raeford. 

Hyde — George  E.  Davis,  Lake  Landing. 

Iredell — D.    E.    Turner,    Mooresville. 

Jackson — Dan  Tompkins,  Sylva. 

Johnston — Preston  Woodall,  Benson;  C.  Gilbert  Grady,  Four  Oaks. 

Jones — R.  P.  Bender,  Pollocksville. 

Lee — 0.  P.   Makepeace,   Sanford. 

Lenoir — Robert  H.  Rouse,  Kinston. 

Lincoln — W.  H.   Sigmon,   Denver. 

Macon — Charles  L.  Ingram,  Franklin. 

Madison — Herschel   Sprinkle,  Marshall    (R). 

Martin — J.  C.  Smith,  Robersonville. 

McDowell— -W.  W.  Neal,  Marion. 

Mecklenburg— Joe  Garibaldi,  Charlotte;   H.  L.  Taylor,  Charlotte; 
Basil  M.  Boyd,  Charlotte. 

Mitchell— Tipton  S.  Greene,  Bakersville   (R). 

Montgomery — D.  A.  Monroe,  Biscoe  (R). 

Moore — A.  B.  Cameron,  Carthage. 

Nash— 0.  B.  Moss,  Spring  Hope;  Van  S.  Watson,  Rocky  Mount. 

New  Hanover — Harriss  Newman,  Wilmington;   L.  Clayton  Grant. 
Wilmington. 

Northampton — R.  Jennings  White,  Conway. 

Onslow — John  D.  Warlick,  Jacksonville. 

orange— S.  M.  Gattis,  Jr.,  Hillsboro. 

Pamlico — Julius  G.  Dees,  Bayboro. 

Pasquotank— W.  T.  Culpepper,  Elizabeth  City. 

Pender — R.  G.  Johnson,  Burgaw. 

Perquimans — W.   T.    Brown,   Hertford. 

Person — R.  L.  Harris,  Roxboro. 

p;^_E.   G.   Flanagan,  Greenville;    Jack    Edwards,   Greenville. 

Polk — J.  S.  Massenburg,  Tryon. 

Randolph— N.  C.  English,  Trinity. 

Richmond — D.   E.    Scarborough,   Rockingham. 

Robeson—  Ernest  Graham.  Red   Springs;    Marshall   A.  Thompson. 
Maxton. 

Rockingham— H.   N.    Binford,    Madison;    Mrs.    Lillie    M.   Mebane. 
Spray. 
Roioan— Walter  Murphy,   Salisbury;    J.  W.  Bean,   Spencer. 
Rutherford— Clarence   Griffin,   Forest   City. 


26  Legislative  Department 

Sampson — Dr.  J.  M.  Lee,  Newton  Grove. 
Scotland — D.  L.  McLauchlin,  Wagram. 
Stanly — J.  A.  Groves,  Albemarle. 
Stokes — Albert  R.   Phillips,   Dalton. 
surry — C.  H.  Haynes,  Mt.  Airy. 
Strain — J.  P.   Randolph,   Bryson   City. 
Transylvania — M.  W.  Galloway,  Brevard. 
Tyrrell — C.  W.  Tatem,  Columbia. 
Union — R.  F.  Beasley,  Monroe. 
Vance — 0.  S.  Falkner,  Henderson. 

Wake — Chas.  B.  Aycock,  Raleigh;   Brantley  Womble,  Raleigh;   Dr. 
S.  E.  Douglass,  Raleigh. 
Warren — J.  A.   Dowtin,  Warrenton. 
Washington — C.  E.  Mizzell,  Roper. 
Watauga — R.  T.  Greer,  Blowing  Rock. 

Wayne — Thos.  O'Berry,  Goldsboro;   J.  R.  Aycock.  Fremont. 
Wilkes— Chas.  H.  Cowles,  Wilkesboro   (R). 
Wilson— F.  W.  Boswell,  Wilson. 
Yadkin— T.  R.  Eaton,  Yadkinville   (R). 
Yancey — Charles  Hutchins,   Burnsville. 


HOUSE  COMMITTEES 

(Alphabetically  arranged) 

Agriculture — Messrs.  McEachern,  chairman;  Cox,  Williams,  Sig- 
mon,  Ewing,  Allen,  Spruill,  Vann,  Davis,  Pope,  Gilliam,  Aycock  of 
Wayne,  Binford.  Boswell,  Eagles,  Braddy,  Falkner,  Watson,  Greer, 
Garibaldi,  Ingram,  Arndt,  Monroe. 

Appropriations — Messrs.  Newman,  chairman;  Graham,  Doughton 
of  Alleghany,  Allen,  Bowie,  Turner  of  Iredell,  Garrou,  Lumpkin. 
Lee,  Bender,  Martin,  Barden,  Morphew,  Hoyle,  Griffin,  Everett, 
Brown,  Gatling,  Murphy,  McEachern,  Taylor  of  Mecklenburg, 
Tatem,  Moye,  Rouse,  Haynes,  Hutchins,  James,  McLauchlin,  Brock, 
Greene. 

Banks  and  Banking — Messrs.  Etheridge,  chairman;  Flanagan, 
Greer,  Coffey,  Cherry,  Aycock  of  Wake,  Haynes,  Massenburg,  Vann, 
Eagles,   Hutchins,    Groves,   Newman,   Hoyle,   Lumpkin,    Makepeace, 


Committees  of  the  House  27 

McEachern,    O'Berry,    Brawley,    Olive,    Cover,    Randolph,    Woodall, 
Ledford. 

Caswell  Training  School — Messrs.  Rouse,  chairman;  Thompson  of 
Beaufort,  Lee,  Bardin,  English,  Dees,  Aycock  of  "Wayne,  Boswell, 
Hamilton,  Mizzelle  and  Moye. 

Claims — Messrs.  Ruark,  chairman;  Thompson  of  Robeson,  Arndt, 
Bender,  Groves,  Berryman,  Griffin,  Boyd,  Ingram,  Bean,  English, 
Falkner,  Binford. 

Commerce — Messrs.  Tatem,  chairman;  Thompson  of  Columbus, 
Ray,  Wilson,  Howell,  Thompson  of  Beaufort,  Pope,  Dowtin  of  War- 
ren, Cox,  Phillips. 

Commercial  Fisheries — Messrs.  Thompson  of  Beaufort,  chairman; 
Ruark,  Barden,  Tatem,  Taylor  of  Currituck,  Davis,  Brown,  Arndt, 
Dees,  Grant,  Gatling,  O'Berry,  Bender,  Warlick,  Moye,  Eaton. 

Congressional  Districts — Messrs.  Lumpkin,  chairman;  Johnson  of 
Chatham,  McLauchlin,  Gardner,  Cover,  Thompson  of  Robeson,  Arndt, 
Greer,  Olive,  Barden,  Stevens,  Graham,  Cowles. 

Conservation  and  Development — Messrs.  Ewing,  chairman;  Flan- 
agan, Smith,  Mizzelle,  Garibaldi,  Coffey,  Williams,  Etheridge,  Braw- 
ley, Randolph,  Pope,  Lee,  Falkner,  Thomas,  Martin,  Sigmon,  Thomp- 
son of  Robeson. 

Constitutional  Amendments — Messrs.  Murphy,  chairman;  Aycock 
of  Wake,  Everett,  Moss,  Allen,  Doughton  of  Alleghany,  Grant,  Mar- 
tin, Cherry,  Coffey,  Gattis,  Makepeace,  Beasley,  Massenburg,  Cul- 
pepper, Wilson,  O'Berry,  Cowles. 

Corporation  Commission — Messrs.  Hutchins,  chairman;  Johnson  of 
Chatham,  Grady,  Culpepper,  Womble,  James,  Eagles,  Moss,  Graeber, 
Braddy,  Stevens. 

Corporations — Messrs.  Grant,  chairman;  Randolph,  Garrou,  Olive, 
English,  Williams,  Howell,  Cover,  Makepeace,  Graham. 

Counties,  Cities,  and  Toicns — Messrs.  Neal,  chairman;  Ewing, 
Thompson  of  Columbus,  Turner  of  Iredell,  Greer,  Boswell,  Johnson 
of  Pender,  Bean,  Sullivan,  Dowtin  of  Warren,  Cox,  Tompkins,  Tay- 
lor of  Halifax,  Douglass,  Wilson,  Hutchins,  Haynes,  Howell,  Watson, 
Woodall,  Brock. 

Courts  and  Judicial  Districts — Messrs.  Young,  chairman;  Moss, 
Turner  of  Guilford,  Hamilton,  Bowie,  Boyd,  Gattis,  Crews,  Lumpkin. 
Johnsoii  of  Chatham,  Everett,  Gardner,  Thompson  of  Beaufort, 
Edwards,  Cowles. 


28  Legislative  Department 

Drainage — Messrs.  Davis,  chairman;  Braddy,  Edwards,  Taylor  of 
Currituck,  Dees,  Woodall,  Mizzell,  Ruark,  Scarborough,  Culpepper, 
Rouse. 

Education — Messrs.  Graham,  chairman;  Beasley,  Stevens,  Ewing, 
Mrs.  Mebane,  Martin,  Phillips,  Gilliam,  Johnson  of  Chatham,  Eng- 
lish, Ray,  Smith,  Boswell,  Cameron,  Tompkins,  McEachern,  Moss, 
Aycock  of  Wake,  Aycock  of  Wayne,  Pope,  Spruill,  James,  Moore, 
Gardner,  Thompson  of  Columbus,  Oaks. 

Election  Laws — Messrs,  Bowie,  chairman;  Ewing,  Thompson  of 
Columbus,  Morphew,  Cover,  Womble,  Gardner,  Grady,  Haynes,  Neal, 
Ray,  Wilson,  Edwards,  Young,  Froneberger,  Lumpkin,  Vann,  Mas- 
senburg,  Monroe. 

Engrossed,  Bills — Messrs.  Gatling,  chairman;  Dees,  Sullivan,  Ray, 
Taylor  of  Currituck,  Bean,  Graeber,  Galloway,  Beasley,  Aycock  of 
Wayne. 

Expenditures  of  the  House — Messrs.  Garibaldi,  chairman;  Taylor 
of  Halifax,  Ingram,  Graeber,  Lee,  Douglass,  Cameron,  Falkner, 
Newman,  Gatling,  Greene. 

Federal  Relations — Messrs.  Johnson  of  Chatham,  chairman;  Mur- 
phy, Rouse,  Williams,  Crews,  Taylor  of  Halifax,  Brawley,  Moore, 
Mrs.  Mebane,  Woodfin,  Gattis. 

Finance — Messrs.  Doughton  of  Alleghany,  chairman;  Cherry, 
Flanagan,  Moss,  Newman,  Coffey,  White,  Johnson  of  Pender,  Vann, 
Neal,  O'Berry,  Young,  Groves,  Cox,  Ewing,  Olive,  Greer,  Warlick. 
Turner  of  Guilford,  Murphy,  Etheridge,  Womble,  Brawley,  Gari- 
baldi, Culpepper,  Gattis,  Sullivan,  Makepeace.  Wilson,  Monroe, 
Eaton. 

Game — Messrs.  Makepeace,  chairman;  Ewing,  Taylor  of  Currituck, 
Smith,  Etheridge,  Thompson  of  Columbus,  Rouse.  Allen,  Mizzell, 
Tompkins,  Woodfin,  Stevens,  Neal,  Braddy,  Haynes,  Watson, 
Spruill,  Greer,  Ingram,  Boyd,  Monroe. 

Health — Messrs.  Gattis,  chairman;  Lee,  Douglass,  James,  Moye, 
Lumpkin,  Rouse,  Galloway,  Taylor  of  Halifax,  Howell,  Garibaldi, 
Grant,  Oaks. 

Immigration — Messrs.  Braddy,  chairman;  Groves,  Griffin,  Hoyle, 
Scarborough,  Cameron,  Berryman,  White,  Ruark,  Phillips,  Randolph, 
Oaks. 


Committees  of  the  House  29 

Insane  Asylums — Messrs.  Sigmon,  chairman;  Garibaldi,  Garrou, 
Aycock  of  Wayne,  Lee,  Douglass,  Ingram,  Galloway,  Tompkins, 
Williams,  Froneberger,  Mrs.  Mebane,  Bean,  Oaks. 

Institutions  for  tlie  Blind — Messrs.  Woodall,  chairman;  John- 
son of  Chatham,  Mizzell,  McLauchlin,  Cameron,  Edwards,  Thomas, 
Moye,  Braddy,  Berryman,  Brown,  Ledford. 

Institutions  for  the  Deaf  and  Dumb — Messrs.  Haynes,  chairman: 
Coffey,  Garrou,  Phillips,  Gatling,  Eagles,  Gilliam,  Thompson  of 
Robeson,  Hoyle,  Taylor  of  Currituck,  Ingram,  Greene. 

Insurance — Messrs.  Johnson  of  Pender,  chairman;  Makepeace, 
Hoyle,  Taylor  of  Mecklenburg,  Olive,  Morphew,  O'Berry,  Hamilton, 
Barden,  Crews,  Moss,  Neal,  Coffey,  Groves,  Graham,  Gilliam,  Cowles. 

Internal  Improvements — Messrs.  Thompson  of  Columbus,  chair- 
man; Grant,  Boyd,  Edwards,  Turner  of  Iredell,  Scarborough,  Dow- 
tin  of  Warren,  Arndt,  Pope,  Douglass. 

The  Journal — Messrs.  Turner  of  Iredell,  chairman;  Thomas, 
Dees,  Bender,  Newman,  Rouse,  White,  Aycock  of  Wake,  Spruill, 
Gatling,  Aycock  of  Wayne. 

Judiciary,  No.  1 — Messrs.  Moss,  chairman ;  Gattis,  Brawley,  John- 
son of  Pender,  Grant,  Young,  Bender,  Olive,  Taylor  of  Mecklenburg, 
Smith,  Martin,  Johnson  of  Chatham,  Aycock  of  Wake,  Thomas, 
Murphy,  Hutchins,  Cherry,  Crews,  Lumpkin,  Scarborough,  Hamil- 
ton, Barden,  Brock. 

Judiciary,  No.  2 — Messrs.  Turner  of  Guilford,  chairman;  Warlick. 
Bowie,  Everett,  Hoyle,  Massenburg,  Williams,  Morphew,  Gardner, 
Randolph,  Womble,  Dees,  Froneberger,  Grady,  Ruark,  White, 
Thompson  of  Beaufort,  Boyd,  Rouse,  Howell,  Edwards,  Sullivan, 
Wilson,  Cowles. 

Manufactures  and  Labor — Messrs.  Groves,  chairman;  James. 
Taylor  of  Halifax,  Bean,  McEachern,  Mrs.  Mebane,  Garrou,  Johnson 
of  Pender,  Coffey,  Graham,  English,  Graeber,  Froneberger,  Neal, 
Allen,  Sigmon,  Oaks. 

Military  Affairs — Messrs.  Warlick,  chairman;  Allen,  McLauchlin, 
Rouse,  Moore,  Olive,  Young,  Barden,  Cherry,  Gattis,  Howell,  Mor- 
phew, Boyd,  Hamilton,  Johnson  of  Chatham. 

Oyster  Industry — Messrs.  Dees,  chairman;  Brown,  Davis,  Hamil- 
ton, Berryman,  Ruark,  Thompson  of  Beaufort,  Makepeace,  Barden. 
Ewing. 


30  Legislative  Department 

Penal  Institutions — Messrs.  Flanagan,  chairman;  Bowie,  Gari- 
baldi, James,  Neal,  Woodall,  Thompson  of  Robeson,  Dowtin  of 
Warren,  Wilson,  Spruill,  Hamilton,  Ray,  Sullivan,  Morphew,  Ran- 
dolph, Eaton. 

Pensions — Messrs.  Thomas,  chairman;  Thompson  of  Robeson, 
Thompson  of  Columbus,  Mizzell,  Flanagan,  Newman,  Gatling, 
Griffin,  McLauchlin,  Sprinkle. 

Private  and  Public-Local  Laics — Messrs.  Scarborough,  chairman; 
Crews,  Gattis,  Dees,  Howell,  Phillips,  White,  Edwards,  Thompson 
of  Robeson,  Ruark. 

Privileges  and  Elections — Messrs.  Morphew,  chairman;  Doughton 
of  Alleghany,  Grant,  Bean,  Woodfin,  Johnson  of  Pender,  Young, 
Beasley,  Berryman. 

Propositions  and  Grievances — Messrs.  Hamilton,  chairman;  Mor- 
phew, Bowie,  James,  Berryman,  Neal,  Moye,  Cameron,  Watson, 
Scarborough,  Makepeace,  Cover,  Turner  of  Iredell,  Galloway,  Mc- 
Lauchlin, Sprinkle. 

Public  Roads — Messrs.  Cherry,  chairman;  Neal,  Doughton  of  Al- 
leghany, Randolph,  Grant,  Moss,  Rouse,  Arndt,  Graeber,  Tatem, 
Hamilton,  Massenburg,  Flanagan,  Gattis,  Stevens,  Gardner,  Ruark, 
Johnson  of  Pender,  Barden,  Turner  of  Iredell,  Moore,  Thompson  of 
Beaufort,  Brock. 

Public  Welfare — Mrs.  Mebane,  chairman;  Messrs.  Beasley,  Gra- 
ham, Murphy,  Vann,  Garrou,  Womble,  Etheridge,  Olive,  Randolph, 
Proneberger,  Wilson,  Allen,  Sigmon,  Thompson  of  Columbus,  Lee, 
Warlick,  Gattis,  Cameron,  Woodall,  Eaton. 

Regulation  of  Public-Service  Corporations — Messrs.  Smith,  chair- 
man; Makepeace,  Thomas,  Taylor  of  Mecklenburg,  Froneberger, 
Watson,  Taylor  of  Halifax,  Turner  of  Guilford,  Morphew,  Doughton 
of  Alleghany,  Sprinkle. 

Rules — Messrs.  Cox,  chairman;  Brawley,  Tatem,  Moss,  Murphy, 
Olive,  Doughton  of  Alleghany,  Allen,  Bowie,  Johnson  of  Pender,  Mar- 
tin, Smith,  McEachern,  Aycock  of  Wake,  Cherry,  Ewing,  Cowles. 

Salaries  and  Fees — Messrs.  Allen,  chairman;  Flanagan,  Hutchins, 
Grady,  Garibaldi,  Falkner,  Beasley,  Johnson  of  Pender,  James, 
Moore,  Greer,  Taylor  of  Currituck,  Binford,  Woodfin,  Watson,  Brock. 

Senatorial  Districts — Messrs,  Massenburg,  chairman;  Smith, 
Brawley,  O'Berry,  Neal,  Culpepper,  Groves,  Woodall,  Eagles, 
Haynes,  English,  Graham,  Olive,  Spruill. 


Committees  of  the  House  :>1 

Joint  Committees 

Enrolled  Bills — Messrs.  Bender,  chairman;  Newman,  Vann,  Bos- 
well,  Cherry,  Warlick,  Moss,  Turner  of  Guilford,  Woodfin. 

Justices  of  the  Peace — Messrs.  Moye,  chairman;  Aycock  of  Wayne, 
Davis,  Boswell,  Woodall,  Binford,  Dowtin  of  Warren,  Graeber,  Pope, 
Scarborough. 

Library — Messrs.  Greer,  chairman;  Boswell,  Cover,  Culpepper. 
Dowtin  of  Warren,  English,  Gardner,  Hoyle,  Mrs.  Mebane,  Turner 
of  Iredell,  Gilliam. 

Printing — Messrs.  Beasley,  chairman;  Thompson  of  Robeson, 
Griffin,  Tompkins,  Howell,  Lee,  Binford,  Falkner,  Ray,  Phillips, 
Womble,  Newman. 

Public  Buildings  and  Grounds — Messrs.  Brown,  chairman;  Wood- 
fin,  Cameron,  Douglass,  Sigmon,  Moss,  Mizzell,  Moore,  Young, 
Graeber. 

Trustees  of  the  University — Messrs.  Everett,  chairman;  Murphy, 
Cox,  White,  Doughton  of  Alleghany,  Coffey,  Wilson,  Gattis,  Moss, 
Eagles,  Graham,  Spruill,  Etheridge,  Johnson  of  Pender,  Turner  of 
Guilford. 

Revision  of  Laws — Messrs.  Martin,  chairman;  Froneberger, 
Grady,  Taylor  of  Mecklenburg,  Turner  of  Guilford,  Murphy,  Bowie, 
Moss,  Gattis. 

Special  Joint  Committee 

Reorganization  of  State  Government — Messrs.  Brawley,  chairman; 
Bowie,  Cherry,  Etheridge,  Graham. 

Salaries  and  Personnel  of  State  Departments — Messrs.  Allen,  James, 
Massenburg,  Warlick,  Watson. 


PART  II 
NEW  STATE  BOARDS  AND  COMMISSIONS 


1.  The  Department  of  Labor. 

2.  Reorganized  Board  of  Agriculture. 

3.  Highway  Commission. 

4.  Banking  Department. 

5.  Department  of  Personnel. 

6.  Division  of  Purchase  and  Contract. 

7.  The  Local  Government  Commission. 

8.  University    Consolidation    Commission. 

9.  Constitutional  Commission. 

10.  Commission  for  the  Improvement  of  the  Laws. 

11.  State  Board  of  Plumbing  and  Heating  Examiners. 


Department  of  Labor  35 

DEPARTMENT  OF  LABOR 

Chapter  312  P.  L.  1931 
A.  L.  Fletcher,  Commissioner 

Title — Commissioner. 

Appointment — Elected. 

Term — Four-  years. 

Salary— $4,500. 

Ex  Officio  Member — Board  of  Advisers  Veterans  Loan  Fund. 

Function 

The  General  Assembly  of  1931  passed  "An  Act  to  Provide  for  the 
Establishment  of  a  Department  of  Labor  and  to  Prescribe  the  Powers 
and  Duties  of  the  Department  of  Labor  and  the  Commissioner  of 
Labor." 

Under  Section  4  of  the  Act  it  is  provided  that  the  Department 
of  Labor  shall  consist  of  the  following  officers,  divisions  and 
sections: 

A  Commissioner  of  Labor:  a  Division  of  Workmen's  Compensa- 
tion, as  a  separate  and  distinct  unit:  a  Division  of  Standards  and 
Inspections;  a  Division  of  Statistics. 

The  Division  of  Standards  and  Inspections  took  over  the  duties, 
powers  and  jurisdiction  of  the  old  Child  Welfare  Commission  and 
upon  the  Commissioner  of  Labor  devolved  all  of  the  duties  and 
powers  bestowed  by  Ch.  120,  Consolidated  Statutes  of  North  Caro- 
lina, upon  the  Commissioner  of  Labor  and  Printing  and  the  As- 
sistant Commissioner,  with  the  exception  that  the  handling  of  the 
state  printing  was  transferred  to  the  newly  created  Department  of 
Purchase  and  Contract.  The  Commissioner  was  designated  as  the 
"executive  and  administrative  head  of  the  Department  of  Labor." 

While  the  law  provides  for  the  operation  of  the  North  Carolina 
Industrial  Commission,  created  under  the  provisions  of  the  Work- 
men's Compensation  Act,  Ch.  120,  P.  L.  1929,  "as  a  separate  and  dis- 
tinct unit,"  there  is  authorization  for  cooperation  between  the  Com- 
missioner of  Labor  and  the  Industrial  Commission  in  statistical 
and  inspection  work.  (Sec.  11,  Ch.  231,  P.  L.  1931.)  Under  this 
provision  of  the  law  it  will  be  possible  to  carry  out  Section  8  of 
the  act  relative  to  the  collection  of  statistics  necessary  for  the 
proper  functioning  of  the  department. 


■  !'i  New  Boards  and  Commissions 

The  Department  of  Labor  is  also  charged  with  the  administra- 
tion of  free  employment  offices,  in  cooperation  with  cities  and 
counties  or  with  the  Federal  Government. 

The  Commissioner  of  Labor  is  ex  officio  member  of  the  Board  of 
Advisers  of  the  Veterans'  Loan  Fund  created  by  Ch.  155,  P.  L. 
1925.  He  is  also  charged  with  the  responsibility  of  providing 
assistance  to  veterans  of  the  World  War  in  the  matter  of  claims 
against  the  government,  as  set  out  in  Ch.  288,  P.  L.  1925. 


REORGANIZED  BOARD  OF  AGRICULTURE 

Chapter  360,  P.  Lu,  1931 

W.   A.  Graham,   Chairman,  Raleigh 

Composition — Five  members. 

Personnel — D.   H.  Bridgers,  Warsaw;    George  Watts   Hill.   Durham: 

D.  Reeves  Noland,  Crabtree:  F.  G.  Staton,  Williamston;  Charles 

S.  Young,  Shelby. 
Appointment — By  the  Governor  with  the  consent  of  the  Senate. 
Term — Four  years,  overlapping. 
Qualification — One    each    of   the    following:    tobacco    farmer,    cotton 

farmer,  live  stock  grower,  truck  farmer,  general  farmer. 
Compensation — $5  per  diem  and  expenses. 

Function 

The  change  in  the  composition  of  the  Board  of  Agriculture  was 
made  by  the  General  Assembly  of  1931  which  now  consists  of 
five  instead  of  ten  members,  together  with  the  Commissioner  of 
Agriculture,  who  is  chairman.  The  Board  must  meet  in  Raleigh 
at  least  twice  a  year,  and  oftener,  if  called  by  the-  Commissioner. 
In  addition  to  the  duties  now  imposed,  the  Board  must  manage 
and  operate  the  State  Fair  and  has  power  to  make  such  rules  and 
regulations  as  it  may  deem  necessary  for  the  holding  and  conduct- 
ing of  said  Fair,  and /or  lease  said  Fair  properties  so  as  to  provide 
a  State  Fair.  Act  in  no  way  affects  or  limits  the  authority  of  the 
Commissioner  and  the  new  board  in  the  exercise  of  the  authority 
and  power  of  the  former  board  in  dealing  with  subjects  not  specifi- 
cally dealt  with  in  the  new  act. 


Highway  Commission  ;',7 

NORTH  CAROLINA  STATE  HIGHWAY  COMMISSION 

Chapter  145,  P.  L.  1931 

Composition — Seven  members. 

Personnel — E.  B.  Jeffress,  Chairman.  Raleigh;  T.  L.  Bland,  Raleigh; 
Chas.  A.  Cannon,  Concord;  Jas.  H.  Clark,  Elizabethtown; 
Jas.  L.  McNair,  Laurinburg;  W.  \V.  Neal,  Marion;    Ice- 
land H.  Kitchin,  Scotland  Neck. 
L.  R.  Ames,  State  Highway  Engineer,  Raleigh. 

Commissioners 
Appointment — By  Governor. 
Term — Chairman  and  three  commissioners  appointed  for  four  years; 

three  commissioners  for  two  years. 
Compensation — Chairman,   $6,000;    commissioners,   $10.00   per   diem. 

The  State  Highway  work  in  North  Carolina  began  in  1915  and 
progressed  during  the  intervening  years  until  it  reached  its  climax 
in  1931,  when,  under  the  provisions  of  Chapter  145,  Public  Laws, 
1931,  all  county  roads  in  the  State  were  taken  over  for  maintenance 
and  all  county  prisoners  serving  sixty  days  or  more  were  placed 
under  the  management  of  the  Highway  Commission.  This  placed 
the  control  and  responsibility  for  all  roads  in  the  State  upon  the 
State  Highway  Commission. 

All  costs  of  maintenance,  retirement  of  bonds,  and  provision  for 
prisoners  is  taken  care  of  by  revenue  from  taxes  on  gasoline  and 
motor  vehicle  licenses. 

Following  the  passage  of  the  1931  Act,  the  Highway  Commission 
was  reorganized  to  consist  of  six  commissioners  frm  the  State  at 
large,  and  a  chairman.  A  state  highway  engineer  was  appointed 
and  the  State  was  redivided  into  five  divisions  for  administrative 
purposes  instead  of  the  previous  nine  districts  for  construction  pur- 
poses. Each  of  the  divisions  was  divided  into  five  districts  with 
an  engineer  in  charge  of  each. 

At  the  present  time  there  are  10,317  miles  on  the  State  Highway 
System  and  46,524  miles  on  the  County  System,  which  is  maintained 
by  the  State  as  outlined  above. 


38  i\k\v  Boards  and  Commissions 

NORTH  CAROLINA  BANKING  DEPARTMENT 

Chapter  243,  P.  L.  1931 

Composition — Advisory  Commission  to  the  Commissioner  of  Banks, 
five  members. 
Commissioner  of  Banks. 
Personnel — Chas.  M.  Johnson,  Chairman,  Raleigh;  Dennis  G.  Brum- 
mitt,  Secretary,  Raleigh;  W.  H.  Wood,  Charlotte;  A.  H.  Bahnson, 
Winston-Salem;    A.    W.    McLean,    Lumberton — members    of    the 
Advisory  Commission. 
Gurney  P.  Hood,  Raleigh,  Commissioner  of  Banks. 

Advisory  Commission 

Appointment — Three  members   appointed  by  Governor. 

State  Treasurer  and  Attorney  General,  ex  officio  members,  the 
State  Treasurer  serving  as  Chairman.  Appointive  members  shall 
be:  two  practical  bankers,  one  business  man. 

Term — Appointees,  two  years. 

Compensation — None. 

It  is  the  duty  of  the  Advisory  Commission  to  advise  with  the 
Commissioner  of  Banks  from  time  to  time  upon  questions  of  the 
administration  of  the  banking  laws.  The  law  provides  that  meet- 
ings of  the  Commission  shall  be  held  quarterly  and  in  special  ses- 
sion at  the  call  of  the  Governor  or  upon  request  of  the  Commis- 
sioner of  Banks.  Appeals  may  be  made  to  the  Advisory  Com- 
mission from  rulings  of  the  Commissioner  of  Banks,  and  the 
decisions  of  such  commission  shall  be  final. 

Commissioner  of  Banks 

Appointment — By  Governor  with  advice  and  consent  of  the  Senate. 
Term — Four  years. 
Compensation — $6,000. 

Function 
The  office  of  Commissioner  of  Banks  was  created  by  the  Legislature 
of  1931  to  take  over  from  the  Corporation  Commission  the  super- 
vision of  banks.  All  duties  formerly  exercised  by  the  Corporation 
Commission  and  Chief  State  Bank  Examiner  in  connection  with 
the  supervision  of  banks  were  transferred  to  the  Commissioner  of 
Banks.     New  duties  were  placed  upon  the  Commissioner  of  Banks 


Department  of  Personnel  39 

by  placing   the  supervision  and   licensing  of   trust   departments    in 
commercial  banks  in  his  hands. 


DEPARTMENT  OF  PERSONNEL 

Chapter  277,  P.  L.  1931 

Personnel  Director — Frank  L.  Dunlap. 

Assistant  Director — Thad   Eure. 

Appointment  Director — By  the  Governor. 

Term — During  Term  of  Governor  Making  Appointment. 

Salary— $6,000. 

Function 

Created  by  the  General  Assembly  of  North  Carolina,  Public  Laws 
1931,  Chapter  277: 

To  make  with  the  heads  of  departments,  bureaus  and  commis- 
sions of  the  State  of  North  Caarolina,  investigation  of  needs  for 
personal  service,  classify  and  determine  the  necessary  number  of 
employes,  the  type  and  nature  of  work  to  be  performed  and  to  fix 
and  determine  together  with  the  approval  of  the  Advisory  Budget 
Commission  a  standard  of  salaries  and  wages  to  be  paid  with  a 
minimum  and  maximum  salary  range  on  an  equitable  basis  for 
all  persons  and  positions.  From  time  to  time  make  such  changes 
in  salaries  and  wages  to  be  paid  as  facts  may  justify  and  require. 
Adopt  rules  and  regulations  regarding  holidays,  vacations  or  sick 
leave  and  all  other  matters  having  direct  relationship  to  salaries 
to  be  paid.  Classify  all  new  employes  filling  vacancies,  as  they 
occur  from  time  to  time  and  fix  the  salaries  such  new  employees 
are  to  receive,  and  certify  to  their  employment  as  the  necessities  of 
employment  may  require.  The  act  does  not  apply  to  the  Supreme 
Court,  nor  to  employees  of  the  State  Highway  on  an  hourly  basis. 
nor  to  school  teachers. 

With  regard  to  departments,  bureaus,  commissions,  institutions 
and  other  agencies  of  government,  it  is  the  duty  of  the  department 
to  approve  all  payrolls  before  vouchers  are  issued  for  payment, 
such  payrolls  to  be  checked  against  budget  allotment  to  such 
agencies  for  such  purpose. 

The  department  is  further  directed  to  make  a  general  study  of 
employment  with  respect  to  salaries  and  wages  paid  public  officers. 


40  New  Boards  and  Commissions 

DIVISION  OF  PURCHASE  AND  CONTRACT 

Chapter  261,  P.  L.  1931 

Organization — Division  in  the  Executive  Office. 

Personnel — A.  S.  Brower,  Director. 

Appointment— By  Governor. 

Term — During  pleasure  of  Governor. 

Compensation — Fixed  by  Governor  with  approval  of  Advisory  Bud- 
get Commission. 

Board  of  Award — The  members  of  the  Advisory  Budget  Commission 
serve  ex  officio  as  a  Board  of  Award. 

Function 

The  Division  of  Purchase  and  Contract  was  created  by  the  General 
Assembly  of  1931,  and  began  operation  on  July  1,  1931. 

The  purposes  of  the  law  are  to  provide  for  centralized  purchasing 
or  contracting  of  supplies  for  the  State's  Departments,  Institutions 
and  the  Public  Schools. 

The  scope  of  the  law  as  set  out  in  the  opening  sections  is  as 
follows: 

(a)  To  canvass  all  sources  of  supply,  and  to  contract  for  the 
purchase  of  all  supplies,  materials  and  equipment  required  by  the 
State  Government,  or  any  of  its  departments,  institutions  or  agencies 
under  competitive  bidding  in  the  manner  hereinafter  provided  for. 

(b)  To  establish  and  enforce  standard  specifications  which  shall 
apply  to  all  supplies,  materials  and  equipment,  purchased  or  to  be 
purchased  for  the  use  of  the  State  Government  for  any  of  its  de- 
partments, institutions  or  agencies. 

(c)  To  purchase  or  contract  for  all  telephone,  telegraph,  electric 
light  power,  postal  and  any  and  all  other  contractual  services  and 
needs  of  the  State  Government,  or  any  of  its  departments,  institu- 
tions or  agencies;  or  in  lieu  of  such  purchase  or  contract  to  author- 
ize any  department,  institution  or  agency  to  purchase  or  contract 
for  any  or  all  such  services. 

(d)  To  rent  or  lease  all  grounds,  buildings,  offices,  or  other 
space  required  by  any  department,  institution  or  agency  of  the 
State  Government,  provided,  this  shall  not  include  temporary 
quarters  for  State  Highway  field  forces  or  convict  camps,  or  tem- 
porary places  of  storage  for  road  materials. 


Division  of  Purchase  and  Contbact  11 

(e)  To  have  general  supervision  of  all  storerooms  and  stores 
operated  by  the  State  Government,  or  any  of  its  departments,  in- 
stitutions or  agencies;  to  provide  transfer  and /or  exchange  to  or 
between  all  State  departments,  institutions  and  agencies,  or  to  sell 
all  supplies,  materials  and  equipment  which  are  surplus,  obsolete 
or  unused;  and  to  maintain  inventories  of  all  fixed  property  and 
of  all  movable  equipment,  supplies  and  materials  belonging  to  the 
State  Government,  or  any  of  its  departments,  institutions  or 
agencies. 

(f)  To  make  provision  for  and  to  contract  for  all  State  printing, 
including  all  printing,  binding,  paper  stock  and  supplies  or  materials 
in  connection  with  the  same. 

In  the  first  place  the  law  provides  for  a  contracting  agency  rather 
than  what  is  usually  understood  as  a  purchasing  agency.  It 
provides  for  canvassing  requirements,  making  contracts  with 
sources  of  supply,  advertising,  giving  full  details  of  materials 
required,  time  of  delivery,  etc.,  receiving  sealed  bids  and  entering 
into  contracts  to  meet  the  needs  of  the  State  and  the  Public  Schools; 
it  makes  only  incidental  provision  for  miscellaneous  purchasing. 
Furthermore,  the  proceedings  of  the  Division  of  Purchase  and  Con- 
tract and  the  Budget  Commission,  acting  as  a  Board  of  Award,  must 
be  entirely  public  so  that  anyone  interested  may  secure  complete 
information   about   any   particular  transaction. 

The  Division  began  operation  on  .July  1,  1931.  It  has  two  forms  of 
contracts : 

1.  A  term  contract  which  covers  an  estimated  or  indefinite 
amount  of  material  to  be  delivered  when,  as,  and  if  needed  over  a 
fixed  period  of  time.  There  have  been  executed  and  certified  to 
all  the  using  agencies  for  their  use  and  guidance  249  such  con- 
tracts. Many  of  these  contracts  cover  a  long  list  or  a  large  group 
of  items.  For  instance,  contract  No.  180  covers  a  list  of  53  items 
of  school  supplies,  each  of  which  in  turn  is  divided  up  in  such  a 
manner  as  to  make  them  available  in  various  sizes,  weights,  etc.,  and 
contract  No.  175  covers  29  items  of  school  furniture,  each  sub- 
divided into  units  to  represent  different  sizes,  finishes,  materials, 
etc.  The  number  of  items  covered  under  this  style  of  contract  is 
very  large.  An  index  recently  issued  contains  a  list  of  approximate- 
ly 600  items  covered  by  contracts  now  in  force.  The  items  range 
from   absorbent   gauze   for  hospital   use   to   automobile   trucks    and 


1-  New  Boards  and  Commissions 

school  bus  bodies  for  hauling  75  school  children.  When  and  wnere 
suitable  this  type  of  contract  is  used. 

2.  The  second  type  of  contract  deals  with  a  specified  quantity 
to  be  delivered  to  a  certain  place  and  at  a  certain  time.  At  each 
of  the  forty  odd  public  lettings  there  have  been  long  lists  of  such 
items  purchased  on  the  basis  of  sealed  competitive  bids.  This  type 
of  contract  is  used  for  those  items  which  do  not  lend  themselves 
well  to  term  contracts,  and  embraces  a  host  of  such  items  as  fuel, 
most  food-stuffs,  textiles  and  such  other  items  on  which  the  prices 
fluctuate  widely  and  often.  The  number  of  these  items  is  very  large 
also — the  grocery  list,  issued  quarterly,  for  instance,  usually  com- 
prises about  40  mimeographed  pages  and  Highway  items,  textile 
items  and  other  items  falling  in  or  near  the  commodity  group 
swell  the  number  to  a  tremendous  figure  and  run  the  gamut  from 
crawler  type  tractors  and  steam  shovels  to  fine  tooth  combs  and 
safety  pins. 

Forty  formal  lettings  have  been  held,  with  three  or  more  mem- 
bers of  the  Budget  Commission  present  at  each  letting. 

The  one  question  most  often  asked  concerning  the  Division  is 
the  extent  of  its  savings.  To  answer  this  definitely  and  accurately, 
of  course,  is  impossible,  because  no  one  could  know  what  would 
have  taken  place  under  another  system,  particularly  in  view  of 
the  fact  that  prices  have  been  undergoing  an  almost  constant  de- 
cline. A  comparison  of  prices  with  those  previously  paid,  even 
though  much  lower,  may  only  represent  normal  declines  in  prices, 
but  fortunately  there  are  certain  contracts  and  items  based  on 
differentials  where  no  element  of  market  decline  enters,  where  a 
very  fair  comparison  may  be  made,  and  a  saving  estimated  which 
cannot  be  disputed. 

In  this  group  of  items  are  included  a  saving  of  $200,000  on  Gas- 
oline, $100,000  on  Tires,  $50,000  on  Fuel,  $10,000  on  School  Bus 
Chasses,  $2,000  on  Chalk  and  $3,000  on  one  shipment  of  Paint  alone. 

This  list  might  be  continued  to  cover  a  long  list  of  items,  but 
suffice  it  to  say  with  very  few  and  minor  exceptions,  an  examination 
would  show  that  prices  paid  have  been  lowered  by  the  operation 
of  open  competitive  bidding  on  quantities  large  enough  to  be  attrac- 
tive, where  every  person,  if  he  so  chose,  and  if  he  were  in  a  posi- 
tion to  do  so,  had  an  equal  chance  with  his  every  competitor  to 
secure  the  business. 


Local  Government  Commission  ±o 

Purchasing  in  North  Carolina:  Early  in  its  operation  the  Divis- 
ion adopted  a  policy  of  doing  no  warehousing  itself,  but  instead  re- 
quiring local  distribution.  This  policy  of  the  Division  in  almost  all 
lines  gives  North  Carolina  distributors  a  decided  advantage,  since 
it  is  necessary  for  the  outsiders  to  come  into  the  State  and  estab- 
lish distribution  or  distribute  his  products  through  some  existing 
agency  or  merchant  within  the  State.  As  a  result  of  this  policy 
practically  all  of  our  major  contracts  are  with  local  people,  arid 
though  the  profits  that  are  being  made  on  State  contracts  are 
doubtless  extremely  low,  nevertheless,  it  is  better  that  whatever 
profit  is  made  should  remain  within  the  State  than  be  exported. 
The  Division  is  always  anxious  and  glad  to  place  a  contract  with 
a  North  Carolina  firm,  whether  manufacturer  or  distributor,  and 
exerts  every  effort  to  make  it  possible  for  the  North  Carolina  resi- 
dents to  be  placed  on  a  fair  and  equal  footing  in  meeting  com- 
petition.    The  law  does  not  permit  more  than  that. 


THE  LOCAL  GOVERNMENT  COMMISSION 

Chapter  60,  P.  L.  1931 

Composition:  Nine  members.  The  State  Auditor,  the  State 
Treasurer  and  Commissioner  of  Revenue  are  members  ex  officio. 
The  other  six  members  are  appointed  by  the  Governor,  one  of 
whom  is  the  Director  of  Local  Government.  The  Commission 
elects  its  Chairman  and  Vice-Chairman  from  its  members.  The 
State  Auditor,  the  State  Treasurer,  the  Commissioner  of  Revenue 
and  the  Director  of  Local  Government  constitute  the  Executive 
Committee. 

Terms  of  Office:  The  six  members  appointed  by  the  Governor 
hold  office  during  his  pleasure. 

Qualifications:  One  of  the  appointed  members  shall  have  had 
experience  as  the  chief  executive  officer  or  a  member  of  the  gov- 
erning body  of  a  city  or  town,  and  one  thereof  shall  have  had 
experience  as  a  member  of  the  governing  body  of  a  county  at  the 
time   of   their   appointment. 

Compensation:  $10.00  per  day  and  expenses.  Salary  of  Director 
determined  by  the  Governor  with  the  approval  of  the  Advisory 
Budget  Commission. 


44  New  Boards  and  Commissions 

Personnel:  A.  J.  Maxwell.  Chairman,  Baxter  Durham,  Vice- 
Chairman,  Chas.  M.  Johnson,  Ex  Officio  Treasurer,  \V.  E.  Easter- 
ling,  Director  of  Local  Government  and  Secretary.  J.  W.  Winhorne, 
H.  E.  Rufty,  E.  B.  Horner,  W.  G.  Gaither,  K.  O.  Burgwin. 

Function 

The  Executive  Committee  is  vested  with  all  the  powers  of 
the  Commission  except  when  the  Commission  is  in  session, 
but  the  Committee  cannot  over-ride  any  action  of  the  Com- 
mission as  a  whole,  and  appeals  may  be  made  from  action  of  the 
Executive  Committee  to  the  whole  Commission.  The  Commission 
approves  the  issuance  of  all  bonds  and  notes  of  local  units  of 
government,  and  sells  all  such  bonds  and  notes.  The  Director 
requires  semi-annual  reports  of  sinking  fund  investments  of  local 
units  and  orders  liquidation  of  all  such  investments  which  by  law 
are  ineligible.  If  it  appears  to  the  Director  that  funds  of  local  units 
deposited  in  banks  are  not  under  the  proper  security  for  the  pro- 
tection of  such  deposits  as  prescribed  by  law,  he  shall  require  such 
security  The  Commission  may  extend  the  time  of  liquidation  of 
ineligible  sinking  fund  investments  and  may,  upon  approval  of  the 
State  Commissioner  of  Banks,  extend  the  time  for  banks  to  suffi- 
ciently secure  deposits  with  proper  security.  The  Director  deter- 
mines whether  the  provisions  of  law  for  the  raising  and  main- 
tenance and  preservation  of  sinking  funds  of  local  units  have  been 
observed,  and  requires  compliance  with  these  provisions.  He  also 
notifies,  thirty  days  in  advance,  all  local  units  of  their  maturing 
obligations  and  furnishes  annually  a  statement  of  debt  service  re- 
quirements for  the  ensuing  fiscal  year.  The  Director  approves  all 
auditing  contracts  between  officials  of  local  units  and  certified 
public  accountants  for  auditing  the  affairs  of  such  units,  and  also 
approves  all  bills  for  the  payment  of  such  services  rendered.  The 
County  Government  Advisory  Commission  was  abolished  at  the 
creation  of  the  Local  Government  Commission  and  its  duties  are 
imposed  upon  the  Director.  The  Director  shall  visit  the  local  units 
of  government  in  the  State,  and  advise  and  assist  the  governing 
bodies  and  other  officers  of  said  units  in  providing  a  competent, 
economical  and  efficient  administration;  suggest  approved  methods 
for  levying  and  collecting  taxes  and  other  revenues;  suggest  such 
changes   in  the  organization  of  local   units  of  government  as  will 


University  Consolidation  Commission  45 

best  promote  the  public  interest,  and  render  assistance  in  carrying 
the  same  into  effect.  The  Director  has  the  power  to  devise  and 
prepare  for  use  in  the  local  units  uniform  accounting  and  recording 
system  and  to  require  their  use.  The  Director  approves  the  bonds 
of  County  Treasurers  for  county  and  local  district  school  funds. 


UNIVERSITY  CONSOLIDATION  COMMISSION 

Chapter   202,   P.   L.   1931 

Composition — Twelve    members. 

Personnel — Governor  O.  Max  Gardner,  chairman;  Fred  W.  Morrison, 
Secretary,  Raleigh;  Dr.  Frank  P.  Graham,  Chapel  Hill;  Dr. 
E.  C.  Brooks,  Raleigh;  Dr.  J.  I.  Foust,  Greensboro;  Dr.  L.  R. 
Wilson,  Chapel  Hill:  Dr.  W.  C.  Riddick,  Raleigh;  Dr.  B.  B.  Ken- 
drick,  Greensboro;  S.  B.  Alexander,  Charlotte;  F.  L.  Jackson. 
Davidson;  Mrs.  E.  L.  McKee,  Sylva;  Miss  Easdale  Shaw,  Rock- 
ingham; Judge  N.  A.  Townsend,  Charlotte. 
Appointment — By  the  Governor. 
Term — Indefinite. 

Function 
Commission  created  by  the  General  Assembly  of  1931,  consists 
of  12  members,  in  addition  to  the  Governor,  who  is  chairman. 
Charged  with  the  responsibility  of  working  out  a  scheme  of  unifi- 
cation of  the  executive  control  in  the  University  of  North  Carolina, 
North  Carolina  State  College  of  Agriculture  and  Engineering,  and 
the  North  Carolina  College  for  "Women,  and  to  unify  and  coordinate 
the  general  educational  program  of  the  University.  Empowered 
to  employ  experts  in  the  several  pertinent  fields  to  study  the  cir- 
cumstances and  needs  of  higher  education  in  North  Carolina  and 
on  the  findings  of  these  experts  to  make  report  to  the  Governor, 
which  report  when  adopted  by  the  Trustees  appointed  by  the  1931 
General  Assembly  shall  be  and  remain  the  rules  and  regulations 
under  which  the  consolidated  University  and  its  component  parts 
shall  continue  to  function.  Expenses  of  commission  and  employes 
paid   out  of  the   contingency  and   emergency   fund. 


Ifi  Xew  Boards  and  Commissions 

CONSTITUTIONAL   COMMISSION 
Resolution  36,  P.  L.  1931 

Charles  B.  Aycock.  Secretary.  Raleigh 

Composition — Nine   members. 

Personnel — Chief  Justice  W.  P.  Stacy.  Raleigh,  Chairman;    George 

E.   Butler,    Clinton;    J.    0.    Carr,   "Wilmington;    Burton    Craige, 

Winston-Salem;  A.  J.  Maxwell,  Raleigh;  Judge  John  J.  Parker. 

Charlotte;    Clarence    Poe,    Raleigh;     Judge    Michael     Schenck. 

Hendersonville;    Lindsay  C.  Warren.   Washington. 
Appointment — By  the  Governor. 
Term — Two  years. 
Compensation — $10  per  diem  and  expenses. 

Function 

Created  by  the  General  Assembly  of  1931  to  consider  and  study 
the  Constitution  of  the  State  and  changes  and  amendments  needed 
to  make  the  same  serve  the  best  interests  of  all  the  people  and  to 
make  a  report  of  their  conclusions  to  the  General  Assembly  of  1933 
with  proposals  for  such  amendments  or  for  a  redraft  of  the  Con- 
stitution. The  Commission  has  power  to  appoint  clerks  and  sten- 
ographers and  such  assistants  as  may  be  necessary  to  properly 
perform  the  duties  imposed  upon  them.  Expenses  of  the  commis- 
sion to  be  paid  out  of  the  contingency  and  emergency  fund. 


COMMISSION  FOR  THE  IMPROVEMENT  OF 

THE  LAWS 

Composition — Fourteen  members. 

Personnel — Associate  Justice  Geo.  W.  Connor,  Chairman,  Raleigh; 
Attorney  General  Dennis  G.  Brummitt,  Raleigh;  Judge  W.  A. 
Devin,  Oxford;  J.  C.  Biggs,  Raleigh;  C.  W.  Tillett,  Jr..  Char- 
lotte; Prof.  E.  W.  Timberlake,  Wake  Forest;  Dean  Justin  Mil- 
ler, Duke  University;  Prof.  Albert  Coates,  Secretary,  Chapel 
Hill;  Jas.  G.  Hanes,  Winston-Salem;  Dr.  Thurman  D.  Kitchin. 
Wake  Forest;  Senators,  Hinsdale  and  Grady;  Representatives. 
Moss  and  Turner  of  Guilford. 

Appointment — Five  fixed  by  statute  and  nine  appointed  by  the 
Governor. 


Examiners  of  Plumbing  and  Heating  47 

Term— Those  fixed  by  statute  during  their   term  of  office;    others 
during  the  term  of  office  of  the  Governor  making  the  appoint- 
ment. 
Compensation — None. 

Function 
Created  by  the  General  Assembly  of  1931.  To  meet  at  least  twice 
annually,  oftener  at  call  of  chairman.  To  consider  proposals  for 
the  betterment  of  the  law;  to  make  such  investigations  as  may 
be  necessary  and  recommend  to  the  General  Assembly  changes  in 
the  law  which  it  deems  expedient,  accompanying  the  recommenda- 
tions with  drafts  of  proposed  bills  and  the  reason  for  same,  sending 
a  copy  to  each  member  of  the  General  Assembly. 


STATE  BOARD  OF  EXAMINERS  OF  PLUMBING  AND 
HEATING  CONTRACTORS 

Chapter  52,  P.   L.,  1931 
W.  F.  Morrison,  Secretary,  Raleigh 

Composition — Five  members. 

Personnel—  Dr.  H.  G.  Baity,  Chapel  Hill;  Luther  P.  Paschall,  Dur- 
ham; R.  D.  Beam,  Raleigh;  W.  H.  Sullivan,  Greensboro;  R.  M. 
Kermon,   Wilmington. 

Appointment — By  the  Governor. 

Term — Five  years  overlapping. 

Qualifications — One  from  the  following:  Engineering  School  Chapel 
Hill,  State  Board  of  Health,  Plumbing  Inspector,  Licensed 
Master  Plumber,  Heating  Contractor. 

Compensation — $10  per  diem  and  expenses. 

Function 

To  meet  at  least  twice  a  year  in  Raleigh,  keep  a  record  of  its 
proceedings,  register  all  applicants  for  examination  and  submit  to 
the  Governor  a  yearly  report,  copy  of  which  must  be  filed  with 
the  Secretary  of  State,  together  with  statement  of  all  receipts  and 
expenditures;  to  examine  and  license  all  persons,  firms  or  cor- 
porations, resident  and  non-resident,  desiring  to  carry  on  a  plumb 
ing  or  heating  business  in  this  State.  The  Board  has  power  to 
revoke  licenses  and  to  hear  and  pass  on  charges  of  fraud  in  ob- 
taining license,  incompetency,  etc.  Act  does  not  apply  to  towns 
having  a  population  of  not  more  than  3,500. 


PART  III 


PLATFORMS  AND  POLITICAL  PARTIES  1932 


1.  Democratic  National  Platform. 

2.  Republican  National  Platform. 

3.  State  Democratic  Platform. 

4.  State    Republican    Platform. 


DEMOCRATIC  NATIONAL  PLATFORM 

Adopted  at  Chicago,  June  29,  1932 


In  this  time  of  unprecedented  and  social  distress,  the  Democratic 
party  declares  its  convictions  that  the  chief  causes  of  this  condition 
were  the  disastrous  policies  pursued  by  our  government,  since  the 
World  War,  of  economic  isolation;  fostering  the  merger  of  com- 
petitive businesses  into  monopolies;  and  encouraging  the  indefensi- 
ble expansion  and  contraction  of  credit  for  private  profit  at  the  ex- 
pense of  the  public. 

Those  who  were  responsible  for  these  policies  have  abandoned 
the  ideals  on  which  the  war  was  won,  and  thrown  away  the  fruits 
of  victory,  thus  rejecting  the  greatest  opportunity  in  history  to  bring 
peace,  prosperity  and  happiness  to  our  people  and  to  the  world. 

They  have  ruined  our  foreign  trade,  destroyed  the  values  of  our 
commodities  and  products,  crippled  our  banking  system,  robbed 
millions  of  our  people  of  their  life  savings  and  thrown  millions 
more  out  of  work,  produced  widespread  poverty  and  brought  the 
government  to  a  state  of  financial  distress  unprecedented  in  times 
of  peace. 

The  only  hope  for  improving  present  conditions,  restoring  em- 
ployment, affording  permanent  relief  to  the  people,  and  bringing 
the  nation  back  to  its  former  proud  position  of  domestic  happiness 
and  of  financial,  industrial,  agricultural  and  commercial  leadership 
in  the  world,  lies  in  a  drastic  change  in  economic  and  govern- 
mental  policies. 

Believing  that  a  party  platform  is  a  covenant  with  the  people 
to  be  faithfully  kept  by  the  party  when  entrusted  with  power,  and 
that  the  people  are  entitled  to  know  in  plain  words  the  terms  of 
the  contract  to  which  they  are  asked  to  subscribe,  we  hereby 
declare  this  to  be  the  platform  of  the  Democratic  Party. 

The  Democratic  Party  solemnly  promises  by  appropriate  action 
to  put  into  effect  the  principles,  policies  and  reforms  herein  advo- 
cated, and  to  eradicate  the  policies,  methods  and  practices  herein 
condemned: 


52  Political  Platforms 

Steps  Advocated 

We  advocate: 

1.  An  immediate  and  drastic  reduction  of  governmental  expendi- 
tures by  abolishing  useless  commissions  and  offices,  consolidating 
departments  and  bureaus,  and  eliminating  extravagance,  to  accom- 
plish a  saving  of  not  less  than  25  per  cent  in  the  cost  of  federal 
government;  and  we  call  upon  the  Democratic  Party  in  the  states 
to  make  a  zealous  effort  to  achieve  a  proportionate  result. 

2.  Maintenance  of  the  national  credit  by  a  federal  budget  an- 
nually balanced  on  the  basis  of  accurate  estimates  within  revenues, 
raised  by  a  system  of  taxation  levied  on  the  principle  of  ability 
to  pay. 

3.  A  sound  currency  to  be  preserved  at  all  hazards;  and  an 
international  monetary  conference  called  on  the  invitation  of  our 
government  to  consider  the  rehabilitation  of  silver  and  related  ques- 
tions. 

4.  A  competitive  tariff  for  revenue,  with  a  fact-finding  tariff 
commission  free  from  executive  interference;  reciprocal  tariff 
agreements  with  other  nations;  and  an  international  economic 
conference  designed  to  restore  international  trade  and  facilitate 
exchange. 

Credit  to  States 

5.  Extension  of  federal  credit  to  the  states  to  provide  unemploy- 
ment relief  wherever  the  diminishing  resources  of  the  states  make 
it  impossible  for  them  to  provide  for  the  needy;  expansion  of  the 
federal  program  of  necessary  and  useful  construction  affected  with 
a  public  interest;  such  as  flood  control  and  waterways,  including 
the  St.  Lawrence-Great  Lakes  deep  waterways;  the  spread  of  em- 
ployment by  a  substantial  reduction  in  the  hours  of  labor,  the 
encouragement  of  the  shorter  week  by  applying  that  principle  in 
government  service;  advance  planning  of  public  works. 

6.  Unemployment  and  old-age  insurance,  under  state  laws. 

7.  For  the  restoration  of  agriculture,  the  Nation's  basic  indus- 
try; better  financing  of  farm  mortgages  through  re-organized  farm 
bank  agencies  at  low  rates  of  interest,  on  an  amortization  prSn. 
giving  preference  to  credits  for  the  redemption  of  farms  and  homes 
sold  under  foreclosure;  extension  and  development  of  the  farm 
cooperative  movement,  and  effective  control  of  crop  surpluses  so 
that  our  farmers  may  have  the  full  benefit  of  the  domestic  market; 


Democratic  National  Platfok.m  53 

enactment  of  every  constitutional  measure  that  will  aid  the  farmers 
to  receive  for  basic  farm  commodities,  prices  in  excess  of  cost. 

8.  A  navy  and  an  army  adequate  for  national  defense,  based  on 
a  survey  of  all  facts  affecting  the  existing  establishments,  that  the 
people  in  time  of  peace  may  not  be  burdened  by  an  expenditure 
fast  approaching  a  billion  dollars  annually. 

Anti-Trust  Laws 

9.  Strict  and  impartial  enforcement  of  the  anti-trust  laws  to 
prevent  monopoly  and  unfair  trade  practices,  and  revision  thereof 
for  the  better  protection  of  labor  and  the  small  producer  and  dis- 
tributor; the  removal  of  government  from  all  fields  of  private  en- 
terprise, except  where  necessary  to  develop  public  works  and 
natural  resources  in  the  common  interest;  conservation  develop- 
ment and  use  of  the  Nation's  water-power  in  the  public  interest. 

10.  We  favor  the  repeal  of  the  18th  Amendment. 

To  effect  such  repeal,  we  demand  that  the  Congress  immediately 
propose  a  constitutional  amendment  to  purely  representative  con- 
ventions in  the  states  called  to  act  solely  on  that  proposal. 

We  urge  the  enactment  of  such  measures  by  the  several  states 
as  will  actually  promote  temperance,  effectively  prevent  the  return 
of  the  saloon  and  bring  the  liquor  traffic  into  the  open  under  com- 
plete supervision  and  control  by  the  states. 

We  demand  that  the  federal  government  exercise  its  power  to 
enable  the  states  to  effectually  protect  themselves  against  importa- 
tion of  intoxicating  liquors  in  violation  of  their  laws. 

Pending  repeal,  we  favor  immediate  modification  of  the  Vol- 
stead Act  to  legalize  the  manufacture  and  sale  of  beer  and  other 
beverages  of  such  alcoholic  content  as  is  permissible  under  the 
Constitution  and  to  provide  therefrom  a  proper  and  needed  revenue. 

Protect  Investors 

11.  Protection  of  the  investing  public  by  requiring  to  be  filed 
with  the  government  and  carried  in  advertisements  of  all  offerings 
of  foreign  and  domestic  stocks  and  bonds  true  information  as  to 
bonuses,   commissions,   principal   invested   and    interests   of   sellers. 

Regulation  to  the  full  extent  of  the  federal  power  of 
(A)    Holding  companies   which   sell   securities  in   interstate  com- 
merce. 


54-  Political  Platforms 

(B)  Rates  of   utility   companies   operating   across  state   lines. 

(C)  Exchanges  trading  in   securities  and   commodities. 

12.  Quicker  methods  of  realizing  on  assets  for  the  relief  of 
depositors  of  suspended  banks  and  a  more  rigid  supervision  of 
national  banks  for  the  protection  of  depositors  and  the  prevention 
of  the  use  of  their  moneys  in  speculation  to  the  detriment  of  local 
credits. 

The  severance  of  affiliated  securities  companies  and  the  divorce 
of  the  investment  banking  from  commercial  banks;  and  further 
restriction  of  federal  reserve  banks  in  permitting  the  use  of  federal 
reserve  facilities  for  speculative  purposes. 

13.  The  full  measure  of  justice  and  generosity  for  all  war  veterans 
who  have  suffered  disability  or  disease  caused  by  or  resulting  from 
actual  service  in  time  of  war,  and  for  their  dependents. 

Foreign  Policy 

14.  A  firm  foreign  policy  including:  Peace  with  all  the  world 
and  the  settlement  of  international  disputes  by  arbitration;  no 
interference  in  the  international  affairs  of  other  nations;  the 
sanctity  of  treaties,  and  maintenance  of  good  faith  and  of  good- 
will in  financial  obligations;  adherence  to  the  World  Court  with 
the  pending  reservations;  the  Pact  of  Paris  abolishing  war  as  an 
instrument  of  national  policy,  to  be  made  effective  by  provisions 
for  consultation  and  conference  in  case  of  threatened  violation  of 
treaties;  international  agreement  for  reduction  of  armaments; 
and  co-operation  with  nations  of  the  Western  Hemisphere  to  main- 
tain the  spirit  of  the  Monroe  Doctrine. 

We  oppose  cancellation  of  the  debts  owing  to  the  United  States 
by  foreign  nations. 

15.  Independence  for  the  Philippines;  ultimate  statehood  for 
Porto  Rico;  the  employment  of  American  citizens  in  the  operation 
of  the  Panama  Canal. 

16.  Simplification  of  legal  procedure  and  reorganization  of  the 
judicial  system  to  make  the  attainment  of  justice  speedy,  certain 
and  at  less  cost. 

17.  Continuous  publicity  of  political  contributions  and  expendi- 
tures, strengthening  of  the  corrupt  practices  act,  and  severe  pen- 
alties for  misappropriation  of  campaign  funds. 


Democratic  National  Platform  55 

Things  Condemned 

We  condemn: 

1.  The  improper  and  excessive  use  of  money  in  political  activ- 
ities. 

2.  Paid  lobbies  of  special  interests  to  influence  members  of  Con- 
gress and  other  public  servants  by  personal  contact. 

3.  Action  and  utterances  of  high  public  officials  designed  to 
influence  stock  exchange  prices. 

4.  The  open  and  covert  resistance  of  administrative  officials  to 
every  effort  made  by  Congressional  committees  to  curtail  the  ex- 
travagant expenditures  of  the  government,  and  to  revoke  improvi- 
dent subsidies  granted  to  favored  interests. 

5.  The  extravagance  of  the  Farm  Board,  its  disastrous  action 
which  made  the  government  a  speculator  in  farm  products,  and  the 
unsound  policy  of  restricting  agricultural  production  to  the  demands 
of  domestic  markets. 

6.  The  usurpation  of  power  by  the  State  Department  in  assum- 
ing to  pass  upon  foreign  securities  offered  by  international  bankers, 
as  a  result  of  which  billions  of  dollars  in  questionable  bonds  have 
been  sold  to  the  public  upon  the  implied  approval  of  the  federal 
government. 

7.  The  Hawley-Smoot  tariff  law,  the  prohibitive  rates  of  which 
have  resulted  in  retaliatory  action  by  more  than  40  countries, 
created  international  economic  hostilities,  destroyed  international 
trade,  driven  our  factories  into  foreign  countries,  robbed  the 
American  farmer  of  his  foreign  markets  and  increased  his  cost  of 
production. 

Conclusion : 

To  accomplish  these  purposes  and  to  recover  economic  liberty, 
we  pledge  the  nominees  of  this  convention  and  the  best  effort  of  a 
great  party  whose  founder  announced  the  doctrine  which  guides 
us  now,  in  the  hour  of  our  country's  need — "Equal  rights  to  all. 
special  privileges  to  none." 


REPUBLICAN   NATIONAL  PLATFORM  (Condensed) 

Adopted  at  Chicago,  June  15,  1932 


Introduction 

We  meet  in  a  period  of  widespread  distress  and  of  an  economic 
depression  that  has  swept  the  world.  The  emergency  is  second 
only  to  that  of  a  great  war.  The  human  suffering  occasioned  may 
well  exceed  that  of  a  period  of  actual  conflict. 

The  supremely  important  problem  that  challenges  our  citizens 
and  government  alike  is  to  break  the  back  of  the  depression,  to 
restore  the  economic  life  of  the  nation  and  to  bring  encourage- 
ment and  relief  to  the  thousands  of  American  families  that  are 
sorely  afflicted. 

The  people  themselves,  by  their  own  courage,  their  own  patient 
and  resolute  effort  in  the  readjustment  of  their  own  affairs,  can 
and  will  work  out  the  cure.  It  is  our  task  as  a  party,  by  leadership 
and  a  wise  determination  of  policy,  to  assist  that  recovery. 

To  that  task,  we  pledge  all  that  our  party  possesses  in  capacity, 
leadership,  resourcefulness  and  ability. 

We  have  in  the  White  House  a  leader — wise,  courageous,  patient, 
understanding,  resourceful,  ever-present  at  his  post  of  duty,  tireless 
in  his  efforts  and  unswervingly  faithful  to  American  principles 
and  ideals. 

Throughout  the  depression  unemployment  has  been  limited  by 
the  systematic  use  of  part  time  employment  as  a  substitute  for  the 
general  discharge  of  employes.  Wage  scales  have  not  been  reduced 
except  under  compelling  necessity.  As  a  result  there  have  been 
fewer  strikes  and  less  social  disturbance  than  during  any  similar 
period  of  hard  times. 

Believe  Distress 

During  the  trying  winters  of  1930-31  and  1932  a  nation-wide  or- 
ganization to  relieve  distress  Avas  brought  into  being  under  the 
leadership  of  the  President.  By  the  spring  of  1931  the  possibility 
of  a  business  upturn  in  the  United  States  was  clearly  discernible 
when,  suddenly,  a  train  of  events  was  set  in  motion  in  Central 
Europe    which    moved    forward    with    extraordinary    rapidity    and 


Kepublican  National  Platform  57 

violence,  threatening  the  credit  structure  of  the  world,  and  even- 
tually dealing  a  serious  hlow  to  this  country. 

The  President  foresaw  the  danger.  He  sought  to  avert  it  by 
proposing  a  suspension  of  intergovernmental  debt  payments  for  one 
year.  But  the  credit  machinery  of  the  nations  of  Central  Europe 
could  not  withstand  the  strain,  and  the  forces  of  disintegration 
continued  to  gain  momentum  until  in  September  Great  Britain 
was  forced  to  depart  from  the  gold  standard.  This  momentous 
event,  followed  by  a  tremendous  raid  on  the  dollar,  resulted  in  a 
series  of  bank  suspensions  in  this  country,  and  the  hoarding  of 
currency  on  a  large  scale. 

Again  the  President  acted.  Under  his  leadership,  the  National 
Credit  Association  came  into  being.  It  mobilized  banking  resources, 
saved  scores  of  banks  from  failure,  helped  restore  confidence,  and 
proved  of  inestimable  value  in  strengthening  the  credit  structure. 

In  his  message  to  Congress,  the  President  outlined  a  constructive 
and  definite  program  which  in  the  main  has  been  carried  out;  other 
portions  may  yet  be  carried  out. 

The  Railroad  Credit  Corporation  was  created.  The  capital  of  the 
federal  land  banks  was  increased.  The  Reconstruction  Finance 
Corporation  came  into  being,  and  brought  protection  to  millions  of 
depositors,   policy-holders  and  others. 

Raids  on  Dollar 

Legislation  was  enacted  enlarging  the  discount  facilities  of  the 
Federal  Reserve  System,  and  without  reducing  the  legal  reserves 
of  the  Federal  Reserve  banks,  releasing  a  billion  dollars  of  gold, 
a  formidable  protection  against  raids  on  the  dollar  and  a  greatly 
enlarged  basis  for  an  expansion  of  credit.  An  earlier  distribution 
to  depositors  in  closed  banks  has  been  brought  about  through  the 
action  of  the  Reconstruction  Finance  Corporation.  Above  all  the 
national  credit  has  been  placed  in  an  impregnable  position  by  pro- 
vision for  adequate  revenue  and  a  program  of  drastic  curtailment 
of  expenditures.  All  of  these  measures  were  designed  to  lay  a 
foundation  for  the  resumption  of  business  and  increased  employ- 
ment. But  delay  and  the  constant  introduction  and  consideration 
of  new  and  unsound  measures  has  kept  the  country  in  a  state  of 
uncertainty  and  fear,  and  offset  much  of  the  good  otherwise  accom- 
plished. 


58  Political  Platforms 

The  President  has  recently  supplemented  his  original  program. 
To  provide  for  distress,  to  stimulate  the  revival  of  business  and  em- 
ployment, and  to  improve  the  agricultural  situation,  he  recom- 
mended extending  the  authority  of  the  Reconstruction  Finance 
Corporation  to  enable  it: 

Hoover  Program 

(A)  To  make  loans  to  political  sub-divisions  of  public  bodies  or 
private  corporations  for  the  purpose  of  starting  construction  of 
income-producing  or  self-liquidating  projects  which  will  at  once 
increase  employment; 

(B)  To  make  loans  upon  security  of  agricultural  commodities  so 
as  to  insure  the  carrying  of  normal  stocks  of  those  commodities, 
and  thus  stabilize  their  loan  value  and  price  levels; 

(C)  To  make  loans  to  the  Federal  Farm  Board  to  enable  exten- 
sion of  loans  to  farm  cooperatives  and  loans  for  export  of  agri- 
cultural commodities  to  quarters  unable  otherwise  to  purchase  them; 

(D)  To  loan  up  to  $300,000,000  to  such  states  as  are  unable  to 
meet  the  calls  made  on  them  by  their  citizens  for  distress  relief. 

The  President's  program  contemplates  an  attack  on  a  broad 
front,  with  far-reaching  objectives,  but  entailing  no  danger  to  the 
budget.  The  Democratic  program,  on  the  other  hand,  contemplates 
a  heavy  expenditure  of  public  funds,  a  budget  unbalanced  on  ;i 
large  scale,  with  a  doubtful  attainment  of  at  best  a  strictly  limited 
objective. 

We  strongly  endorse  the  President's  program. 

Unemployment  and  Relief 

The  relief  problem  is  one  of  State  and  local  responsibility.  The 
work  of  local  agencies,  public  and  private,  have  been  coordinated 
and  enlarged  on  a  nation-wide  scale  under  the  leadership  of  the 
President.  Sudden  and  unforeseen  emergencies  such  as  the  drought 
have  been  met  by  the  Red  Cross  and  the  government. 

The  President  has  urged  Congress  to  create  an  emergency  relief 
fund  to  be  loaned  temporarily  to  any  State. 

The  Republican  party  endorses  this  record  and  policy  and  is  op- 
posed to  the  Federal  government  entering  directly  into  the  field  of 
private  charity. 


Republican  National  Platform  .".:> 

Public  Economy 

Constructive  plans  for  financial  stabilization  cannot  be  com- 
pletely organized  until  our  national,  State  and  municipal  govern- 
ments not  only  balance  their  budgets,  but  curtail  their  current  ex- 
penses to  a  level  which  can  be  steadily  and  economically  maintained 
for  some  years  to  come. 

We  urge  prompt  and  drastic  reduction  of  public  expenditure  and 
resistance  to  every  appropriation  not  demonstrably  necessary  to  the 
performance  of  the  essential  functions  of  government. 

The  Dollar 

The  Republican  party  established  and  will  continue  to  uphold 
the  gold  standard  and  will  oppose  any  measure  which  will  under- 
mine the  government's  credit  or  impair  the  integrity  of  our  na- 
tional currency.  Relief  by  currency  inflation  is  unsound  in  prin- 
ciple and  dishonest  in  results. 

Banks  and  Banking  System 

There  is  need  of  revising  the  banking  laws  so  as  to  place  our 
banking  structure  on  a  sounder  basis.  For  the  better  protection 
of  the  depositing  public  there  should  be  more  stringent  supervision 
and  broader  powers  vested  in  the  supervising  authorities. 

One  of  the  serious  problems  affecting  our  banking  system  has 
arisen  from  the  practice  of  organizing  separate  corporations  under 
and  controlled  by  the  same  interests  as  banks,  but  participating  in 
operations  which  the  banks  themselves  are  not  permitted  legally 
to  undertake.  We  favor  requiring  reports  of  and  subjecting  to 
thorough  and  periodic  examination  all  such  affiliates  until  adequate 
information  has  been  acquired  so  the  problem  may  definitely  be 
solved. 

International  Conference 

We  favor  the  participation  by  the  United  States  in  an  interna- 
tional conference  to  consider  matters  relating  (o  monetary  ques- 
tions, including  the  position  of  silver,  exchange  problems,  and 
commodity  prices,  and  possible  cooperative  action  concerning  them. 

Home  Loan  Discount  Bank  System  for  the  Benefit  of  Home  Owners 

of  the  United  States 

The  plank  favors  the  creation  of  a  system  of  federally-supervised 
home  loan  discount  banks,  designed  to  serve  the  home  owners  of  all 


60  Political  Platforms 

parts  of  the  country  and  to  encourage  home  ownership  hy  making 
possible  long  term  credits  for  homes  on  more  stable  and  more 
favorable  terms. 

There  has  arisen  in  the  last  few  years  a  disturbing  trend  away 
from  home  ownership.  We  believe  that  everything  possible  should 
be  done  by  governmental  agencies,  national,  state  and  local,  to 
reverse  this  tendency. 

Agriculture 

Farm  distress  blamed  on  expansion  of  agricultural  production 
during  the  war,  deflation  of  1919-20  and  dislocation  of  markets 
after  the  war. 

Republican  administrations  have  passed  legislation  promoting  co- 
operatives and  farm  credit.  Party  has  redeemed  pledges  of  192S 
for  farm  tariffs  and  creation  of  federal  farm  board. 

The  farm  board  has  increased  cooperative  marketing  and  made 
credit  available.  American  farmer  has  received  higher  prices  for 
his  products  than  the  farmer  of  any  competing  nation. 

Republican  party  also  made  possible  loans  to  drought  areas,  pro- 
vided employment  by  road  building,  developed  inland  water  sys- 
tem and  recapitalized  federal  land  banks. 

The  party  pledges  itself  to  revise  tariffs  to  maintain  parity  of 
protection  to  agriculture  with  other  industry. 

The  time  has  come  for  reconsideration  of  tax  systems,  federal, 
state,  and  local,  relieving  unjust  burdens. 

The  fundamental  problem  of  American  agriculture  is  the  control 
of  production  to  such  volume  as  will  balance  supply  with  demand. 

The  Tariff 

Because  marny  foreign  countries  have  recently  abandoned  the  gold 
standard,  lowering  costs  of  many  commodities  in  terms  of  American 
currency,  adequate  tariff  protection  is  today  particularly  essential. 
The  tariff  commission  should  promptly  investigate  individual  com- 
modities so  affected  by  currency  depreciation,  and  report  to  the 
President  any  increase  in  duties  found  necessary  to  equalize  domestic 
with  foreign  costs  of  production. 

Policy  of  a  flexible  tariff,  giving  power  to  the  President  to  modify 
rates  is  supported. 

We  favor  the  extension  of  the  general  Republican  principle  of 
tariff  protection  to  natural  resource  industries,  including  products 


Republican  National  Platform  R1 

of  farms,  forests,  mines  and  oil  wells  with  compensatory  duties  on 
the  manufactured   and  refined   products  thereof. 

Yeterans 

Increased  hospital  facilities  have  been  provided,  payments  in 
compensation  have  more  than  doubled,  and  generous  provisions  made 
in  rehabilitations,  pensions  and  insurance. 

We  believe  that  every  veteran  incapacitated  in  any  degree  by 
reason  of  illness  or  injuries  attributable  to  service  in  defense  of 
his  country  should  be  cared  for  and  compensated,  so  far  as  com- 
pensation is  possible,  and  that  the  dependents  of  those  who  lost 
their  lives  in  war  or  whose  death  since  the  war  in  which  service 
was  rendered  is  traceable  to  service  causes,  should  be  provided  for 
adequately. 

A  careful  study  should  be  made  of  existing  veterans  legislation 
with  a  view  to  eliminating  inequalities  and  injustices  and  effecting 
all  possible  economies. 

Our  relations  with  foreign  nations  have  been  carried  on  by  Presi- 
dent Hoover  with  consistency  and  firmness  but  with  mutual  under- 
standing and  peace  with  all  nations.  The  party  will  continue  to 
maintain  its  attitude  of  protecting  our  national  interests  and  poli- 
cies wherever  threatened  but  at  the  same  time  promoting  common 
understanding  of  the  varying  needs  and  aspirations  of  other  nations 
and  going  forward  in  harmony  with  other  peoples  without  alliances 
or  foreign  partnerships.  The  facilitation  of  world  intercourse,  the 
freeing  of  commerce  from  unnecessary  impediments,  the  settlement 
of  international  difficulties  by  conciliation  and  the  methods  of  law, 
and  the  elimination  of  war  as  a  resort  of  national  policy  have  been 
and  will  be  our  party  program. 

Friendship  and  Commerce 

We  believe  in  and  look  forward  to  the  steady  enlargement  of  the 
principles  of  equality  of  treatment  between  nations. 

The  American  policy  known  as  the  "most  favored  nation  prin- 
ciple" has  been  our  guiding  program  and  we  believe  that  policy  to 
be  the  only  one  consistent  with  a  full  development  of  international 
trade. 

Throughout  the  controversy  in  the  Far  East,  the  President  and  his 
.secretary  of  state  have   maintained   a  just  balance   between   Japan 


ft-2  Political  Platforms 

and  China.  Throughout  the  controversy  our  government  has  acted 
in  harmony  with  the  governments  represented  in  the  League  of  Na- 
tions, always  making  it  clear  that  American  policy  would  be  de- 
termined at  home  but  always  lending  a  hand  in  the  common  in- 
terest of  peace  and  order. 

In  the  application  of  the  Kellogg  pact  the  American  government 
has  taken  the  lead,  following  the  principle  that  a  breach  of  the  pact 
or  a  threat  of  infringement  thereof  was  a  matter  of  international 
concern. 

We  favor  enactment  by  Congress  of  a  measure  that  will  authorize 
our  government  to  call  or  participate  in  an  international  conference 
in  case  of  any  threat  of  non-fulfillment  of  Article  2  of  the  treaty 
of  Paris   (Kellogg-Briand)    pact. 

Latin  America 

The  policy  of  the  administration  has  proved  to  our  neighbors  of 
Latin-America  that  we  have  no  imperialistic  ambitions  but  that  we 
wish  only  to  promote  the  welfare  and  common  interest  of  the  in- 
dependent nations  in  the  western  hemisphere. 

World  Court 

We  commend  the  World  Court  for  the  settlement  of  international 
disputes  by  the  rule  of  law.     America  should  join  its  influence. 

Reduction  of  Armament 

In  the  Geneva  disarmament  conference  America  is  an  active  par- 
ticipant.    This  policy  will  be  pursued. 

Maintenance  of  our  navy  on  the  basis  of  parity  with  any  nation 
is  a  fundamental  policy  to  which  the  Republican  party  is  committed. 

National  Defense 

We  support  the  essential  principles  of  the  national  defense  act 
as  amended  in  1920  and  by  the  Air  Corps  act  of  1926,  and  believe 
that  the  army  of  the  United  States  has  through  successive  reduc- 
tions, accomplished  in  the  last  12  years,  reached  the  irreducible 
minimum  consistent  with  the  self-reliance,  self-respect  and  security 
of  the  country. 

Wages  and  Work 

For  the  principle  of  high  wages,  the  shorter  working  week  and 
work  day  for  government  and  private  employment. 


Republican  National  Platkokm  63 

For  legislation  designed  to  stimulate,  encourage  and  assist  in 
home  building. 

Immigration 
Restriction  of  immigration  on  basis  of  present  laws. 

Department  of  Labor 

Commend  the  constructive  work  of  the  United  States  Department 
of  Labor. 

Labor 
Collective  bargaining  recognized  and  approved;  also  other  laws  to 
aid  and  protect  labor. 

Employment 
We   commend   the    constructive  work   of   the    United    States    Em- 
ployment  Service. 

Freedom  of  Speech 
Freedom  of  speech,  press  and  assemblage  are  fundamental   prin- 
ciples to  be  preserved  and  protected. 

'    Public  Utilities 
Supervision,  regulation   and  control  of  interstate   public  utilities 
in  the  interest  of  the  public.     We  urge  legislation  to  authorize  the 
Federal  Power  Commission  to  regulate  the  charge  for  electric  cur- 
rent when  transmitted  across  state  lines. 

Transportation 

Coordination  of  transportation  by  rail,  highway,  air  and  water, 
subject  to  appropriate  and  constructive  regulation,  so  that  all  com- 
mon carriers  shall  operate  under  conditions  of  equality. 

Restoration  of  railroad  credit  and  the  maintenance  of  their  ability 
to  render  adequate  service.  Further  development  of  the  merchant 
marine  under  American  registry  and   ownership. 

St.  Lawrence  Seaway 

Development  of  the  Great  Lakes-St.  Lawrence  seaway. 

Highways 

Continuation  of  Federal  cooperation  with  the  States  in  the  build 
ing  of  roads  in  accordance  with  our  needs  and  resources. 


64  Political  Platforms 

Crime 

Enactment  of  rigid  penal  laws  that  will  aid  the  states  in  stamp- 
ing out  the  activities  of  gangsters,  racketeers  and  kidnappers. 

Narcotics 

Continuation  of  the  present  relentless  warfare  against  the  illicit 
narcotic  traffic  and  the  spread  of  the  curse  of  drug  addiction. 

Civil  Service 

Approval  of  civil  service. 

Conservation 

The  wise  use  of  all  natural  resources  freed  from  monopolistic 
control;  also  the  conservation  of  oil  by  coordination  of  effort 
through  the  states,  the  producers  and  the  Federal  government. 

Negro 

Maintenance  of  equal  opportunity  and  rights  for  Negro  citizens. 

Hawaii 

Favors  the  existing  status  of  self-government  for  the  territory  of 
Hawaii  and  administration  of  its  government  by  bona  fide  residents 
of  the  territory.  < 

Porto  Eico 

Inclusion  of  the  island  in  all  legislative  and  administrative  meas- 
ures enacted  or  adopted  by  Congress  or  otherwise  for  the  economic 
benefit  of  citizens  of  the  mainland;  all  island  administrative  officials 
to  be  qualified  by  at  least  five  years  of  bona  fide  residence. 

Alaska 

Widest  possible  territorial  self  government  and  the  selection  so 
far  as  possible  of  bona  fide  residents  for  positions. 
Welfare  work  and   children: 
Continuation  of  child  welfare  work  in  all  its  phases. 

Indians 

Fullest  protection  of  property  rights  of  and  adequate  educational 
and  health  facilities. 


Republican  National  Platform  65 

Reorganization   of  Government  Bureaus 

Reorganization  of  government  bureaus  through  legislation  which 
will  give  the  President  the  required  authority. 

Democratic  Failure 

The  vagaries  of  the  present  Democratic  House  of  Representatives 
offer  characteristic  and  appalling  proof  of  the  existing  incapacity 
of  that  party  for  leadership  in  a  national  crisis.  Individualism  run- 
ning amuck  has  displaced  party  discipline  and  has  trampled  under- 
foot party  leadership.  A  bewildered  electorate  has  viewed  the 
spectacle  with  profound  dismay  and  deep  misgivings. 

Goaded  to  desperation  by  their  confessed  failure,  the  party  leaders 
have  resorted  to  "pork  barrel"  legislation  to  obtain  a  unity  of 
action  which  could  not  otherwise  be  achieved. 

Party  Government 

Only  by  united  party  action  can  consistent,  well-planned  and 
wholesome  legislative  programs  be  enacted.  Without  it,  election 
under  a  party  aegis  becomes  a  false  pretense.  We  earnestly  re- 
quest that  Republicans  throughout  the  Union  demand  that  their 
representatives  in  Congress  pledge  themselves  to  the  end  that  the 
insidious  influence  of  party  disintegration  may  not  undermine  the 
very  foundations  of  the  republic. 

The  Eighteenth  Amendment 

The  Republican  party  has  always  stood  and  stands  today  for 
obedience  to  and  enforcement  of  the  law  as  the  very  foundation  of 
orderly  government  and  civilization.  There  can  be  no  national 
security  otherwise.  The  duty  of  the  President  of  the  United  States 
and  of  the  officers  of  the  law  is  clear.  The  law  must  be  enforced 
as  they  find  it  enacted  by  the  people.  To  these  courses  of  action 
we  pledge  our  nominees. 

The  Republican  party  is  and  always  has  been  the  party  of  the 
Constitution.  Nullification  by  non-observance  by  individuals  or 
State  action  threatens  the  stability  of  government. 

While  the  constitution  makers  sought  a  high  degree  of  perma- 
nence, they  foresaw  the  need  of  changes  and  provided  for  them. 
Article  V  limits  the  proposals  of  amendments  to  two  methods:  (1) 
two-thirds  of  both  houses  of  Congress  may  propose  amendments;   or 

5 


06  Political  Platforms 

(2)  on  application  of  the  Legislatures  of  two-thirds  of  the  States  a 
national  convention  shall  be  called  by  Congress  to  propose  amend- 
ments.    Thereafter  ratification  must  be  had   in  one  of  two  ways: 

(1)  by   the   Legislatures   of  three-fourths   of  the   several   states  or 

(2)  by  conventions  held  in  three-fourths  of  the  several  states.  Con- 
gress is  given  power  to  determine  the  mode  of  ratification. 

Referendums  without  constitutional  sanction  cannot  furnish  a 
decisive  answer.  Those  who  propose  them  innocently  are  deluded 
by  false  hopes;  those  who  propose  them  knowingly  are  deceiving 
t  lie  people. 

A  nationwide  controversy  over  the  Eighteenth  Amendment  now 
distracts  attention  from  the  constructive  solution  of  many  pressing 
national  problems.  The  principle  of  national  prohibition  as  em- 
bodied in  the  amendment  was  supported  and  opposed  by  members 
of  both  great  political  parties.  It  was  submitted  to  the  states  by 
members  of  Congress  of  different  political  faiths  and  ratified  by 
state  legislatures  of  different  political  majorities.  It  was  not  then 
and  is  now  not  a  partisan  political  question. 

Members  of  the  Republican  party  hold  different  opinions  with 
respect  to  it  and  no  public  official  or  member  of  the  party  should 
be  pledged  or  forced  to  choose  between  his  party  affiliations  and 
his  honest  convictions  upon  this  question. 

We  do  not  favor  a  submission  limited  to  the  issue  of  retention  or 
repeal.  For  the  American  nation  never  in  its  history  has  gone 
backward,  and  in  this  case  the  progress  which  has  been  thus  far 
made  must  be  preserved,  while  the  evils  must  be  eliminated. 

We,  therefore,  believe  that  the  people  should  have  an  opportunity 
to  pass  upon  a  proposed  amendment  the  provisions  of  which,  while 
retaining  in  the  Federal  Government  power  to  preserve  the  gains 
already  made  in  dealing  with  the  evils  inherent  in  the  liquor  traffic, 
shall  allow  states  to  deal  with  the  problem  as  their  citizens  may 
determine,  but  subject  always  to  the  power  of  the  Federal  Govern- 
ment to  protect  those  states  where  prohibition  may  exist  and  safe- 
guard our  citizens  everywhere  from  the  return  of  the  saloon  and 
attendant  abuses. 

Such  an  amendment  should  be  promptly  submitted  to  the  states 
by  Congress,  to  be  acted  upon  by  state  conventions  called  for  that 
sole    purpose    in    accordance    with    the    provisions    of    Article    V    of 


Democratic  State  Platform  t!7 

the    Constitution,    and    adequately    safeguarded    so    as   to    be    truly 
representative. 

Conclusion 

"The  Republican  party  faces  the  future  unafraid. 

"With  courage  and  confidence  in  ultimate  success,  we  will  strive 
against  the  forces  that  strike  at  our  social  and  economic  ideals,  our 
political  institutions." 


DEMOCRATIC  STATE  PLATFORM 

Adopted  at  Raleigh,  June  16,  1932 


The  platform  adopted  by  the  Democratic  State  Convention  fol- 
lows in  full: 

The  Democratic  Party  in  North  Carolina  refers  to  its  record  of 
one  hundred  years  of  fidelity  to  the  principle  that  the  government 
is  derived  from  the  people  and  must  ever  be  administered  for  their 
welfare.  It  was  the  Democratic  Party  that  first  raised  the  standard 
of  manhood  suffrage  in  this  commonwealth;  that  when  occasion 
demanded,  established  the  rule  of  white  supremacy;  that  set  up 
the  legalized  primary  and  the  Australian  Secret  Ballot  system; 
that  gave  to  women  the  full  right  and  power  of  the  suffrage. 

The  Democracy  of  North  Carolina  faces  the  challenge  of  the 
difficult  present  in  prideful  consciousness  of  its  record  of  service 
in  the  past.  Suffering  sorely,  as  the  nation  does  under  economic 
afflictions  largely  contributed  to  by  the  mistakes  and  misguided 
policies  of  a  Republican  national  administration,  the  nation  seeks 
and  cries  aloud  for  a  way  out  of  its  distress.  In  such  circumstances 
we  point  with  pride  to  the  hope  which  lies  in  the  eternal  principles 
to  which  our  party  has  dedicated  its  life  and  effort.  For  the  people 
remember  the  golden  era  of  Democracy's  last  years  of  ascendancy 
in  the  nation;  the  people  remember  the  political  false  pretenses 
put  forward  by  the  Republicans'  high  command  in  the  years  gone 
by;  the  people  remember  the  broken  promises  of  relief  to  distressed 
agriculture,  harassed  industry  and  jobless  laborers  in  the  nation. 
and  so  remembering,  the  people  will  punish  those  who  have  misled 
them  in  the  past. 

The  record  of  service  in  North  Carolina  is  the  surest  guarantee 
of   Democratic   good   faith    and    constructive   leadership.     The    con- 


68  Political  Platforms 

tribution  which  our  party  has  made  to  the  development  of  our  so- 
cial, economic  and  political  welfare  has  been  unparalleled.  Througli 
Democratic  sponsorship  and  support  has  come  practically  every 
advance  which  the  last  quarter  of  a  century  has  witnessed — an 
advance  which  has  challenged  the  admiration  of  our  sister  states. 

In  the  last  four  years,  also,  governmental  agencies  have  been 
maintained  in  efficiency  and  honesty;  the  cause  of  education  and 
health  has  been  greatly  promoted  and  conserved ;  our  highways 
have  been  developed  and  maintained  to  the  point  of  an  unparal- 
leled efficiency;  the  tax  burden  on  property  and  people  has  been 
greatly  lightened  and,  with  all,  the  total  public  debt,  including  the 
accumulated  current  deficit,  has  been  reduced  by  approximately 
$12,000,000  in  spite  of  the  Republican  panic  which  has  been  upon  us. 

The  Democracy  of  the  State  in  convention  assembled  endorses 
the  administration  of  Governor  O.  Max  Gardner  and  points  with 
pride  to  the  record  of  the  party's  achievement  during  the  present 
administration  and  endorses  that  record,  legislative  and  executive, 
as  a  fine,  constructive  and  patriotic  contribution  to  the  welfare 
and  upbuilding  of  the  commonwealth. 

State  Policies 

The  present  State  administration  has  met  a  most  difficult  situa- 
tion with  wisdom  and  resource  worthy  of  the  best  traditions  of  the 
Democratic  Party. 

Constructive  Measures 

We  especially  commend: 

The  taking  over  of  the  maintenance  by  the  State  of  the  public 
schools  for  the  constitutional  term  of  six  months,  and  the  taking 
over  of  all  the  public  roads  by  the  State  Highway  Commission. 
These  two  constructive  measures  have  resulted  in  the  greatest  tax 
reduction  to  land  and  home  owners  ever  accomplished  at  one  time 
in  the  history  of  North  Carolina — amounting  to  an  average  annual 
reduction  in  the  property  tax  rate  of  40c  in  the  counties  of  the 
State,  and  in  the  gross  sum  of  approximately  $12,000,000  per  annum. 

The  centralizing  of  the  purchasing  department  of  the  State,  and 
the  economies  produced  in  government  by  the  Department  of  Per- 
sonnel. 

The  consolidation  and  coordination  of  the  State's  higher  insti- 
tutions of  learning  resulting  in  greater  efficiency  and  economy. 


Democratic  State  Platform  69 

The  reorganization  of  the  banking  system  of  the  State. 

These  and  other  major  achievements  mark  the  greatest  advance 
in  the  State's  history  in  economy  administration,  and  in  reducing 
the  total  volume  of  taxation.  They  also  reflect  the  larger  unity  of 
the  commonwealth  in  constructive  progress.  They  shine  by  con- 
trast with  the  vacillating,  inadequate  and  dismal  course  pursued 
in  the  same  period  by  the  national  Republican  administration. 
It  is  significant  that  these  policies  have  drawn  national  attention 
to  North  Carolina  and  many  states  are  following  her  example. 

The  Party's  Program 

With  an  abiding  faith  in  the  courage  of  the  people  of  our  com- 
monwealth, the  Democratic  Party  pledges  itself  to  a  continuance 
of  a  program  of  constructive  and  helpful  service,  and  to  this  end 
we   pledge: 

1.  An  immediate  revaluation  of  property  throughout  the  State 
at  its  true  value  in  money,  to  the  end  that  inequality  and  injustice 
may  be  avoided. 

2.  The  removal  of  the  15  cent  property  tax  now  levied  for  the 
support  of  the  six-months  public  school  term. 

3.  We  recognize  the  prime  importance  of  preserving  the  credit 
of  the  State,  and  to  that  end  the  budget  must  be  balanced. 

4.  The  maintenance  of  the  public  school  system  and  our  higher 
institutions  of  learning  in  a  state  of  efficiency,  thus  guaranteeing 
to  every  boy  and  girl  in  North  Carolina  the  opportunity  "to  bur- 
geon out  all  that  there  is  within  them." 

5.  The  promotion  of  public  health  and  welfare. 

6.  The  care  of  the  unfortunate  and  helpless  in  our  humanitarian 
institutions. 

7.  A  program  of  strict  economy  in  every  department  and  agency 
of  the  State  government,  including  the  discontinuance  of  any  gov- 
ernmental agency  which  is  not  rendering  a  necessary  and  indis- 
pensable public  service,  or  saving  money  for  the  taxpayers  of 
the  State. 

8.  It  has  always  been  the  policy  of  our  party  to  levy  no  taxes 
except  for  the  necessary  expenses  of  efficient  government,  and  in 
this  time  of  universal  distress,  we  pledge  every  reasonable  effort 
for  the  reduction  of  governmental  expenses  and  the  avoidance  of 
the   additional  taxes. 


70  Political  Platforms 

ft.  The  Democratic  Party  always  has  been  responsive  to  the  will 
of  the  people,  and,  in  obedience  thereto,  has  sponsored  and  enacted 
all  the  prohibition  laws  of  North  Carolina.  Recognizing,  however, 
the  right  of  the  people,  in  a  legal  way  to  amend  the  Constitution 
of  the  United  States  at  their  pleasure,  and  to  vote  on  all  ques- 
tions at  issue,  we  declare  our  party  stands  firmly  for  the  enforce- 
ment of  these  laws  and  every  provision  of  the  Federal  Constitu- 
tion, so  long  as  it  remains  the  law  of  the  land. 

10.  We  pledge  a  continuance  of  our  policy  of  frank  recognition 
of  the  rights  of  both  capital  and  labor,  and  a  broader  distribution 
of  employment  as  a  means  to  a  satisfactory  and  sustaining  progress 
of  industrial  development,  and  a  more  wholesome  industrial  life  in 
this  State.  We  endorse  the  legislation  along  this  line  enacted  by 
the  last  Legislature,  and  commend  the  Democratic  leadership  re- 
sponsible for  it.  We  pledge  ourselves  to  the  enforcement  of  these 
and  other  laws. 

11.  We  face,  without  dismay,  the  difficult  task  of  maintaining 
under  existing  circumstances,  the  high  standard  of  the  State's  in- 
stitutions. These  institutions  are  the  pride  and  hope  of  our  people. 
They  are  conducted  by  noble  and  patriotic  men  and  women.  If 
for  the  present  we  appear  to  have  arrested  our  progress,  the 
pause  is  not  by  way  of  abandoning  our  noble  ideals,  but  of  fortifying 
ourselves  with  them. 

The  State's  Representatives  in  Congress 

We  commend  the  record  of  our  servants  in  the  National  Con- 
gress. They  have  been  faithful  to  their  duties,  true  to  their  party, 
and  have  proved  themselves  worthy  representatives  of  Democracy. 

Invitation 

The  hour  calls  for  the  return  of  the  Democratic  Party  to  power 
throughout  the  republic.  In  the  coming  election  the  Republican 
Party  will  be  condemned  at  the  polls  by  the  victims  of  its  false 
pretense  and  its  disastrous  policies.  It  has  forgotten  the  masses 
of  the  people,  and  they  will  welcome  the  opportunity  to  repudiate  it. 
Every  aspect  of  the  present  situation  demands  the  appreciation  of 
Democratic  principles,  that  is, 

(a)  Simplicity  of  government. 

(b)  Economical  administration. 


Republican  State  Platform  71 

(c)  Equal  rights  to  all,  and  special  privileges  to  none. 

(d)  Special  regard  for  the  welfare  of  the  farmer  and  worker. 

(e)  The  encouragement  of  commerce  and  industry,  and  the  pres- 
ervation of  industry  and  initiative. 

(f)  Free  foreign  relations  on  a  basis  of  mutual  interest  in  the 
commerce  of  the  world. 

(g)  The  restoration  of  the  Democratic  principles  of  Woodrow 
Wilson  in  the  management  of  the  Federal  Reserve  Banking  system, 
and  the  prevention  of  the  use  of  its  great  resources  for  the  promo- 
tion of  stock  gambling  and  wild  speculation. 

This  government  needs  now  a  great  Democrat  to  deliver  it  and 
lead  it,  one  cast  in  the  mold  of  a  Jackson  or  a  Wilson.  Our  na- 
tional convention  will  present  such  an  one  to  the  nation,  and  in 
less  than  12  months  the  Republican  Party  will  be  driven  from  the 
power  of  Presidency  and  of  the  Congress,  and  Democracy  will  apply 
her  great  principles  to  the  deliverance  and  relief  of  the  people. 

To  this  end  we  invite  all  who  would  deliver  our  country  from 
the  evil  and  destructive  forces  which  have  come  upon  it  under 
Republican  rule  to  join  us  in  the  coming  election. 


STATE  REPUBLICAN  PLATFORM 

Adopted  at  Charlotte,  April  14,  1932 


When  a  political  party  invites  support  from  the  people,  that 
party  should  in  good  conscience  and  by  plain  words  make  known 
to  the  people  the  policies,  principles  and  ideals  for  which  it  stands. 
The  people  have  the  right  to  know  in  what  manner  and  by  what 
means  a.  party  proposes  to  carry  on  the  public  business,  if  placed  in 
power. 

It  has  always  been  the  policy  of  the  Republican  party  to  take  a 
definite  stand  upon  public  questions,  and  to  state  frankly  its  posi- 
tion. We  believe  that  it  is  evident  to  all  thinking  people  that  there 
are  now  certain  financial,  political  and  economic  problems  facing 
the  people  of  North  Carolina  which  must  be  solved  quickly  and 
solved  rightly,  if  the  honor  and  integrity  of  our  State  is  to  be 
preserved  and  the  interests  of  our  people  protected. 


72  Political  Platforms 

Therefore,  the  Republican  party  of  North  Carolina  in  convention 
assembled,  reposing  its  trust  in  the  honor,  intelligence  and  sense 
of  justice  of  the  people  of  our  State,  publicly  declares,  by  the  fol- 
lowing platform,  the  position  of  the  party  upon  the  questions  of 
vital  import  confronting  the  people  of  our  State  at  this  time. 

We  take  this  occasion  to  record  our  estimate  and  approval  of  the 
administration  of  that  wise  leader  and  profound  statesman,  Presi- 
dent Herbert  Hoover.  In  the  midst  of  a  period  of  world-wide  eco- 
nomic depression,  social  disorder  and  political  upheaval  which  has 
witnessed  national  riots,  violent  revolutions  and  the  fall  of  gov- 
ernments in  other  parts  of  the  world,  President  Hoover,  in  spite 
of  partisan  and  personal  attacks  more  scandalous  than  any  Presi- 
dent has  had  to  endure  for  more  than  half  a  century,  by  his  su- 
perior skill,  courageous  statesmanship  and  persevering  devotion  to 
duty,  has  directed  for  our  Republic  a  course  of  safety  and  security. 
With  a  spirit  of  tolerance  toward  the  little-minded  partisans  and 
the  vicious-minded  mongers  of  manufactured  scandal,  barking  and 
snapping  at  his  every  effort,  the  President  has  succeeded  in  fighting 
back  from  our  shores  the  forces  and  conditions  that  have  destroyed 
governments  abroad.  It  has  been  the  spirit  and  genius  of  Herbert 
Hoover,  supported  by  the  faith  and  confidence  of  patriotic,  sane 
thinking  and  sound-hearted  Americans,  that  has  saved  our  Re- 
public in  this  world  crisis.  The  good  people  of  North  Carolina 
contributed  in  the  gift  of  this  great  man  to  the  nation.  We  take 
pride  in  the  record  he  has  made  and  we  pledge  to  him  our  con- 
tinued confidence,  cooperation  and  support. 

We  rededicate  and  reconsecrate  ourselves  to  the  principles  of  the 
Republican  party  heretofore  so  often  written  into  its  platforms 
and  woven  into  the  history  of  our  country.  The  Republican  party 
is  now  and  has  always  been  the  party  of  the  people  and  has  ever 
striven  to  give  to  every  man,  regardless  of  his  station  in  life,  the 
full  protection  of  his  rights  as  an  American  citizen. 

Democratic  Extrayagance  and  Misrule 

We  do  not  deem  it  necessary  to  record  here  our  condemnation 
of  the  many  failures  and  false  policies  of  the  Democratic  party 
in  the  administration  of  the  affairs  of  our  State;  nor  do  we  feel 
it  necessary  to  state  here  our  protests  against  the  gross  extrava- 


Republican  State  Platfok.m  73 

gance  and  waste  of  the  people's  money  by  the  Democratic  policies 
and  office-holders  of  our  State. 

The  people  know  about  these  things.  They  have  borne  their  ever 
increasing  burden  of  Democratic  misrule  until  it  has  become  in- 
tolerable. The  people  have  awakened  to  the  sad  and  lamentable 
fact  that  the  Democratic  party  in  this  State  can  not  be  trusted  to 
give  the  people  a  conservative,  just  and  safe  administration  of 
their  affairs. 

The  people  know  that  the  Democratic  policies  of  preaching  and 
promising  economy,  and  at  the  same  time  practicing  the  most 
inexcusable  extravagance,  has  brought  the  State  of  North  Carolina 
face  to  face  with  the  prospect  of  financial  disaster. 

The  people  do  not  have  to  be  told  that  the  credit  of  the  State 
is  destroyed  and  that  its  bonds  are  now  selling  at  the  disgraceful 
figure  of  eighty-six    (86)    cents  on  the  dollar. 

The  people  know  that  in  1919  the  Democratic  administration 
promised  the  people  that  its  plans  for  revaluation  of  real  property 
would  greatly  reduce  the  tax  rate  and  relieve  the  burden  of  high 
taxes.  The  people  have  learned  that  this  promise  was  false,  and 
they  know  now  that  their  property — their  farms  and  homes — are 
valued  for  taxation  at  two  or  three  times  their  real  worth  and 
that  the  tax  rate  has  been  more  than  doubled  instead  of  being 
decreased,  as  promised. 

The  people  know  that  under  Democratic  rule  the  State  and  local 
debt  amounts  to  more  than  five  hundred  million  dollars,  or  a 
total  of  one  hundred  and  eighty-three  dollars  ($183.00)  per  capita 
for  every  man,  woman  and  child,  white  and  colored  in  the  State 
of  North  Carolina,  and  that  on  a  comparative  basis  of  State  wealth, 
this  debt  exceeds  many  times  the  debt  of  any  other  State  in  the 
Union. 

The  people  know  that  the  cost  of  government  in  North  Caro- 
lina has  multiplied  four  times  within  the  past  ten  years  and  that 
this  unheard  of  increase  is  due,  in  a  large  measure,  to  the  unwise 
policies  and  extravagance  on  the  part  of  our  public  officials. 

The  people  know  that  our  Democratic  state  officials  have  for  a 
long  time  been  borrowing  money  and  paying  as  high  as  six  per  cent 
therefor  to  pay  the  running  expenses  of  the  State,  and  the  people 
know  that  the  present  administration  ceased  borrowing  money 
and  increasing  the  public  debt  only  when   it  had  so  impaired  the 


74  Political  Platforms 

credit  of  the  State  that  it  could  no  longer  borrow  in  the  money 
market. 

The  people  know  that  the  orgy  of  waste  and  reckless  spending 
of  their  money  by  the  Democratic  administration  in  North  Caro- 
lina has  spread  into  practically  every  county,  city  and  town  in 
the  State,  and  that  today  many  of  these  units  are  bankrupt  and 
are  having  to  suffer  the  disgrace  of  defaulting  on  their  debts. 

The  people  know  that  innumerable  offices  have  been  created  with 
fat  salaries  to  pay  political  debts  to  "worthy  Democrats,"  and  they 
know  that  departments,  bureaus,  boards  and  commissions  have 
been  increased  and  multiplied  in  number  until  it  has  become  dif- 
ficult for  a  citizen  to  know  where  and  how  or  by  whom,  the  busi- 
ness of  the  State  is  being  transacted;  and  they  know  that  the  ex- 
penses of  government  have  been  increased  beyond  all  reason  while 
the  people  themselves  have  been  forced  to  toil  and  struggle  under 
an  oppressive  burden  of  taxation  to  pay  the  salaries  of  this  great 
army  of  office  holders,  whose  principal  official  function  is  to  raid 
the  State  treasury  with  their  pay  checks. 

The  people  do  not  have  to  be  told  that  within  the  past  three  or 
four  years  their  homes,  which  represented  their  life  savings,  have 
been  sold  from  over  their  heads  by  the  tens  and  hundreds  of  thou- 
sand because  they  could  not  meet  the  excessive  and  burdensome 
taxes  exacted  from  them  to  supply  the  means  of  Democratic  ex- 
travagance and  mismanagement. 

The  people  know  that  land  values  in  North  Carolina  have  been 
destroyed;  that  industry  has  been  retarded;  and  property  owners 
discouraged,  by  the  mounting  expense  of  government,  and  alarm- 
ing increase  from  year  to  year  in  the  taxes  they  have  to  pay. 

The  people  know  that  the  burden  of  taxation  has  become  for 
them  a  yoke  of  economic  slavery  under  which  they  must  toil  and 
suffer  as  long  as  the  Democratic  party  rules  in  this  State. 

The  people  know  that  what  North  Carolina  needs  at  this  time 
more  than  anything  else  is  not  new  sources  of  taxation,  so  much 
as  it  is  new  ideas  of  economy,  and  a  new  brand  of  conscience  in  Its 
political  leaders,  its  Governors,  office  holders  and  law  makers. 

The  people  do  not  have  to  be  told  that  they  have  lost  millions 
upon  millions  of  dollars,  the  savings  of  their  toil  and  sacrifice 
through  the  failure  of  banks  from  one  end  of  the  State  to  the  other, 
and  that  a  great  majority  of  these  failures  was  the  direct  result 


Republican  State  Platfohm  75 

of  the  gross  incompetence,  criminal  negligence,  and  loose  methods 
of  supervision  by  the  state  banking  authorities.  The  people  know 
that  as  recently  as  two  years  ago  the  Platform  of  the  Republican 
party  in  this  State  protested  against  these  methods  and  warned 
the  State  authorities,  as  well  as  the  people,  of  what  would  neces- 
sarily happen  unless  these  shameful  conditions  were  remedied. 
This  warning  was  not  heeded,  and  today  we  witness  the  melan- 
choly result  which  has  brought  financial  collapse  and  indescribable 
agony  and  distress  to  practically  every  community  in  our  Com- 
monwealth. 

The  people  know  that  our  public  school  system  of  North  Caro- 
lina and  the  State  highway  organization  have  been  shamefully  con- 
verted into  partisan,  political  machines,  notwithstanding  the  fact 
that  it  has  been  repeatedly  promised  that  they  should  always  be 
kept  non-partisan;  and  the  people  know  that  this  misuse  and 
abuse  of  these  organizations  has  seriously  affected  their  efficiency. 

The  people  know  that  there  has  been  no  serious  effort  at  law  en- 
forcement in  this  State  under  the  present  administration;  that 
crimes  in  high  places  have  been  kept  concealed  and  have  otherwise 
gone  unpunished,  and  that  political  considerations  have  become  a 
significant  factor  in  dealing  with  state  and  legislative  problems 
of  vital  interest  and  deep  concern  to  the  people  of  our  state. 

The  people  know  that  the  Democratic  politicians  and  office  holders 
are  now  and  have  been  for  some  months  engaged  in  carrying  on. 
through  newspapers  and  public  speakers,  a  persistent  campaign  of 
propaganda  in  an  effort  to  make  the  people  think  measures  of 
economy  have  been  adopted.  The  people  know  that  this  propa- 
ganda is  false  and  that  it  is  nothing  more  than  campaign  thunder 
for  the  approaching  election. 

The  people  know  that  the  Democratic  party  in  North  Caro- 
lina keeps  itself  in  power  only  by  means  of  unfair,  partisan  and 
unjust  election  laws  and  the  oppressive  use  of  the  election  ma- 
chinery and  corrupt  practices  under  cover  of  the  absentee  voters 
law. 

The  people  know  that  they  must  have  relief  from  these  intoler 
able  conditions,  and  they  know  that  no  relief  is  to  be  had  until 
the  Democratic  group  of  office  holders,  whos.e  long  reign  of  extrav- 
agance, tyranny  and  oppression  is  responsible  for  the  miserable  con- 


76  Political  Platforms 

dition    which    exists    throughout    our    State,    is    repudiated    at    tlip 
polls  and  swept  from   power. 

Remedies  Proposed 

We  solemnly  promise  the  people  of  North  Carolina  that,  if  put 
into  power,  the  Republican  party  will  in  good  faith  carry  out  the 
following  proposals  which  we  believe  will,  in  a  large  measure, 
repair  the  wrecked  financial  structures  of  our  State,  save  it  from 
financial  ruin,  and  inspire  our  people  with  new  faith  in  our  State 
government  and  new  hope  for  the  future. 

We  promise  immediate  and  drastic  reduction  in  the  number  of 
office  holders  not  only  the  State  but  in  the  several  counties. 

We  promise  immediate  and  drastic  reduction  in  the  salaries  and 
fees  of  all   office  holders,   State   and   county. 

We  promise  immediate  elimination  of  all  waste  and  extrava- 
gance in  the  operation  of  our  State  institutions  and  prison  farms. 

We  promise  immediate  reduction  in  the  number  of  departments, 
bureaus,  boards  and  commissions,  by  eliminations  and  consoli- 
dations. 

We  promise  elimination  of  extravagance  and  waste  in  highway 
and  road  maintenance. 

We  promise  to  reduce  to  reasonable  requirements  the  large  army 
of  election  officials,  clerks  and  poll  holders,  whose  compensation 
costs  the  taxpayers  a  vast  amount  of  money  every  two  years  for 
primaries  and  elections. 

We  promise  measures  for  strict  economy  in  every  branch  of 
State  and  county  government,  and  for  the  highest  degree  of  ef- 
ficiency in  public  officials. 

We  promise  to  enact  laws  that  will  give  back  to  the  people  the 
right  to  decide  by  their  vote  when  and  for  what  purposes  new 
bonded  indebtedness  shall  be  created  by  the  State,  counties  and 
municipalities. 

We  promise  to  enact  laws  providing  for  strict  budgetary  control 
of  State  expenditures  under  a  system  that  will  keep  the  State 
budget  always  in  balance  by  proper  adjustment  of  State  expenses 
to  State  revenues  and  incomes. 

We  promise  to  repea^  the  Act  of  the  Legislature  of  1923  which 
relieved  stock  in  foreign  corporations  from  taxation.  This  Act 
has    worked    a   discrimination    against    the   domestic    corporations 


Republican  State  Platfokm  77 

and  caused  many  of  them  to  surrender  their  state  charters  and  to 
become  foreign  corporations,  to  the  detriment  of  our  State  and 
great  loss  to  our  State  treasury. 

We  believe  that  if  the  tax  reforms  and  policies  of  economy  pro- 
posed in  this  platform  are  made  effective,  a  sales  tax  in  any  form 
will  be  rendered  unnecessary. 

We  favor  a  constitutional  amendment  to  authorize  increase  in 
the  rate  of  taxation  of  individual  and  corporate  incomes  in  the  higher 
brackets. 

We  believe  there  is  too  much  wealth  exempted  from  taxation 
by  law  in  North  Carolina,  and  that  if  this  wealth,  with  the  vast 
amount  of  other  valuable  property  that  has  been  kept  concealed,  is 
made  to  bear  a  just  proportion  of  the  tax  burden,  our  tax  and  rev- 
enue problem  will  be  in  a  large  measure  solved.  We  favor  laws 
that  will  place  all  wealth,  tangible  as  well  as  intangible,  upon  the 
tax  books,  to  the  end  that  the  property  of  the  rich  shall  be  taxed 
alike  with  the  property  of  the  less  favored. 

We  believe  that  the  present  tax  value  of  land,  farms  and  homes, 
constitutes  a  rank  injustice  and  positive  fraud  upon  land  owners  of 
the  State.  We  believe  that  tax  books  should  be  made  to  speak  the 
truth  with  respect  to  every  item  placed  upon  them,  and  we  promise 
the  immediate  enactment  of  laws  that  will  reduce  land  values  and 
that  will  fix  the  values  of  all  classes  of  property  for  taxation  pur- 
poses at  not  more  than  their  actual  market  value. 

We  favor  reform  in  the  present  system  of  taxation  so  that  land 
shall  bear  only  its  just  proportion  of  the  tax  burden,  and  we  de- 
mand that  land  shall  be  relieved  of  all  taxes  necessary  for  the 
maintenance  and  operation  of  our  public  schools  for  the  six  months 
term  provided  by  the  Constitution  of  our  State,  and  we  promise 
to  enact  the  necessary  laws  to  bring  about  this  relief. 

We  condemn  as  grossly  unjust  the  present  law  providing  for  tax 
foreclosures  by  actions  in  court  which  entail  enormous  fees  and  ex- 
penses to  be  charged  against  the  property.  This  law  legalizes  un- 
conscionable graft;  is  a  disgrace  to  the  State  and  a  cruel  burden 
upon  distressed  tax  payers.  We  promise  immediate  repeal  of  this 
law. 


78  Political  Platforms 

Banks 

We  promise  to  enact  laws  that  will  renew  the  confidence  of  our 
people  in  the  banks  of  our  State  and  that  will  prevent  wholesale 
failures  of  banks,  such  as  has  been  witnessed  in  this  State  within 
the  past  two  years.  Banks  should  be  confined  strictly  to  banking 
operations.  We  promise  a  system  of  State  supervision  of  banks 
that  will  be  intelligent,  thorough,  painstaking  and  positive.  Bank- 
ing institutions  obtain  their  franchises  and  charters  to  do  business 
from  the  people,  through  proper  public  officials,  and  should  always 
be  subject  to  whatever  reasonable  regulations  are  made  for  the 
protection  of  the  people.  The  time  to  close  a  bank  is  the  moment 
it  becomes  insolvent,  and  no  consideration  whatsoever,  political 
or  otherwise,  can  justify  public  officials  in  permitting  insolvent 
banks  to  remain  open  until  all  of  the  assets  and  deposits  therein 
have  been  dissipated  and  wasted.  We  promise  legislation  that  will 
eliminate  politics  from  the  regulation  and  supervision  of  banks 
and  financial  institutions  in  this  State.  We  believe  that  loss  of 
faith  in  banks  and  the  unnecessary  loss  of  millions  of  the  people's 
money  thereby  have  done  more  to  demoralize  economic  conditions 
and  to  prolong  the  period  of  depression  in  this  State  than  any  other 
one  thing,  and  if  placed  in  power,  we  promise  the  people  that  the 
banking  laws  of  this  State  shall  be  strengthened  to  the  extent 
necessary  to  insure  stability  and  honesty  in  the  banking  business, 
and  to  guarantee  the  greatest  degree  of  security  and  safety  to  the 
people. 

Public  Schools  and  Education 

We  promise  that  our  public  schools  shall  be  taken  out  of  politics 
and  that  they  shall  be  operated  under  a  uniform  system  throughout 
the  State. 

We  further  promise  that  our  public  schools  which  are  near  and 
dear  to  the  hearts  of  the  people  shall  be  properly  supported  and 
their  efficiency  increased.  We  believe  that  a  great  saving  can  be 
effected  in  the  operation  and  maintenance  of  our  public  schools 
and  other  State  educational  institutions  by  the  elimination  of  non- 
essentials and  unnecessary  waste,  and  by  enforcing  a  policy  of 
strict  economy. 

We  believe  that  all  text  books  used  in  the  public  schools  of  our 
State   should   be   standardized    and    made   uniform,   and    that    they 


Republican  State  Platform  79 

should  be  furnished  and  where  practicable,  printed  by  the  State,  and 
that  the  expenses  of  unnecessary  changes  in  text  books  and  the 
burdens  upon  the  people  incident  to  these  changes  should  be  elimi- 
nated. Books  for  use  in  our  public  schools  should  be  furnished  by 
the  State,  either  free  of  charge  absolutely,  or  by  loan  and  return, 
with  charge  only  for  depreciation  at  the  end  of  the  school  year, 
with  option  to  purchase  at  actual  cost. 

We  demand  that  the  Governor,  Lieutenant  Governor,  Secretary 
of  State,  Treasurer,  Auditor,  Superintendent  of  Public  Instruction 
and  the  Attorney  General,  who  are  Constitutional  officers,  selected 
for  other  duties,  should  not  be  ex-officio  members  of  and  constitute 
the  State  Board  of  Education,  but  to  the  contrary,  this  Board 
should  be  non-partisan  and  composed  of  experienced  business  men 
and  educators,  whose  official  duties  should  be  to  manage,  direct 
and  control  the  public  school  system  of  the  State,  and  further  em- 
powered and  directed  to  equalize  and  apportion  the  funds  pro- 
vided by  law  for  school  support  and  maintenance. 

That  the  State  Superintendent  of  Public  Instruction  should  not 
be  an  elective  Constitutional  officer,  but  to  the  contrary,  he  should 
be  appointed  by  the  State  Board  of  Education,  and  thereby  remove 
this  position  from  partisan  politics. 

We  demand  that  all  of  our  State  educational  institutions  shall 
be  amply  provided  for  and  supported  by  the  State,  and  that  our  pub- 
lic school  teachers  who  have  rendered  heroic  service  to  the  State 
shall  be  paid  salaries  commensurate  with  the  grade  and  character 
of  work  they  are  required  to  perform,  without  any  discrimination 
as  to  time  between  the  payment  of  their  salaries  and  the  salaries 
of  other  public  officials  and  employees  of  the  State. 

Chain   Stores 

We  favor  laws  that  will  restrict,  by  constitutional  taxation,  the 
menace  of  chain  stores,  and  give  back  to  the  merchants  and  business 
men  of  our  State  the  opportunity  to  do  business  and  earn  a 
living  free  from  the  crushing  competition  of  alien  non-taxpayers. 
We  believe  that  if  this  condition  is  not  soon  remedied,  our  local 
independent  merchants  will  be  driven  out  of  business  and  that 
our  people  will  be  helplessly  and  hopelessly  in  the  hands  of  a 
foreign  monopoly. 


80  Political  Platforms 

Prohibition 

We  hope  for  a  capable,  courageous,  sober  and  virile  nation,  and 
therefore  pledge  ourselves  to  the  retention  and  strict  enforcement 
of  the  Eighteenth  Amendment  to  the  Constitution  of  the  United 
States  and  all  laws  enacted  for  its  enforcement;  and  we  pledge 
ourselves  to  the  impeachment  and  discharge  of  every  public  official 
and  peace  officer  who  becomes  drunk  in  public,  or  while  in  the 
discharge  of  any  of  his  official  duties  and  his  prompt  prosecution 
in  the  criminal  courts. 

Election  Laws 

The  most  sacred  possession  of  a  citizen  in  a  free  government 
is  the  right  to  cast  a  free  and  untrammeled  ballot  and  to  have 
that  ballot  honestly  counted.  This  right  is  seriously  abridged  in 
North  Carolina  by  the  partisan  election  laws  on  our  statute  books, 
and  by  the  corruption  and  fraudulent  practices  which  these  laws 
make  possible.  These  laws  and  the  abuses  practiced  under  them 
are  violations  of  every  principle  of  free  government,  and  we  shall 
never  cease  to  protest  against  them  as  un-American  and  unpatriotic. 

We  advocate,  and  if  placed  in  power  will  enact,  fair  and  impar- 
tial election  laws  that  will  restore  to  the  people  of  this  State  the 
right  to  a  free  vote  and  voice  in  their  government,  and  that  will 
guarantee  to  every  citizen  all  the  sacred  rights  and  privileges  of 
citizenship. 

We  favor  the  immediate  repeal  of  the  absentee  voters  law,  and 
we  favor  a  system  of  registration  under  the  supervision  of  two 
registrars,  who  shall  be  of  different  political  parties,  and  one  elec- 
tion judge. 

Highway  Transportation 

We  demand  that  all  automotive  transportation  companies,  cor- 
porations and  individuals,  using  the  highways  of  our  State  for 
transportation  for  hire  shall  pay  a  tax  commensurate  with  the  bene- 
fit derived  from  such  use,  and  that  will  eliminate  the  present 
system  of  unjust  discrimination  against  railroads  and  other  trans- 
portation companies. 

Labor 

The  Republican  party  has  always  undertaken  to  protect  the 
laboring  man  and  will  continue  to  do  so  and  to  advocate  always 


Republican  State  Platform  M 

for  him  just  returns  for  his  labor,  wholesome  conditions  under  which 
to  work,  and  fair  compensation  for  all  injuries  sustained  in  the 
course  of  his  employment. 

Agriculture 
We  recognize  as  a  well  established  fact  that  the  welfare  of  all 
of  our  people  rests  in  its  finality  on  the  uninterrupted  prosperity 
of  our  farmers,  and  we  therefore  pledge  our  party  to  exert  every 
reasonable  effort  to  improve  the  general  condition  of  the  agricultural 
interests  of  our  State. 


PART  IV 
ELECTION  RETURNS 


1.  Popular  and   Electoral  Vote  for  President  by   States.  1932. 

2.  Popular  Vote  for  President  by  States,  1916-1928. 

3.  Vote  for  President  by  Counties,  1920-1932. 

4.  Vote    by    Counties    for    Governor    in    Democratic    Primaries. 

1924  and   1932. 

5.  Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primary,  1932. 

6.  Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primaries,  1928,  1930, 

and  1932. 

7.  Democratic    Primary    Vote,    June  7,    1930    for   United    States 

Senator. 

8.  Democratic    Primary    Vote,    June    4,    and    July    2,    1932,    for 

United  States  Senator. 

9.  Republican    Primary   Vote,   June   4,   1932,   for   United   States 

Senator. 

10.  Vote  for  Governor  by  Counties.  1920-1932. 

11.  Vote  for  United  States  Senator,  1924-1932. 

12.  Vote  for  Members  of  Congress,  1924-1932. 

13.  Vote  for  Constitutional  Amendments  by  Counties,  1932. 


Vote  for  President 


POPULAR  AND  ELECTORAL  VOTE  FOR  PRESIDENT 

BY  STATES  1932 


State 


Alabama 

Arizona 

Arkansas 

California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Kentucky 

Louisiana 

Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts.. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New  Hampshire. 

New  Jersey 

New  Mexico 

New  York 

North  Carolina.. 
North  Dakota... 

Ohio.... 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania 

Rhode  Island 

South  Carolina. . 
South  Dakota... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington 

West  Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 


Totals. 


Popular  Vote 


so 


207,910 

79,264 

189,602 

,324,157 

250,877 

281,632 

54,319 

206,307 

234,118 

109,479 

,882,304 

862,054 

598,019 

424,204 

580,574 

249,418 

128,907 

314,314 

800,148 

871,700 

600,806 

140,168 

,025,406 

127,286 

359,082 

28,756 

100,608 

806,630 

95,089 

,534,959 

497,566 

178,350 

,301,695 

516,468 

213,871 

,295,948 

145,853 

102,347 

183,515 

259,963 

760,348 

116,750 

56,266 

203,980 

353,250 

405,124 

707,410 

54,370 


22,821,252 


KM 


34,675 

36,104 

28,467 

847,904 

189,617 

287,720 

57,073 

69,170 

19,863 

71,312 

1,432,756 

677,184 

414,433 

349,498 

394,716 

18,853 

166,631 

184,184 

736,959 

739,894 

363,959 

5,180 

564,713 

78,078 

201,177 

12,674 

103,629 

775,686 

54,217 

1,937,963 

208,344 

71,772 

1,227,679 

188,165 

136,019 

1,453,540 

114,320 

1,978 

99,212 

126,806 

97,959 

84,775 

78,984 

89,637 

208,645 

330,731 

347,741 

39,583 


15,760,195 


H> 


245,034 

118,242 
220,562 

2,266,839 
457,696 
593,507 
112,901 
276,252 
255,590 
186,520 

3,407,926 

1,576,927 

1,036,683 
791,978 
975,290 
268,804 
298,444 
511,054 

1,580,114 

1,664,682 

1,002,843 
146,013 

1,611,343 

215,030 

570,135 

41,430 

205,520 

1,630,063 
151,606 

4,753,698 
711,501 
256,290 

2.610,088 
704,633 
368,751 

2,859,021 
263,411 
104,411 
288,438 
390,784 
863,426 
206,559 
136,978 
297,943 
614,804 
743,774 

1,114,815 

96,962 


39,805,455 


Klirtoral  Vnti' 


CJ   o 

o  a 

o  cj 


11 
3 
9 

22 
6 


i 
12 

4 

29 
14 
11 

9 
11 
10 


17 
19 
11 
9 
15 
4 
7 
3 


16 

3 

47 

13 

4 

26 

II 

5 


4 

8 

4 

II 

23 

4 


12 
3 


472 


BJ3 

o  o 


36 


59 


Roosevelt's  plurality,  7,054,520. 


Total  Vote  of  Minor  Parties 


Thomas,  Socialist 880,096 

Foster,  Communist 102,785 

Upshaw,  Prohibitionist 77,528 

Harvey,  Liberty 53,446 

Reynolds ,  Social-Labor. 34,034 

Coxey,  Farmer-Labor 7,431 


Zahnd,  National... 

Cox,  Jobless 

James  Ford 

"Jacksonian  Party" 
"Populist  Tick"... 
Scattering 


,615 

740 

994 

1H4 

4 

667 


86 


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Primary  Vote  for  Governor 


:<1 


VOTE  BY  COUNTIES  FOR  GOVERNOR  IN 
DEMOCRATIC  PRIMARY,   1924  AND   1932 


Counties 


Alamance 

Alexander 

Alleghany 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick... 
Buncombe... 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland. 

Currituck 

Dare 

Davidson 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe.. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates. 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.. 

Hertford 

Hoke. 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 


1924 


349 
375 
002 
883 
153 
216 
153 
059 
623 
295 
297 
492 
172 
663 
334 
987 
505 
980 
400 
298 
590 
100 
341 
961 
738 
908 
863 
501 
831 
402 
036 
,609 
,798 
802 
,351 
,080 
448 
353 
,314 
348 
,222 
,721 
,285 
,222 
869 
512 
745 
421 
,082 
,568 
,725 


as 


491 

81 

162 

1,516 

202 

193 

1,167 

1,131 

901 

116 

2,007 

194 

123 

464 

615 

337 

637 

418 

1,375 

78 

593 

42 

1,204 

1,117 

1,728 

1,128 

416 

188 

538 

145 

817 

924 

1,402 

5(14 

1,860 

369 

314 

77 

1,303 

1,266 

1,616 

1,840 

1,834 

1,321 

474 

926 

448 

812 

930 

350 

1,927 


1932 
First  Primary 


2,017 

378 

129 

2,041 

1,443 

83 

1,933 

696 
1,214 

902 
5,796 
1,923 
2,609 

836 
1,163 
1,328 

974 
1,684 
1,279 

621 
1,664 

507 
3,940 
2,400 
1,752 
1,975 
1,788 
1,002 
2,911 

600 

842 
3,780 

412 
5,132 
1,036 
3,430 
1,084 

280 
1,405 

573 
4,877 
1,967 
1,171 
3,550 
1,658 

836 

474 

619 
3,686 
1,705 
2,776 


1,504 
397 
197 
688 
425 
94 
206 
362 

1,005 
192 

3,341 
751 

2,267 
361 
101 
360 
367 
614 
557 
665 
40 
94 

2,870 

1,323 
843 

2,441 

139 

9 

1,360 
216 

1,430 

3,824 
337 

4,306 
835 

4,(192 

90 

282 

1,258 
105 

4,751 
867 

1,309 

1,150 
479 
109 
327 
172 

1,954 
315 
847 


1,275 

92 

439 

1,794 

907 

99 

2,784 

1,586 

1,206 

308 

4,396 

583 

154 

137 

79 

693 

167 

234 

1,212 

393 

39 

43 

667 

1,405 

2,109 

1,010 

100 

14 

252 

5/5 

1,146 

869 

3,919 

1,292 

2,461 

955 

62 

10 

1,129 

1,833 

1,960 

3,953 

1,797 

1,189 

377 

1,295 

719 

787 

621 

201 

2,025 


1932 
Second  Primary 


K 


1,964 

730 

453 
2,155 
2,035 

152 
1,482 

618 
1,268 

726 
7,417 
2,438 
2,976 
1,316 

765 
1,083 
1,101 
2,610 
1,279 
1,097 
1,362 

779 
5,373 
2,258 
1,755 
2,405 
1,665 

900 
3,948 

824 

836 
4,241 

612 
5,052 
1,113 
5,018 
1,226 

387 
1,699 

475 
5,394 
1,731 
1 ,069 
4,127 
2,013 

593 

534 

740 
3,876 
1,878 
1,869 


3 
O 


1,648 

495 

764 

2,614 

633 

111 

2,940 

1,570 

2,250 

271 

5,551 

757 

1,175 

387 

24 

712 

380 

982 

2,233 

465 

49 

22 

2,318 

2,428 

1,861 

2,242 

151 

14 

865 

214 

2,057 

3,603 

4,422 

2,754 

3,239 

2,758 

137 

147 

1,558 

1 ,  259 

3,813 

3,984 

2,426 

1,502 

717 

987 

1,094 

1,054 

2,159 

287 

3.668 


92 


Election  Returns 


Vote  for  Governor  by  Counties     in  Democratic  Pbimaby 

1924-1932—  Continued 


Counties 


Jones. 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln... 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg... 

Mitchell 

Montgomery... 

Moore 

Nash 

New  Hanover.. 
Northampton.  . 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry.. 

Swain 

Transylvania... 

Tyrrell... 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 


1924 


Totals. 


455 

1,113 

2,049 

1,429 

678 

496 

1,598 

1,149 

5,958 

202 

881 

1,431 

1,593 

2,393 

1,523 

835 

701 

615 

1,261 

874 

554 

556 

2,795 

1,024 

1,408 

2,731 

5,536 

1,212 

2,984 

2,699 

634 

71 

651 

318 

1,512 

527 

284 

182 

2,838 

939 

4,596 

857 

534 

711 

2,109 

1,772 

1,962 

339 

856 

151,197 


1,87 


304 

532 

1,480 

430 

382 

186 

783 

653 

2,449 

189 

136 

622 

1,712 

1,463 

1,455 

402 

770 

171 

736 

686 

320 

954 

2,492 

125 

594 

660 

1,314 

1,055 

1,218 

1,682 

722 

633 

231 

156 

576 

23 

633 

340 

1,559 

1,418 

4,854 

875 

275 

83 

1,551 

822 

1,575 

153 

515 


83,573 


1932 
First  Primary 


— 


535 

1,241 

1,626 

1,476 

267 

868 

634 

2,734 

5,164 

101 

1,011 

1,220 

569 

2,635 

1,457 

712 

1,321 

358 

3,659 

649 

1,616 

1,088 

1,504 

1,505 

1,211 

1,201 

4,193 

2,034 

3,462 

3,981 

1,248 

1,125 

1,106 

972 

2,349 

304 

1,019 

433 

2,495 

1,393 

4,280 

790 

854 

567 

1,029 

1,985 

976 

537 

303 

162,498 


69 

522 

890 

926 

468 

223 

365 

597 

4,800 

176 

764 

1,152 

379 

2,167 

410 

498 

591 

118 

133 

302 

48 

419 

649 

210 

1,350 

2,378 

2,705 

1,795 

3,824 

1,383 

631 

1,097 

1,036 

277 

912 

319 

380 

47 

2,136 

819 

3,093 

689 

197 

174 

5,211 

669 

950 

312 

144 


102,032 


a 
a 
o 


804 

1,234 

2,693 

453 

666 

611 

1,727 

135 

5,388 

148 

607 

1,200 

4,964 

2,216 

1,553 

1,178 

376 

821 

57 

1,071 

27 

236 

5,249 

85 

188 

1,305 

3,069 

218 

930 

1,017 

775 

591 

245 

341 

107 

362 

377 

42 

1,225 

1,664 

8,946 

1,391 

423 

300 

976 

296 

3,097 

113 

798 


115,127 


1932 
Second  Primary 


473 

719 
1,647 
1,840 
1,090 

723 

719 
2,133 
7,215 

240 

910 
1,163 

910 
3,335 
1,349 

850 
1,360 

366 
3,640 

710 
1,753 
1,361 
1,369 
1,529 
2,319 
1,780 
3,753 
2,123 
3,930 
3,911 
1,152 
1,247 
1,315 

748 
3,285 

520 
1,334 

290 
2,514 
1,482 
4,062 

753 

802 
1,079 
2,290 
2,062 
1,040 

625 

818 

182,055 


682 

1,934 

3,494 

922 

609 

643 

1,829 

510 

7,624 

206 

1,334 

1,673 

5,814 


,409 

1,752 

1,475 

574 

932 

122 

906 

47 

664 

5,381 

236 

1,042 

2,696 

3,760 

809 

2,119 

1,144 

1,860 

1,173 

487 

367 

539 

764 

556 

56 

4,114 

2,258 

10,256 


1 


666 
569 
614 
733 
679 
175 
222 
786 


168,971 


Primary  Vote  for  State  Officers 


93 


VOTE  FOR  STATE  OFFICERS  IN  DEMOCRATIC  PRI- 
MARIES, JUNE  4,  1932 


Counties 


Alamance.. 
Alexander.. 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort... 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba... 
Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay.. 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.  . 

Dare 

Davidson.. 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin... 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville.  .. 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.. 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 


Lieut 

enant-Go\ 

•ernor 

Secretary  of  State 

Auditor 

a 

03 

d 

S 
.  s 

«! 

C    X 

Si, 

P-1  Si, 

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—  -. 

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c  « 

3,389 

377 

508 

1,755 

2,419 

2,295 

1,307 

579 

432 

164 

125 

666 

112 

6Q2 

69 

53 

461 

47 

60 

429 

171 

458 

79 

28 

2,329 

475 

919 

1,665 

1,987 

1,652 

1,251 

691 

1,695 

230 

303 

1,009 

1,233 

1,162 

946 

154 

73 

72 

92 

155 

70 

147 

34 

38 

2,764 

703 

343 

1,121 

2,798 

1,702 

1,549 

402 

849 

196 

742 

770 

1,049 

1,154 

394 

139 

1,532 

443 

635 

752 

1,826 

1,206 

723 

414 

649 

230 

178 

305 

830 

719 

180 

185 

6,349 

3,592 

2,296 

5,142 

6,962 

5,461 

2,240 

4,420 

890 

1,923 

308 

2,128 

890 

1,049 

1,867 

127 

2,275 

523 

1,067 

2,107 

2,304 

2,084 

1,473 

796 

471 

388 

228 

552 

545 

512 

254 

314 

510 

189 

209 

314 

406 

509 

154 

107 

804 

436 

737 

197 

2,002 

1,669 

157 

168 

1,046 

107 

122 

8Q0 

455 

669 

412 

161 

1,048 

393 

777 

1,364 

829 

765 

970 

436 

2,265 

375 

248 

1,445 

1,290 

1,251 

1,341 

183 

882 

337 

247 

995 

630 

799 

309 

405 

1,009 

112 

66 

388 

802 

417 

680 

102 

395 

124 

103 

493 

120 

112 

440 

78 

2,090 

1,803 

2,588 

3,180 

2,934 

2,805 

2,146 

1,175 

2,934 

513 

762 

1,930 

323 

1,749 

1,703 

846 

2,607 

339 

637 

1,058 

2,670 

2,115 

639 

741 

3,323 

449 

933 

1,526 

3,175 

1,083 

3,370 

490 

1,017 

100 

233 

556 

815 

973 

212 

153 

546 

87 

57 

448 

268 

492 

151 

56 

2,789 

705 

641 

1,910 

2,230 

2,227 

1,339 

551 

446 

203 

134 

2«0 

508 

339 

371 

68 

1,970 

340 

574 

1,377 

1,561 

1,601 

719 

529 

5,909 

752 

520 

2,286 

4,857 

4,975 

856 

1,087 

2,915 

322 

495 

1,457 

2,250 

1,838 

1,652 

276 

7,322 

1,141 

1,303 

5,312 

4,524 

5,554 

2,540 

1,675 

2,161 

787 

594 

1,501 

2,145 

1,572 

1,641 

514 

3,077 

831 

3,676 

3,705 

3,427 

3,772 

1,718 

1,539 

446 

114 

50 

271 

299 

382 

78 

89 

144 

297 

76 

400 

120 

340 

157 

29 

2,620 

334 

320 

889 

2,411 

2,152 

638 

399 

521 

1,360 

106 

616 

1,233 

1,120 

374 

297 

7,086 

1,315 

1,432 

3,971 

6,288 

5,376 

2,049 

2,996 

4,317 

764 

719 

2,057 

3,766 

3,049 

2,056 

746 

2,886 

492 

616 

1,815 

2,314 

1,832 

1,813 

391 

2,644 

1,404 

1,074 

2,094 

2,968 

1,889 

1,834 

1,279 

1,295 

401 

413 

1,047 

1,030 

1,389 

398 

316 

1,120 

233 

158 

739 

819 

988 

248 

243 

1,053 

180 

193 

675 

755 

733 

456 

206 

503 

260 

109 

184 

855 

458 

366 

124 

3,344 

1,290 

769 

4,105 

1,963 

2,684 

1,522 

1,173 

804 

777 

431 

1,072 

911 

972 

676 

349 

3,249 

803 

926 

1,712 

3,338 

1,810 

3,021 

350 

446 

314 

164  1 

425 

418 

546 

137 

1(12 

04 


Election  Returns 


Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primaries,  June  4, 

1932 — Continued 


Counties 


Lieutenant-Governor 


S 

■  i- 


§5 
&  . 


^  S. 

■a  c 

QQ 


Secretary  of  State 


<S   tn 


Auditor 


d,5 

ma 


O    03 
OJTJ 


Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New  Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank.. 

Pender 

Perquimans.. 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry. 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Total.. 


1.774 

2,372 

1,236 

834 

638 

1,457 

893 

7,345 

91 

1,185 

2,090 

3,258 

3,373 

1,493 

1,069 

2,164 

696 

1,957 

1,390 

835 

1,050 

3,350 

903 

1,790 

2,627 

6,268 

2,390 

5,363 

3,505 

1,497 

1,351 

1,015 

918 

2,505 

402 

768 

204 

2,510 

2,499 

9,867 

1,471 

873 

475 

3,876 

1,774 

1,983 

657 

361 


357 

1,097 

280 

125 

263 

210 

2,226 

2,112 

109 

235 

532 

878 

821 

900 

245 

68 

71 

276 

117 

94 

396 

1,543 

562 

263 

437 

839 

297 

617 

1,012 

378 

260 

295 

113 

285 

363 

454 

44 

605 

338 

2,871 

733 

95 

131 

856 

538 

764 

51 

541 


358 
527 

1,098 
133 
352 
294 
252 

3,576 
140 
627 
573 
449 

1,106 
307 
245 
53 
134 
258 
176 
85 
105 

1,425 
195 
339 
848 

1,423 
510 

1,227 

1,469 
406 
589 
564 
308 
347 
143 
296 
98 

1,092 
366 

1,674 
208 
236 
344 
873 
370 
713 
148 
211 


1,417 

1,369 

968 

690 

611 

893 

1,127 

5,835 

223 

917 

1,389 

1,552 

1,656 

1,372 

492 

730 

308 

702 

647 

341 

'  434 

2,405 

988 

1,383 

1,560 

3,956 

1,876 

3,402 

2,550 

859 

961 

1,121 

708 

2,289 

600 

795 

116 

1,722 

1,327 

670 

1,004 

524 

593 

1,818 

1,911 

1,290 

612 

474 


1,130 

2,779 

1,402 

407 

495 

1,246 

1,940 

8,335 

116 

1,153 

1,879 

3,023 

3,949 

1,307 

1,210 

1,186 

641 

1,807 

1,062 

696 

1,054 

3,832 

613 

1,018 

2,603 

4,378 

1,448 

3,907 

3,342 

1,230 

1,190 

868 

538 

833 

324 

724 

233 

2,601 

1,920 

8,227 

1,412 

686 

306 

3,922 

778 

2,339 

261 

576 


1,069 

2,379 

1,422 

682 

231 

1,310 

1,445 

3,442 

189 

1,220 

834 

3,082 

2,621 

1,681 

780 

1,285 

675 

1,351 

1,109 

648 

1,153 

3,172 

1,254 

1,491 

1,976 

3,818 

3,376 

3,277 

3,300 

958 

652 

950 

591 

1,745 

667 

784 

185 

1,257 

1,800 

9,944 

1,620 

906 

635 

3,267 

1,825 

1,800 

473 

489 


1,022 

1,013 

368 

168 

231 

368 

1,068 

3,153 

58 

546 

2,186 

1,018 

1,417 

607 

363 

466 

129 

834 

363 

167 

124 

1,874 

141 

683 

890 

2,787 

399 

4,717 

1,559 

920 

1,070 

441 

526 

1,070 

108 

284 


1,632 
643 

4,500 
502 
237 
360 

1,370 
634 

1,097 
320 
421 


372 
651 
554 
226 
360 
359 
564 

6,716 

75 

289 

381 

479 

1,278 
259 
358 
239 
130 
284 
234 
168 
189 

1,085 
169 
265 

1,149 

1,471 
505 

1,289 

1,033 
335 
481 
467 
150 
265 
126 
721 
60 

1,424 
778 
806 
363 
118 
69 

1,000 

244 

633 

58 

218 


202,592 


66,887 


58,155 


140,358 


178,971 


162,918 


94,801 


58,226 


Primary  Vote  for  State  Officeks 


95 


Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primaries,  June  4, 

1932 — Continued 


Counties 


Attorney  General 


.2  a 

-  s 

—  x 


e  =5 


Corporation 
Commissioner 


to 

a 

55  •£ 


Insurance 
Commissioner 


9  a 

«  o 

QP5 


£1 


Alamance  __ 
Alexander.. 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee.  _ . 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.. 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates. 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford.... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.. 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 


,370 

556 

550 
,430 
,841 

188 

130 
,577 
,626 

834 
,843 
,494 
,104 

747 

677 
,822 

480 
,654 
,306 
,066 
,000 

380 
,417 
,078 

645 
,433 
,148 

594 
,292 

413 
,237 
,391 
,113 
,233 
,919 
,244 

514 

114 
,397 
,422 
,391 
,520 
,252 
,940 
,485 
,260 
,007 

635 
,864 
,497 
,113 

615 


733 

187 

46 

1,087 
392 
33 
628 
167 
760 
187 

4,106 
390 

1,278 
314 
108 
133 
808 
473 
367 
364 
158 
239 

5,375 

1,039 
767 

1,200 
183 
101 
806 
461 
523 

1,466 
565 

3,350 
693 

2,559 

73 

423 

173 

324 

1,759 

1,221 
730 

1,962 
546 
252 
357 
229 

1,273 
498 
828 
166 


2,308 

423 

374 
2,243 
1,053 

132 
2,701 
1,840 
1,196 

512 
5,867 
2,651 
2,699 

579 

569 
1,616 

672 
1,355 
1,603 

747 
1,076 

286 
2,731 
2,311 
1,946 
2,274 
1,088 

501 
2,617 

439 
1,730 
3,327 
2,905 
5,939 
1,884 
3,679 

556 

295 
1,930 
1,059 
5,986 
4,728 
2,730 
2,883 
1,349 
1,738 

863 

366 
3,156 
1,326 
3,347 

504 


1,499 

222 

130 

1,183 

858 

87 

760 

131 

1,071 

435 

6,710 

333 

1,400 

408 

177 

218 

445 

679 

994 

634 

108 

347 

2,725 

1,571 

1,181 

1,950 

258 

147 

1,371 

190 

309 

2,738 

595 

3,205 

1,569 

2,760 

64 

197 

1,018 

556 

3,363 

1,041 

1,081 

2,044 

696 

173 

422 

414 

1,559 

618 

1,503 

195 


2,685 

527 

399 

2,485 

1,272 

81 

2,891 

1,323 

1,466 

652 

6,085 

2,490 

2,876 

705 

443 

268 

620 

1,367 

1,985 

582 

838 

218 

3,919 

2,603 

2,048 

3,450 

853 

361 

3,225 

519 

2,425 

4,424 

3,214 

6,504 

2,203 

4,522 

290 

122 

2,537 

1,292 

6,888 

4,496 

2,048 

2,485 

1,061 

1,122 

1,048 

567 

3,186 

1,136 

4,134 

632 


1,292 

128 

148 

988 

802 

116 

797 

316 

912 

345 

5,627 

396 

1,317 

384 

277 

1,947 

497 

706 

689 

795 

273 

412 

1,925 

1,397 

1,968 

1,137 

422 

187 

848 

212 

466 

2,182 

438 

3,014 

1,256 

2,145 

163 

357 

686 

378 

2,972 

1,251 

862 

2,367 

914 

364 

303 

245 

1,611 

795 

818 

185 


06 


Election  Returns 


Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primaries.  June  4, 

1932 — Continued 


Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin ._ 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg,. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery.. 

Moore 

Nash 

New  Hanover. 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank... 

Pender 

Perquimans... 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

.iampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania.. 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance.. 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga. 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 


Counties 


Attorney  General 


O.ts 

i  s 

1  E 

2a 


Total. 


1,772 

3,154 

1,293 

755 

767 

1,409 

1,939 

7,147 

226 

1,312 

2,244 

3,380 

4,037 

2,170 

1,214 

1,377 

687 

2,101 

1,320 

832 

1,209 

4,128 

725 

1,871 

2,455 

5,687 

2,626 

4,812 

2,886 

1,538 

1,359 

956 

798 

2,763 

693 

093 

253 

2,273 

2,949 

12,185 

2,153 

918 

758 

3,679 

1,860 

2,610 

742 

860 

224,723 


1, 


c  8 
o  e 

<2S 


603 
791 
1,019 
279 
363 
634 
1,079 

5,483 

87 

692 

1,051 

1,056 
1,374 
411 
319 
327 
196 
357 
391 
172 
223 

1,719 
878 
500 

1,396 

2,319 
562 

2,279 

2,964 
514 
660 
978 
241 
262 
154 
392 
84 

1,757 
396 

2,466 
382 
285 
158 

1,885 
789 
913 
100 
193 


84,881 


Corporation 
Commissioner 


Insurance 
Commissioner 


n 


1,291 

2,384 

1,116 

473 

524 

1,404 

2,634 

6,176 

185 

1,018 

1,773 

3,185 

2,539 

3,136 

745 

1,143 

433 

1,849 

914 

748 

842 

3,846 

1,092 

1,322 

2,509 

4,260 

1,923 

4,207 

3,098 

1,302 

1,087 

839 

678 

2,457 

688 

794 

169 

1,708 

2,172 

10,380 

1,979 

947 

626 

3,348 

1,600 

2,140 

519 

802 

189,702 


972 

1,228 

1,018 
528 
496 
496 
369 

5,508 
111 
906 

1,202 
973 

2,096 
153 
594 
631 
334 
472 
640 
228 
445 

1,804 
484 
895 

1,864 

3,237 
950 

2,378 

2,501 
693 
784 
784 
462 
500 
290 
640 
133 

1,920 
899 

3,300 
480 
223 
231 

1,806 
882 
735 
272 
229 


102,718 


2! 


1,590 

4,221 

1,191 

453 

504 

1,379 

2,112 

7,068 

136 

1,212 

2,299 

3,489 

3,754 

1,838 

961 

1,269 

543 

1,532 

1,239 

622 

951 

4,545 

755 

1,508 

2,858 

5,327 

2,216 

4,380 

3,211 

1,312 

1,137 

902 

749 

2,625 

513 

779 

178 

2,012 

2,029 

11,392 

1,632 

917 

628 

4,768 

1,860 

2,508 

480 

541 

206,878 


Est 

.  O 


780 

404 

917 

534 

495 

610 

863 

5,266 

155 

704 

895 

895 

1,530 

648 

595 

505 

318 

794 

398 

363 

386 

1,571 

838 

742 

1,075 

2,508 

842 

2,605 

2,420 

518 

832 

891 

429 

445 

362 

666 

135 

1,866 

1,083 

3,061 

625 

259 

260 

1,068 

714 

906 

330 

470 


96,200 


Primary  Vote  for  State  Officers 


97 


Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primaries,  June   1. 

1932 — Continued 


Counties 


Alamance 

Alexander... 
Alleghany... 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery. 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe. . 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell. ... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland. 
Currituck... 

Dare 

Davidson 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe.. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson.. 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 


Commissioner  of  Labor 


w 


oS 


,056 

367 

210 

806 

57 

45 

,456 

490 

543 

352 
,975 

280 

850 

119 

255 

250 

611 

530 

712 

225 

123 

66 

,005 

978 

S28 
,726 

448 
95 

381 
91 

616 
,424 

809 

833 
,379 
,708 

227 
17 

616 

765 
,884 
,739 
,596 

441 

212 

326 

430 

210 

971 

36 

,660  , 

206' 


First  Primary 


995 

539 

89 

29 

257 

37 

1 ,580 

379 

2,305 

80 

47 

30 

1,571 

156 

557 

81 

674 

328 

410 

106 

1,061 

2,903 

1,114 

946 

1,735 

286 

314 

343 

152 

102 

1,402 

105 

178 

148 

258 

276 

921 

322 

147 

869 

715 

74 

20 

489 

774 

1,547 

523 

899 

758 

424 

753 

402 

298 

145 

73 

44 

2,367 

188 

19 

18 

805 

179 

1,377 

643 

745 

136 

1,127 

345 

775 

329 

1,722 

734 

87 

46 

26 

460 

1.392 

247 

205 

149 

2,368 

1,035 

1,820 

611 

1,022 

246 

621 

3,334 

447 

1,028 

398 

228 

451 

86 

323 

84 

1,315 

347 

23 

2,204 

686 

611 

417 

66 

aa 


777 

90 

65 

360 

97 

43 

301 

157 

254 

84 

1,185 

143 

346 

87 

102 

80 

85 

161 

149 

181 

55 

12 

806 

665 

286 

455 

139 

89 

407 

620 

465 

543 

317 

659 

401 

874 

32 

23 

306 

234 

1,090 

356 

473 

638 

173 

115 

81 

157 

480 

421 

340 

48 


520 

48 

28 

286 

27 

40 

186 

285 

363 

134 

3,408 

182 

983 

172 

114 

61 

106 

902 

216 

87 

162 


1 


425 
328 
794 
916 
128 
318 
599 


363 

2,112 

739 

6,744 

264 

1,357 

83 

3 

231 

218 

3,165 

468 

252 

297 

170 

224 

212 

31 

1,601 

25 

958 

47 


"E-e 
03c/3 


174 

20 

9 

228 

12 

18 

197 

83 

256 

33 

624 

353 

147 

72 

41 

57 

59 

95 

366 

36 

28 

36 

381 

646 

483 

321 

165 

14 

341 

11 

292 

627 

808 

187 

338 

400 

27 

14 

326 

145 

417 

656 

321 

182 

89 

69 

87 

38 

320 

15 

733 

51 


Second  Primary 


W 


MS 


1,246 

299 

324 

1,522 

47 

110 

1,269 

542 

1,034 

222 

6,309 

796 

1,212 

280 

200 

614 

610 

1,429 

807 

291 

132 

117 

1,681 

1,573 

1,433 

1,405 

913 

371 

582 

349 

659 

2,860 

1,586 

2,202 

1,590 

2,623 

307 

105 

793 

740 

3,035 

1,676 

1,542 

1 ,536 

675 

376 

579 

442 

1,687 

139 

2,218 

115 


►J  .3 


1,957 

751 

711 

2,394 

2,608 

121 

2,289 

1,083 

1,920 

622 

5,498 

2,243 

2,578 

1,189 

355 

1,022 

590 

1,610 

2,306 

1,167 

977 

664 

5,044 

2,486 

1,616 

2,836 

419 

288 

4,066 

577 

1,828 

3,585 

2,520 

4,978 

2,120 

4,036 

317 

421 

2,214 

699 

5,004 

3,370 

1,713 

3,252 

1,695 

835 

892 

703 

3,528 

1,973 

2,423 

834 


98 


Election  Returns 


Vote  for  State  Officers  in  Democratic  Primaries,  June  4, 

1932 — Continued 


C 

ommissioner  of  Labor 

First  Primary 

Second  Primary 

Counties 

Qj  — 

S"oS 

6s 

O 

=   > 
a  a 

aa 

c 

x2 

u 

52 

In 
O 

Lee 

943 

1,308 

354 

98 

336 

642 

596 

1,807 

117 

585 

1,263 

1,357 

1,486 

835 

305 

530 

276 

710 

427 

149 

231 

1,478 

145 

775 

771 

1,660 

728 

1,098 

715 

718 

617 

320 

138 

133 

13 

562 

38 

1,095 

1,630 

7,549 

900 

348 

44 

1,644 

125 

950 

131 

114 

445 

850 

519 

57 

65 

310 

1,165 

1,605 
108 
404 
732 

1,269 
921 
664 
246 
517 
197 
717 
183 
340 
747 

2,239 
152 
695 
950 

2,143 

1,028 
931 

1,767 
534 
609 
287 
606 

1,630 

30 

97 

64 

609 

531 

4,372 
565 
422 
232 

1,127 

1,565 

606 

126 

59 

301 
340 
338 
736 
981 
160 
520 
1,405 
156 
248 
286 
475 
820 
250 
476 
144 
208 
176 
282 

92 
122 
422 
693 
187 
294 
658 
253 
402 
1,227 
200 
211 
165 

92 

139 

870 

1 ,  138 

58 
498 
185 
538 
228 
137 
154 
675 
391 
242 

58 
265 

279 
472 
486 
129 
214 
256 
331 
1,583 

30 
349 
357 
374 
555 
151 
205 
122 

89 
248 
309 
131 
102 
484 
155 
246 
446 
731 
437 
939 
1,165 
257 
146 
356 
233 
106 

50 
150 

65 
882 
414 
320 
248 
106 
167 
763 
275 
368 
366 
140 

249 
651 
407 

37 

143 

365 

228 

5,904 

5 

202 

339 

526 

1,208 

261 

95 
526 

89 
360 
262 
270 

96 
719 

57 

331 

1,394 

1,844 

358 

3,526 

603 

194 

378 

322 

171 

715 

17 

97 

43 

442 

298 

1,258 

229 

52 
301 
766 
288 
734 

96 
438 

152 

221 

118 

15 

78 

200 

200 

546 

13 

224 

185 

274 

274 

144 

91 

73 

32 

114 

94 

30 

87 

717 

413 

134 

190 

1,163 

288 

391 

365 

132 

112 

376 

30 

451 

7 

71 

35 

549 

108 

952 

109 

73 

16 

477 

43 

332 

76 

57 

1,153 

1,807 

8,347 

271 

568 

750 

721 

6,123 

129 

971 

1,376 

1,990 

2,488 

1,006 

570 

569 

451 

978 

694 

278 

331 

2,086 

635 

1,286 

1,881 

2,304 

641 

2,459 

1,557 

1,097 

757 

432 

153 

689 

588 

642 

89 

2,313 

2,032 

7,052 

1,019 

424 

259 

2,479 

270 

1,483 

262 

732 

1,023 

Lenoir 

2,210 

Lincoln 

1,536 

Macon 

1,139 

Madison 

320 

Martin 

1,241 

McDowell 

1,624 

Mecklenburg 

6,246 

Mitchell 

223 

Montgomery 

Moore 

906 
1,253 

Nash 

2,954 

New  Hanover           

2,884 

Northampton 

1,239 

Onslow 

906 

Orange 

1,080 

Pamlico 

507 

Pasquotank 

1,582 

Pender 

576 

Perquimans 

724 

Person 

1,396 

Pitt 

3,857 

Polk 

889 

Randolph 

1,558 

Richmond 

2,141 

Robeson     

4,182 

Rockingham.. 

1,822 

Rowan 

2,971 

Rutherford 

3,030 

Sampson 

Scotland 

1,276 
1,269 

Stanly 

1,128 

Stokes 

789 

Surrv 

2,861 

Swain 

658 

Transylvania 

1,087 

Tyrrell 

132 

Union  

2,634 

Vance 

1,342 

Wake 

6,143 

Warren  

1,017 

Washington 

Watauga 

642 
1,282 

Wayne 

2,321 

Wilkes 

2,361 

Wilson 

2,481 

Yadkin 

506 

Yancey 

638 

Total 

224,723 

84,881 

74,820 

76,216 

44,349 

32,915 

114,971 

183,513 

Primary  Vote  for  State  Officers  99 

VOTE   FOR  STATE   OFFICERS  IN  DEMOCRATIC 
PRIMARIES,  1928,  1930,  and  1932 

1928 

FOR  LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR— 

R.    T.    Fountain 84,477 

John  D.  Langston 68,480 

W.    H.    S.    Burgwyn 62,866 

FOR  COMMISSIONER  OF  LABOR  AND  PRINTING — 

Frank   D.   Grist 115,442 

M.     L.     Shipman 66,391 

Oscar    J.    Peterson 28,207 

1930 

FOR   CORPORATION   COMMISSIONER — 

George    P.    Pell 167,083 

James    H.    Hoi.lowat 86,227 

1932 

FOR  GOVERNOR— 

J.    C.    B.    Ehrinuhaus 162,498 

Allen    J.    Maxwell 102,032 

Richard    T.     Fountain 115,127 

FOR   LIEUTENANT  GOVERNOR — 

A.    H.     Graham 202,592 

Denison    F.    Giles 66,887 

David    P.    Dellinger 58,155 

FOR    SECRETARY   OF    STATE— 

Stacey  W.  Wade 178,971 

James   A.    Hartness 140,358 

FOR  STATE  AUDITOR — 

Baxter    Durham 162,918 

Chester   O.    Bell 94,801 

George  Adams 58,226 

FOR  ATTORNEY  GENERAL — 

Dennis    G.    Brummitt 224,723 

Peyton    McSwain 84,881 

FOR  COMMISSIONER  OF  LABOR — 

A.  L.    Fletcher 76,216 

Clarence     Mitchell 74,820 

John    D.    Norton 44,349 

R.    R.   Lawrence 60,433 

W.  Henry  Davis 32,915 

B.  F.    Smith    22,180 

FOR  CORPORATION   COMMISSIONER- 
STANLEY  Winborne 189,702 

E.  C.   Macon   102,718 

FOR  INSURANCE   COMMISSIONER — 

Dan    C.     Boney 206,878 

D.    W.    Morton 96,200 

SECOND  PRIMARY 
FOR  GOVERNOR— 

J.    C.    B.    Ehringhaus 182,055 

Richard  T.   Fountain 168,971 

FOR  COMMISSIONER  OF  LABOR— 

A.   L.   Fletcher 183,.r>l.'! 

Clarence   E.   Mitchell 114,971 


100 


Election  Returns 


DEMOCRATIC  PRIMARY  VOTE,  JUNE  7,  1930,  FOR 
UNITED  STATES  SENATOR 


Counties 


Alamance. . 
Alexander. . 
Alleghany. . 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick . 
Buncombe. 

Burke 

Cabarrus. . . 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham.. 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.  _ 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck... 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford.... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson.. 
Hertford... . 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 


1,262 

184 

2S4 

1.432 

366 

103 

1,346 

1,059 

1,193 

529 

5,892 

599 

527 

507 

397 

832 

919 

918 

527 

169 

474 

41 

1,667 

1.917 

3,279 

1,916 

357 

124 

771 

410 

1,428 

3,230 

1,533 

5,289 

1,239 

3,324 

390 

69 

1,074 

1 ,  183 

3.5S0 

1,308 

1,139 

1,446 

475 

912 

445 

639 

3,113 

254 

932 


X 


2,637 

657 
1.115 
2.407 
2.087 

154 
2,395 
1.669 
1,311 

68S 

10.062 

1,934 

1,636 

1.030 

728 
1.750 

779 
3.665 
1,839 
1.156 
1,061 

539 
4,105 
2,338 
1,514 
2,154 
1,168 

571 
3,732 

713 
1,688 
4,381 
2,466 
4,511 
2,332 
4,199 

587 

661 
2,654 
1,283 
6,610 
3,111 
2,594 
3,697 
1,848 

866 

952 

536 
2,573 
2,244 
2,376 


K 


Counties 


32 

6 

62 

29 

2 

2 

18 

3 

26 
24 
249 
6 
6 
4 
2 

16 
15 
26 
10 
o 

9 

3 

59 

107 

19 

31 

19 

0 

8 

4 

23 

71 

7 

50 

32 

72 

15 

7 

30 

19 

38 

21 

16 

35 

17 

10 

10 

16 

33 

11 

11 


Jones 

Lee.. 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg- . 

Mitchell 

Montgomery.  . 

Moore 

Nash 

New  Hanover. 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank... 

Pender 

Perquimans... 

Person 

Pitt. 

Polk.. 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania.. 

Tyrrell 

Cnion 

Vance 

Wake. 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 


Totals. 


2 


979 

,096 

,295 

747 

316 

252 

697 

553 

,989 

146 

652 

877 

,726 

,696 

,175 

,339 

656 

476 

835 

785 

473 

816 

,333 

374 

648 

,378 

,934 

,908 

,070 

,736 

718 

,186 

581 

496 

,057 

123 

251 

82 

,374 

,752 

,225 

,028 

431 

26S 

,644 

463 

,583 

517 

136 


129,875 


OS 


257 
1,057 
1,600 
2,038 
1,653 
1,110 
2,213 
1,680 
5,158 

585 
1,166 
1,538 
2,730 
1,769 
1,238 

752 
1,626 

773 
2,094 

784 

782 
1,443 
3,864 
1,212 
2,25S 
2,235 
2,808 
2,350 
3,623 
3,327 
1,323 
1,685 

968 

939 
2,397 
1,332 
1,523 

293 
3,381 
1,863 
7,572 
1,666 

587 

697 
2,799 
1,623 
2,517 

551 
1,000 


200,242 


Primary  Vote  for  Senatob 


10! 


DEMOCRATIC  PRIMARY  VOTE,  JUNE  4,  AND  JULY  2, 
1932,  FOR  UNITED  STATES  SENATOR— SHORT  TERM* 


Counties 


Alamance.. 
Alexander.. 
Alleghany.. 

Anson 

5srS'Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick., 
y  Buncombe.. 

Burke 

.Cabarrus 

Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck... 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe- 
Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville... 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.. 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston . . . 
Jones 


o 
m 


376 
283 
707 
880 
,841 
112 
290 
373 
668 

27 
508 

40 
356 

60 

33 

73 
124 
202 
955 
232 

53 

82 
388 
833 
284 
335 
113 

63 
318 
192 
452 
443 
199 
,566 
445 
254 
111 

86 
177 
469 
744 
612 
522 
399 

56 
402 
147 
287 
,022 
180 
491 
204 


O 


373 

25 

18 

215 

32 

12 

1,022 

201 

270 

94 

487 

61 

191 

767 

292 

91 

126 

217 

156 

194 

17 

79 

462 

521 

700 

377 

98 

21 

150 

41 

312 

206 

141 

1,437 

683 

1,398 

63 

26 

342 

349 

706 

243 

216 

137 

47 

93 

88 

396 

312 

196 

294 

412 


'rimary 

a 

-3 

CQ 

o 

a 

o 

& 

s 

& 

2,727 

1,174 

243 

260 

63 

53 

1,333 

2,063 

93 

34 

109 

39 

1,590 

1,920 

639 

1,135 

772 

1,253 

782 

336 

2,829 

9,915 

2,335 

717 

2,240 

2,071 

307 

237 

304 

441 

1,468 

611 

710 

774 

1,345 

759 

1,442 

401 

593 

576 

300 

1,186 

282 

196 

3,556 

2,976 

1,340 

2,335 

922 

2,630 

1,387 

3,313 

777 

792 

619 

185 

2,009 

1,996 

485 

156 

1,346 

1,262 

3,075 

4,568 

1,065 

3,062 

4,425 

3,207 

1,098 

1,867 

4,369 

2,231 

320 

322 

329 

119 

1,560 

1,511 

310 

1,164 

4,623 

5,366 

1,482 

4,322 

1,917 

1,537 

2,476 

2,984 

1,006 

1,475 

778 

653 

330 

945 

240 

342 

2,782 

2,116 

594 

1,309 

2,974 

1,799 

228 

386 

Second  Primary 


1,611 
489 
707 

1,508 
426 
104 

1,435 
764 

1,077 
427 

2,364 

1,457 

1,618 
366 
489 

1,030 
512 

1,103 

1,539 
327 
291 
333 

2,594 

1,228 
686 

1,111 
709 
601 

1,710 
558 
835 
701 
157 
193 


2, 

1, 

3, 

1,153 

3,038 

477 

183 

1,570 

411 

2,867 

1,285 

1,620 

1,802 

732 

723 

541 

513 

2,185 

472 

2.301 

231 


2,026 

7  in 

533 

3,169 

2,349 

16>> 

2,811 

1,413 

2,334 

582 

10,795 

1,745 

2,559 

1,339 

223 

747 

971 

2,645 

1,859 

1,243 

991 

471 

5,287 

3,498 

2,934 

3,571 

975 

285 

3,223 

503 

2,055 

5,024 

3,739 

4,658 

3,107 

4,828 

538 

362 

1,646 

1,263 

6,339 

4,243 

1,826 


106 
2,103 

730 
1 ,  103 

928 
3,801 
1,720 
3,140 

852 


102 


Election  Returns 


Democratic  Primary  Vote,  June  4  and  July  2,  1932,  for 
United  States  Senator — Short  Term — Continued 


First  Primary 

Second  Primary 

Counties 

V 

o 

n 

o 

a 

a 

*c 

o 

'JO 

-o 
"o 
c 
>> 

K 

c 
o 

GO 

"C 

I. 

o 

c 
03 

Lee 

545 

845 
268 
208 
142 
145 
453 
30.6 
192 
233 
345 
496 
192 
283 
704 

89 
298 
105 
130 
117 
162 
1,171 

94 
670 
UJ3 
545 
379 
477 
196 
268 
263 
192 
319 
360 
121 
147 

81 
608 
416 
1,370 
302 
196 
105 
608 
607 
625 
309 

49 

153 

996 

88 

70 

33 

234 

291 

789 

4 

190 

183 

600 

495 

312 

144 

162 

99 

80 

151 

49 

155 

441 

38 

132 

314 

1,760 

428 

518 

780 

123 

157 

110 

245 

317 

27 

18 

35 

382 

249 

1,770 

253 

437 

49 

394 

635 

363 

133 

18 

1,497 

897 

1,766 

457 

420 

713 

1,760 

8,213 

92 

945 

791 

1,320 

2,157 

1,973 

477 

1,053 

311 

1,516 

924 

602 

720 

2,182 

974 

1,193 

2,489 

4,104 

1,651 

3,567 

3,793 

1,032 

965 

1,385 

639 

2,458 

248 

400 

115 

2,468 

903 

4,906 

756 

310 

630 

2,703 

959 

1,466 

358 

803 

642 

2,519 

705 

56S 

809 

1,566 

1,000 

6,237 

121 

913 

1,931 

3,087 

3,970 

655 

755 

889 

488 

1,373 

747 

502 

637 

3,435 

696 

645 

1,965 

3,523 

1,439 

3,556 

1,630 

1,216 

1,401 

667 

314 

189 

435 

1,236 

207 

2,424 

2,140 

7,752 

1,338 

491 

270 

3,021 

579 

2,066 

169 

351 

906 

1,381 

1,342 

539 

268 

712 

896 

6,800 

98 

675 

823 

1,602 

1,620 

1,974 

547 

769 

519 

1,339 

731 

644 

919 

1,791 

687 

1,574 

2,084 

2,921 

904 

1,940 

2,179 

998 

952 

759 

361 

2,895 

97 

307 

104 

2,309 

1,122 

4,617 

785 

329 

963 

2,383 

1,170 

1,180 

418 

582 

1   644 

Lenoir 

3  765 

Lincoln 

1,635 

Macon..  

1  251 

Madison 

1  021 

Martin  .  

1,792 

McDowell 

1  819 

•/Mecklenburg 

8,330 

Mitchell.. 

362 

Montgomery 

1,550 

Moore 

Nash 

1,984 
4,560 

North  Hanover 

5,135 

Northampton 

1,003 

Onslow 

1,599 

Orange 

1,160 

Pamlico 

740 

Pasquotank 

1,966 

Pender 

847 

Perquimans 

733 

Person 

1,186 

Pitt 

4,838 

Polk _ 

1,105 

Randolph         

1,719 

Richmond 

2,387 

Robeson 

4,605 

Rockingham... 

Rowan 

1,974 
4,148 

Rutherford 

2,941 

Sampson 

2,062 

Scotland 

1,532 

Stanly 

1,067 

Stokes 

734 

Surry 

924 

Swain 

1,240 

Transylvania 

1,686 

Tyrrell 

211 

Union 

4,524 

Vance . 

2,577 

/  Wake 

9,271 

Warren 

1,531 

Washington. 

941 

Watauga 

767 

Wayne 

3,544 

Wilkes 

1,594 

Wilson 

3,911 

Yadkin 

443 

Yancey 

1,115 

Total 

37,748 

31,010 

143,179 

156,548 

120,428 

227,864 

*  Arthur  Simmons  received  4,341  votes  for  long  term  but  did  not  file  for  short  term. 


Primary   Vote   for    Senator 


Id:; 


REPUBLICAN  PRIMARY  VOTE  JUNE  4,  1932,  FOR 
UNITED  STATES  SENATOR 


Counties 

Jake  F. 
Newell 

George  W. 
DePriest 

Counties 

**"  — 
42 

V    t 

eft- 

CO 

150 

66 

62 

108 

255 

1,640 

47 

12 

57 

54 

1,716 

366 

202 

123 

2 

528 

2 

203 

178 

986 

3 

171 

200 

34 

39 

39 

4 

9 

763 

1,138 

68 

67 

16 

248 

26 

327 

5 

102 

15 

14 

353 

34 

140 

243 

332 

10 

11 

10 

304 

114 

76 

4 
2 

2 
2 

12 

341 

15 

1 

14 

3 

233 

9 

2 

8 

Jones 

7 

45 

27 

281 

152 

2,150 

17 

97 

251 

2,371 

219 

200 

46 

42 

27 

17 

61 

14 

17 

8 

15 

43 

35 

97 

587 

41 

79 

166 

590 

622 

1,763 

20 

246 

305 

164 

122 

291 

9 

80 

21 

116 

10 

14 

176 

48 

4,843 

87 

1,461 

134 

2 

Lee  . 

0 

Lenoir 

:t 

Lincoln 

5 

Ashe                     

Macon 

18 

Madison 

573 

Martin 

Bertie  .  

McDowell 

Bladen     

Mecklenburg 

6 

Brunswick 

Mitchell 

352 

Buncombe 

Montgomery  ..  

3 

Burke 

Moore 

17 

Cabarrus.  

Nash 

I 

Caldwell   . 

New  Hanover 

10 

Camden-  _. 

Northampton  . 

2 

65 
1 
6 
2 

518 

2 

Onslow 

1 

Caswell 

Orange 

2 

Catawba 

Pamlico     

1 

( 'herokee . 

Pender 

2 

Chowan 

Perquimans 

2 

Clay.  . 

Person  . 

3 

Cleveland 

28 
2 

14 
2 

7 

56 

226 

4 

2 

2 

22 

1 

12 

Pitt 

4 

Columbus 

Polk.. 

7 

Craven 

Randolph 

3 

C  umberland 

Richmond 

2 

Currituck 

Robeson 

4 

l>are .  

Rockingham 

9 

37 

Davie 

Rutherford 

20 

Duplin 

Sampson 

291 

Durham 

Scotland 

1 

Edgecombe .  

Stanly 

3 

Forsyth . 

Stokes.  .     

201 

Franklin  ...       

Surry 

33 

Gaston 

Swain..  .   

0 

Gates. 

Transylvania. 

6 

Graham. 

10 

3 
1 
28 
1 
4 

10 
17 

Tyrrell.. 

3 

Granville  . 

Union 

3 

Vance 

Wake 

23 

Halifax 

Warren 

1 

Washington 

1 

Haywood 

Watauga 

7 

Wayne 

23 

Hertford 

WiLes 

891 

Hoke 

1 

2 
19 
14 

8 

Wilson 

22 

Hyde. 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals 

313 

Iredell.. 

7 

Johnston  . 

29.906 

4,668 

104 


Election  Returns 


VOTE   FOR  GOVERNOR  BY   COUNTIES,   1920-1932 


Counties 


Alamance 

Alexander 

Alleghany 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Burke 

Cabarrus 

Caldwell 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba 

Chatham 

Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Cumberland.  _ 

Currituck 

Dare 

Davidson 

Davie... 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe... 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 


192(1 


L  - 


5,274 
2,000 
1,417 
3,340 
3,628 

403 
3,559 
1,886 
1,991 
1,311 
10,412 
3,314 
4,394 
2,953 

565 
2,094 
1,250 
5,424 
3,219 
1,762 
1,129 

763 
5,116 
3,313 
3,464 
3,316 

974 

846 
4,907 
1,634 
3,432 
4,706 
3,395 
8,250 
2,786 
7,220 

812 

655 
2,662 
1,664 
9,594 
3,540 
3,902 
4,227 
2,525 
1,165 
1,266 
1,170 
6,351 
2,398 
6,076 

999 


►=« 


4,624 
2,643 
1 ,  187 

422 
3,800 
2,497 
2,212 

147 
1,010 
1,381 
8,005 
3,566 
5,226 
3,222 

116 
2  292 
"'496 
5,912 
2,895 
2,474 

162 

913 
2,978 
1,655 

604 

1,849 

69 

624 
5,844 
2,583 
2,704 
3,494 


1924 


6,759 

552 

5,749 

294 

916 

793 

427 

7,788 

416 

3,318 

2,962 

3,604 

210 

156 

475 

4,194 

2,354 

5,336 

328 


4,934 
2,292 
1,648 
2,391 
4,350 

460 
3,081 
1,836 
1,691 
1,123 
10,826 
4,089 
4,539 
3,374 

396 
2,313 
1,074 
5,831 
3,271 
1,767 

733 
1,004 
3,789 
2,855 
3,081 
3,304 

639 

823 
6,558 
1,807 
2,981 
5,233 
2,437 
7,875 
1,987 
6,694 

664 

871 
2,218 
1,132 
9,236 
3,329 
3,336 
4,569 
3,066 

986 
1,160 

657 
6,505 
3,170 
4,727 

711 


TO 

B 


1928 


3,168 
2,429 
1,242 

209 

3,891 

2,151 

1,283 

85 

600 
1,247 
6,011 
3,227 
3,604 
2,466 

161 
1,832 

443 
6,028 
2,752 
2,317 
80 
1,124 
1,796 
1,428 

221 

1,093 

82 

638 
6,202 
2,680 
1,502 
2,752 
92 
5,256 

270 

3,467 

95 

906 

433 

151 
6,453 

185 
2,824 
2,375 
3,406 

108 

112 

352 
3,608 
2,779 
4,842 

150 


a 
-a 

h 
C3 

s  a 

oa 


5,600 
2,430 
1,048 
3,263 
4,097 

481 
4,062 
2,186 
2,185 
1,214 
15,393 
3,847 
5,991 
3,004 

696 
2,712 
1,257 
5,759 
3,352 
2,149 
1,084 

961 
6,453 
3,661 
3,744 
4,312 
1,288 

977 
7,223 
1,553 
3,361 
6,671 
4,662 
11,176 
3,118 
8,640 

755 
1,058 
3,241 
1,332 
13,523 
5,379 
4,219 
4,837 
3,881 
1,288 
1,321 

722 
6,539 
3,356 
5,931 

824 


1932 


3  I 
as  3 

rig, 
•  a 


6,160 
2,250 
1,214 

508 
3,994 
3,094 
2,122 

138 
1,433 
1,452 
14,493 
4,503 
5,948 
3,678 

118 
2,726 

451 
,053 


081 

058 

112 

012 

678 

2,865 

976 

2,531 

68 

717 

8,290 

2,784 

2,550 

5,964 

469 

9,893 

415 

8,698 

266 

1,192 

568 

329 

13,456 

371 

4,416 

4,019 

4,571 

122 

204 

406 

5,751 

3,382 

7,246 

301 


J3 


8,001 
2,941 
1,935 
4,250 
4,708 
1,033 
5,420 
3,141 
2,590 
2,187 

18,910 
5,898 
8,497 
5,505 
940 
3,456 
1,828 
8,391 
4,177 
3,336 
1,656 
1,331 
8,143 
5,167 
4,446 
5,091 
1,774 
1,327 
9,333 
2,418 
4,512 
8,075 
5,884 

14.557 
4,240 

12,927 
1,214 
1,349 
3,806 
2,477 

18,550 
6,464 
6,292 
6,936 
5,374 
1,855 
1,775 
995 
8.3S7 
4,379 
9,460 
1,416 


O   3 

ta  5. 
{JOS 


5.078 
2,047 

812 

209 
3,946 
2,650 

895 
45 

889 
1,870 
8,281 
4,981 
3,572 
3,785 
51 
1,782 

184 
5,879 
2,849 
3,184 
36 
1,284 
1,831 

733 

328 

871 
27 

478 
6,432 
2,663 
1,199 
2,384 

207 
5,688 

216 

5,223 

60 

1,224 

211 

89 

10,729 

222 

2,756 

2,986 

4,290 

81 

63 

132 
3,786 
2,878 
4,062 

119 


Vote  for  Governor 


105 


Vote  for  Governor  by 

Counties,  1920-1932 — Continued 

1920 

1924 

1928 

1932 

Counties 

a 

o 

X 

C 

u 
o 

2^ 

C    =3 

££ 

4>    O 

s§ 

«  2 
Oh   g 

.gS 

!<3 

e 
3 
►J 

a 

§s 

a 
-a 

<a 

S  a 

OQ 

=3 

g  s 

a 
J3 
bo 

a 

S 

m'g 

o% 
^Q 

"S 

£ 

.  a 
O  d 

""^ 
OPS 

2,319 

2,882 
3,326 
2,101 
1,330 
2,577 
2,821 
11,221 

736 
2,305 
2,708 
4,072 
4,342 
2,329 
1,578 
2,081 
1,291 
1,816 
1,611 
1,057 
1,629 
4,156 
1,387 
5,066 
3,219 
6,185 
4,469 
6,427 
5,092 
2,428 
1,671 
3,901 
2,001 
3,569 
1,418 
1,549 

717 
4,025 
2,459 
8,145 
1,891 
1,115 
1,753 
4,847 
2,884 
3,530 
1,355 
2,306 

1,155 

1,024 

3,127 

2,037 

3,609 

496 

2,563 

3,360 

2,235 

2,309 

2,242 

1,518 

472 

126 

822 

1,786 

1,011 

417 

672 

480 

1,582 

834 

1,349 

6,243 

1,131 

2,111 

3,592 

4,853 

4,002 

5,333 

296 

4,273 

2,899 

5,173 

2,252 

1,659 

535 

1,499 

804 

3,349 

244 

971 

2,600 

2,776 

6,453 

1,296 

3,295 

2,574 

1,862 
2,294 
2,948 
2,651 
1,430 
2,012 
3,084 
8,978 

747 
2,510 
2,872 
3,253 
5,295 
1,705 
1,163 
2,015 

909 
1,020 
1,219 

557 
1,603 
3,362 
1,659 
5,395 
2,719 
4,778 
4,481 
5,335 
5,170 
2,089 
1,511 
3,968 
2,298 
4,504 
1,795 
1,842 

493 
2,782 
2,271 
9,300 
1,827 

846 
2,405 
3,801 
3,563 
2,659 
1,389 
2,649 

677 

395 

2,679 

2,218 

3,110 

193 

2,557 

2,128 

1,604 

2,060 

1,848 

765 

558 

101 

364 

1,193 

393 

548 

208 

283 

1,004 

433 

1,407 

6,286 

504 

610 

2,569 

3,638 

3,842 

3,316 

138 

3,529 

2,490 

4,979 

2,177 

1,775 

599 

613 

357 

2,267 

94 

834 

2,747 

1,203 

6,148 

467 

2,880 

2,132 

2,110 
2,955 
3,503 
2,544 
1,316 
2,905 
3,859 
15,213 

985 
2,558 
3,051 
4,853 
4,695 
2,104 
1,426 
2,432 
1,069 
2,278 
1,547 

884 
1,425 
5,274 
1,828 
5,560 
3,679 
5,816 
4,667 
6,324 
5,312 
2,750 
2,036 
3,826 
2,444 
4,678 
1,895 
1,973 

540 
3,495 
2,901 
11,856 
2,363 
1,038 
3,199 
4,738 
3,506 
4,185 
1,284 
2,714 

1,176 

637 

3,752 

2,542 

3,558 

300 

3,222 

7,373 

3,316 

2,476 

3,165 

1,382 

2,129 

160 

755 

2,045 

810 

430 

770 

380 

910 

830 

1,645 

6,988 

1,470 

1,837 

4,713 

6,924 

5,121 

5,160 

341 

4,175 

3,560 

6,495 

2,335 

2,010 

462 

1,598 

895 

4,2(19 

136 

1,059 

2,792 

3,515 

7,394 

1,251 

3,641 

2,475 

3,019 
4,600 
4,403 
3,201 
2,677 
3,750 
4,829 

19,027 
1,732 
2,929 
4,299 
7,241 
6,615 
3,277 
2,562 
2,999 
1,418 
3,140 
1,992 
1,373 
2,419 
7,606 
2,426 
7,3.81 
4,749 
7,927 
7,490 
9,841 
8,298 
4,679 
2,608 
5,795 
3,565 
7,551 
2,384 
2,563 
830 
5,747 
3,825 

14,459 
2,707 
1,668 
3,376 
6,317 
5,628 
5,970 
'-' ,  759 
3,302 

750 

326 

3  819 

Macon 

2,331 
4,526 

Martin 

78 

McDowell -. 

2,503 

4,002 

Mitchell 

3,251 

2,279 

Moore 

2,485 

Nash 

668 

798 

124 

227 

Orange 

Pamlico 

1,093 
759 

167 

Pender 

233 
154 

Person 

600 

Pitt     

221 

Polk...             

1,467 

6,519 

741 

763 

Rockingham 

3,127 

4,545 

Rutherford.. 

4,718 

Sampson 

4,511 

Scotland.   ._   

191 

Stanly 

4,174 

Stokes 

2,915 

Surry .   

4,716 

Swain 

1,964 

Transylvania 

Tyrrell...             

1,728 
274 

Union . 

875 

294 

2,471 

Warren 

75 

675 

Watauga 

3,159 

Wavne 

1,649 

Wilkes 

6,7is 
528 

3.554 

Yancev .......  ..  

2,539 

Totals 

:iiis,i5l 

230,175 

294,441 

185,627 

362,009 

289,415 

497,657 

212,561 

10« 


Election  Returns 


VOTE  FOR  UNITED  STATES  SENATOR,  1924-1932 


Counties 


Alamance.. 
Alexander.  _ 
Alleghany. . 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. 
Buncombe.. 

Burke 

Cabarrus... 
Caldwell. .. 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba... 
Chatham... 
Cherokee... 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland.. 
Columbus.. 

Craven 

Cumberland 
Currituck.  . 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecombe. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford.... 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood... 
Henderson.  . 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 


1924 


o 
S 

.N 

si 


955 
297 
658 
404 
350 
461 
084 
836 
703 
130 
536 
097 
533 
383 
433 
311 
085 
845 
430 
765 
735 
008 
795 
848 
081 
316 
590 
837 
431 
813 
995 
200 
452 
871 
998 
693 
672 
865 
243 
136 
373 
342 
349 
569 
084 
985 
165 
676 
512 
13S 
787 
717 


*3 


3,180 
2,242 
1,220 

209 

3,891 

2,150 

1,276 

83 

584 
1,227 
5,982 
3,199 
3,596 
2,464 

136 
1,822 

439 
6,173 
2,731 
2,308 
79 
1,222 
1,789 
1,425 

221 

1,085 

36 

625 
6,191 
2,676 
1,498 
2,793 
87 
5,243 

268 
3,484 

194 

909 

430 

151 
6,435 

184 
2,823 
2,476 
3,252 

106 

112 

320 
3,600 
2,800 
4,826 

146 


1926 


co  S 


4,360 
2,320 
1,412 
1,694 
3,908 

416 
1,242 

729 
1,457 
1,173 
8,699 
3,550 
4,804 
2,893 

152 
2,389 

817 
5,171 
3,133 
1,842 

228 

S45 
3,040 
3,126 
1,237 
1,835 

346 

713 
6,144 
1,953 
2,100 
3,228 

794 
4,790 

843 
4,443 

950 

858 
1,006 

503 
6,589 
1,139 
3,278 
3,672 
3,273 

472 

753 

307 
4,774 
2,550 
6,079 

425 


C4 

a 


>Stf 


3,304 

2,203 

1,073 

64 

3,404 

1,499 

197 

21 

439 

1,026 

4,411 

3,185 

3,997 

1,580 

14 

1,112 

273 

4,688 

2,002 

2,063 

11 

952 

797 

1,002 

81 

902 

12 

508 

5,971 

2,450 

650 

1,213 

16 

2,849 

138 

2,054 

175 

976 

109 

31 

4,445 

109 

2,705 

1,568 

3,683 

31 

35 

54 

2,423 

2,624 

4,946 

30 


1930 


« 


M  o 

■3  a 


6,346 
2,471 
1,711 
2,122 
4,014 
399 
3,468 
1,423 
1,468 
1,584 
15,338 


4,581 
6,868 
4,844 

531 
2,936 

946 
7,225 
3,324 
2,378 

545 
1,243 
5,013 
2,673 
2,282 
2,691 

601 
1,037 
8,339 
1,893 
2,681 
4,803 
2,627 
7,971 
1,605 
10,855 

512 
1,218 
1,961 

793 
11,699 
3,487 
4.96S 
5,229 
3,920 

813 
1,070 

352 
7,393 
3,862 
8,367 

531 


1932 


5,550 

2,152 

1,386 

134 

3,629 

1,797 

1,260 

61 

514 

1,521 

12,413 


3,929 
4,305 
3,192 
51 
2,005 

226 
5,774 
2,626 
2,632 
23 
1,164 
2,360 
1,319 

685 

967 
13 

420 
6,832 
2,104 
1,047 
3,049 

209 
5,607 

170 

7,065 

79 

1,181 

203 

103 
9,641 

191 

3,248 

2,755 

3,981 

57 

86 

87 

4,256 

3,255 

5,175 

133 


2 
o 
a 
5. 
© 

si 

o  c; 

aid 


7,774 
2,875 
1,910 
4,156 
4,636 
1,027 
5,371 
3,089 
2,108 
2,156 

18,193 
5,817 
8,246 
5,340 
895 
3,407 
1,765 
8,143 
4,023 
1,303 
1,583 
1,318 
7,940 
5,046 
4,415 
4,916 
1,763 
1,233 
9,385 
2,285 
4,457 
7,731 
5,832 
7,322 
4,219 

12,423 
1,159 
1,347 
3,729 
2,461 

18,713 
6.3S4 
6,208 
6,679 
5,178 
1,782 
1,738 
968 
7,825 
4,324 
9,384 
1,417 


5,165 
2,104 

829 

276 
4,005 
2,729 

892 
66 

872 
1,797 
'8,989 
5,003 
3,741 
3,915 
66 
1,797 

222 
6,100 
2,901 
3,207 
43 
1,297 
2,052 

805 

357 

937 
29 

516 
6,606 
2,789 
1,258 
2,694 

253 
6,713 

214 

5,686 

83 

1,224 

242 

92 

10,119 

281 
2,807 
3,146 
4,363 

102 
75 

134 
4,234 
2,901 
4,146 

124 


Vote  fob  Senator 


107 


Vote  for  United  States  Senator,  1924-1932 — Continued 


Counties 


Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery. 

Moore 

Nash 

New  Hanover 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank... 

Pender 

Perquimans... 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford... 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. 

Tyrrell.. 

Union 

Vance 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington.. 

Watauga 

Wavne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 

Totals. 


1924 


Si 

fed 


874 
,285 

948 
,648 
,414 
,022 

082 
,970 

745 
,517 

878 
,281 

268 
,713 
,172 
,036 

909 
,317 
,229 

570 

639 

403 
,656 

452 
,724 

777 
,489 

350 

171 
,097 

498 
,959 
,314 

511 
,795 
,837 

648 
,782 
,263 
,318 
,829 

802 
,405 
,797 
,573 
,777 
,393 
,635 


295,404 


-*2  C3 

u 


675 

396 

2,673 

2,212 

3,045 

190 

2,543 

2,110 

1,604 

2,059 

1,849 

757 

501 

96 

364 

1,185 

393 

236 

209 

270 

982 

416 

1,408 

6,285 

503 

614 

2,573 

3,696 

3,847 

3,279 

145 

3,520 

2,485 

4,970 

2,177 

1,770 

448 

607 

354 

2,084 

94 

812 

2,659 

1,203 

6,147 

468 

2,874 

2,126 


184,393 


1926 


O  « 


Jtd 


1,374 

1,375 

3,115 

2,542 

955 

910 

2,934 

2,877 

429 

2,266 

2,091 

1,833 

1,050 

941 

744 

1,547 

436 

609 

681 

476 

1,124 

1,617 

1,711 

5,440 

2,414 

2,352 

3,188 

3,372 

3,909 

2,564 

716 

3,263 

2,137 

4,623 

1,876 

1,919 

500 

1,359 

1,382 

4,554 

1,033 

988 

2,923 

2,731 

3,550 

896 

935 

2,219 


218,934 


s 

>> 
a 
« 
.  a 

§3 


^ 


291 

277 

2,847 

2,079 

1,789 

38 

2,815 

424 

925 

1,465 

1,170 

242 

103 

118 

104 

741 

103 

84 

98 

72 

408 

127 

1,366 

5,487 

265 

252 

1,944 

1,561 

2,861 

2,620 

61 

2,879 

2,607 

4,607 

1,840 

1,908 

278 

228 

165 

493 

20 

618 

2,895 

997 

6,014 

110 

2,131 

2,259 


1930 


142,891 


« 


.2  a 


1,499 
1,922 
4,023 
2,829 
1,692 
1,732 
3,922 
7,678 

938 
2,352 
2,558 
2,699 
2,363 
1,660 
1,099 
1,616 
1,091 
1,785 

945 

663 
1,661 
3,232 
2.035 
5,602 
2,597 
4,041 
5,862 
7,622 
5,529 
3,015 
1,745 
4,633 
2,653 
6,449 
2,036 
2,383 

435 
2,266 
1,595 
7,540 
1,327 
1,139 
2,836 
4,400 
3,076 
2,544 
1,170 
2,793 

324,393 


s 

« 
.2 

s.§ 

O  Q, 


596 

367 

3,847 

2,400 

3,127 

59 

2,766 

4,106 

2,126 

2,007 

2,158 

448 

863 

109 

198 

,s95 

821 

316 

207 

105 

723 

367 

1,554 

5,785 

590 

564 

3,979 

4,946 


718 

,679 

171 

,141 

,631 

5,033 

2,232 

1,999 

156 

622 

239 

1,427 

65 

723 

2,755 

2,221 

4,022 

483 

2,267 

2,526 


210,761 


1932 


T3 

"3 
a 
>> 

v 

si 

O  4> 


,895 
,600 
,297 
,135 
,592 
,745 
,714 
,387 
,720 
,842 
,046 
,280 
,368 
,109 
,554 
,813 
,414 
,872 
,965 
,201 
,308 
,539 
,321 
,205 
,638 
,780 
,337 
,563 
,017 
,587 
,523 
,653 
,492 
,988 
,366 
,489 
801 
,757 
,791 
,558 
,633 
,632 
,260 
.217 
,680 
,972 
,719 
,275 


484,048 


— — 


300 

3,953 

2,387 

4,570 

90 

2,596 

5,740 

3,294 

2,332 

2,490 

593 

1,015 

149 

224 

1,237 

758 

272 

270 

209 

679 

246 

1,560 

6,385 

868 

858 

3,240 

4,677 

4,889 

4.606 

248 

4,290 

2,949 

4,822 

1,976 


1,797 

288 
1,014 

225 

2,292 

97 

703 
3,230 
1,724 
6,745 

536 
3,615 
2,577 


221,534 


3 


L08 


Election  Returns 


VOTE  FOR  MEMBERS  OF  CONGRESS,  1924-1932 

FIRST  CONGRESSIONAL  DISTRICT 


Counties 


Beaufort 

Camden 

Chowan 

Currituck. . 

Dare 

Gates 

Hertford... 

Hyde 

Martin 

Pasquotank. 
Perquimans 

Pitt 

Tyrrell 

Washington 

Total 


1924 


■Si 

3a 


3,097 
443 
708 
606 
80S 
668 
971 
712 

1,927 

1,178 
550 

3,285 
584 
849 


16,387 


pa 


a,  ps 


,193 

125 

69 

18 

559 

176 

81 

202 

173 

172 

235 

354 

380 

741 


4,478 


1926 


■f  a 

a  a 

3a 


1,235 
167 
232 
348 
785 
940 
471 
339 
880 
611 
478 

1,622 
496 
897 


9,501 


1928 


s  ° 
3a 


3,910 

691 
1,075 
1,284 
1,021 

749 
1,281 

718 
2,813 
2,145 

870 
5,019 

548 
1,016 


23,140 


to 


Sps 


2,037 
104 
133 
54 
659 
243 
108 
342 
292 
435 
370 
941 
448 

1,043 


7,209 


1930 


£ 


*5  2 

"2  S 

33  a 


3,749 
574 
559 
603 

1,187 
520 
857 
367 

1,736 

1,883 
709 

3,304 
479 

1,458 


17,985 


1932 


3 

O  £ 

<°  a 

a  o 

3a 


5,296 

912 

1,608 

1,765 

1,284 

1,179 

1,830 

980 

3,751 

2,977 

1,239 

7,504 

825 

1,640 


32,790 


033 


909 


40 

22 

490 

64 

69 

130 

78 

188 

153 

200 

280 

690 


3,313 


SECOND  CONGRESSIONAL  DISTRICT 

1924 

1926 

1928 

1930 

1932 

Counties 

L. 

t- 

c 
o 

t_ 

en 

a 
o 

U 

o 
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to  a 

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as 

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la 

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s  a 
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a  §. 

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paps 

Bertie 

1,844 

45 

736 

2,111 

104 

1,440 

50 

3,125 

35 

Edgecombe 

2,098 

30 

806 

4,483 

430 

2,523 

142 

5,850 

202 

Greene .. 

1,080 

113 

498 

1,243 

236 

805 

74 

2,465 

10 

Halifax 

3,219 

188 

1,161 

5,234 

332 

3,502 

137 

6,435 

206 

Lenoir 

2,092 

292 

1,374 

2,701 

553 

2,017 

284 

4,575 

276 

Northampton.. 

1 ,  734 

74 

1,033 

2,002 

124 

1,669 

85 

3,196 

111 

Warren 

1,761 

Ol 

987 

2,207 

144 

1,339 

37 

2,686 

56 

Wilson.. 

2,484 

370 

889 

4,148 

1,082 

2,692 

315 

5,993 

469 

Totals 

16,312 

1,169 

7,484 

24,129 

3,005 

15,987 

1,124 

34,325 

1,430 

Vote  for  Members  of  Oo.\<;kess 


100 


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Election  Returns 


VOTE  FOR  MEMBERS  OF  CONGRESS,  1932 

NEW  FIFTH  CONGRESSIONAL  DISTRICT 
(Created  in  1931) 


Counties 

Frank  W.  Hancock,  Jr. 
Democrat 

L.  L.  Wall 
Republican 

1,790 
14,290 
3,799 
2,375 
7,557 
3,535 
7,479 

196 

Forsyth            

5,676 

Granville - -- 

212 

594 

Rockingham 

3,057 

2,894 

Surry - 

4,697 

Totals 

40,825 

17,326 

NEW  SIXTH  CONGRESSIONAL  DISTRICT 
(Created  in  1931) 


Counties 

William  B.  Cmstead 
Democrat 

William  I.  Ward 
Republican 

7,813 

7,994 

19,284 

2,9S3 

5,275 

2,375 

Guilford                      

9,342 

1,101 

Totals 

38,074 

18,093 

Vote  for  Members  of  Congress 


113 


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11s  Election  Returns 

VOTE   ON   CONSTITUTIONAL   AMENDMENTS 
BY  COUNTIES,  1932 


Proposed  Amendments  to  the  Constitution  of  North  Carolina  sub- 
mitted to  a  vote  of  the  people  at  the  tieneral  Election  November  8, 
1932. 


Constitutional  Amendment  Adopted 

Amendment  to  Section  7,  Article  X — Protecting  Insurance  for 
wives   and    children   against  creditors    of    insured. 

Chapter  262,  Public  Laws,  1931. 

That  Section  7  of  Article  X  of  the  Constitution  of  North  Carolina 
be  amended  by  adding  at  the  end  thereof; 

And  the  policy  shall  not  be  subject  to  claims  of  creditors  of  the 
insured  during  the  life  of  the  insured,  if  the  insurance  issued  is 
for  the  sole  use  and  benefit  of  the  wife  and/or  children. 

Constitutional  Amendment  Rejected 

Amendment  to  Section  3,  Article  IV — Providing  for  Solicitorial 
Districts. 

Chapter  367,  Public  Laws,  1931. 

That  Section  23  of  Article  IV  of  the  Constitution  of  North  Caro- 
lina be  amended  to  read  as  follows: 

Sec.  23.  Solicitorial  Districts.  The  State  shall  be  divided  into 
twenty  solicitorial  districts,  for  each  of  which  a  solicitor  shall  be 
chosen  by  the  qualified  voters  thereof,  as  is  prescribed  for  members 
of  the  General  Assembly,  who  shall  hold  office  for  the  term  of  four 
years,  and  prosecute  on  behalf  of  the  State,  in  all  criminal  actions 
in  the  Superior  Courts,  and  advise  the  officers  of  justice  in  his 
district.  But  the  General  Assembly  may  reduce  or  increase  the 
number  of  districts. 

Constitutional  Amendment  Rejected 

Amendment  to  Section  24,  Article  IV — Making  term  of  office  of 
Sheriff  and  Coroner  four  years  instead  of  two. 

Chapter  47,  Public  Laws,  1931. 

That  Section  24  of  Article  IV  of  the  Constitution  of  North 
Carolina  be  amended  to  read  as  follows: 

Sec.  24.  Sheriffs  and  Coroners.  In  each  county  a  sheriff  and  a 
coroner    shall    be    elected    by    the    qualified    voters    thereof    as    is 


Vote  on  Constitutional  Amendments  119 

prescribed  for  the  members  of  the  General  Assembly  and  shall  hold 
their  offices  for  a  period  of  four  years.  In  each  township  there  shall 
be  a  constable  elected  in  like  manner  by  the  voters  thereof  who 
shall  hold  his  office  for  a  period  of  two  years.  When  there  is  no 
coroner  in  a  county  the  Clerk  of  the  Superior  Court  for  the  county 
may  appoint  one  for  special  cases.  In  case  of  a  vacancy  existing 
for  any  cause  in  any  of  the  offices  created  by  this  section  the  com- 
missioners of  the  county  may  appoint  to  such  office  for  the  un- 
expired term. 

Constitutional  Amendment  Rejected 

Amendment  to  Section  2,  Article  XII— Permitting  proposed  con- 
stitutional amendments  to  be  voted  on  at  a  special  election. 

Chapter  104,  Public  Laws,  1931. 

That  Section  2  of  Article  XIII  of  the  Constitution  of  North 
Carolina  be  amended  to  read  as  follows: 

Sec.  2.  How  the  Constitution  May  be  Altered.  No  part  of  the 
Constitution  of  this  State  shall  be  altered  unless  the  bill  to  alter 
the  same  shall  have  been  agreed  to  by  three-fifths  of  each  house  of 
the  General  Assembly.  And  the  amendment  or  amendments,  so 
agreed  to,  shall  be  submitted  either  at  the  next  general  election,  or 
at  a  special  election  to  be  called  for  the  purpose,  as  the  General 
Assembly  may  determine,  to  the  qualified  voters  of  the  whole 
State,  in  such  manner  as  may  be  prescribed  by  law.  And  in  the 
event  of  their  adoption  by  a  majority  of  the  votes  cast,  such  amend 
ment  or  amendments  shall  become  a  part  of  the  Constitution  of  the 
State. 


120 


Election  Returns 


VOTE  ON  FOREGOING  AMENDMENTS 


Counties 


Alamance- 
Alexander. 
Alleghany. 

Anson 

Ashe 


Avery 

Beaufort. .. 

Bertie 

Bladen 

Brunswick. 
Buncombe. 

Burke 

Cabarrus. . 
Caldwell... 

Camden 

Carteret 

Caswell 

Catawba.. . 
Chatham.. 
Cherokee.. 

Chowan 

Clay. 


Cleveland... 
Columbus.-. 

Craven 

Cumberland. 

Currituck 

Dare 

Davidson... 

Davie 

Duplin 

Durham 

Edgecoml>p-. 

Forsyth 

Franklin 

Gaston 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Greene 

Guilford 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson  _ . 

Hertford 

Hoke 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston 

Jones 

Lee 

Lenoir 

Lincoln 


Amendmen 

:  Protecting 

Amendment  Providing 

Insurance 

for  Wives 

for  Sol 

citorial 

and  Children 

Districts 

For 

Against 

For 

Against 

5,142 

1,942 

2,083 

2,460 

1,684 

1,078 

992 

1,240 

417 

845 

156 

921 

2,702 

913 

978 

1,859 

1,420 

2,883 

515 

3,015 

1,123 

622 

273 

761 

3,084 

1,748 

1,496 

2,223 

1,743 

668 

776 

1,231 

1,487 

1,442 

797 

1,789 

996 

383 

437 

463 

15,649 

3,932 

9,437 

6,753 

1.795 

1,543 

876 

1,781 

6,395 

1,939 

3,229 

2,929 

2,266 

2,714 

873 

3,356 

483 

133 

154 

78 

1,423 

236 

1,293 

425 

1,036 

347 

431 

575 

4,801 

2,260 

2,743 

2,518 

2,035 

2,285 

615 

2,791 

1.876 

1,317 

1,028 

1,777 

776 

347 

352 

542 

445 

124 

217 

133 

4,574 

2,481 

2,181 

3,533 

2,523 

1,723 

1,089 

2,495 

3,003 

597 

1,368 

1,002 

3,015 

1.663 

1,256 

2,537 

829 

452 

484 

566 

748 

119 

335 

153 

5,485 

4,744 

2.351 

5,794 

1,064 

531 

373 

732 

2,751 

1,527 

1,083 

1,901 

6,906 

1,352 

3,968 

2,263 

4,023 

843 

2,194 

1,541 

12,483 

2,207 

6,092 

4,589 

2,030 

1,527 

litis 

1,995 

10.598 

2,062 

5.447 

3,375 

534 

243 

115 

425 

486 

519 

562 

604 

2.089 

1,389 

1.252 

1,827 

1,096 

494 

460 

811 

15,648 

3,281 

7,885 

6,254 

3,504 

1,426 

2,434 

1,895 

3,223 

3,013 

1,096 

4,525 

5,169 

1,798 

2,836 

2,459 

4.191 

1,393 

2.345 

2,132 

1.573 

244 

554 

505 

939 

554 

332 

860 

405 

274 

208 

294 

5.034 

3,519 

2.160 

4,817 

2,884 

1,688 

1,910 

1,909 

5,246 

2,366 

2,587 

2,970 

784 

266 

225 

415 

1,750 

1,251 

729 

1,643 

2,837 

792 

1,273 

1,245 

2,022 

1,689 

948 

2,081 

Vote  on  Constitutional  Amendments  121 

Vote  on  Foregoing  Amendments — Continued 


Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg-. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery.. 

Moore 

N'asli 

N'ew  Hanover. 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange 

I'amlico..    

Pasquotank 

Pender 

Perquimans... 

Person 

Pitt 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly _. 

Stokes 

Surry.. 

Swain 

Transylvania.. 

Tyrrell 

I'nion 

Vance 

Wake _ 

Warren 

Washington. . . 

Watauga 

Wayne. 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey.. 


Counties 


Totals. 


Amendmen 

t  Protecting 

Amendment  Providing 

Insurance 

for  Hives 

for  Solicitorial 

and  Children 

Districts 

For 

Against 

For 

Against 

1,540 

766 

623 

1,132 

1,884 

1,113 

724 

1,521 

2,122 

655 

833 

1,199 

2,806 

1,408 

1.941 

1,686 

14,059 

3,460 

6,656 

6,233 

1,180 

708 

439 

979 

1,487 

1,751 

448 

2,139 

2,814 

1,643 

1,224 

2,458 

3,732 

2,069 

1,994 

2,835 

4,610 

713 

2,541 

1,328 

1,199 

1,398 

423 

1,564 

967 

855 

487 

988 

1,725 

1,005 

898 

1,207 

1,155 

289 

433 

502 

2,023 

423 

985 

935 

941 

717 

547 

749 

910 

174 

312 

2S7 

1,213 

675 

551 

820 

3,690 

2,789 

1,753 

3,798 

1,827 

991 

1,298 

1,385 

1,970 

5,375 

691 

5,551 

3,660 

813 

1,667 

1,673 

4,463 

2,356 

1,533 

3,834 

4,021 

1,287 

1,697 

1,877 

7,194 

2,785 

3,442 

3,752 

6,276 

3,095 

3,504 

4,242 

2,607 

2,015 

1,153 

2,372 

1,504 

554 

694 

840 

2,489 

2,428 

1,154 

2,973 

2,090 

1,290 

774 

1,570 

3,477 

2,114 

2,163 

2,442 

1,325 

346 

893 

486 

2,378 

501 

1,364 

837 

573 

244 

232 

304 

3,009 

1,571 

1,221 

2,197 

1,705 

850 

1.042 

1,010 

8,884 

5,141 

5,534 

6,237 

1,137 

998 

411 

1,306 

1,396 

402 

458 

667 

1,373 

1,964 

989 

2.043 

3,726 

2,115 

1,941 

3,006 

2,808 

1,861 

1.263 

2.464 

3,767 

1,032 

1,984 

1,567 

1,403 

1,542 

643 

1,666 

1,542 

1,439 

773 

1,455 

304,885 

145,448 

150,881 

199,903 

122  Election  Returns 

Vote  on  Foregoing  Amendments — Continunl 


Counties 

Amendment  Making 

Term  of  Office  of  Sheriffs 

and  Coroners  Four  Years 

Instead  of  Two 

Amendment  Permitting 

Constitutional  Amendments 

to  be  Voted  on  at  Special 

Election 

• 

For 

Against 

For 

Against 

Alamance- 

Alexander .   .   -   

3,431 
1,712 

456 

1,093 

750 

320 

1,632 

762 

680 

649 

x,534 

1,403 

4,874 

1,137 

292 

702 

593 

4,256 

766 

821 

450 

429 

3,316 

1,099 

1,232 

1,223 

597 

500 

3,009 

806 

1,430 

3,837 

3,009 

7,584 

694 

7,267 

166 

937 

1,798 

948 

9,358 

2,261 

846 

3,158 

3,014 

985 

536 

238 

2,394 

2,600 

2,671 

336 

854 

1,391 

3,532 

1,498 

1,031 

2,252 

3,633 

1,678 

3,115 

1,712 

2,243 

742 

11,488 

2,095 

3,772 

4,166 

399 

718 

867 

3,376 

3,395 

2,853 

645 

355 

4.661 

3,260 

2,183 

3,312 

738 

378 

6.713 

993 

2,392 

4,431 

1,854 

6,261 

2,555 

4,947 

689 

1,050 

1,896 

849 

8,670 

3,056 

5,088 

3,721 

2,979 

619 

887 

536 

6,395 

2,527 

4,822 

704 

2,042 

1,959 

2,477 

442 

199 

942 

662 

420 

1.410 

633 

731 

494 

10,239 

1,040 

3,326 

1,208 

387 

749 

520 

3,182 

2,794 
1,392 

Alleghany .   

Anson  _ 

Ashe ..     .     .-         .   

1,022 
2,042 
3,346 

Avery - 

Beaufort 

Bertie _     .. 

Bladen 

Brunswick.. .       . 

924 
2.596 
1,256 
1,927 

999 

Buncombe . 

7,400 

Burke 

Cabarrus .       .   .          -          . 

1,817 
3,332 

Caldwell 

3,308 

Camden 

210 

Carteret ..   -     

443 

Caswell - 

603 

Catawba 

2.854 

Chatham 

Cherokee -..     ..       .     .         .   

682               3 , 155 
3,711               1.886 

C  howan 

355 

248 

2.725 

1,144 

1,395 

1,175 

529 

415 

2,799 

470 

601 

Clay 

182 

Cleveland 

Columbus.. .   

3,602 

2,728 

Craven ..     . 

Cumberland. _ 

Currituck 

Dare 

Davidson ...       ..       _. 

1,431 

2,995 

583 

222 

5,823 

Davie .. 

811 

Duplin 

1,215               2.211 

Durham 

Edgecombe.- 

4,492 

1,956 

6,233 

472 

5,757 

149 

662 

1,237 

405 

S.974 

2,227 

1,328 

3,294 

2,631 

1,035 

369 

186 

2,499 

2,260 

1,807 

253 

691 

2,740 
2,112 

Forsyth 

5,654 

Franklin. 

2,145 

Gaston 

3,839 

Gates 

482 

Graham .       

740 

( !ran ville  . 

2,043 

Greene .   .   

787 

(iuilford 

7,254 

Halifax 

2,283 

Harnett - 

4,248 

Haywood 

2,758 

Henderson .     

2,259 

535 

Hoke... -.- 

913 

Hyde  .                 _._ 

425 

Iredell  

5,017 

2,098 

Johnston .     

4,055 

599 

Lee 

1,878 

Lenoir 

1,341               1,594 

Vote  on  Constitutional  Amendments 
Vote  on  Foregoing  Amendments — Continued 


123 


Lincoln 

Macon 

Madison 

Martin 

McDowell 

Mecklenburg.. 

Mitchell 

Montgomery.. 

Moore 

Nash 

Mew  Hanover . 
Northampton. 

Onslow 

Orange _ 

Pamlico 

Pasquotank... 

Pender 

Perquimans.  _. 

Person 

Pitt. 

Polk 

Randolph 

Richmond..    . 

Robeson 

Rockingham.. 

Rowan 

Rutherford 

.Sampson 

Scotland 

Stanly 

Stokes. _ 

Surry 

Swain 

Transylvania. . 

Tyrrell 

Union 

Vance. 

Wake 

Warren 

Washington 

Watauga 

Wayne 

Wilkes 

Wilson 

Yadkin 

Yancey 


Counties 


Amendment  Making 

Term  of  Office  of  Sheriffs 

and  Coroners  Four  Y'ears 

Instead  of  Two 


For 


,489 

955 

986 

,242 

,489 

,799 

681 

826 

,603 

,869 

.384 

797 

765 

,203 

343 

,187 

801 

440 

750 

,301 

,447 

,529 

093 

,694 

572 

843 

,130 

111 

876 

750 

502 

899 

770 

567 

174 

556 

204 

777 

714 

398 

488 

284 

331 

894 

906 


Totals . 


187,834 


Against 


2,566 
1,633 
2,375 
1,498 
2,448 
8,760 
1,877 
2,382 
2,911 
4,201 
2,299 
1,919 
1,325 
1,624 
1,050 
1,289 
1.070 

734 
1 ,  103 
4,479 
1,530 
6,185 
2,457 
4,803 
2,617 
5,103 
6,348 
3,175 
1,025 
3,810 
2,063 
3,142 
1.053 
1.534 

590 
3,574 
1,607 
S.705 
1,455 

958 
2,371 
3,731 
3,219 
3,135 
2,092 
2,901 


Amendment  Permitting 

Constitutional  Amendments 

to  be  Voted  on  at  Special 

Flection 


For 


275,458 


1.117 

776 

992 

797 

2.049 

7.586 

520 

776 

1,302 

1,873 

2,841 

481 

451 

1,003 

465 

1.143 

380 

267 

622 

1,555 

1,275 

765 

1,813 

1,603 

2,182 

4,080 

2,859 

1,099 

700 

1,397 

947 

2.296 

983 

1,401 

285 

1.616 

863 

4,248 

437 

391 

1,051 

2,019 

1,280 

2,235 

703 

892 


162,598 


Against 


2,238 

1,263 

1,552 

1,346 

1,876 

7,221 

1,121 

2,210 

2  801 

3,369 

1.956 

1,734 

1,093 

1,417 

639 

981 

973 

503 

His 

4,397 

1,342 

6,034 

1,901 

4,200 

2,1211 

4,387 

5,316 

2,624 

953 

3.236 

1,612 

2,745 

521 

986 

359 

2.330 

1,337 

8,400 

1,390 

761 

2.204 

3.376 

2,524 

1,664 

1 .  724 

1.645 


226,252 


PART  V 
BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES 


1.  Executive  Officials. 

2.  Justices  of  the  Supreme  Court. 

3.  Senators  and  Representatives  in  Congress. 

4.  Members  of  the  General  Assembly. 


BIOGRAPHICAL  SKETCHES 


EXECUTIVE  OFFICIALS 

J.  C.  B.  EHRINGHAUS 

GOVERNOR 

J.  C.  B.  Ehringhaus,  of  Pasquotank  County,  was  born  at  Elizabeth 
City,  N.  C,  February  5,  1882.  Son  of  Erskine  and  Carrie  C. 
(Matthews)  Ehringhaus.  A.B.  University  of  North  Carolina,  1901; 
LL.B.  1903;  Phi  Beta  Kappa  Scholarship  Society;  Delta  Kappa 
Epsilon;  Gimghoul.  Lawyer.  Member  of  House  of  Representatives 
1905  and  1907.  Solicitor  First  Judicial  District,  1911-1923.  Member 
North  Carolina  Bar  Association  and  American  Bar  Association. 
First  President  Elizabeth  City  Rotary  Club.  Episcopalian.  Married 
Miss  Matilda  Bradford  Haughton  of  Washington,  N.  C,  January 
4,  1912.  Three  children,  J.  C.  B.;  Jr.,  Haughton  and  Matilda  (twins). 
Address:     Raleigh,  N.  C. 

On  November  8,  1932,  he  was  elected  Governor  by  a  majority  of 
285,096,  the  largest  majority  ever  given  a  candidate  for  Governor 
in  North  Carolina,  and  the  largest  vote  ever  given  'any  candidate 
for  office  in  North  Carolina. 


STACEY   WILSON   WADE 

SECRETARY    OF    STATE 

Stacey  W.  Wade,  Democrat,  was  born  in  Morehead  City,  Au- 
gust 18,  1875.  Son  of  Captain  David  B.  and  Sarah  (Royal)  Wade. 
Attended  public  and  private  schools  of  Morehead  City.  General 
Insurance.  Was  Chief  Deputy  Insurance  Commissioner  for  twelve 
years  with  Col.  James  R.  Young,  Commissioner,  succeeding  him 
January  12,  1921,  as  State  Commissioner  of  Insurance;  was  Presi- 
dent of  Southern  Group  of  Securities  Commissioners,  Vice-President 
National  Association  of  (Blue  Sky)  Securities  Commissioners, 
President  of  Fire  Marshals'  Association  of  North  America  and  a 
member  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  National  Convention 
of  Insurance  Commissioners.  Resigned  as  Insurance  Commissioner 
November  15,  1927,  to  enter  private  business  in  Durham,  returning 
to  Raleigh  after  two  and  a  half  years.  In  the  primary  of  June  4, 
1932,    he    was    nominated    Democratic    candidate    for    Secretary    of 


L28  Biographical  Sketches 

State  by  a  majority  of  38,623  and  was  elected  November  8,  1932, 
by  a  majority  of  288,523,  the  largest  vote  ever  given  a  candidate 
for  Secretary  of  State.  Mason.  Methodist;  Steward.  Married 
Miss  Clyde  Mann,  of  Morehead  City  and  Hyde  County,  December 
7,  1905;  three  children,  Louis  Mann.  Elizabeth  Stacey  and  Clyde 
Mann.     Address:     Raleigh,  N.  C. 


BAXTER   DURHAM 

STATE    AUDITOR 

Baxter  Durham,  Democrat,  was  born  in  Durham,  N.  C,  August 
20,  1878.  Son  of  Columbus  and  Lila  (Walters)  Durham.  At- 
tended public  schools  of  Durham  and  Raleigh,  1S84-1892;  Raleigh 
Male  Academy,  1892-1894;  Wake  Forest  College,  1894-1895.  Trav- 
eling Auditor,  Department  of  State  Auditor.  Served  as  private, 
sergeant,  captain  and  major  in  National  Guard,  1907-1919.  Elected 
State  Auditor,  November  2,  1920;  reelected,  November  4,  1924; 
reelected,  November  6,  1928;  reelected,  November  8,  1932.  Presi- 
dent National  Association  of  State  Auditors,  Comptrollers  and 
Treasurers,  1923  and  1924,  1927  and  1928.  President  of  Tar  Heel 
Club,  Raleigh,  1932-1933.     Baptist.     Address:      Raleigh,  N.  C. 


CHARLES  M.  JOHNSON 

STATE  TREASURER 

Charles  Marion  Johnson,  Democrat,  of  Pender  County,  was  born 
April  9,  1891,  in  Burgaw,  N.  C.  Son  of  M.  H.  and  Minnie  (Norris) 
Johnson.  Attended  Burgaw  High  School,  Buie's  Creek  Academy, 
Bingham  Military  School.  Married  Miss  Ruth  Moore,  March  8, 
1920.  Deputy  Clerk  Superior  Court  Pender  County,  four  years; 
District  Tax  Supervisor,  3d  N.  C.  Tax  District,  two  years;  Field 
Auditor,  State  Auditor's  office,  one  year;  Deputy  State  Auditor, 
three  years;  Executive  Secretary,  County  Government  Advisory 
Commission,  four  years;  Director  Local  Government  from  March 
4,  1931,  to  November  17,  1932,  when  appointed  by  Governor  Gard- 
ner State  Treasurer  of  North  Carolina.     Address:   Raleigh,  N.  C. 


ARCH  TURNER  ALLEN 

SUPERINTENDENT  OF  PUBLIC   INSTRUCTION 

Arch    Turner   Allen,    Democrat,    was    born    in   Alexander    County 
on    January    10,    1875.      Son    of    George    J.    and    Mary    Elizabeth 


Executive  Officials  129 

(Campbell)  Allen.  Attended  the  one-teacher  school  at  Rocky 
Spring.  For  one  year  was  under  the  tutelage  of  Dr.  Brantley 
York.  Was  prepared  for  college  at  the  Vashti  High  School  and 
the  Patton  School  at  Morganton.  Graduated  from  the  University 
of  North  Carolina  in  1897;  D.  C.  L.  Elon  College,  1924;  LL.D. 
University  of  N.  C,  1927.  Member  of  the  Phi  Beta  Kappa  and 
Phi  Delta  Kappa.  Spent  one  term  at  Columbia  University.  Prin- 
cipal of  the  Statesville  Public  Schools,  1897-1904;  principal  Wash- 
ington, N.  C,  Public  Schools,  1904-1905;  principal  Dil worth  School, 
Charlotte,  1905-1907;  superintendent  of  the  Graham  City  Schools, 
1907-1910;  superintendent  Salisbury  City  Schools,  1910-1917;  mem- 
ber Text  Book  Commission,  1916;  member  State  Board  of  Ex- 
aminers and  Institute  Conductors,  1917-1919;  secretary  State 
Board  of  Examiners,  1919-1921;  director  Teacher  Training,  State 
Department  of  Education,  1921-1923;  appointed  Superintendent  of 
Public  Instruction,  June  11,  1923,  to  fill  unexpired  term  of  Dr. 
Brooks,  elected  Superintendent  of  Public  Instruction  on  Novem- 
ber 4,  1924;  reelected  November  6,  1928;  reelected  November  8, 
1932.  Identified  with  the  North  Carolina  Teachers'  Assembly  for 
many  years.  President  of  Department  of  City  Superintendents  in 
1915;  President  of  the  N.  C.  Teachers'  Assembly  in  1917;  Secretary, 
1919-1922;  President  of  the  National  Council  of  State  Superintend- 
ents and  Commissioners  of  Education,  1928.  Married  Miss  Claribel 
McDowell,  June  19,  1909.  Two  children,  Arch  Turner,  Jr.,  and 
Elizabeth  McDowell.  Methodist;  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.  Address:  Ral- 
eigh, N.  C. 


DENNIS  G.   BRUMMITT 

ATTORNEY  GENERAL 

Dennis  G.  Brummitt,  Democrat,  of  Granville  County,  was  born 
on  a  farm  in  Granville  County,  February  7,  1881.  Son  of  Thomas 
Jefferson  and  Caroline  (Bradford)  Brummitt.  LL.B.  of  Wake 
Forest  College,  1907.  Secretary  of  Granville  County  Democratic 
Executive  Committee,  1908-1910;  chairman,  1910-1914,  1922-1924. 
Member  of  State  Democratic  Executive  Committee,  1913-11)24; 
Chairman,  July,  1927-July,  1928.  Mayor  of  Oxford,  1909-1913.  Mem- 
ber Board  of  Town  Commissioners,  1913-1915.  Representative  in 
General  Assembly,  1915,  1917,  1919;  speaker  of  House  of  Repre- 
sentatives, 1919.     Trustee  Oxford  Graded  Schools,  1921-1925.    Dem- 


I  30  Biographical  Sketches 

ocratic  Elector,  1920.  Trustee  of  State  College,  1923-1925.  Trustee 
Wake  Forest  College,  1925.  Member  General  Board  Baptist  State 
Convention,  192G.  Elected  Attorney-General,  1924;  reelected  No- 
vember 6,  1928;  reelected,  November  S,  1932.  Mason;  Odd  Fellow; 
W.  O.  W.;  M.  W.  A.;  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.  Baptist.  Kiwanian.  Married, 
June  25,  1912,  Miss  Kate  Hays  Fleming.    Home  Address:     Oxord.  N.  C. 


WILLIAM   A.   GRAHAM 

COMMISSIONER     OF     AGRICULTURE 

William  A.  Graham,  Democrat,  of  Lincoln  County,  was  born  at 
old  Graham  homestead  in  same  county.  Son  of  Major  William  A. 
and  Julia  (Lane)  Graham.  Attended  Piedmont  Seminary,  Hor- 
ner Military  School,  and  University  of  North  Carolina.  Farmer. 
State  Senator  from  the  Twenty-fifth  Senatorial  District,  session 
1923;  Chairman  Committee  on  Agriculture  at  that  session.  Ap- 
pointed Commissioner  of  Agriculture  by  Governor  Morrison,  De- 
cember 26,  1923,  to  fill  unexpired  term  of  his  father,  deceased. 
Elected,  November  4,  1924,  to  succeed  himself  for  a  full  term;  re- 
elected, November  6,  192S;  reelected,  November  8,  1932.  Has  been 
active  in  Democratic  Party  all  his  life;  been  member  of  precinct 
executive  committee  since  becoming  twenty-one  years  of  age,  now 
chairman;  member  executive  committee,  Lincoln  County,  also  a 
former  member  of  the  State  Democratic  Executive  Committee. 
Member  executive  committee  Southern  Association  of  Commis- 
sioners of  Agriculture;  former  member  of  executive  committee  and 
president  of  National  Association  of  Commissioners,  Secretaries  and 
Departments  of  Agriculture;  Member  of  the  National  Conference 
on  Weights  and  Measures.  K.  of  P.  Baptist.  Address:  Raleigh. 
N.  C. 


ARTHUR  L.  FLETCHER 

COMMISSIONER     OF    LABOR 

Arthur  Lloyd  Fletcher,  Democrat,  was  born  in  Ashe  County, 
near  Jefferson,  July  7,  1881.  Son  of  Rev.  James  Floyd  and  Louisa 
(Parker)  Fletcher.  Attended  Oak  Hill  Academy  and  Bridle  Creek 
Academy,  in  Grayson  County,  Va.,  1897-1899;  Wake  Forest  College, 
B.A.  1907;  Wake  Forest  Law  School  and  University  Law  School, 
obtaining  law  license  in  1907.     Chief   Income   Tax   Division,   Office 


Executive  Officials  l.il 

Collector  Internal  Revenue,  Raleigh,  1919  to  1921;  Deputy  State  In- 
surance Commissioner,  1921  to  1922.  Captain  113th  F.  A.  30th 
Div.,  A.  E.  F.(  1917-1919.  Captain  N.  C.  National  Guard,  1920- 
1929;  Major  Ordnance  Corps,  N.  C.  N.  G.,  since  1929;  Major  U.  S. 
Officers  Reserve  Corps.  Member  of  American  Legion  since  its 
organization;  Department  Historian  for  ten  years;  Past  Commander 
Raleigh  Post  No.  1.  Mason.  Baptist.  Author  History  113th  F.  A., 
History  N.  C.  Department  of  the  American  Legion.  Married  Miss 
Mae  Pitzer,  of  Kernersville,  November  1.  1905.  Actively  engaged 
in  newspaper  work  from  1907  to  1916  with  Raleigh  Times,  Rock- 
ingham Post,  Durham  Sun,  Lexington  Dispatch,  and  Raleigh  rep- 
resentative of  Charlotte  Observer,  Asheville  Citizen  and  Winston- 
Salem  Journal;  on  the  Mexican  Border  with  the  National  Guard 
as  correspondent  of  the  News  &  Observer  and  army  field  clerk  at 
Brigade  Headquarters.     Address:    Raleigh,  N..  C. 


DANIEL    CLINTON    BONEY 

INSURANCE    COMMISSIONER 

Daniel  Clinton  Boney,  Democrat,  was  born  in  Elkin,  N.  C,  De- 
cember 6,  1895.  Son  of  H.  F.  and  Susan  (McKinnie)  Boney.  At- 
tended grammar  and  high  schools  of  Elkin  and  Kinston;  Univer- 
sity of  North  Carolina,  1922.  Lawyer.  Appointed  Insurance  Com- 
missioner by  Governor  McLean,  November  15,  1927,  to  fill  un- 
expired term;  elected  November  6,  1928;  reelected,  November  S, 
1932.  Served  in  World  War  with  113th  Field  Artillery,  A.  E.  F., 
June,  1917,  to  December,  1919.  Kappa  Sigma;  Junior  Order: 
Gimghouls,  University  of  North  Carolina.  Presbyterian.  Married, 
October  3,  1928,  to  Miss  Charlotte  Elizabeth  Johnson.  Address: 
Raleigh,  N.  C. 


ALLEN   J.    MAXWELL 

COMMISSIONER   OF   REVENUE 

Allen  J.  Maxwell  was  born  in  Duplin  County,  January  24,  1ST.'!. 
Son  of  Hugh  G.  and  Nancy  (Maready)  Maxwell.  Attended  Golds- 
boro  public  schools.  Mayor  Whiteville,  1898;  Clerk  State  Senate, 
1899;  Principal  Clerk,  1901-1910;  Clerk  N.  C.  Corporation  Com- 
mission, 1910-1917;  member  Corporation  Commission,  1917-1929; 
ex-officio,    Securities    Commissioner,    1925-1929;    President    National 


K52  Biographical  Sketches 

Association  Securities  Commissioners,  1927;  Vice-President  Na- 
tional Association  Railroad  and  Utilities  Commissioners,  1929. 
Appointed  Commissioner  of  Revenue  by  Governor  Gardner  in 
March,  1929,  until  January  1,  1933,  succeeding  Governor  R.  A. 
Doughton,  who  had  been  appointed  Highway  Commissioner.  Bap- 
tist. Married  Miss  Delia  May  Ward,  April,  1893.  Address: 
Raleigh,  N.  C. 


EDWIN  BEDFORD  JEFFRESS 

HIGHWAY    COMMISSIONER 

Edwin  B.  Jeffress,  was  born  in  Canton,  Haywood  County,  at  "Gar- 
den Creek,"  May  29,  1887.  Son  of  Charles  J.  and  Maria  Love  (Os- 
borne) Jeffress.  Attended  Salisbury  High  School;  graduated 
Asheville  High  School,  1903;  University  of  North  Carolina,  A.B 
1907.  Publisher  Greensboro  Daily  News  and  Greensboro  Record. 
Teacher,  1907-1909.  Reporter,  Asheville  Gazette-News,  1909-1911; 
Correspondent,  1911;  Business  Manager,  Secretary-Treasurer  and 
President  Greensboro  Neics.  1911-1918;  member  Associated  Press; 
American  Newspaper  Publishers'  Association;  Southern  News- 
paper Publishers'  Association;  Audit  Bureau  of  Circulations; 
North  Carolina  Press  Association,  Secretary-Treasurer,  1920- 
1921;  National  Advertising  Executives'  Association;  North  Caro- 
lina Advertising  Managers'  Association;  Vice-President  Greens- 
boro Chamber  of  Commerce,  1921,  President,  1922-1923;  Presi- 
dent Community  Chest,  1930.  Director  University  Alumni  Asso- 
ciation, 1924-1927;  North  Carolina  Bank  and  Trust  Company,  1929; 
Roaring  Gap,  Inc.,  1929;  Greensboro  Historical  Museum,  1927-1929. 
Mayor  Greensboro,  1925-1929;  President  World  War  Memorial 
Stadium  Commission;  member  County  Board  of  Health;  member 
Kiwanis  Club;  Merchants'  and  Manufacturers'  Club;  Greensboro 
and  Sedgefield  Country  Clubs.  Appointed  by  Governor  Gardner 
Chairman  of  the  Reorganized  State  Highway  Commission  in  May, 
1931,  until  April  1,  1935.  Mason;  Knight  Templar;  Shriner;  D. 
O.  K.  K.;  Moose;  Elks;  Phi  Beta  Kappa  honorary  society,  Uni- 
versity, 1907;  Sons  of  American  Revolution.  Episcopalian;  Vestry- 
man, 1922-1928;  Junior  Warden,  1926.  Married  Miss  Louise  Bond 
Adams,  July  17,  1913.     Address:     Greensboro,  N.  C. 


Justices  of  the  Supreme  Court  133 

JUSTICES  OF  THE  SUPREME  COURT 


WALTER   PARKER   STACY 

CHIEF    JUSTICE 

Walter  Parker  Stacy,  born  Ansonville,  N.  C,  December  26,  1884; 
son  of  Rev.  L.  E.  and  Rosa  (Johnson)  Stacy;  educated  Weaverville 
(N.  C.)  College,  1895-98,  Morven  (N.  C.)  High  School,  1899-1902, 
University  of  North  Carolina,  A.B.  1908,  attended  Law  School,  same, 
1908-09,  LL.D.  (hon.)  1923;  married  Maude  DeGan  Graff,  of  Lake 
Placid  Club,  N.  Y.,  June  15,  1929;  practiced  law  in  partnership  with 
Graham  Kenan,  1910-16;  represented  New  Hanover  County  in 
General  Assembly  of  N.  C,  1915;  Judge  Superior  Court,  8th  Judicial 
District,  1916-20;  elected,  1920,  Associate  Justice  Supreme  Court  of 
North  Carolina  for  full  term;  appointed  by  Governor  A.  W.  McLean, 
March  16,  1925,  to  succeed  Chief  Justice  Hoke  (resigned)  and  in 
1926  nominated  without  opposition  in  primary  and  elected  Chief 
Justice  Supreme  Court  for  8-year  term,  now  serving;  member 
American  and  North  Carolina  Bar  Associations,  General  Alumni 
Association  University  of  North  Carolina,  (president,  1925-26); 
lecturer  summers,  1922-25  inclusive,  in  Law  School  University  of 
North  Carolina,  tendered  deanship  of  same,  1923;  lecturer  North- 
western University  School  of  Law,  summer  sessions,  1926-27; 
named  by  U.  S.  Board  of  Mediation,  under  Railway  Labor  Act, 
as  neutral  arbitrator  to  serve  on  Board  of  Arbitration  (six  mem- 
bers) and  later  elected  chairman  of  board,  to  settle  wage  con- 
troversy between  the  Brotherhood  of  Locomotive  Engineers,  and 
certain  Railroads  in  Southeastern  Territory  of  U.  S.,  1927-28; 
appinted  by  President  Coolidge,  1928,  member  of  Emergency  Board 
of  five,  under  Railway  Labor  Act,  to  investigate  and  report  re- 
specting a  dispute  between  officers  and  members  of  the  Order  of 
Railway  Conductors  and  Brotherhood  of  Railway  Trainmen,  and 
certain  railroads  located  west  of  the  Mississippi  River;  named  by 
U.  S.  Board  of  Mediation,  January,  1931,  to  serve  as  neutral  arbi- 
trator, in  controversy  between  Brotherhood  of  Railroad  Trainmen 
and  New  York  Central,  the  "Big  Four,"  and  P.  &  L.  E.  Railroads, 
and  again  in  November,  1931,  to  serve  as  neutral  arbitrator  in  con- 
troversy between  Brotherhood  of  Railway  and  Steamship  Clerks, 
etc.,  and  Railway  Express  Agency.  Appointed  by  President  Hoover, 
1932,  member  of  Emergency  Board  of  three,  later  elected  chairman 


l.'il  Biographical  Sketches 

of  board,  to  investigate  and  report  concerning  a  number  of  questions 
in  difference  between  L.  &  A.  and  L.  A.  &  T.  Railways  and  certain 
of  their  employees.  Chairman  Commission  appointed  to  redraft 
Constitution  of  North  Carolina,  1931-32.  Methodist.  Democrat. 
Residence:     Wilmington,  N.  C;    Office:    Raleigh,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM   JACKSON   ADAMS 

ASSOCIATE  JUSTICE 

William  Jackson  Adams,  Democrat,  Associate  Justice  of  the 
Supreme  Court,  was  born  at  Rockingham,  January  27,  1860.  Son 
of  Rev.  S.  D.  and  Mary  (Jackson)  Adams.  A.B.,  University  of 
North  Carolina,  1881;  LL.D.,  1924.  Two-year  law  course  at  the 
University;  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1883  and  began  practicing  at 
Carthage.  Member  of  the  North  Carolina  House  of  Representa- 
tives in  1893;  of  the  State  Senate  in  1895  and  of  the  Board  of 
Internal  Improvements,  1899-1901.  Appointed  by  Governor  Glenn 
as  Judge  of  the  Superior  Court  succeeding  Judge  Walter  H.  Neal, 
resigned,  in  December,  1908,  and  elected  to  the  same  office  in  1910 
and  1918  for  a  term  each  of  eight  years.  Resigned  in  September, 
1921,  upon  appointment  by  Governor  Morrison  as  Associate  Justice 
of  the  Supreme  Court  succeeding  Justice  W.  R.  Allen,  deceased 
and  elected  to  the  same  office  in  1922  for  the  unexpired  term; 
elected  for  a  full  term  in  1926.  Member  of  the  American  and 
State  Bar  Associations.  Married  Miss  Florence  Wall,  of  Rocking- 
ham. Methodist.  Home  address:  Carthage,  N.  C;  Office,  Raleigh. 
N.  C. 


HERIOT  CLARKSON 

ASSOCIATE  JUSTICE 

Heriot  Clarkson.  Democrat,  of  Charlotte,  N.  C,  was  born  at 
Kingville,  Richland  County,  S.  C,  August  21,  1863.  Son  of  Major 
William  and  Margaret  S.  (Simmons)  Clarkson.  Educated  at  the 
Carolina  Military  Institute  of  Charlotte,  University  Law  School 
at  Chapel  Hill.  Licensed  by  the  Supreme  Court  of  North  Carolina 
to  practice  law,  1884.  Immediately  thereafter  began  the  practice 
of  law  at  Charlotte,  N.  C.  Alderman  and  Vice-Mayor  of  Char- 
lotte, 1887-88,  same  posts  in  1891-92.  In  1899  member  of  House 
of    Representatives,    known    as    "White    Supremacy    Legislature." 


Justices  of  the  Supreme  Court  L35 

In  that  Legislature  he  introduced  and  passed  in  the  House  a  bill 
which  resulted  in  the  establishment  of  the  Textile  Department  of 
the  State  College.  City  Attorney  of  Charlotte,  1901-04.  Twice 
codified  the  city  ordinances  of  Charlotte,  1887  and  1901;  legal  ad- 
viser under  administration  of  Mayor  T.  L.  Kirkpatrick.  Solicitor 
of  Twelfth  Judicial  District,  1904-10.  Author  of  "The  Hornet's 
Nest,"  appearing  in  the  North  Carolina  Booklet  of  October,  1901. 
Delivered  address  to  the  Society  of  the  Cincinnati  on  "The  Heroic 
Incidents  of  the  Life  of  General  Francis  Marion."  On  December 
10,  1889,  married  Mary  Lloyd  Osborne,  of  which  union  there  are 
four  living  children.     Mason;   life  member  Lodge  No.  31,  A.  F.  and 

A.  M.  at  Charlotte;  Noble  of  the  Mystic  Shrine  (Oasis  Temple); 
Knights  of  Pythias;  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.;  member  of  the  Society  of 
Sons  of  the  Revolution;  Society  of  the  Cincinnati,  and  the  Hugue- 
not Society  of  South  Carolina.  At  one  time  was  Lieutenant  of  the 
Hornet's  Nest  Riflemen  of  Charlotte.  Thirty  odd  years  director 
in  the  Charlotte  Y.  M.  C.  A.  One  of  the  original  founders  of 
the  Crittenden  Home  and  the  Mecklenburg  Industrial  Home  for 
Women.  For  many  years  a  director  of  the  Chamber  of  Commerce 
and  "Made  in  the  Carolinas"  Exposition.  Chairman  Anti-Saloon 
League  when  the  saloon  was  voted  out  of  Charlotte,  July  5,  1904. 
Also  President  Anti-Saloon  League  when  the  saloon  and  distillery 
were   voted    out   of   the    State    on    May    27,    1908.      Governor    Robt. 

B.  Glenn  presented  him  with  the  pen  with  which  he  signed  the 
Prohibition  Proclamation.  Trustee  State  Association  Y.  M.  C.  A. 
of  North  Carolina.  Was  Chairman  of  the  Good  Roads  Association 
Committee  that  drafted  the  tentative  good  roads  act  passed  by  the 
Legislature  of  1921  substantially  as  drawn.  He  drafted  the  Meck- 
lenburg Drainage  Act  and  was  the  leader  in  establishing  the  Bel- 
mont Vocational  School  at  Charlotte,  the  first  of  its  kind  in  the 
State.  Episcopalian;  built  St.  Andrew's  Chapel  in  Charlotte;  ves- 
tryman and  senior  warden  of  St.  Peter's  Protestant  Episcopal 
Church  for  many  years.  Appointed  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court 
of  North  Carolina  by  Governor  Cameron  Morrison,  May  2G,  1923; 
elected  for  unexpired  term  of  Justice  Piatt  D.  Walker;  elected 
November  2,  1926,  for  term  of  eight  years.  LL.D..  University  of 
North  Carolina,  1928.  Residence:  Charlotte,  N.  C;  Office.  Raleigh, 
N.  C. 


136  Biographical  Sketches 

GEORGE  WHITFIELD  CONNOR 

ASSOCIATE  JUSTICE 

George  W.  Connor  was  born  October  24,  1872,  at  Wilson,  X. 
C.  Son  of  Henry  Groves  and  Kate  Whitfield  Connor.  Preparer! 
for  college  by  Rev.  B.  S.  Bronson,  Wilson,  N.  C;  A.  B.,  University 
of  North  Carolina,  1892;  LL.D.,  University  of  North  Carolina. 
1928.  Member  of  the  House  of  Representatives  from  Wilson 
County,  1909,  1911,  1913;  Speaker  of  House  of  Representatives, 
1913;  Judge  Superior  Court,  1913-1924;  appointed  by  Governor 
Morrison  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court,  succeeding  Judge  Hoke: 
elected  Associate  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court.  1924;  reelected 
for  full  term,  November  6,  1928.  Married  Miss  Bessie  Hadley. 
Address:     Raleigh,  N.  C. 


WILLIS  JAMES  BROGDEN 

ASSOCIATE   JUSTICE 

Willis  James  Brogden,  Democrat,  Associate  Justice  of  the  Su- 
preme Court,  was  born  near  Goldsboro,  October  IS,  1877;  son  of 
Willis  H.  and  Virginia  (Robinson)  Brogden.  Attended  Goldsboro 
Graded  Schools.  1891-1894;  Ph.B.,  University  of  North  Carolina, 
1S9S;  Trinity  College  and  University  Law  School.  Licensed  to 
practice  in  1907.  Member  American  and  North  Carolina  Bar  As- 
sociations. Mayor  of  Durham,  1911-1915.  A.  F.  and  A.  M.:  Past 
Master  Durham  Lodge  No.  352;  member  Kiwanis  Club.  Appointed 
by  Governor  McLean  as  Associate  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court 
to  fill  the  unexpired  term  of  Judge  Varser;  elected  to  same  office 
for  the  unexpired  term,  November  2,  1926;  elected  for  the  full  term 
November  6,  1928.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Lila  Markham,  Janu- 
ary 9,  1917.     Home  address:    Durham,  N.  C. ;    Office,  Raleigh,  X.  C. 


Members  of  Congress  L3' 

UNITED  STATES   SENATORS 


JOSIAH  WILLIAM   BAILEY 

Josiah  William  Bailey,  Democrat,  of  Raleigh,  Wake  County, 
was  born  September  14,  1873,  in  Warrenton,  N.  C.  Son  of  Rev. 
Christopher  Thomas  Bailey  (Williamsburg,  Va.)  and  Annie  Sarah 
(Bailey)  Bailey  (Greenesville  County,  Va.)  Educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Raleigh,  Raleigh  Male  Academy  (Morson  and  Denson), 
and  Wake  Forest  College,  A.B.,  1893;  Wake  Forest  Law  School; 
also  private  study  of  law  under  S.  F.  Mordecai,  of  Trinity  Col- 
lege. Editor  Biblical  Recorder  1893-1907.  Licensed  to  practice 
law,  February,  190S.  Member  Wake  County  Bar  Association;  N. 
C.  Bar  Association;  American  Bar  Association.  United  States 
Collector  Internal  Revenue,  1913-1921;  Elector-at-Large  N.  C, 
1908;  member  North  Carolina  Constitutional  Commission,  1913- 
1914;  member  Raleigh  Township  School  Committee  and  Wake 
County  Board  of  Education.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Edith  Walker 
Pou,  1916;  five  children,  two  boys  and  three  girls.  Elected  to  the 
United  States  Senate  November  4,  1930,  for  the  term  beginning 
March  4,  1931,  by  a  majority  over  his  Republican  opponent  of 
113,632.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Senate  Committees  on  Commerce, 
Postoffices  and  Post  Roads,  Military  Affairs  and  Claims.  Home  ad- 
dress:   Raleigh,  N.  C. 


ROBERT  RICE  REYNOLDS 

Robert  Rice  Reynolds,  Democrat,  of  Asheville,  was  burn  June  IS, 
1S84,  in  Asheville,  N.  C.  Son  of  William  T.  and  Mamie  (Spears) 
Reynolds.  Educated  in  the  public  schools  of  Asheville,  Weaverville 
College  and  University  of  North  Carolina,  1902-1905;  University 
Law  School,  1907.  Lawyer,  Member  of  Buncombe  County  Bar 
Association  and  North  Carolina  Bar  Association.  Solicitor  loth  Ju- 
dicial District,  1911-1915;  Captain  Troop  "B,"  N.  C.  N.  G.,  1912- 
1916;  Junior  Order,  Pythian,  Elk,  Woodman,  Moose;  Beta  Theta 
Pi  College  Fraternity;  Methodist.  Author  of  "Wanderlust"  and 
"Gypsy  Trails."     Married  Miss  Eva  Brady. 

Nominated  in  the  Democratic  Primary  July  2,  1932.  for  United 
States  Senator  by  a  majority  of  107,436,  the  largest  majority  on 
record  in  a  Senatorial  primary. 


138  BlOGBAPHICAL  SKETCHES 

Elected  to  the  United  States  Senate  November  8,  1932,  for  the 
short  term  ending  March  4,  1933,  and  the  long  term  of  six  years 
beginning  March  4,  1933,  by  a  majority  over  his  Republican  op- 
ponent of  over  262,000,  the  largest  ever  given  in  North  Carolina  to 
a  Senatorial  candidate.  Two  children:  Robert  R.  Reynolds,  Jr.,  and 
Miss  Frances  Reynolds.     Home  address:   Asheville,  N.  C. 


REPRESENTATIVES   IN  CONGRESS 

LINDSAY  CARTER  WARREN 

(First  District — Counties:  Beaufort,  Camden.  Chowan,  Currituck, 
Dare,  Gates,  Hertford,  Hyde,  Martin,  Pasquotank,  Perquimans,  Pitt, 
Tyrrell  and  Washington.     Population  224,768.) 

Lindsay  Carter  Warren,  Democrat,  was  born  at  Washington, 
N.  C,  December  16,  1889.  Son  of  Charles  F.  and  Elizabeth  Mutter 
(Blount)  Warren.  Received  his  preparatory  education  at  Bingham 
School,  Asheville,  1903-1906.  Student  University  of  North  Carolina, 
1906-190S;  Law  School,  U.  N.  C,  1911-1912.  Admitted  to  the  bar, 
February,  1912.  Chairman  Democratic  Executive  Committee  of 
Beaufort  County,  1912-1925.  County  Attorney  of  Beaufort  County, 
1912-1925.  State  Senator,  1917  and  1919.  President  pro  tempore 
State  Senate,  1919.  Member  Code  Commission  compiling  Con- 
solidated Statutes,  1919.  Representative  from  Beaufort  County, 
1923.  Trustee  University  of  North  Carolina,  1921-1925.  Member 
Alpha  Tau  Omega  (College)  fraternity.  Elk.  Episcopalian.  Mar- 
ried Miss  Emily  D.  Harris,  February,  1916;  three  children.  Elected 
to  Sixty-ninth  Congress,  Seventieth  Congress,  Seventy-first  Con- 
gress, Seventy-second  Congress,  and  reelected  to  the  Seventy-third 
Congress.     Home   address:    Washington,    N.    C. 


JOHN   HOSEA   KERR 

{Second  District — Counties:  Bertie,  Edgecombe,  Greene,  Halifax, 
Lenoir,  Northampton,  Warren  and  Wilson.     Population,  276,794.) 

John  Hosea  Kerr,  Democrat  of  Warrenton,  was  born  at  Yancey- 
ville,  N.  G,  December  31,  1873.  Son  of  Capt.  John  H.  Kerr,  of 
the  Confederate  Army,  and  Eliza  Katherine  (Yancey)  Kerr.  Was 
a  student  in  Bingham  School,  and  graduated  from  Wake  Forest 
College,  North  Carolina,  with  degree  of  A.B.,  in  1895;  studied 
law  and  was  admitted  to  the  bar  in  1895,  when  he  moved  to  War- 


Members  of  Congress  139 

renton  and  entered  upon  the  practice  of  his  profession.  Married 
Miss  Ella  Foote,  of  Warrenton,  and  they  have  two  sons — John 
Hosea  and  James  Yancey.  Elected  Solicitor  of  the  Third  District 
and  served  eleven  years;  while  solicitor,  was  elected  Judge  of  the 
Superior  Court  and  served  seven  years.  While  serving  on  the 
bench,  was  nominated  for  Congress  to  succeed  Hon.  Claude  Kitchin, 
deceased,  and  was  elected  at  a  special  election  held  November  6, 
1923,  only  one  vote  being  cast  against  him.  Elected  to  the  Sixty- 
ninth,  Seventieth,  Seventy-first  and  Seventy-second  Congresses  and 
reelected  to  the  Seventy-third  Congress.  Home  address:  Warren- 
ton, N.  C. 


CHARLES  LABAN  ABERNETHY 

( Third  District — Counties:  Carteret,  Craven,  Duplin,  Jones, 
Onslow,  Pamlico,  Pender,  Sampson  and  Wayne.  Population, 
226,465.) 

Charles  Laban  Abernethy,  Democrat,  from  the  Third  District, 
was  born  at  Rutherford  College,  N.  C,  March  18,  1872.  He  is  the 
son  of  Rev.  Turner  Abernethy  and  Martha  Ann  Scott  Abernethy. 
He  was  educated  at  Mount  Olive  preparatory  schools,  Rutherford 
College,  and  the  Law  School  of  the  University  of  North  Carolina. 
Lawyer.  Member  of  the  Kiwanis  Club  of  New  Bern  and  New  Bern 
Chamber  of  Commerce.  County  Attorney  of  Carteret  County, 
1896.  Presidential  elector,  1900  and  1904.  Solicitor  Third  and  Fifth 
Judicial  Districts  for  about  twelve  years.  Elected  to  the  Sixty- 
eighth,  Sixty-ninth,  Seventieth,  Seventy-first  and  Seventy-second 
Congresses,  and  reelected  to  the  Seventy-third  Congress.  Odd 
Fellow,  K.  of  P.,  B.  P.  0.  E.,  Red  Men,  Jr.  0.  U.  A.  M.,  Woodmen 
of  the  World,  Mason,  Shriner.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Minnie 
May,  in  1895.  Has  one  son,  Charles  L.  Abernethy,  Jr.,  now  practic- 
ing law   with  him.     Home  address:    New  Bern.  N.  C. 


EDWARD   WILLIAM   POU 

(Fourth  District — Counties:  Chatham,  Franklin.  .Johnston,  Nash. 
Randolph,  Vance  and  Wake.     Population,  322,346.) 

Edward  William  Pou,  Democrat  of  Johnston  County,  was  born 
ut  Tuskegee,  Ala.,  September  9,  1863.  Son  of  Edward  W.  and 
Anna  Maria   (Smith)   Pou.     Was  married  to  Carrie  Haughton  Ihrie 


140  Biographical  Sketches 

in  1887  and  has  three  living  children.  Presidential  Elector  in  1888 
Elected  Solicitor  of  the  Fourth  Judicial  District  of  North  Caro 
lina  in  1890,  1894  and  1898.  Elected  to  the  Fifty-seventh,  Fifty 
eighth.  Fifty-ninth,  Sixtieth,  Sixty-first,  Sixty-second,  Sixty-third 
Sixty-fourth,  Sixty-fifth,  Sixty-sixth,  Sixty-seventh,  Sixty-eighth 
Sixty-ninth,  Seventieth,  Seventy-first  and  Seventy-second  Congresses 
Reelected  to  Seventy-third  Congress.  Home  address:  Smithfield 
N.  C. 


FRANKLIN  WILLS  HANCOCK.  Jr. 

(Fifth  District — Counties:  Caswell,  Forsyth,  Granville.  Person, 
Rockingham,    Stokes,    Surry.      Population,    293,779.) 

Franklin  Wills  Hancock,  Jr.,  only  son  of  Franklin  Wills  Han- 
cock and  Lizzie  Hobgood  Hancock,  was  born  in  Oxford,  Granville 
County,  North  Carolina,  on  November  1,  1894.  He  graduated 
from  the  Oxford  Graded  Schools  at  the  age  of  thirteen;  attended 
Horner  Military  Academy  for  one  year,  and  completed  his  educa- 
tion at  the  University  of  North  Carolina.  In  1915-16  he  served 
as  secretary  to  his  uncle,  Colonel  Frank  Hobgood  of  Greensboro, 
Special  Assistant  to  the  Attorney  General  of  the  United  States. 
In  August,  1916.  he  received  his  license  to  practice  law,  and  has 
continued  the  practice  of  his  profession  in  Oxford  since  that  time. 
In  1924  he  was  elected  Chairman  of  the  Democratic  Executive 
Committee  of  Granville  County,  and  in  the  same  year  was  also 
elected  Presidential  Elector  of  the  Fifth  District  of  North  Caro- 
lina. He  was  elected  without  opposition  to  the  State  Senate  in 
1926,  to  represent  the  Twenty-first  District,  composed  of  Granville 
and  Person  counties,  and  in  1928  was  elected  without  opposition 
to  represent  Granville  County  in  the  State  House  of  Representa- 
tives. He  was  recognized  as  a  leader  in  both  sessions,  and  was 
co-author  of  the  school  bill  which  bears  his  name.  He  is  recognized 
as  one  of  the  leading  business  men  in  his  section  of  the  State. 
He  is  a  director  of  and  attorney  for  The  First  National  Bank  of 
Granville;  vice  president  of  the  Granville  Real  Estate  and  Trust 
Company,  and  trustee  of  the  Colored  Orphanage  of  North  Caro- 
lina. He  is  a  Mason,  Shriner,  a  member  of  the  North  Carolina 
Bar  Association,  of  Kappa  Alpha  Fraternity;  is  an  ex-service 
man,  and  is  a  member  of  the  Oxford  Rotary  Club,  and  of  the 
Baptist  Church.     In  1917  he   was  married  to  Lucy  Osborn  Landis. 


Members  of  Congress  141 

oldest  daughter  of  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Charles  Hamlin  Landis  of  Oxford. 
He  is  the  father  of  six  children.  On  November  4,  1930,  he  was 
elected  to  the  Seventy-first  Congress  to  fill  the  unexpired  term 
of  Major  Charles  Manly  Stedman,  and,  at  the  same  time,  was  elected 
to  the  Seventy-second  Congress.  Reelected  to  the  Seventy-third 
Congress.     Home  address:  Oxford,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM    BRADLEY    UMSTEAD 
(Sixth     District — Counties:     Alamance,     Durham,     Guilford     and 
Orange.     Population,  263,517.) 

William  Bradley  Umstead,  Democrat,  of  Durham,  was  born  in 
Durham  County,  May  13,  1895.  'Son  of  John  W.  and  Lulie 
(Lunsford)  Umstead.  Educated  at  Durham  High  School,  University 
of  North  Carolina,  A.B.  1916;  Law  School  Duke  University  1919- 
1920.  Lawyer.  Member  Durham  County  Bar  Association  and  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association.  Prosecuting  Attorney  Durham  County 
Recorder's  Court,  1922-1926.  Solicitor  Tenth  Judicial  District,  1926- 
1933.  First  Lieutenant  317th  Machine  Gun  Battalion,  81st  Division. 
Engaged  in  actual  service  in  France,  1917  to  April,  1919.  Junior 
Order;  Pythian;  Mason.  Methodist;  Steward  and  Teacher  of  Men's 
Bible  Class.  Married  Miss  Merle  Davis  of  Rutherford  County, 
September  5,   1929.     Address:    Durham,   N.   C. 


JEROME  BAYARD  CLARK 

(Seventh  District — Counties:  Bladen,  Brunswick,  Columbus,  Cum- 
berland, Harnett,  New  Hanover  and  Robeson.     Population,  268,579.) 

Jerome  Bayard  Clark,  Democrat  of  Fayetteville,  was  born  April 
5,  1882,  in  Elizabethtown.  Son  of  John  Washington  and  Catherine 
Amelia  (Blue)  Clark.  Educated  at  Clarkton  High  School,  1900- 
1902;  Davidson  College;  University  of  North  Carolina  Law  School, 
1906.  Lawyer.  Representative  in  General  Assembly  from  Bladen 
County,  1915.  Presidential  Elector  Sixth  District,  1916.  Member 
of  State  Judicial  Conference,  1924-1928.  Mason;  Knights  of  Pythias. 
Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Helen  Purdie  Robinson,  June  2,  1908; 
four  children.  Elected  to  Seventy-first  and  Seventy-second  Con- 
gresses. Reelected  to  the  Seventy-third  Congress.  Home  address: 
Fayetteville,  N.  C. 


142  Biographical  Sketches 

JOHN   WALTER   LAMBETH,   Jk. 
(Eighth   District — Counties:    Anson,  Davidson,  Davie,  Hoke,  Lee, 
Montgomery,   Moore,   Richmond,  Scotland,   Union,  Wilkes  and  Yad- 
kin.    Population,  316,614.) 

John  Walter  Lambeth,  Jr.,  Democrat,  was  born  in  Thomasville, 
January  10,  1896.  Son  of  John  W.  and  Daisy  (Sumner)  Lambeth. 
A.B.  Trinity  College,  1916;  post  graduate  work  Harvard  School 
of  Business  Administration,  1916-1917.  State  Senator,  1921.  Mayor 
f  Thomasville,  1925-1929.  Enlisted  as  private  and  served  with 
first  American  Army  at  St.  Mihiel  and  Meuse-Argonne,  World  War. 
Rotarian.  Mason;  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.;  P.  O.  S.  A.;  Sons  of  the  American 
Revolution;  American  Legion;  Kappa  Sigma.  Methodist.  Furni- 
ture Manufacturer,  banker  and  farmer.  Elected  to  the  Seventy- 
second  Congress  and  reelected  to  the  Seventy-third  Congress. 
Home  Address:   Thomasville,  N.  C. 


it 


ROBERT    LEE    DOUGHTON 

(Ninth  District — Counties:  Alexander,  Alleghany,  Ashe,  Cabar- 
rus, Caldwell,  Iredell,  Rowan,  Stanly  and  Watauga.  Population, 
262,213.) 

Robert  L.  Doughton.  Democrat,  Laurel  Springs,  was  born  at 
Laurel  Springs,  November  7,  1S63.  Educated  in  the  public  schools 
and  at  Laurel  Springs  and  Sparta  High  Schools.  Farmer  and 
stock  raiser.  Appointed  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Agriculture  in 
1903.  Elected  to  the  State  Senate  from  the  Thirty-fifth  District 
in  1908.  Served  as  a  director  of  the  State  Prison  from  1909  to 
1911.  Elected  to  the  Sixty-second,  Sixty-third,  Sixty-fourth,  Sixty- 
fifth,  Sixty-sixth,  Sixty-seventh,  Sixty-eighth,  Sixty-ninth, 
Seventieth.  Seventy-first  and  Seventy-second  Congresses.  Re- 
elected to  the  Seventy-third  Congress.  Home  address:  Laurel 
Springs,  N.  C. 


ALFRED    LEE    BULWINKLE 

(Tenth  District — Counties:  Mecklenburg,  Gaston,  Cleveland, 
Lincoln,  Catawba,  Burke,  Madison.  Mitchell,  Yancey  and  Avery. 
Population,  414,808.) 

A.  L.  Bulwinkle,  Democrat,  Gastonia,  Gaston  County,  N.  C, 
born    April    21.    1883.      Attended    school    at    Dallas,    N.    C.      Studied 


Members  of  Congress  143 

law  at  University  of  North  Carolina  under  private  instructor. 
Lawyer.  Prosecuting  Attorney  Municipal  Court  of  City  of  Gas- 
tonia,  1913-1916.  Nominated  as  Senator  for  the  General  Assembly 
by  the  Democratic  Party,  1916,  withdrew  on  account  of  military 
service  on  the  Mexican  Border.  Captain  First  Infantry,  N.  C.  N.  G., 
1909-1917.  Major,  commanding  Second  Battalion,  113th  F.  A.,  55th 
F.  A.  Brigade,  30th  Division,  1917-1919. 

Married  Miss  Bessie  Lewis,  Dallas.  N.  C,  1911;  two  children, 
Frances  McKean  and  Alfred  Lewis.  Served  on  various  commit- 
tees of  the  Democratic  Party  from  1904-1920.  Member  of  Gaston 
Post  No.  23,  American  Legion.  Mason,  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.,  Member 
of  North  Carolina  and  American  Bar  Associations;  Lion.  Lutheran. 
Elected  to  Sixty-seventh,  Sixty-eighth,  Sixty-ninth,  and  Seventieth 
Congresses,  defeated  for  reelection  to  the  Seventy-first  Congress 
and  reelected  to  the  Seventy-second  Congress.  Reelected  to  the 
Seventy-third  Congress.     Home  address:    Gastonia,  N.  C. 


ZEBULON    WEAVER 

(Eleventh  District — Counties:  Cherokee,  Buncombe,  Clay,  Gra- 
ham, Haywood,  Henderson,  Jackson,  McDowell,  Macon,  Polk, 
Rutherford,  Swain,  Transylvania.     Population  293,392.) 

Zebulon  Weaver,  Democrat  of  Buncombe  County,  was  born  in 
Weaverville,  N.  C,  May  12,  1872.  He  is  the  son  of  W.  E.  and 
Hannah  E.  (Baird)  Weaver.  A.B.  of  Weaverville  College,  1889. 
Studied  law  at  the  University  of  North  Carolina,  1894.  Lawyer. 
Represented  Buncombe  County  in  the  General  Assembly  of  North 
Carolina  in  1907  and  1909.  State  Senator,  1913  and  1915.  After 
a  close  contest  with  James  J.  Britt,  Republican,  in  1916,  was 
declared  elected  Representative  in  the  Sixty-fifth  Congress.  Elected 
to  the  Sixty-sixth,  Sixty-seventh,  Sixty-eighth,  Sixty-ninth  and 
Seventieth  Congresses.  Reelected  to  the  Seventy-second  and  to  the 
Seventy-third  Congresses.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Anna  Hyman 
of  New  Bern.  N.  C.  Has  five  children.  Home  address:  Asheville. 
N.    C. 


MEMBERS  OF  THE  GENERAL  ASSEMBLY 

SENATORS 


ALEXANDER  HAWKINS  GRAHAM 
PRESIDENT  OF  THE    SENATE 

Alexander  Hawkins  Graham,  Democrat,  Lieutenant-Governor,  was 
born  in  Hillsboro,  August  9,  1890.  Son  of  John  W.  and  Maggie  F. 
(Bailey)  Graham.  Educated  in  the  Episcopal  High  School, 
Alexandria,  Va.,  1906-1908.  A.B.  University  of  North  Carolina,  1912. 
Attended  University  of  North  Carolina  Summer  Law  School  1912- 
1913  and  Harvard  Law  School,  1913-1914.  Lawyer.  Member  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association.  Commissioned  Second  Lieutenant  at 
Fort  Oglethorpe  in  1917;  promoted  to  First  Lieutenant  and  then 
to  captain,  serving  overseas  with  the  81st  Division.  Member  of 
the  House  of  Representatives,  1921,  1923,  1925;  Speaker  of  House 
of  Representatives,  1929.  Elected  Lieutenant  Governor,  November 
8,  1932.  Episcopalian.  Married  Miss  Kathleen  Long  in  August,  1917. 
Address:  Hillsboro,  N.  C. 


JOHN    WILL    AIKEN 

(Twenty-fifth  District — Counties:  Catawba,  Iredell  and  Lincoln. 
One  Senator.) 

John  Will  Aiken,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-fifth  Senatorial  Dis- 
trict, was  born  in  Hickory,  December  3,  1895.  Son  of  Joseph  Henry 
and  Martha  (Robinson)  Aiken.  A.B.  Lenoir-Rhyne  College,  1915. 
University  of  North  Carolina  Law  School,  1915-1916.  Lawyer.  Mem- 
ber the  American  Bar  Association  and  the  North  Carolina  Bar 
Association.  Attorney  for  city  of  Hickory,  1926;  Municipal  Judge, 
1929-1930;  County  Attorney  Catawba  County,  1930;  Chairman 
Democratic  Executive  Committee,  Catawba  County,  1929-1932. 
Sergeant  N.  C.  Cavalry,  Troop  A,  1916-1917.  Border  service.  First 
Lieutenant  (Pilot)  U.  S.  Air  Service.  A.  E.  F.  September  1917- 
January,  1919.  Pi  Kappa  Alpha,  Tau  Chapter.  American  Legion, 
Post  Commander,  1925.  Kiwanis  Club;  President  Hickory  Club. 
1930.  German  Reformed  Church.  Married  Miss  Annie  Killian,  June 
18,  1924.     Address:     Hickory,  N.  C. 


State  Senators  145 

DUDLEY  WARREN  BAGLEY 

(First  District — Counties:  Camden,  Chowan,  Currituck,  Gates, 
Hertford,  Pasquotank  and  Perquimans.    Two  Senators.) 

Dudley  Warren  Bagley,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  First 
Senatorial  District  was  born  at  Moyock,  April  18,  1889.  Son  of 
Raleigh  Old  and  Eva  Berryman  (Dudley)  Bagley.  Attended  Trinity 
Park  School,  Durham  1906-1908;  Trinity  College,  1909-1910;  School 
of  Engineering,  University  Virginia,  1911-1912.  Farmer.  Received 
certificate  of  Meritorious  Service  to  Agriculture  from  North  Caro- 
lina State  College,  1931.  Trustee  of  University  of  North  Carolina. 
Member  Currituck  County  Highway  Commission,  1925-1929.  Second 
Lieutenant  U.  S.  Army,  Infantry  and  Machine  Gun  School,  World 
War.  Kappa  Alpha  College  Fraternity.  Married  Miss  Ida  Frost 
Bray,  September  10,  1917.     Address:   Moyock,  N.  C. 


CARL  LeROY  BAILEY 

(Second  District — Beaufort,  Dare,  Hyde,  Martin,  Pamlico,  Tyrrell 
and  Washington.     Two  Senators.) 

Carl  LeRoy  Bailey,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Second  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  at  Roper,  October  30,  1898.  Son  of  Benjamin  F. 
and  Sarah  F.  (Williams)  Bailey.  Attended  Roper  Graded  School 
and  Roper  High  School  1906-1916;  Wake  Forest  College,  1916-1919, 
receiving  LL.B.  degree  June.  1919.  Lawyer.  Judge  of  Washington 
County  Recorder's  Court  1919-24.  Represented  Washington  County 
in  the  House  in  1925.  Served  in  World  War  from  October,  1918 
to  December,  1919.  Mason.  Warden  and  Master  of  lodge.  Bap- 
tist.    Married  Miss  Vivian  Putnam  in  1922.     Address:   Roper,  N.  C. 


J.   ABNER   BARKER 

(Ninth  District — Counties:  Duplin,  New  Hanover,  Pender  and 
Sampson.     Two  Senators.) 

J.  Abner  Barker,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Ninth  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  in  Robeson  County,  October  26,  1884.  Son  of 
W.  P.  and  Mary  Atwood  (Warwick)  Barker.  Completed  Back 
Swamp  High  School  in  1900.  Wake  Forest  College,  B.A.  1905: 
Wake  Forest  Law  School  1907-1908.  Lawyer.  Member  N.  C.  Bar 
Association  and  Sampson  County  Bar  Association.  Vice  Presideni. 
Eagle  Furniture  and  Carpet  Co.,  Lumberton,  1907-1908:  Vice  Pres- 
to 


141)  Biographical  Sketch  es 

ident,  Coharie  Bank  of  Roseboro,  1916-1918.  Member  Board  of 
Commissioners  Roseboro,  1915-17;  Chairman  Board  of  Trustees 
Roseboro  Graded  School,  1914-1922;  Mayor  of  Roseboro,  1918;  Judge 
of  Sampson  County  Recorder's  Court,  1928-1932.  Mason;  Junior 
Order;  Knights  of  Pythias;  Red  Men;  Ind.  Order  of  Foresters. 
Senior  Warden  and  Past  Master  of  Roseboro  Lodge.  Past  Pres- 
ident Roseboro  Rotary  Club.  Baptist.  Deacon  since  1920;  Super- 
intendent of  Sunday  School  since  1914.  Married  Miss  Florence 
Marie  Butler,  May  1,  1912.  Member  of  Board  of  Trustees  of  Pine- 
land  Junior  College  for  Women,  Salemburg.  Address:  Roseboro, 
N.  C. 


JOHN   DAY   BEATTY,    Jr. 

(Tenth  District — Counties:  Bladen,  Brunswick,  Columbus  and 
Cumberland.     Two  Senators.) 

John  Day  Beatty,  Jr.,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Tenth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Bladen  County,  February  7,  1892. 
Son  of  Neil  McLaurin  and  Elizabeth  (Corbett)  Beatty.  Attended 
Westminster  Preparatory  School,  1913-1914;  White  Oak  High  School. 
1911-1912;  University  of  North  Carolina  Law  School.  Lawyer. 
Judge  Recorder's  Court  of  Bladen  County,  1926-1930;  County 
Solicitor.  Land  Appraiser  for  U.  S.  Government,  1920,  Camp  Bragg 
Territory.  Volunteered  in  Army,  Navy,  Q.  M.  C,  and  was  turned 
down  on  account  of  physical  disability.  Member  General  Assembly, 
1925.  Member  Atkinson  Lodge  No.  612  A.  F.  &  A.  M.;  Jr.  0.  U.  A.  M. 
Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Beulah  Lee  Cooper,  July  14,  1926.  Ad- 
dress:  Elizabethtown,  N.    C. 


JOSEPH  OSCAR  BELL 

(Twenty-seventh  District — Counties:  Cleveland,  Henderson,  Mc- 
Dowell, Polk  and  Rutherford.     Two  Senators.) 

Joseph  Oscar  Bell,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-seventL 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Antreville,  S.  C,  December  26,  1865. 
Son  of  P.  N.  and  P.  Minerva  Bell.  Attended  Union  and  Little  River 
Academies,  1877-1882;  Perry's  and  Atkinson's  Business  College,  Greeiv 
ville,  S.  C,  1SS3-1S84.  Retired  from  business.  Member  Board  of 
Education  Henderson  County,  1916-1920;  County  Road  Board,  1920- 
1924.    Baptist.    Deacon.    Clerk  First  Baptist  Church,  Charlotte.  1888- 


State  Senators  147 

1893;  Tuxedo  Baptist  Church  since  1907.     Married  Miss  Lillie  Dur- 
ham, January  16,  1896.    Address:  Tuxedo,  N.  C. 


JETER   M.    BLACKBURN 

(Twenty-fourth  District — Counties:  Davie,  Wilkes  and  Yadkin. 
One  Senator.) 

Jeter  M.  Blackburn,  Republican,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-fourth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Wilkesboro,  November  12,  1904. 
Son  of  E.  M.  and  Myrtle  (Edwards)  Blackburn.  Attended  Georgia 
Military  Academy,  1922-1923;  LL.B.  Wake  Forest,  1928.  Lawyer. 
City  Attorney  North  Wilkesboro  since  1930.  Baptist.  Married  Miss 
Edna  McFee,  August  2,  1931.     Address:   North  Wilkesboro,  N.  C. 


CLARENCE  ERNEST  BLACKSTOCK 
(Thirty-first  District — County:  Buncombe.  One  Senator.) 
Clarence  Ernest  Blackstock,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Thirty- 
first  Senatorial  District  was  born  in  Buncombe  County,  April  21, 
1889.  Son  of  Thomas  Weaver  and  Cora  Lee  (Sams)  Blackstock. 
Attended  Flat  Creek  School  and  Mars  Hill  College,  Graduated 
1909.  Wake  Forest  College  Law  School;  A.B.  University  of  North 
Carolina,  1915.  Special  course  in  Law,  University  Chicago.  Lawyer. 
Member  Buncombe  County  Bar  Association  and  the  North  Caro- 
lina Bar  Association.  Member  Buncombe  County  Board  of  Educa- 
tion, 1920-1922.  Commander  Kiffin  Rockwell  Post  American  Legion; 
Secretary  Asheville  Chapter  R.  C,  1922;  O.  T.  C.  Fort  Oglethorpe 
and  Overseas,  Eighty-first  Division,  First  Lieutenant.  Treasurer 
Lions  Club.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  May  Carter,  October  26,  1925. 
Address:   Asheville,  N.  C. 


DAVID  HENRY  BLAND 

(Eighth  District — Counties:  Johnston  and  Wayne.  Two  Senators.) 
David  Henry  Bland,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Eighth  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  in  Burgaw  January  5,  1883.  Son  of  J.  T.  and 
Lorena  (Williams)  Bland.  Attended  Oak  Ridge  Institute  1899- 
1900  and  Wake  Forest  College  1904,  B.A.  and  M.A.  degrees;  Wake 
Forest  Law  School  1907-1908.  Lawyer.  Member  of  State  Bar 
Association.  Judge  of  County  Court  of  Wayne  County  from  its 
establishment  in  1913  to  January,  1933.    Thirty-second  degree  Mason; 


I  Is  Biographical  Sketches 

Baptist.     Married  Miss  Lizzie  Moore  of  Greenville,  April  24,   1912. 
Address:  Goldsboro,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM  KENDALL  BOGGAN 

(Nineteenth  District — Counties:  Anson,  Stanly  and  Union.  Two 
Senators.) 

William  Kendall  Boggan,  Democrat,  Senator  from  Nineteenth  Dis- 
trict, was  born  near  Wadesboro,  December  7,  1866.  Son  of  John 
A.  and  Melvina  M.  (Kendall)  Boggan.  Attended  Anson  Institute. 
Sophomore  University  of  North  Carolina,  leaving  to  go  to  work. 
Deputy  Clerk  Superior  Court.  Secretary  Hargrave  &  Leak  Manu- 
facturing Co.,  1899-1909.  Mayor  Wadesboro,  1896-1898;  1909-1910. 
Clerk  Superior  Court  Anson  County,  1910-1930.  Mason.  Master 
Kilwinning  Lodge  No.  64,  1914-1923;  Scottish  Rite  32d  degree; 
Shrine,  Oasis  Temple,  Charlotte;  Junior  Order  United  American 
Mechanics;  Consul  Commander,  Woodmen  of  the  World,  twenty 
years;  Worthy  Patron,  Order  of  the  Eastern  Star.  Methodist. 
Steward  and  lay  leader.  Teacher  Men's  Wesley  Bible  Class  since 
January,  1918.  County  Historian.  Author  of  Colonial  History  of 
Anson  County  and  Life  of  Col.  Thomas  Wade.  Married  Miss  Virginia 
Little   McMurray,  December   18,   1901.     Address:    Wadesboro,   N.   C. 


LAUGHLIN   MeLAURIN   BLUE 

(Eighteenth    District — Counties:     Davidson,    Montgomery,    Rich- 
mond and  Scotland.     Two  Senators.) 

Laughlin  McLaurin  Blue,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Eighteenth 
Senatorial  District.  Was  born  in  Marlboro  District,  S.  C,  1865. 
Son  of  Angus  and  Mary  Ann  (McLaurin)  Blue.  Educated  at 
Laurinburg  High  School,  1878-1882;  A.B.  Davidson,  1886.  Farmer. 
Superintendent  Schools  Scotland  County,  1904-1906.  Member  State 
Board  of  Equalization,  1927-1931.  Member  Board  of  Directors, 
State  Hospital,  Goldsboro  since  1921.  State  Senator,  1917,  1921, 
1925  and  1929.  Member  House  of  Representatives,  1893  (from 
Richmond)  1915.  Elder  in  Presbyterian  Church.  Married  Miss 
Mattie  James  Mason,  1892.     Address:   Gibson,  N.  C. 


State  Senators  14!t 

WILLIAM   ALEXANDER   BROWN 

(Ninth  District — Counties:  Duplin,  New  Hanover,  Pender  and 
Sampson.     Two  Senators.) 

William  Alexander  Brown,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Ninth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  at  Rocky  Point,  November  25,  1875. 
Son  of  Bryan  and  Annie  (James)  Brown.  Attended  Public  Schools 
Pender  County,  1881-1892;  Davis  Military  Academy,  1893-1894; 
Southern  Business  College,  Atlanta,  1896.  Farmer.  County  Com- 
missioner, 1904-1906.  Chairman  County  Board  of  Education,  1912- 
1918.  Chairman  Local  Draft  Board  during  World  War.  Appointed 
member  Board  of  Agriculture  by  Governor  Morrison  and  reappointed 
by  Governor  Gardner.  Presidential  Elector,  1924.  State  Senator, 
1921.  Mason  and  Shriner.  Married  Miss  George  Ennett,  December 
23,  1896.  Seven  children,  four  boys  and  three  girls.  Address:  Rocky 
Point,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM   OLIN   BURGIN     . 

{Eighteenth  District — Counties:  Davidson.  Montgomery,  Rich- 
mond and  Scotland.     Two  Senators.) 

William  Olin  Burgin,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Eighteenth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  at  Marion,  July  28,  1877.  Son  of 
Merrett  and  Mary  Elizabeth  (Smith)  Burgin.  Attended  Rutherford- 
ton  Military  Institute,  1903-1904;  University  Law  School,  1913. 
Lawyer.  Member  North  Carolina  Bar  Association.  Mayor  of  Thomas- 
ville,  1908-1909.  Representative  in  General  Assembly,  1931.  Mason; 
Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics;  Knights  of  Pythias. 
Methodist — Steward.  Married  Miss  Edith  Leigh  Greer,  December 
1912.     Address:    Thomasville,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM  GRIMES  CLARK 

(Fourth  District — Counties:  Edgecombe  and  Halifax.  Two 
Senators.) 

William  G.  Clark,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Fourth  Senatorial 
District.  Was  born  in  Tarboro,  April  28,  1877.  Son  of  William 
S.  and  Lossie  (Grist)  Clark.  Attended  Horner's  School,  1891- 
1893;  University  of  North  Carolina,  1893-1897.  Member  D.  K.  E. 
Fraternity.  Fertilizer  supply  merchant  and  farmer.  President 
Tarboro  Ginning  Co.;    Cotton   Belt  Land  Co.,  Vice  President  Edge- 


150  Biographical  Sketches 

combe  Homestead  Building  and  Loan;  Director  and  member  Finance 
Committee,  Tarboro  Unit,  North  Carolina  Bank  and  Trust  Co.; 
Director  Jefferson  Standard  Life  Insurance  Co.,  Greensboro;  mem- 
ber Board  of  Trustees,  Edgecombe  General  Hospital;  Chairman 
of  the  Executive  Committee  Board  of  Directors  of  State  Hospital, 
Raleigh;  member  Board  of  Town  Commissioners,  Tarboro,  1901- 
1907;  Chairman  Board  of  County  Commissioners,  1914-1920.  Dele- 
gate to  National  Democratic  Convention,  Baltimore,  1912  and 
Chicago,  1932.  Member  Board  University  Trustees.  Director 
Regional  Agricultural  Credit  Loan  Bank,  Raleigh.  State  Senator, 
1527,  1929  and  1931.  Episcopalian.  Married  Miss  Ruth  Duval 
Hardisty,  April   17,  1901.     Address:    Tarboro,  N.   C. 


HAYDEN  CLEMENT 

{Twenty-first  District — County:  Rowan.  One  Senator.) 
Hayden  Clement,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-first  Senatorial  Dis- 
trict. Was  born  in  Mocksville,  September  25,  1879.  Son  of  Louis 
H.  and  Mary  C.  (Buehler)  Clement.  Attended  Salisbury  High 
School;  Horner's  Military  School;  University  of  North  Carolina, 
1899-1903;  University  Law  School,  1903.  Lawyer.  Member  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association.  Delegate  to  National  Democratic  Con- 
vention, Baltimore,  1912.  Assistant  Attorney  General,  1907-1909; 
Solicitor  Fifteenth  Judicial  District,  1914-1923.  Mason;  Junior  Order 
United  American  Mechanics;  Sigma  Nu  Fraternity.  State  Senator, 
1931.  Episcopalian;  Junior  Warden  and  Vestryman.  Married  Miss 
Clay  W.  Croxton,  Winchester,  Ky.,  June  25,  1913.  Address:  Salis- 
bury, N.  C. 


ARTHUR   BENJAMIN   COREY 

(Fifth  District— County:   Pitt.     One  Senator.) 

Arthur  Benamin  Corey,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Fifth  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  at  Winterville,  Pitt  County,  December  10, 
1891.  Son  of  James  Henry  and  Sudie  D.  (Tucker)  Corey.  Attended 
Winterville  High  School,  1907-1910.  University  of  North  Carolina 
1915-1917.  Lawyer  and  Farmer.  Member  and  Secretary  Pitt  County 
Bar  Association  since  1924;  member  North  Carolina  Bar  Association. 
Corporal  Battery  "C"  113th  Field  Artillery,  August  1,  1917-August  28, 
1918.  Personnel  Sergeant  Hq.  Co.  113  F.  A.  August  28,  1918  to 
April  3,  1919.     Member  Greenville  Lodge  248  A.  F.  and  A.  M.;   Tar 


State  Senators  151 

River  Lodge  No.  93  Knights  of  Pythias;  Commander,  1929; 
Withlacoochie  Tribe  No.  35  Improved  Order  of  Red  Men;  District- 
Sachem,  1932.  Methodist.  Teacher,  Carson  Wesley  Bible  Class. 
Post  Adjutant  Raleigh  Post  No.  1  American  Legion,  1920;  Post 
Commander  1921;  Vice  Commander  Department  of  North  Carolina 
American  Legion,  1928;  Post  Commander  Pitt  County  Post  No.  39, 
1929;  Post  Commander  Veterans  Foreign  Wars,  Post  No.  2615,  1932. 
Married  Miss  Hazel  Norman  Kennedy,  April  7,  192S.  Address: 
Greenville,  N.  C. 


THOMAS   SCOTT  CROSS 

(Thirteenth  District — Counties:  Chatham,  Lee  and  Wake.  Two 
Senators. ) 

Thomas  Scott  Cross,  Senator  from  the  Thirteenth  Senatorial  Dis- 
trict, was  born  in  Moore  County,  January  9,  1881.  Son  of  Thomas 
M.  and  Mamie  (Scott)  Cross.  Attended  schools  in  Sanford  and 
Broadway.  Real  Estate  and  Insurance.  Ex-Member  Rotary  Club. 
Mayor  of  Sanford,  1918.  Captain  Co.  M,  3d,  N.  C.  N.  G.  Mason, 
Past  Master.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Pearle  Holland,  May  16, 
1906.     Address:   Sanford,  N.  C. 


JAMES  CARLYLE  DEMPSEY 

(Sixth  District — Counties:  Franklin,  Nash  and  Wilson.  One 
Senator. ) 

James  Carlyle  Dempsey,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Sixth  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  at  Lucama,  Wilson  County.  Son  of  W.  E. 
and  Molly  (Darden)  Dempsey.  Attended  Rock  Ridge  Agricultural 
School,  Wilson  County;  Atlantic  Christian  College,  1915-1916. 
Tobacconist.  Mexican  Border  service,  Private,  June,  1916,  to  May, 
1917.  In  training  Camp  Greene,  N.  C,  and  Camp  Sevier,  S.  C. ; 
Corporal  and  Sergeant.  Service  in  France,  Sergeant,  1918,  Second 
Lieutenant,  to  October,  1918;  First  Lieutenant,  1918.  North  Carolina 
National  Guard,  First  Lieutenant,  1921-1922— Captain  to  1928;  Major 
to  present  time.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Ada.  Bissette,  October 
29,  1919.  Member  American  Legion  and  "40  and  8."  Commander 
Robert  B.  Anderson  Post  No.  13,  1925-1926.     Address:  Wilson,  N.  C. 


152  Biographical  Sketches 

STOVER  POE  DUNAGAN 

(Twenty-seventh  District — Counties:  Cleveland,  Henderson.  Mc- 
Dowell, Polk  and  Rutherford.     Two  Senators.) 

Stover  Poe  Dunagan,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-seventh 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  at  Laurel,  Mississippi,  November  14, 
1889.  Son  of  T.  J.  and  Julia  (Havard)  Dunagan.  Lawyer.  Private 
340th  Aero  Squadron,  1918.  Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Ruby  Hicks, 
November  11,  1924.     Address:   Rutherfordton,  N.  C. 


CRAYON   CORNELIUS   EFIRD 

(Nineteenth  District — Counties:  Anson.  Stanly  and  Union.  Two 
Senators.) 

Crayon  Cornelius  Efird,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Nineteenth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Stanly  County,  September  28,  1904. 
Son  of  Henry  P.  and  Sallie  M.  (Braswell)  Efird.  Attended  Albe- 
marle High  School;  University  of  North  Carolina  two  years.  Mem- 
ber firm  H.  P.  Efird  Co.,  Farm  Implement  business.  Member  N.  C. 
National  Guard,  1926-1927.  Mason;  Stanly  Lodge  No.  34S,  Carolina 
Consistory,  Ancient  and  Accepted  Scottish  Rite  of  Freemasonry; 
Oasis  Temple,  Ancient  Arabic  Order  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine. 
Presbyterian.     Address:   Albemarle,  N.  C. 


DAVID   HENRY   FULLER 

(Eleventh  District — County:  Robeson.  One  Senator.) 
David  Henry  Fuller,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Eleventh  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  in  Lumberton,  March  28,  1891.  Son  of 
C.  M.  and  Dora  (Coltrane)  Fuller.  Attended  Trinity  Park  School, 
Durham  1905-1907;  A.B.  Trinity  College,  1912;  Law  School,  1913- 
1915;  Harvard  Law  School,  1915-1916.  Lawyer.  Member  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association.  Judge  Recorder's  Court,  1920-1922.  Cadet 
First  Officer's  Training  Camp,  Fort  Oglethorpe,  Ga.  Second 
Lieutenant  F.  A.  and  later  First  Lieutenant,  316th  F.  A.  Captain 
Slst  Division  and  Assistant  Division  Adjutant  overseas.  Member 
Sigma  Phi  Epsilon,  Theta  Nu  Epsilon  and  "The  Tombs."  Mason; 
Maccabees.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Wilma  Cansler  Durham,  Sep- 
tember 22,  1925.    Address:  Lumberton,  N.  C. 


State  Senators  153 

W.    R.    FRANCIS 

(Thirty-second,  District — Counties:  Haywood,  Jackson  and 
Transylvania.     One  Senator.) 

W.  R.  Francis,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Thirty-second  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  in  Waynesville,  September  19,  1897.  Son 
of  Josiah  and  Anna  (Leatherwood)  Francis.  Attended  Waynesville 
High  School;  University  of  North  Carolina,  1917-1922.  Lawyer. 
Member  Twentieth  Judicial  District  Bar  Association  and  the  Hay- 
wood County  Bar  Association.  Secretary,  1927;  President,  1931. 
Member  Waynesville  Chamber  of  Commerce.  Judge  Advocate, 
American  Legion,  Department  North  Carolina,  1930-1931.  Com- 
mander Haywood  Post  No.  47  American  Legion,  1929;  Service  officer. 
U.  S.  Navy,  Seaman  First  Class,  June  1918  through  March  1919. 
Trustee  Western  Carolina  Teachers  College.  Delegate  to  National 
Democratic  Convention,  Houston,  Texas,  1928.  Solicitor  County 
Court,  1924-1926.  Phi  Alpha  Delta  Legal  Fraternity  and  Theta  Chi 
Fraternity.  Knights  of  Pythias;  Junior  Order  United  American 
Mechanics.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Elizabeth  C.  Reeves,  November 
1.  1922.     Address:  AVaynesville,  N.  C. 


PAUL  DAVIS  GRADY 
(Eighth  District — Counties:  Johnston  and  Wayne.  Two  Senators.) 
Paul  Davis  Grady,  Democrat,  Senator  from  Eighth  Senatorial  Dis- 
trict, was  born  at  Seven  Springs,  Wayne  County,  September  5,  1890. 
Son  of  Dr.  James  Calhoun  and  Ella  (Smith)  Grady.  Educated  at 
Tennessee  Military  Institute;  Wake  Forest  College;  Washington 
and  Lee  University.  Received  license  to  practice  law  at  February 
Term,  1911,  Supreme  Court  of  North  Carolina.  Special  Attorney 
for  United  States  Department  of  Justice,  1914-16.  Mayor  Town  of 
Kenly,  1918.  Deputy  Collector  Internal  Revenue  1919-20.  Repre- 
sented Johnston  County  in  House  of  Representatives  sessions  of 
1919  and  1921.  Represented  Eighth  Senatorial  District  in  State 
Senate,  session  1923  and  1925.  Married  Miss  Lelia  G.  Swink  of 
Lexington,  Va.  Chairman  Board  of  Trustees  Kenly  High  School. 
Thirty-second  degree  Mason — Shriner.  Odd  Fellow.  Woodman. 
Junior  0.  U.  A.  M.     Address:  Kenly.  N.  C. 


I."'}  BlOGBAPHICAL   SKETCHES 

GEORGE  LANDON  GREENE 

[Thirtieth  District — Counties:  Avery,  Madison,  Mitchell  and 
Yancey.     One  Senator.) 

George  Landon  Greene,  Republican,  Senator  from  the  Thirtieth 
Senatorial  District  was  born  in  Bakersville,  August  2,  1904.  Son 
of  Charles  E.  and  Blanche  (Pritchard)  Greene.  Attended  Mitchell 
Collegiate  Institute,  1910-1920;  Mars  Hill  College,  1920-1922;  Yancey 
Collegiate  Institute,  1922-1924;  Wake  Forest  College  Law  School, 
1924-1926.  Lawyer.  Member  Mitchell  County  Bar  Association. 
County  Attorney  for  Mitchell  County  1930-1932.  Mason;  Junior 
Warden  Bakersville  Lodge  No.  357.  Junior  Order  United  American 
Mechanics.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Mary  Frye.  Address:  Bakers- 
ville, N.  C. 


EDWARD   FOSTER   GRIFFIN 

(Sixth  District — Counties:  Franklin,  Nash  and  Wilson.  Two 
Senators.) 

Edward  Foster  Griffin,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Sixth  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  in  Louisburg,  November  4,  1900.  Son  of  Paul 
B.  and  Frances  R.  (Wilder)  Griffin.  Graduated  from  Louisburg  High 
School,  1919.  University  of  North  Carolina,  1920-1922,  Pre-Med.; 
Wake  Forest  College  Law  School,  1922-1923.  Lawyer.  Member 
N.  C.  Bar  Association.  Prosecuting  Attorney  Franklin  County 
Recorder's  Court  1926-1932.  First  Lieutenant  N.  C.  National  Guard, 
113th  F.  A.,  1925,  Captain  of  Battery  "B"  since  that  date.  Member 
Louisburg  Kiwanis  Club — Director,  1931  and  1932;  Mason,  Senior 
Warden  in  1931-1932;  Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics. 
Methodist,  Steward.  Married  Miss  Mildred  Reid  Scott,  June  18,  1925. 
One  daughter,  Nancy  Carlyle,  four  years  of  age.  Address:  Louis- 
burg, N.  C. 


LLOYD   ELDON   GRIFFIN 

(First  District — Counties:  Camden,  Currituck,  Gates,  Hertford, 
Pasquotank  and  Perquimans.    Two  Senators.) 

Lloyd  Eldon  Griffin,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  First  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  at  Belvidere  January  14,  1893.  Son  of  C.  N.  and 
Mary  (Perry)  Griffin.  Attended  Belvidere  Academy  1900-1908; 
Edenton    Graded    Schools    190S-1910;     B.A.,    Wake    Forest    College, 


State  Senators  155 

1914;  B.L.,  1921;  Harvard  Law  School  1916-1917;  1919-1920.  Lawyer. 
Member  North  Carolina  Bar  Association.  Prosecuting  Attorney, 
Chowan  County  Recorder's  Court,  1921-1928.  World  War,  322nd  In- 
fantry; Commissioned  Second  Lieutenant,  1917;  First  Lieutenant  to 
date  of  discharge.  Member  A.  E.  F.  Pistol  Team  in  France  repre- 
senting United  States  in  Inter-Allied  Matches.  Ed  Bond  Post  Ameri- 
can Legion.  Edenton  Rotary  Club.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Belle 
Walters,  August  23,  1922.    Address:  Edenton,  N.  C. 


ALLEN  HATCHETT  GWYN 

{Seventeenth  District — Counties:  Guilford  and  Rockingham.  Two 
Senators.) 

Allen  Hatchett  Gwyn,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Seventeenth 
Senatorial  District.  Was  born  near  Yanceyville,  November  12,  1893. 
Son  of  Joseph  P.  and  Sarah  E.  (Hatchett)  Gwyn.  Attended  Yancey- 
ville graded  school;  Trinity  Park  School,  1913-1914;  A.B.,  Trinity 
College,  1913;  Trinity  College,  1919-1921.  Lawyer.  Member  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association  and  the  American  Bar  Association.  En- 
listed as  a  Private,  September  19,  1917;  commissioned  Second  Lieu- 
tenant, Infantry,  June,  1918;  discharged  January  24,  1919;  commis- 
sioned Captain,  N.  C.  National  Guard,  1923;  now  commanding  Head- 
quarters Co.,  120th  Infantry,  N.  C.  National  Guard.  Mason.  Method- 
ist; Steward,  1926-1930.  State  Senator,  1931.  Married  Miss  Janie 
Johnston  Gwyn,  August  25,  1917.     Address:   Reidsville,  N.  C. 


EDWARD    MATTHEW    HAIRFIELD 

{Twenty-eighth  District — Counties:  Alexander,  Burke  and  Cald- 
well.    One  Senator.) 

Edward  Matthew  Hairfield,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty- 
eighth  Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Axton,  Henry  County,  Va., 
December  15,  1880.  Son  of  James  D,  and  Matilda  E.  (Hailey) 
Hairfield.  Attended  Bethel  Institute,  Person  County,  1S99-1900; 
Scottsburg,  Va.  Normal  College,  B.S.  1902;  LL.B.  Wake  Forest, 
1906.  Lawyer.  Member  Morganton  and  North  Carolina  Bar  As- 
sociation. County  Attorney,  1918-1919;  City  Attorney,  Morganton, 
1922-1926.  Superintendent  Morganton  Schools,  1910-1915;  Mayor 
Morganton,  1918.  Chairman  Burke  County  Exemption  Board,  1918; 
member   Burke   County   Public   Welfare   Board.      Mason;    Secretary 


156  Biographical  Sketches 

Lodge  several  years;  held  all  offices  except  Master.  Junior  Order 
United  American  Mechanics.  President  Kiwanis  Club,  1932.  Bap- 
tist. Deacon  sixteen  years.  Trustee,  six  years  and  Moderator 
Catawba  River  Association  ten  years;  Teacher  Baraca  Class  twenty- 
five  years.  Married  Miss  Elizabeth  Mason  Taylor  of  Chase  City, 
Va.,  September  24,  1907.     Address:  Morganton,  N.  C. 


ROBERT  MARCH  HANES 
(Twenty-second  District— County:  Forsyth.  One  Senator.) 
Robert  March  Hanes,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-second 
Sentorial  District,  was  born  in  Winston-Salem,  N.  C,  September 
22,  1890.  Son  of  John  W.  and  Anna  (Hodgin)  Hanes.  Attended 
Winston-Salem  High  School,  1901-1905;  Woodberry  Forest,  1905-1906; 
A.B.,  University  of  North  Carolina,  1912;  graduate  School  of  Business 
Administration,  Harvard  University,  1913.  Major,  A.  E.  F.,  1917- 
1919.  Banker.  Methodist.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly 
of  1929  and  1931.  Married  Miss  Mildred  Borden,  1917.  Address: 
Winston-Salem,  N.  C. 


LUTHER  THOMPSON  HARTSELL,  Jk. 

{Twentieth  District — Counties:  Cabarrus  and  Mecklenburg.  Two 
Senators.) 

Luther  Thompson  Hartsell,  Jr.,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the 
Twentieth  Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Concord,  September  7, 
1902.  Son  of  Luther  Thompson  and  Janie  Witherspoon  (Ervin) 
Hartsell.  Attended  Concord  High  School,  1914-1918;  A.B.,  LL.B. 
University  North  Carolina,  1923.  Lawyer.  Member  Cabarrus  County, 
North  Carolina  and  American  Bar  Associations.  County  Attorney 
since  1923.  Chairman  Catawba  Board  of  Elections,  1926-1932. 
Mason  (Past  Master);  Royal  Arch  Mason  (Past  High  Priest); 
Royal  and  Select  Masters  (Past  Illustrious  Master);  Knight  Templar 
(Past  Commander);  Shriner;  Red  Cross  of  Constantine;  Allied 
Masonic  Degrees,  U.  S.  A.;  Fellow  Grand  College  of  Rites;  Jr. 
O.  U.  A.  M.;  Anointed  Order  of  High  Priesthood;  Kappa  Sigma;  Phi 
Delta  Phi  (Legal),  Grand  Royal  Arch  Captain,  Grand  Royal  Arch 
Chapter  of  N.  C;  Junior  Grand  Deacon,  Allied  Masonic  Degree  of 
U.  S.  A.  Presbyterian.  Deacon  since  1929.  Student  Editor  N.  C. 
haw  Review,  1922.     Married  Miss  Mary  Heath   Jones,   October   29, 


State  Senators  L57 

1924.  Past  Lieutenant  Governor  Kiwanis  Club;  Member  Cabarrus 
Country  Club.  Director  Oxford  Orphanage.  Director  General 
Alumni  Association  U.  N.  C.  1928.  Chairman  Cabarrus  County  Unit 
Institute  of  Government.     Address:  Concord,  N.  C. 


JOHN   SPRUNT   HILL 

{Sixteenth  District — Counties:    Alamance,  Caldwell,  Durham  and 
Orange.     Two  Senators. 

John  Sprunt  Hill,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Sixteenth  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  in  Faison,  Duplin  County,  March  17,  1869.  Son 
of  William  E.  and  Frances  Diana  (Faison)  Hill.  Attended  Faison 
High  School  1877-1882,  and  University  of  North  Carolina,  Ph.B., 
1889.  University  Law  School  1891-1892.  Law  School  Columbia  Uni- 
versity 1892-1894,  Degree  LL.B.  Banker  and  Farmer.  Member 
N.  C.  Highway  Commission  1921-1931;  Member  Board  of  Trustees 
of  University  of  North  Carolina  since  1904;  Chairman  of  Building 
Committee  University  1922-1931 ;  President  Board  of  Trustees  Watts 
Hospital  since  1921;  President  Durham  Loan  &  Trust  Co.,  1904- 
1932;  President  Home  Savings  Bank  since  1921;  Member  American 
Commission  to  Study  Cooperative  Banking  and  Cooperative  Markets 
in  Foreign  Countries  1913;  Delegate  to  International  Forestry  Con- 
vention at  Paris  1912;  Chairman  War  Savings  Stamp  Committee, 
Durham  County,  1917.  Durham  City  Alderman  1908-1910.  Member 
Squadron  A,  New  York  Cavalry,  New  York  National  Guard,  Foreign 
Service  Spanish-American  War.  Sigma  Alpha  Epsilon  Fraternity, 
Phi  Delta  Phi  Legal  Fraternity,  Alumni  Member  Phi  Beta  Kappa; 
Odd  Fellow,  Elk,  Mason;  Life  Member  N.  C.  Historical  Society. 
Virginia  Historical  Society  and  American  Historical  Society.  Presby- 
terian; Member  of  Session  since  1921.  Author  of:  Needs  of  the 
University,  1903;  Cooperation  and  Work  of  American  Commission 
of  1913;  Cooperative  Plan  to  Provide  5  per  cent  Money  for  Farmers, 
1914;  Rural  Credits,  1915;  Organized  Credit,  the  Paramount  Need 
of  Tar  Heel  Farmers,  1915;  Put  Forestry  on  the  Map  and  Make  it 
Pay  to  Grow  Trees,  1920;  Progressing  Program  for  Building  and 
Maintaining  a  Great  Primary  System  of  State  Highways  in  North 
Carolina,  1920;  North  Carolina,  A  Story  of  Triumphant  Democracy, 
1924.  Married  Miss  Annie  Louise  Watts,  November  29,  1899.  Ad- 
dress:   Durham,  N.  C. 


15S  Biographical  Sketches 

JOHN  WETMORE   HINSDALE 

(Thirteenth  District — Counties:     Chatham,  Lee  and  Wake.    Two 
Senators.) 

John  Wetmore  Hinsdale,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Thirteenth 
Senatorial  District.  Was  born  in  Raleigh,  August  21,  1879.  Son 
of  John  Wetmore  and  Ellen  (Devereux)  Hinsdale.  Attended  pri- 
vate schools;  A.B.,  University  of  North  Carolina,  1900;  University 
Law  School.  Lawyer.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of 
1909;   State  Senator,  1931.     Address:  Raleigh,  N.  C. 


HENRY   LEWIS   INGRAM 

(Twelfth  District — Counties:  Harnett,  Hoke,  Moore  and  Randolph. 
Two  Senators.) 

Henry  Lewis  Ingram,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twelfth  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  at  Farmer,  N.  C,  April  10,  1896.  Son  of 
John  Thomas  and  Christina  (Cranford)  Ingram.  Attended  Farmer 
and  Asheboro  High  Schools;  University  of  North  Carolina  1915- 
1917,  A.B.  Wholesale  Distributor  of  Petroleum  Products.  Member 
Travelers  Protective  Association;  Rotary  International;  President 
Asheboro  Chamber  of  Commerce,  1931.  Enlisted  in  Army,  April 
7,  1917;  commissioned  First  Lieutenant  Fort  Oglethorpe,  Ga.,  August 
15,  1917;  promoted  to  Captain  in  France,  October  16,  191S;  321st 
Inf.  Reg.,  81st  Division  and  64th  Inf.  Reg.,  7th  Division.  Methodist. 
Married  Miss  De  Ette  Bennett,  June  14,  1922.  Two  boys  aged  3 
and  8  years.     Address:  Asheboro,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM  HENRY  JOYNER 

(Third  District — Counties:  Bertie  and  Northampton.  One  Senator). 

William  Henry  Joyner,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Third  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  in  Enfield,  September  16,  1867.  Son  of 
Henry  and  Ann  E.  (Pope)  Joyner.  Attended  Fetter's  and  Horner's 
School,  1881-1882;  Horner's  Military  Academy,  1883  and  1886.  Farmer. 
Methodist:  Steward.  Sheriff  of  Northampton  County  1900-1906; 
Mayor  of  Garysburg,  1912-1916.  Married  Miss  Mary  Annie  Suiter, 
September  11,  1901,  thirteen  children,  all  living.  Address:  Garys- 
burg, N.  C. 


State  Senators  159 

THOMAS  LeROY  KIRKPATRICK 

(Twentieth  District — Counties:  Cabarrus  and  Mecklenburg.  Two 
Senators.) 

Thomas  LeRoy  Kirkpatrick,  Senator  from  the  Twentieth  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  in  Mecklenburg  County,  May  3,  1877.  Son 
of  James  Watt  and  Martha  Anne  (Griffith)  Kirkpatrick.  Attended 
Sharon  Academy  1885-1894,  Erskine  College,  Due  West,  S.  C,  1894- 
98,  Law  School  University  of  North  Carolina,  1899-1900.  Lawyer. 
Member  Mecklenburg  Bar  Association,  N.  C.  Bar  Association,  Ameri- 
can Bar  Association.  Ex-President  Charlotte  Lions  Club;  Ex- 
District  Governor  N.  C.  Lions;  Ex-President  Charlotte  Chamber  of 
Commerce;  National  Councillor  U.  S.  Chamber  of  Commerce;  Ex- 
Trustee  Erskine  College;  President  U.  S.  Good  Roads  Association; 
Ex-President  Bankhead  National  Highway  Association;  President 
Mecklenburg  County  Bar  Association;  President  Mecklenburg 
County  Democratic  Club.  Mayor  of  Charlotte  1916-1917;  Chairman 
of  Charlotte  Local  Exemption  Board,  1917-1918.  Joined  Queen  City 
Company  N.  C.  Guards  in  1894;  Assistant  Advocate  General  N.  C. 
National  Guards  1905-1909,  with  rank  of  Lieutenant-Colonel;  Judge 
Advocate  General  1913-1917,  with  rank  of  Colonel.  Woodmen  of 
World;  Royal  Arcanum;  Woodmen  of  America;  Elk;  Moose;  Junior 
Order.  Past  Dictator  of  Moose,  Trustee  of  Elks,  Past  Council  Com- 
mander Woodmen.  Associate  Reformed  Presbyterian,  Superintend- 
ent of  Sunday  School  and  Ruling  Elder  for  25  years.  Married  Miss 
Eva  Chalmers,  October  9,  1907.     Residence:    Charlotte,  N.  C. 


EDWARD  MAYO  LAND 

(Twenty-fifth  District — Counties:  Catawba,  Iredell  and  Lincoln. 
Two  Senators.) 

Edward  Mayo  Land,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-fifth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Edgecombe  County,  August  26, 
1878.  Son  of  Virginius  W.  and  Mary  D.  (Mayo)  Land.  Attended 
Bagley's  High  School,  Littleton;  A.B.  University  of  North  Carolina, 
Cum  Laude,  1899.  Lawyer.  Member  North  Carolina  and  American 
Bar  Associations.  Chairman  Executive  Committee  North  Carolina 
Bar  Association,  1924-1926.  Member  Governor  Craig's  general  staff. 
Kappa  Alpha  (Southern)  Gorgon's  Head  (College)  Fraternities. 
Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Marie  Long,  daughter  of  Judge  B.  F. 
Long,  October  7,  1913.     Address:    Statesville,  N.  C. 


ItiU  Biographical  Sketches 

THOMAS  WILLIAMS   MASON   LONG 

(Fourth  District — Counties:  Edgecombe  and  Halifax.  Two 
Senators.) 

Thomas  Williams  Mason  Long,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Fourth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Northampton  County,  January  14, 
1886.  Son  of  Lemuel  MacKinnie  and  Betty  Gray  (Mason)  Long. 
Attended  Petersburg,  Va.,  Academy,  1901-1902;  V.  P.  I.,  1902-1903; 
University  of  North  Carolina,  1903-1905;  University  College  of  Medi- 
cine, 1905-1908;  M.D.,  1908.  Physician.  Member  Halifax  County 
Medical  Society  and  the  North  Carolina  Medical  Society.  Chair- 
man Board  of  Directors  North  Carolina  Sanatorium,  1922-1931, 
Roanoke  Rapids  Hospital,  1912-1931.  Member  State  Board  of  Medi- 
cal Examiners,  1921-1931;  Director  State  Hospital,  Raleigh,  1918- 
1920.  Mayor  Roanoke  Rapids,  1922-1930;  Chairman  City  Bond 
Commission,  1915-1922.  Mason;  Junior  Order  United  American 
Mechanics;  Phi  Chi  Medical  Society.  Representative  in  the  General 
Assembly  of  1931.  Episcopalian.  Married  Miss  Maria  Greenough 
Burgwyn,    December   7,   1910.     Address:    Roanoke   Rapids,  N.   C. 


ANGUS  DHU  MacLEAN 

(Second  District — Counties:  Beaufort.  Dare.  Hyde.  Martin, 
Pamlico,  Tyrrell  and  Washington.     Two  Senators.) 

Angus  Dhu  MacLean,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Second  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  in  Maxton,  July  12,  1877.  Son  of  John 
Allen  and  Mary  Virginia  (Brown)  MacLean.  Educated  in  private 
schools  of  Maxton  and  Laurinburg;  attended  University  of  North 
Carolina  1894-1897;  University  Law  School,  1898.  Member  North 
Carolina  and  American  Bar  Associations.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1927,  1929  and  1931.  Knights  of  Pythias;  B.  P. 
O.  E.  Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Annetta  Everett  of  Laurinburg, 
October  24,  1900.     Address:   Washington,  N.  C. 


RYAN   McBRYDE 

(Twelfth  District — Counties:  Harnett,  Hoke,  Moore  and  Randolph. 
Two  Senators.) 

Ryan  McBryde,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twelfth  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  in  Hoke  County,  December  22,  1886.  Son  of 
Thomas  and  Mary  (MeDuffie)  McBryde.    Attended  Raeford  Institute 


State  Senators  161 

1900-1905;  North  Carolina  Military  Academy,  1906;  two  years  David- 
son College.  Lumber  dealer  and  farmer.  Member  Hoke  County 
Board  of  Education,  1918-1924.  Mason.  Presbyterian.  Married  Miss 
Swannie  Rattz,  December  3,  1914.     Address:  Raeford,  N.  C. 


DANIEL  P.  McDUFFEE 
(Fourteenth  District — Counties:  Vance  and  Warren.  One  Senator.) 
Daniel  P.  McDuffee,  Democrat,  Senator  from  Fourteenth  Sena- 
torial District,  was  born  in  Bladen  County,  October  3,  1890.  Son  of 
D.  G.  and  Maret  (Cain)  McDuffee.  Attended  Public  Schools  Bladen 
County,  White  Oak  Academy,  1907,  1909;  Piedmont  High  School, 
1911-1913;  Wake  Forest  College,  1917.  Lawyer.  U.  S.  Army,  In- 
fantry, August  27,  1917,  Discharged  November  30,  1918,  Lieutenant; 
U.  S.  Reserve  Corps,  Lieutenant,  November  30,  1918-November  30, 
1923;  Lieutenant  North  Carolina  National  Guard,  1922-1923.  Mason; 
Knights  of  Pythias;  Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics. 
Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Florence  Perry,  July  16,  1923.  One 
child,  D.  P.  McDuffee,  Jr.,  born  May  5,  1929.  Address:  Henderson, 
N.  C. 


GEORGE  McNEILL 

(Tenth  District — Counties:  Bladen,  Brunswick,  Columbus,  and 
Cumberland.     Two  Senators.) 

George  McNeill,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Tenth  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  at  Fayetteville,  April  3,  1882.  Son  of  James  D. 
and  Elizabeth  (Strange)  McNeill.  Educated  in  Fayetteville  Graded 
Schools,  1892-1897;  Fayetteville  Military  Academy,  1898-1899. 
Manager  McNeill  Milling  Company  since  1903.  Member  National 
Guard,  1901-1905,  Colonel  on  Governor  Craig's  Staff,  1913-1917.  Elk; 
Woodman;  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.  Member  State  Board  of  Elections  1929- 
1932.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly,  1919.  Episcopalian. 
Married  Miss  Mary  McPherson,  October  17,  1906.  Address.  Fayette- 
ville, N.  C. 


li 


162  Biographical  Sketches 

PETER   THURMAN   McNEILL 

(Twenty-ninth  District — Counties:  Alleghany,  Ashe  and  Watauga. 
One  Senator.) 

Peter  Thurman  McNeill,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-ninth 
District,  was  born  in  Jefferson,  1896.  Son  of  P.  G.  and  Cynthia 
Alice  (McMillan)  McNeill.  Attended  Jefferson  High  School;  King 
College,  Bristol,  Va.;  Berea  College,  Berea,  Kentucky.  Farmer  and 
Stock  raiser.  Member  Ashe  County  Commercial  Club.  Appointed 
by  Judge  Webb  of  the  Federal  Court  United  States  Commissioner, 
February,  1925,  for  a  period  of  six  years.  State  Senator  1927, 
and  Member  of  House  1929.  Primitive  Baptist.  Married  Miss 
Martha  Ellen  Fletcher,  Somerset,  Kentucky,  September  22,  1918. 
President  Jefferson  Democratic  National  Club;  Campaign  Manager 
of  Governor  McLean  for  Ashe  County.  Address:  West  Jefferson, 
N.  C.  

LARRY   I.   MOORE 

(Seventh  District — Counties:  Carteret,  Craven,  Greene,  Jones, 
Lenoir  and  Onslow.     Two  Senators.) 

Larry  I.  Moore,  Democrat  Senator  from  the  Seventh  Senatorial 
District,  was  born  in  Wilson  County,  March  14,  1870.  Son  of  Andrew 
J.  and  Elizabeth  (Farmer)  Moore.  Educated  in  Public  Schools  and 
Whitaker's  Academy;  University  North  Carolina,  1893-1894.  Lawyer. 
Member  North  Carolina  and  American  Bar  Associations.  Three 
times  elected  Solicitor  Third  and  Fifth  Judicial  Districts  1898-1907. 
Mason;  Scottish  Rite  thirty-second  degree;  Sudan  Temple  Shrine; 
Elks;  D.  K.  E.  Fraternity.  Baptist  faith.  Married  Miss  Ella  King, 
March  22,  1899.     Address:  New  Bern,  N.  C. 


JOSEPH  WILLIAM  NOELL 

{Fifteenth  District — Counties:  Granville  and  Person.  One 
Senator. ) 

Joseph  William  Noell,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Fifteenth  Sena- 
torial District.  Son  of  Robert  Alexander  and  Marian  Amelia 
(Harden)  Noell.  Born  at  Graham,  N.  C.  Educated  in  private  schools 
and  Graham  College.  Editor  and  Publisher  of  the  Roxboro  Courier. 
Past  President  and  charter  member  of  Roxboro  Rotary  Club.  Mar 
ried  Miss  Nelia  J.  Holman,  daughter  of  the  late  John  B.  Holman  of 
Iredell  County.     Address:  Roxboro,  N.  C. 


State  Senators  163 

ROBERT   ANDREW   PATTON 

(Thirty-third  District — Counties:  Cherokee,  Clay,  Graham, 
Macon  and  Swain.     One  Senator.) 

Robert  Andrew  Patton,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Thirty-third 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Macon  County,  August  11,  1887. 
Son  of  George  R.  and  Sarah  Anne  (Phillips)  Patton.  Attended 
Franklin  High  School;  A  and  M.  College,  Raleigh,  1906-1907.  Farmer 
and  Real  Estate  Dealer.  Member  State  Democratic  Executive  Com- 
mittee, 1928-1932.  Mason.  Methodist.  Steward,  Superintendent 
Sunday  School.  Married  Miss  Mamie  Dickey  Slagle,  November  27, 
1912.     Address:  Franklin,  N.  C. 


RUFUS  GRADY  RANKIN 
(Twenty-sixth  District — County:  Gaston.  One  Senator.) 
Rufus  Grady  Rankin,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-sixth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  at  Belmont,  February  25,  1891.  Son 
of  Rufus  Pinkney  and  Zoe  (Hand)  Rankin.  Graduated  from 
Gastonia  High  School,  1906;  attended  University  of  North  Carolina, 
1906-1909.  Cotton  Manufacturer.  President  Ridge  Mills,  Inc.; 
Secretary  and  Treasurer  Hanover  Mills,  Inc.  Member  Board  of 
Gaston  County  Commissioners,  1919-1925.  Mason,  including  Blue 
Lodge,  Chapter,  Commandery,  Scottish  Rite,  Shrine;  Improved  Order 
of  Red  Men;  P.  O.  S.  of  A.  State  Senator  1931.  Methodist;  Steward. 
Married  Miss  Ruth  Boyce,  January  23,  1913.  Address:  Gastonia, 
N.  C. 


SAMUEL  GILMER   SPARGER 

(Ticenty-third  District — (Counties:  Stokes  and  Surry.  One 
Senator. ) 

Samuel  Gilmer  Sparger,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Twenty-third 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Mount  Airy,  December  15,  1904. 
Son  of  George  W.  and  Jessie  (Gilmer)  Sparger.  Educated  in  Mount 
Airy  Public  Schools  1911-1919;  Jamestown  High  School,  1920-1923; 
Guilford  College,  1923-1925;  Duke  University,  1925-1928.  Lawyer. 
Mason;  Tau  Kappa  Alpha  (Forensic  Fraternity).  Methodist.  Mar- 
ried Miss  Helen  Fulton,  November  26,  1930.  Address.  Danbury, 
N.  C. 


1()4  Biographical  Sketches 

EDWARD   WHITE   SUMMERSILL 
{Seventh    District — Counties:     Carteret,    Craven,    Greene,    Jones, 
Lenoir  and  Onslow.     Two  Senators.) 

Edward  White  Summersill,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Seventh 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Jacksonville,  N.  C,  April  25,  1902. 
Son  of  E.  W.  and  Estelle  (Mills)  Summersill.  Graduated  Jackson- 
ville High  School.  1920;  LL.B.  Wake  Forest,  1923.  Lawyer.  Mason. 
Methodist.     Address:   Jacksonville,  N.  C. 


DANIEL  JOSHUA  WALKER 

(Sixteenth  District — Counties:  Alamance,  Caswell,  Durham  and 
Orange.     Two  Senators.) 

Daniel  Joshua  Walker,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Sixteenth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Alamance  County,  November  29, 
1885.  Son  of  Benjamin  Franklin  and  Elizabeth  Henry  (Smith) 
Walker.  Attended  Oak  Ridge  Institute,  1908-1909;  A.  B.  University 
of  North  Carolina  1913;  University  Law  School,  1912-1915.  Lawyer. 
Clerk  Superior  Court,  Alamance  County,  1918-1926.  Resigned  to 
become  Judge  General  County  Court,  serving  from  1926-1930.  Kiwanis 
Club,  President,  1928.  Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics. 
Presbyterian,  Elder  since  1922.  Married  Miss  Annie  Hurdle,  Decem- 
ber 30,  1914.     Five  Children.     Address:   Burlington,  N.  C. 


CAPUS  MILLER  WAYNICK 

{Seventh  District — Counties:  Guilford  and  Rockingham.  Two 
Senators.) 

Capus  Miller  Waynick,  Democrat,  Senator  from  the  Seventeenth 
Senatorial  District,  was  born  in  Rockingham  County,  December  23, 
1889.  Son  of  Joshua  J.  N.  and  Anna  (Moore)  Waynick.  Attended 
County  Schools;  graduated  from  Greensboro  High  School,  1907; 
University  of  North  Carolina,  two  years.  Editor  High  Point  Enter- 
prise. Entered  National  Army  as  a  volunteer,  191S;  served  in  train- 
ing camp;  commissioned  Second  Lieutenant,  after  Armistice.  Repre- 
sentative in  General  Assembly,  1931.  Presbyterian.  Married  Miss 
Elizabeth  McBee  of  Lincolnton,  June  19,  1915.  Address:  High  Point, 
X.  C. 


Representatives  lt;;> 

REPRESENTATIVES 


REGINALD  LEE   HARRIS 

SPEAKER 

Reginald  Lee  Harris,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Person 
County,  was  born  in  Roxboro,  September  9,  1890.  Son  of  William 
H.  and  Rosa  Lee  (Jordan)  Harris.  Attended  Virginia  Military 
Institute.  Cotton  manufacturer.  Member  House  of  Representa- 
tives, 1927,  1929  and  1931.  Member  Educational  Commission,  1929- 
1931.  Member  Advisory  Budget  Commission  1931-1933.  Roxboro 
Rotary  Club.  Methodist.  Kappa  Alpha  Fraternity.  Married  Miss 
Katherine  Long,  December  10,  1913.  Six  children.  Address:  Rox- 
boro, N.  C. 


CLAUDE  WILLIAM  ALLEN 
Claude  William  Allen,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Granville 
County,  was  born  in  that  county,  December  6,  1895.  Son  of  Glan- 
diers  L.  and  Emma  (Bragg)  Allen.  Attended  Creedmoor  High 
School,  1910-1914.  Farmer.  President  Granville  County  Board 
of  Agriculture.  Private,  Medical  Department,  30th  Division,  March 
23,  1918-January  10,  1919;  overseas  seven  months,  captured  and 
wounded.  Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics,  Secretary, 
1920-1925;  Councilor,  1927.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly 
of  1931.  Member  State  Democratic  Executive  Committee.  Baptist; 
Chairman  Board  of  Deacons,  1926-1933.  Married  Miss  Mary  Nor- 
wood, October  4,  1924.    Address:     Creedmoor,  N.  C. 


HERBERT  L.  ARNDT 
Herbert  L.  Arndt,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Catawba 
County,  was  born  January  16,  1877.  Son  of  John  M.  and  M.  M. 
Arndt.  Attended  public  schools  and  Lenoir-Rhyne  College,  Hickory. 
Farmer  and  Merchant.  Lutheran,  Deacon  and  Secretary  and 
Treasurer  of  congregation  for  past  25  years.  Bank  Director;  Trustee 
of  Lenoir-Rhyne  College;  Tax  Assessor  for  past  ten  years.  Mar- 
ried Miss  Dora  Smith,  August  S,  1900.     Address:    Conover,  N.  C. 


166  Biographical  Sketches 

CHARLES  BRANTLEY  AYCOCK 
Charles  Brantley  Aycock,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Wake 
County,  was  born  in  Goldsboro,  August  12,  1907.  Son  of  Charles 
Brantley  and  Cora  (Woodard)  Aycock.  Attended  Randolph-Macon 
Academy;  University  of  North  Carolina  1925-1927;  Law  School. 
1927-1928;  Wake  Forest  Law  School,  1928-1929.  Lawyer.  First 
Lieutenant,  N.  C.  N.  G.,  since  June  2,  1930.  Married  Miss  Alice 
Brogden,  April  17,  1932.  Secretary  to  Constitutional  Commission, 
1931-1932.     Address:    Raleigh,  N.  C. 


JAMES  ROBERT  AYCOCK 
James  Robert  Aycock,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Wayne 
County,  was  born  in  Wayne  County,  June  8,  1881.  Son  of  Barnes 
and  Sallie  (Hooks)  Aycock.  Attended  Fremont  school  and  Buie's 
Creek  Academy,  1901-1903.  Farmer.  Justice  of  the  Peace  1910- 
1912.  With  United  States  Engineers,  2d  Battalion,  Co.  H.  Junior 
Order,  Councilor  and  Trustee.     Baptist.    Address:     Fremont,  N.  C. 


GRAHAM  ARTHUR  BARDEN 
Graham  Arthur  Barden,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Craven 
County,  was  born  in  Sampson  County,  September  25,  1836.  Son 
of  James  Jefferson  and  Mary  Robinson  (James)  Barden.  Attended 
Public  Schools  of  Sampson  County  1902-1908  and  Burgaw  Graded 
School  1908-1915;  LL.B.  University  North  Carolina,  1920.  Lawyer. 
Judge  Craven  County  Court,  1922-1928.  U.  S.  Navy  Second  Class 
Seaman,  June  6,  1918,  to  January  7,  1919.  Mason,  Master  Doric 
Lodge  No.  586  A.  F.  and  A.  M.;  Shriner;  Elks;  Commander  Donner- 
son-Hawkins  Post  No.  24  American  Legion;  Forty  and  Eight  So- 
ciety; Sigma  Chi;  Phi  Delta  Phi.  Presbyterian;  Deacon  since  1328; 
Superintendent  Sunday  School,  1928-1930.  Married  Miss  Agnes 
Foy,  December  22,  1922.     Address:     New  Bern,  N.  C. 


JAMES  W.  BEAN 
James  W.  Bean,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Rowan  County, 
was  born  at  Steeds,  Montgomery  County,  December  7,  1893.  Son 
of  Oliver  D.  and  Talitha  Ann  (Carnelison)  Bean.  Attended  Ether 
Academy.  General  foreman  Southern  Railway  Company  Stores  De- 
partment.     Secretary   Rowan    County   Democratic   Executive    Com- 


Representatives  167 

mittee  for  past  six  years.  Alderman  and  member  Spencer  School 
Board.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Annie  J.  Stutts.  Address:  Spencer. 
N.  C. 


ROLAND  F.  BEASLEY 
Roland  F.  Beasley,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Union  County, 
was  born  in  Wilmington,  January  26,  1871.  Son  of  Rev.  J.  J.  and 
Antoinette  (Montford)  Beasley.  Attended  Public  Schools  and 
Monroe  High  School;  A.  B.  Wake  Forest,  1S94.  Journalist.  State 
Commissioner  of  Public  Welfare,  1917-1921.  Superintendent  Union 
County  Schools,  1903-1907.  State  Senator,  1903;  Member  House  of 
Representatives,  1917.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Ellie  Stewart,  1895, 
who  died  in  1907;  married  Mrs.  Clyde  Dowell  Powell,  1922.  Editor 
Monroe  Journal  since  1894.    Address:    Monroe,  N.  C. 


ROBERT  PHILEMON  BENDER 
Robert  Philemon  Bender,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Jones 
County,  was  born  in  Jones  County,  near  Pollocksville.  Son  of 
Bryan  and  Lucy  H.  (Tolson)  Bender.  Attended  Pollocksville 
High  School,  1911-1914;  University  of  North  Carolina  Law  School, 
1914-1915.  Lawyer.  Member  Jones  County  Board  of  Education, 
1920-1926;  member  Jones  County  Democratic  Executive  Committee, 
1918-1930;  City  Attorney,  town  of  Pollocksville,  1924-1930.  Perma- 
nent member  Legal  Advisory  Board  for  Jones  County  during  World 
War.  Chairman  Jones  County  Young  People's  Democratic  Clubs. 
1928-1930.  Woodmen  of  the  World,  Clerk  of  Camp  No.  184,  Pollocks- 
ville, 1916-1930.  Presbyterian;  Deacon,  1915-1924;  Elder  since  1924; 
President  Jones  County  Sunday  School  Association,  1927-1930.  Rep- 
resentative in  the  General  Assembly  of  1929  and  1931.  Married 
Miss  Mary  McGee  Edwards,  September  19,  1918,  who  died  February 
20,  1932.  Two  sons,  Robert  P.,  Jr.,  12,  and  James  Virgil  age  ft. 
Address:    Pollocksville,   N.   C. 


WILLIAM  JAMES  BERRYMAN 
William  James  Berryman,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Chowan 
County,  was  born  in  Chowan  County,  December  13,  1880.     Son  of 
William    James    and    Martha    (White)    Berryman.      Attended    ele- 
mentary   schools.      Insurance   Agent.      Register    of    Deeds,    Chowan 


168  Biographical  Sketches 

County,  1906-1910;  Member  School  Board  eight  years,  chairman  six 
years;  Member  Road  Commission  1921-1931,  chairman  four  years. 
Baptist;  Deacon.  Trustee  Chowan  College,  also  Southern  Baptist 
Theological  Seminary,  Louisville,  Ky. ;  Sunday  School  teacTier 
twenty-six  years;  Moderator  Chowan  Association  eight  years. 
Married  Miss  Mary  Williams,  October  17,  1927.  Address:  Eden- 
ton,  N.   C. 


HUGH  NELSON  BINFORD 

Hugh  Nelson  Binford,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Rocking- 
ham County,  was  born  at  Cascade,  Pittsylvania  County,  Virginia. 
Son  of  Dr.  Walter  Lee  and  Nannie  (Page)  Binford.  Taught  at 
home  by  mother  and  private  teacher.  Mayor  of  Madison,  1905. 
Tobacconist  and  real  estate  dealer.  Representative  in  the  General 
Assembly  of  1931.  President  of  Madison  Building  and  Loan  Asso- 
ciation. Presbyterian;  Elder.  Married  Miss  Dora  Cahill  (now 
deceased),  November  24,  1888.     Address:     Madison,  N.  C. 


FREDERICK  WALTER  BOSWELL 
Frederick  Walter  Boswell,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Wilson 
County,  was  born  in  that  county.  Son  of  Bunyan  and  Temperance 
(Tomlinson)  Boswell.  Attended  schools  of  Wilson  County  1895  to 
1900.  Farmer.  Taught  in  Wilson  County  Public  Schools  fourteen 
years.  Member  of  school  board  since  1909.  Active  in  State  and  local 
politics  since  the  white  supremacy  campaign.  Primitive  Baptist. 
Married  Miss  Martha  Simms  Boykin.  Address:  Wilson,  N.  C, 
R.  F.  D.  2. 


THOMAS   C.   BOWIE 

Thomas  C.  Bowie,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Ashe  County, 
was  born  at  Lake  St.  Joseph,  La.,  in  1876.  Son  of  John  Ruth  and 
Frances  (Calloway)  Bowie.  Received  his  preparatory  education 
at  Moravian  Falls  Academy  1S91;  Trap  Hill  High  School  1892;  and 
Mars  Hill  College  1893.  Received  Ph.  D.  in  1899  from  the  University 
of  North  Carolina.  Did  post-graduate  work  at  Yale  College  in  1900 
in  Political  and  Social  Science.  Attended  law  schools  of  Yale  and 
University  of  North  Carolina.  Lawyer.  Member  of  State  and 
American    Bar    Associations.      Represented    Ashe    County    in    the 


Representatives  169 

Legislatures  of  1909,  1913,  1915,  1921,  1923,  1925,  and  was  Speaker 
of  the  House  in  1915.  Mason.  Odd  Fellow.  Episcopalian.  Mar- 
ried Miss  Jean  Davis  in  1906.    Address:    West  Jefferson,  N.  C. 


BASIL  M.  BOYD 

Basil  M.  Boyd,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Mecklenburg  County, 
was  born  in  Mecklenburg  County  August  30,  1893.  Son  of  Robert 
Joe  and  Fannie  (Smith)  Boyd.  Attended  Mars  Hill  College,  Wake 
Forest  College,  B.A.  and  B.L.,  1917.  Lawyer.  Member  American 
Legion,  American  Business  Club.  Assistant  Judge  Recorder's  Court 
City  of  Charlotte.  First  Lieutenant  world  war  1917-1918.  Baptist. 
Married  Miss  Irma  Corinne  Ran.    Address:  Charlotte,  N.  C. 


CHARLES    LEON    BRADDY 

Charles  Leon  Braddy,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Bladen 
County,  was  born  at  Council,  January  5,  1886.  Son  of  Capt.  K.  J. 
and  Anna  Jane  (Stevens)  Braddy.  Attended  Coharie  High  School, 
Clarkton  Military  School  and  Nixon  Commercial  College,  Austin, 
Texas.  Farmer  and  stock  raiser.  Mason.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1931.  Presbyterian;  Elder.  Married  Miss 
Ruby  Johnston.  March  30,  1929.     Address:      Council,  N.  C. 


SUMTER    COE    BRAWLEY 

Sumter  Coe  Brawley,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Durham 
County,  was  born  in  Mooresville,  April  8,  1878.  Son  of  Hiram  A. 
and  Susan  A.  (Mayhew)  Brawley.  Educated  in  Mooresville  High 
School  and  Business  College  at  Charlotte,  1900;  studied  law  at 
University  of  North  Carolina,  1905.  Lawyer.  Member  of  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association  and  former  president  Durham  County 
Bar  Association.  Member  State  Democratic  Executive  Committee. 
1912-1932.  Representative  in  the  General  Assemblies  of  1913  and 
1927.  Senator  from  the  Sixteenth  Senatorial  District,  1929.  Ex- 
alted Ruler  Durham  Lodge  of  Elks,  1924-1925,  and  representative 
to  Grand  Lodge,  1925.  Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Margaret 
Burkett,  October  6,  1907.     Address:    Durham,  N.  C. 


i  ,ii  Biographical  Sketches 

BURR  COLEY  BROCK 
Burr  Coley  Brock,  Republican,  Representative  from  Davie  County, 
was  born  in  Farmington,  November  26,  1891.  Son  of  Moses  B.  and 
Vert  (Coley)  Brock.  Attended  schools  of  Cooleemee,  Woodleaf, 
Farmington  and  Clemmons  High  School,  graduating  in  1913;  Uni- 
versity of  North  Carolina,  1913-1917.  Lawyer.  Representative  in 
General  Assembly  of  1917.  Mason;  Junior  Order  United  American 
Mechanics;  Odd  Fellow;  President  Mocksville  Lodge  of  P.  O.  S.  of 
A.,  also  county  and  district  president.  Methodist;  teacher  Young 
Men's  class  for  six  years.  Married  Miss  Laura  Tabor,  December 
23,.  1920.     Address:    Mocksville,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM  THOMAS  BROWN 
William  Thomas  Brown,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Perqui- 
mans County,  was  born  in  Bertie  County,  November  1,  1878.  Son 
of  William  J.  and  Sarah  E.  (Lewis)  Brown.  Attended  Windsor 
Academy.  Traveling  salesman.  Mason.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1931.  Episcopalian.  Married  Miss  Mary  E. 
Picard.  November  15,  1916.     Address:     Hertford,  N.  C. 


ANGUS  BLUE  CAMERON 
Angus  Blue  Cameron,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Moore 
County,  was  born  in  that  county,  October  22,  1872.  Son  of  William 
Pitt  and  Catherine  Emeline  (Blue)  Cameron.  Attended  Public 
Schools  Moore  County,  1875-1893;  private  school,  1S94;  Carthage 
Academy,  1894-1895;  Mercer  University,  Macon,  Ga.,  1895-1896; 
Massey's  Business  College,  Richmond,  Va.,  1901;  Special  Courses  at 
State  College  and  University  of  North  Carolina.  Teacher.  Seventh 
Degree  Member  of  National  Grange;  County  Superintendent  of 
Schools,  1919-1929;  now  engaged  in  farming  and  insurance  work; 
County  Supervisor  of  Taxation,  1931.  Past  Master  Carthage  Lodge 
No.  181,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  Carthage  Council,  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.,  Past 
Councilor.  Presbyterian;  Ruling  Elder  since  1920.  Married  Miss 
Belinda  Wilkinson  Barnes,  January  2,  1906.  Address:  Carthage 
N.   C. 


Representatives  171 

ROBERT  GREGG  CHERRY 
Robert  Gregg  Cherry,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Gaston 
County,  was  born  in  York  County,  S.  C,  October  17,  1891.  Son  of 
Chancellor  LaFayette  and  Hattie  E.  (Davis)  Cherry.  Attended 
Gastonia  graded  schools,  1900-1908;  A.B.,  Duke  University,  1912; 
Duke  University  Law  School,  1913-1914.  Lawyer.  Member  Gaston 
County  Bar  Association,  North  Carolina  Bar  Association,  Ameri- 
can Bar  Association  and  Kiwanis  Club.  Mayor  of  Gastonia,  1919- 
1921.  Captain  Co.  "A",  Machine  Gun  Battalion,  30th  Division. 
April  26,  1917,  to  April  15,  1919;  Major,  120th  N.  C.  National 
Guard,  1920-1921.  Member  Gastonia  Lodge  No.  369,  Ancient  Free 
and  Accepted  Masons;  Knights  Templar;  Royal  Arch  Masons; 
Oasis  Temple,  A.(  A.  O.  N.  M.  S.  Shrine;  Knights  of  Pythias, 
Knights  of  Khorassan;  Improved  Order  of  Red  Men;  Jr.  0.  U. 
A.  M.;  I.  O.  O.  F. ;  Sons  Confederate  Veterans;  American  Legion, 
State  Commander,  1928-1929.  Representative  in  the  General  As- 
sembly of  1931.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Mildred  Stafford,  1921. 
Address:    Gastonia,  N.  C. 


FINLEY  HEZEKIAH  COFFEY 
Finley  Hezekiah  Coffey,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Caldwell 
County  was  born  in  that  county  April  20,  1861.  Son  of  Drury  and 
Harriet  (Collette)  Coffey.  Attended  County  schools  1S67-1877; 
Boone  Academy,  1879-18S0.  Furniture  Manufacturer.  President 
Kent-Coffey  Mfg.  Co.,  President  and  director  the  Union  Mirror  Co.; 
President  Union  National  Bank;  President  Southern  Furniture  Man- 
ufacturers Association.  President  Chamber  of  Commerce,  past 
nine  years;  Councillor  National  Chamber  of  Commerce,  six 
years;  member  Reconstruction  Finance  Board,  Charlotte.  Member 
Board  of  Aldermen,  Lenoir,  1909-1916;  Chairman  Board  of  Com- 
missioners, Caldwell  County,  1916-1924;  1926-1928;  Member  County 
Government  Commission  appointed  by  Governor  McLean;  Member 
State  Prison  Board;  Member  Board  of  Trustees  State  College, 
eight  years;  Member  Board  of  Trustees  University  of  North  Caro- 
lina. Chairman  Draft  Board  Caldwell  County,  during  World  War. 
Knights  of  Pythias.  Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Rose  Freeze, 
October  6,  1892.     Address:     Lenoir,  N.   C. 


1 .  2  Biographical  Sketches 

GILES  WILLIAM  COVER,  JR. 
Giles  William  Cover,  Jr.,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Cherokee 
County,  was  born  at  Andrews,  October  10,  1909.  Son  of  Giles 
William  and  Lillian  Mayfield  (Brittain)  Cover.  Attended  Bingham 
Military  School,  1925-1928.  Leather  Manufacturer.  Secretary- 
Treasurer  Andrews  Rotary  Club.  Elected  Member  Board  of  Alder- 
men May  5,  1931.  Three  years  in  R.  O.  T.  C.  at  Bingham  Military 
School;    Lieutenant.     Address:     Andrews,  N.  C. 


CHARLES  H.  COWLES 
Charles  H.  Cowles,  Republican,  Representative  from  Wilkes 
County,  was  born  in  Charlotte,  July  16,  1875.  Son  of  Calvin  J. 
and  Ida  Augusta  (Holden)  Cowles.  Attended  Graded  Schools 
of  Charlotte  and  private  school  in  Wilkesboro  and  Wilkesboro  pub- 
lic schools  and  academy;  Charlotte  Commercial  College.  Real 
Estate  Dealer.  Established  and  published  The  Wilkes  Patriot, 
1906-1919.  Member  Board  of  Commissioners  Wilkesboro.  Repre- 
sentative in  the  Sixty-first  Congress,  1909-1911;  Member  State  House 
of  Representatives,  1905;  1907;  1921;  1923  and  1929.  Knights  of 
Pythias— not  active.  Episcopalian.  Married  Miss  Louise  Lunn, 
September  6,  1916.  Delegate  to  Republican  National  Conventions 
at  Chicago,  1904,  1908,  1912,  and  1916.     Address:    Wilkesboro,  N.  C. 


ROBERT   MARTIN  COX 

Robert  Martin  Cox,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Forsyth 
County,  was  born  in  that  county,  July  9,  1876.  Son  of  Romulus 
L.  and  Susan  E.  (Barrow)  Cox.  Farmer.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly,  1907,  1917,  1919,  1921,  1923,  1925,  1927,  1929 
and  1931.  Methodist  Protestant.  Married,  1917,  Miss  Lillian  Miller. 
Two  children.     Address:     Winston-Salem,   N.   C. 


NATHANIEL  SULLIVAN  CREWS 
Nathaniel  Sullivan  Crews,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Forsyth 
County,  was  born  in  Walkertown,  November  25,  1902.  Son  of 
Thomas  Albert  and  Mary  Frances  (Paschal)  Crews.  Attended 
Walkertown  High  School,  1917;  State  College,  1917;  Trinity  Col- 
lege, 1918-1920;  Graduated  Duke  University  Law  School,  1927. 
Lawyer.     Member  and  Secretary  Forsyth  County  Bar  Association; 


Representatives  1 


I  o 


Member  Winston-Salem  Junior  Bar  Association.  R.  0.  T.  C.  State 
College,  1917;  Trinity  College,  1919.  Sigma  Phi  Epsilon;  President 
Duke  Chapter,  Sigma  Nu  Phi.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Julia 
Cobb  Lyons,  August  8,  1931.     Address:    Winston-Salem,  N.   C. 


WILLIAM   THOMAS   CULPEPPER 

William  Thomas  Culpepper,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Pas- 
quotank County,  was  born  in  Elizabeth  City,  June  19,  1884.  Son 
of  LeRoy  and  Martha  (Davis)  Culpepper.  Attended  Atlantic  Col- 
legiate Institute.  Hardware  Merchant.  President  Culpepper  Hard- 
ware Co.,  Inc.,  Culpepper  Motor  Co.,  Inc.  and  the  Carolina  Amuse- 
ment Company,  Inc.  Member  Merchants  Association;  Chamber  of 
Commerce;  Kiwanis  Club.  Member  Elizabeth  City  Board  of  Alder- 
men, 1914-1916.  Mason;  Sudan  Shrine;  Junior  Order  United 
American  Mechanics;  President  Elizabeth  City  Shrine  Club;  B.  P. 
0.  E.,  Exalted  Ruler,  1917.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Alice  G.  Butler, 
October  19,  1909.     Address:    Elizabeth  City,  N.  C. 


GEORGE  E.  DAVIS 

George  E.  Davis,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Hyde  County, 
was  born  in  Engelhard  in  1870.  Son  of  Thomas  M.  and  Eliza  J. 
(Sanderson)  Davis.  Attended  private  and)  public  schools,  1879- 
1888.  Farmer.  Sheriff  of  Hyde  County,  1912-1917.  Representative 
in  the  General  Assembly  in  1923,  1925,  1929  and  1931.  Methodist. 
Married  Miss  Orpha  Credle,  January  6,  1904.  Address:  Lake  Land- 
ing, N.  C. 


JULIUS  GLADSTONE  DEES 
Julius  Gladstone  Dees,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Pamlico 
County,  was  born  at  Grantsboro,  May  23,  1893.  Son  of  George  and 
Julia  Frances  (Brinson)  Dees.  Attended  Alliance  High  School; 
Whitsett  Institute,  1910-1911;  University  North  Carolina,  1912-1915. 
Lawyer.  Member  North  Carolina  Bar  Association.  County  Attor- 
ney Pamlico  County,  1931;  Solicitor  Recorder's  Court,  1931.  U.  S. 
Navy,  Yeoman,  1918-1921.  Commander  Dixon-Cahoon  Post  No.  200 
American  Legion,  1931-1932.  Married  Miss  Vivian  Ola  Sawyer, 
May  19,  1920.  Five  children,  two  girls  and  three  boys.  Address: 
Bayboro,  N.  C. 


1 74  Biographical  Sketches 

RUFUS  A.  DOUGHTON 
Rufus  A.  Doughton,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Alleghany 
County,  was  born  at  Laurel  Springs,  January  10,  1857.  Son  of  J. 
Horton  and  Rebecca  (Jones)  Doughton.  Educated  at  Independence, 
Va.,  High  School,  1876-1877;  University  North  Carolina,  graduated 
in  Law,  1880.  Lawyer,  farmer  and  banker.  Member  of  the  North 
Carolina  House  of  Representatives,  1887,  1889,  1891,  1903,  1907,  1909, 
1911,  1913,  1915,  1917,  1919,  1921;  1923;  Speaker,  1891;  Lieutenant 
Governor,  1893-1897;  Commissioner  of  Revenue,  1923-1929;  Dis- 
trict Highway  Commissioner,  1921-1923;  State  Highway  Commis- 
sioner, 1929-1931;  Mason.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Sue  B.  Parks, 
January  3,  1883. 


SAMUEL  ERNEST  DOUGLASS 
Samuel  Ernest  Douglass,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Wake 
County,  was  born  in  Troy,  January  10,  1884.  Son  of  William  C.  and 
Josie  (Tyson)  Douglass.  Attended  Raleigh  Public  Schools  and 
Morson  Academy;  Atlanta  Dental  College  and  University  of  Mary- 
land; Hamilton  College  of  Law;  Morden's  School  of  Real  Estate 
and  Insurance.  Realtor  and  Farmer.  Member  Raleigh  Real  Estate 
Board;  North  Carolina  Realtors  Association;  National  Real  Estate 
Association;  Wake  County  Bar  Association.  North  Carolina  Na- 
tional Guard,  1900.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Ruth  Ingram,  July 
21,  1911.  Inventor  Douglass  Spark  Arrester  for  Locomotives, 
Douglass  Rotary  tooth  brush  and  movable  head  lights  for  auto- 
mobiles.    Address:      Raleigh,   N.   C,   R.  1. 


JOHN  A.  DOWTIN 
John  A.  Dowtin,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Warren  County, 
was  born  in  same  county  1861.  Son  of  W.  A.  and  Mary  (Watson) 
Dowtin.  Attended  public  schools.  Farmer.  Register  of  Deeds  1900- 
1922.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly,  1925.  Married. 
Address:    Warrenton,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM  WOOTEN  EAGLES 
William   Wooten   Eagles,   Democrat    Representative    from    Edge- 
combe County,  was  born  June  19,  1881.     Son  of  Benjamin  Franklin 
and  Sidney  Elizabeth  Eagles.     Attended  Edgecombe  High  School; 


Representatives  175 

University  of  North  Carolina,  A.  B.  1904.  Farmer  and  Banker. 
Grade  A  farmer  1931.  County  Commissioner,  1914.  Mason;  Wood- 
men of  the  World;  Worshipful  Master  Masonic  Lodge  1918.  Bap- 
tist; Deacon  since  1920.  Married  Miss  Daisy  McLean  October  IT. 
1918.     Address:     Macclesfield,  N.  C. 


THOMAS   RICHARD    EATON 

Thomas  Richard  Eaton,  Republican,  Representative  from  Yadkin 
County,  was  born  near  Yadkinville,  December  26,  1886.  Son  of 
E.  J.  and  Nancy  (Davis)  Eaton.  Attended  Public  Schools,  1893- 
1903;  Yadkinville  Normal  School,  1904-1905.  Cashier  Bank  of 
Yadkinville;  Mercantile  and  Milling  Business.  Register  of  Deeds. 
Yadkin  County,  1920-1930.  Junior  Order  United  American  Me- 
chanics, Secretary  Yadkinville  Council,  1918-1928.  Baptist.  Mar- 
ried Miss  Florence  Dobbins,  November  20,  1915.  Address:  Yad- 
kinville.  N.   C. 


JOHN  RAWLINGS  EDWARDS 
John  Rawlings  Edwards,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Pitt 
County,  was  born  in  Hertford,  October  10,  1896.  Son  of  W.  F.  C. 
and  Pattie  Valentine  (Rawlings)  Edwards.  Attended  Hertford 
High  School.  University  of  North  Carolina  Law  School,  1916-1917; 
Summer  Law  School,  1925.  Lawyer.  Secretary  to  Congressman 
Hallett  S.  Ward,  1921-1925.  Sergeant,  F.  A.  R.  D.  Headquarters 
Battery,  1918.  Embarked  for  overseas  duty  at  Camp  Hill,  Va., 
November  11,  1918;  ship  was  ordered  not  to  sail.  Member  Pitt 
County  Post  No.  39,  American  Legion.  Episcopalian.  Married  Miss 
Camilla  McMullan,  June  20,  1923,  who  died  August  14,  1924;  one 
daughter,  Pat;  married  Miss  Mary  Shepard  Parker,  of  Norfolk. 
Virginia,  October  7,  1931.     Address:    Greenville,  N.  C. 


NEREUS  CLARKSON  ENGLISH 
Democrat,  Representative  from  Randolph  County,  was  born  at 
Trinity,  April  20,  1904.  Son  of  Nereus  Clarkson  and  Virginia  Mae 
(Bouldin)  English.  Attended  Trinity  Public  and  High  School, 
graduated  1921;  A.  B.  Guilford  College,  1926.  Farmer;  textile 
manufacturer.  Secretary-Treasurer  Carolina  Underwear  Co.;  Presi- 
dent   Textile    Distributors.      Vice-President     Thomasville     Rotary 


1  7<i  Biographical  Sketches 

Club.  Formerly  Principal  Spring  Hope  High  School.  Friend. 
Teacher.  Married  Miss  Mae  Martin,  August  2,  1930.  Address: 
Trinity,  N.  C. 


ROBERT  BRUCE  ETHERIDGE 

Robert  Bruce  Etheridge,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Dare 
County,  was  born  at  Manteo,  July  31,  1878.  Son  of  Van  Buren 
and  Matilda  Etheridge.  Attended  public  schools  of  Manteo  and 
Atlantic  Collegiate  Institute,  Elizabeth  City;  A.B..  Trinity  Col- 
lege (now  Duke  University),  1899.  Cashier  Bank  of  Manteo.  Gen- 
eral Insurance.  Clerk  Superior  Court,  Dare  County;  Superintend- 
ent of  Schools;  member  State  Executive  Committee,  1928;  Postmas- 
ter, Manteo,  1914-1922;  County  Chairman  Democratic  Executive 
Committee.  State  Senator  from  Second  District,  1907;  Represen- 
tative in  General  Assembly,  1929  and  1931.  Mason,  Treasurer  Ma- 
sonic Lodge  about  seven  years;  Junior  Order;  Woodmen  of  Amer- 
ica; Kappa  Sigma  (college  fraternity).  Married  Miss  Elizabeth 
Webb,  April  22,  1908.     Address:    Manteo,  N.  C. 


REUBEN  OSCAR   EVERETT 

Reuben  Oscar  Everett,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Durham 
County,  was  born  at  Hamilton,  Martin  County,  October  20,  1879. 
Son  of  Justus  and  Elizabeth  (Purvis)  Everett.  Attended  Hamilton 
Schools,  Vine  Hill  Male  Academy,  Scotland  Neck;  B.S.  University 
of  North  Carolina,  1903;  Trinity  College  Law  School,  1905;  Colum- 
bia University,  Summers  1912,  1913  and  1914.  Lawyer.  Member 
Durham  County,  North  Carolina  and  American  Bar  Associations. 
Life  Member  American  Law  Institute.  President  North  Carolina 
Agricultural  Society,  1917;  President  Cotton  States  Commission. 
1921-1923;  Represented  North  Carolina  World's  Cotton  Congress. 
England,  1921;  Secretary  International  Cotton  Institute;  Member 
Executive  Committee  North  Carolina  Bar  Association,  1931-34; 
Board  of  Trustees  University  North  Carolina,  1921-1932;  President 
Durham-Orange  Historical  Society;  Bennett  Place  Memorial  Com- 
mission. Attorney  of  City  of  Durham;  Prosecuting  Attorney,  Dur- 
ham County;  Assistant  County  Recorder.  Representative  in  Gen- 
eral Assembly  of  1921,  1923,  1925  and  1927.  Delegate  to  the  Na- 
tional Democratic  Convention,  1920  and  1928.    Knights  of  Pythias; 


Representatives  177 

Woodmen  of  the  World;  Woodmen  of  America.  Episcopalian.  Au- 
thor of  "Bryan,  a  Statesman  of  the  Christian  Era;"  "The  World 
Court,"  1928;  "The  Constitution  and  the  Social  Order",  1932;  in  col- 
laboration with  Bruce  Craven  wrote,  "Treatise  on  the  Federal  In- 
come Tax."  Married  Miss  Katherine  McDiarmid  Robinson,  of 
Fayetteville,  June  24,  1926;  one  son,  Robinson  Oscar  Everett,  born 
March  18,  1928.     Address:    Durham,  N.  C. 


WALL  CHRISTIAN  EWING 
Wall  Christian  Ewing,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Cum- 
berland County,  was  born  at  Mount  Gilead,  N.  C,  April  3,  1891.  Son 
of  Dr.  Joseph  Preston  and  Sallie  Hearne  (Christian)  Ewing.  At- 
tended Donaldson  Military  School,  Fayetteville,  N.  C,  1907;  The 
Citadel  (South  Carolina  Military  Academy),  1910.  Farmer;  manu- 
facturer of  fertilizers.  Member  Cumberland  County  Democratic 
Executive  Committee,  1916-1922;  Chairman  Cumberland  County 
Board  of  Elections,  1922-1928;  member  State  Democratic  Executive 
Committee  since  1924;  Member  State  Board  of  Conservation  and 
Development,  Mason;  Elk.  Presbyterian.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly,  1929  and  1931.  Married  Miss  Douglas  Souther- 
land,  May  14,  1920.     Address:     Fayetteville,  N.   C. 


OSCAR  S.  FALKNER 
Oscar  S.  Falkner,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Vance  County, 
was  born  in  Vance  County.  Son  of  Rufus  N.  and  Margaret  (Rudd) 
Falkner.  Attended  public  schools  of  Vance  County.  Farmer  and 
Tobacco  Warehouseman.  Member  Farmers  Grange;  officer  in  Aycock 
Unit  Vance  County.  Deputy  Sheriff  Vance  County,  1892-1896;  Chief 
of  Police  of  Henderson,  1891  and  1916.  Member  Home  Guards  1898. 
Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Ruth  C.  Clements,  1891.  Address:  Hen- 
derson, N.  C. 


EDWARD  GASKILL  FLANAGAN 
Edward  Gaskill  Flanagan,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Pitt 
County,  was  born  in  Greenville,  North  Carolina  December  3,  1875. 
Son  of  John  and  Mary  Wise  Gaskill  Flanagan.  Attended  Greenville 
High  School.  President  of  Greenville  Banking  &  Trust  Company 
since  1908;    President  Carolina  Kelvinator  Company  of  GreenvilTe, 

12 


178  Biographical  Sketches 

X.  C;  President  of  the  Armistead  Motor  Company  of  Rocky  Mount. 
N.  C;  President  of  the  Pitt  Development  Co.,  Inc.;  President  of  the 
Land  Investment  Co.,  Inc.,  of  Greenville,  N.  C;  Chairman  of  the 
Board  of  Northside  Lumber  Co.,  Inc.  of  Greenville,  N.  C. ;  Director 
Wachovia  Bank  &  Trust  Co.,  Occidental  Life  Insurance  Co.,  Golds- 
boro  Motor  Company;  Member  of  the  Advisory  Board  of  the  Recon- 
struction Finance  Corporation,  Charlotte,  N.  C;  Member  of  the 
Board  East  Carolina  Teachers  College  and  Chairman  of  the  Building 
Committee  since  1927;  Vice  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Trustees 
Greenville  Graded  School;  Chairman  Finance  Committee  since 
1912;  owner  John  Flanagan  Buggy  Company,  business  established 
1S66.  Delegate  from  First  District  to  the  Democratic  National  Con- 
vention at  Houston,  Tex.,  1928  and  Chicago,  1932.  Knights  of 
Pythias;  Odd  Fellows;  Red  Men;  Representative  in  the  General 
Assembly  from  Pitt  County  1927-29-31.  Baptist.  Married  Miss 
Rosa  M.  Hooker,  October  18,  1899.  Address:  Greenville,  North 
Carolina. 


PINCKNEY  CARROLL  FRONEBERGER 
Pinckney  Carroll  Froneberger,  Democrat,  Representative  from 
Gaston  County,  was  born  in  Bessemer  City,  May  28,  1901.  Son  of 
H.  C.  and  Sally  (Carroll)  Froneberger.  Attended  Bessemer  City 
Primary  and  Graded  Schools  1906-1917;  University  of  North  Caro- 
line, 1919-1924.  Lawyer.  Member  North  Carolina  and  Gaston 
County  Bar  Associations.  Secretary  Gaston  County  Democratic 
Executive  Committee,  1924-1926;  Chairman  Gaston  County  Board 
of  Elections,  1926-1932.  Two  years  R.  O.  T.  C,  1920-1922.  Knights 
of  Pythias;  Grand  Master  Bessemer  City  Lodge,  1927;  Phi  Alpha 
Delta,  Law  Fraternity.  Lutheran.  Married  Miss  Geneva  Thorn- 
burg,  August  8,  1929.     Address:     Gastonia,  N.  C. 


MILES  WALLACE  GALLOWAY 
Miles  Wallace  Galloway,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Tran- 
sylvania County,  was  born  at  Balsam  Grove,  July  28,  1879.  Son  of 
Willis  Perry  and  Sarah  Louise  (Kitchin)  Galloway.  Received 
education  in  private  schools.  Farmer.  Register  of  Deeds,  Tran- 
sylvania County,  1904-1908;  Deputy  Insurance  Commissioner  and 
State  Fire  Warden,  1923-1925;  County  Tax  Supervisor  Transylvania 


Representatives  17!' 

County,  1926-1927.  Civil  Service  employee,  Post  Office  Department, 
Division  Railway  Mails,  1914-1923.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Arie  C 
LaMance,  January  12,  1898.    Address:     Brevard,  N.  C. 


JOE  GARIBALDI 
Joe  Garibaldi,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Mecklenburg 
County,  was  born  in  Charlotte,  July  15,  1865.  Son  of  John  and 
Louisa  Garibaldi.  Attended  Charlotte  High  School  and  Capt.  Bar- 
rier's Military  School.  Jeweler  (retired).  Member  Chamber  of 
Commerce;  Rotary  Club;  Director  Charlotte  National  Bank;  mem- 
ber Governing  Board  St.  Peter's  Hospital;  President  Governing 
Board  Salvation  Army;  City  Commissioner,  Charlotte,  eight  years; 
member  State  Guard  and  Hornet's  Nest  Riflemen  ten  years.  Knights 
of  Pythias.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1931. 
Episcopalian.  Married  Miss  Edna  Dunklin.  Address:  Charlotte, 
N.  C. 


ERNEST  ALVAH  GARDNER 

Ernest  Alvah  Gardner,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Cleveland 
County,  was  born  at  Shelby,  December  23,  1897.  Son  of  Virgil  A. 
and  Florence  (Nolan)  Gardner.  Attended  Fallston  High  School, 
1915-1918;  Boiling  Springs  High  School,  1918-1919.  LL.B.  Wake 
Forest  College,  1923.  Lawyer.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Vera  Rich- 
ardson, May  19,  1926.     Address:    Shelby,  N.  C. 


FRANCIS  GARROU 
Francis  Garrou,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Burke  County, 
was  born  in  Praly,  Italy.  Son  of  John  and  Marianne  (Massel) 
Garrou.  Attended  Pomaret  Latin  School,  1891-1893,  at  Pomaret, 
Praly,  Italy.  Manufacturer.  Executive  Valdese  Manufacturing  Com- 
pany; President  Garrou  Knitting  Mills,  Morganton,  and  of  the 
Waldensian  Hosiery  Mills;  Vice  President  Full  Fashioned  Mills; 
Director  First  National  Bank  of  Morganton.  Member  Valdese  Cham- 
ber of  Commerce;  Cotton  Textile  Institute,  New  York  and  North 
Carolina  Cotton  Manufacturers'  Association.  Member  Burke  County 
Financial  Advisory  Board,  192S-1929;  First  Chairman  Lovelady 
School    District,    serving    until    192TJ;     Ctyiirman    Lovelady    Road 


180  Biographical  Sketches 

Commission,  1914-1922.  Mason;  Catawba  Valley  Lodge,  No.  217; 
Catawba  Chapter  No.  60,  Royal  Arch  Masons;  Hickory  Commandery 
No.  17,  Knights  Templar;  Oasis  Temple,  Charlotte.  Presbyterian. 
Set  up  the  first  Hosiery  Mills  in  Burke  County  at  Valdese,  built 
the  first  stone  building  housing  same.  First  mayor  Valdese  and 
Alderman  three  terms.  Married  Miss  Catherine  Christmas,  October 
18,  1899.     Address:  Valdese,  N.  C. 


GLADSTONE  DAUGHTRY  CATLING 
Gladstone  Daughtry  Gatling,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Gates 
County,  was  born  in  Gates,  April  27,  1880.  Son  of  Riddick  and 
Penina  (Willey)  Gatling.  Attended  private  schools,  1887-1892; 
Reynoldson  Academy,  1894-1896.  Farmer.  Member  Board  of  Educa- 
tion and  Tax  Supervisor,  Gates  County.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly,  1913  and  1915.  Mason,  Worshipful  Master,  1910- 
1918.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1931.  Episcopalian; 
Senior  Warden.  Married  Miss  Lillian  Baxter  Harrill,  October  7, 
1914.  Four  children.  Member  Four-Minute  Men  during  World  War. 
Address:   Gates,  N.  C. 


SAMUEL  MALLET  GATTIS,  Jr. 
Samuel  Mallet  Gattis,  Jr.,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Orange 
County,  was  born  in  Hillsboro,  August  22,  1891.  Son  of  Samuel 
Mallet  and  Margaret  (Parish)  Gattis.  Attended  Warrenton  High 
School,  1907-1908;  University  of  North  Carolina,  A.B.,  1912;  Uni- 
versity Law  School,  1913-1914.  Lawyer.  Member  North  Carolina 
Bar  Association;  Hillsboro  Chamber  of  Commerce.  Lieutenant  U.  S. 
Army,  April,  1917,  to  October,  1919.  Mason;  Master  Hillsboro  Lodge, 
1928.  Methodist.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1931. 
Married  Miss  Virginia  Parris,  January  7,  1921.  Address:  Hills- 
boro, N.  C. 


JOHN  WALLACE  GILLIAM,  Jr. 
John  Wallace  Gilliam,  Jr.,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Ala- 
mance County,  was  born  at  Altamahaw,  December  16,  1886.  Son  of 
John  Wesley  and  Mary  Jane  (Leath)  Gilliam.  Educated  in  Gilliam 
Academy,  established  by  father  in  1879.  Attended  Smithdeal  Busi- 
ness College.   Richmond,   1905;    Eastman   Business   College,   Pough- 


Representatives  181 

keepsie,  1906;  Wilbur  R.  Smith  Business  College,  Lexington,  Ky. 
Farmer;  Minister;  Trade  man  for  Smith-Pinnix  Tobacco  Ware- 
house, Reidsville.  Business  Manager  Gilliam's  Academy,  1905-1918; 
Instructor  in  Commercial  Course,  thirteen  years.  President  Altama- 
haw-Ossipee  High  School  Parent-Teacher's  Association,  1932. 
Primitive  Baptist.  Pastor  three  churches;  ordained  Elder,  1915; 
Clerk  Upper  Country  Line  Primitive  Baptist  Association  since,  1916. 
Married  Miss  Mary  Blanche  Idol,  April  24,  1914.  Address:  Altama- 
haw,  N.  C,  R.  1. 


CHARLES  GILBERT  GRADY 

Charles  Gilbert  Grady,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Johnston 
County,  was  born  at  Four  Oaks,  December  25,  1905.  Son  of  Charles 
Hampton  and  Lelia  (Baker)  Grady.  Attended  Four  Oaks  High 
School,  1920-1923;  Smithfield  High  School,  1922-1923.  A.B.  Uni- 
versity North  Carolina,  1927.  University  Law  School,  1927-1929. 
Lawyer.  Member  Johnston  County  Bar  Association,  Secretary- 
Treasurer,  1931-1932.  Member  Board  of  Commissioners  Four  Oaks, 
1932.  N.  C.  National  Guard,  1922-1924;  Councilor  Four  Oaks  Coun- 
cil No.  337,  1932;  Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics;  Alpha 
Lambda  Tau  National  Social  Fraternity.  Baptist.  Teacher  Men's 
Bible  Class,  1929-1932.  Married  Miss  Lavinia  Ann  Green  June  18, 
1931.    Address:  Four  Oaks,  N.  C. 


CHARLES  HARRIS  GRAEBER 

Charles  Harris  Graeber,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Cabarrus 
County,  was  born  in  Rowan  County,  August  8,  1878.  Son  of  Henry 
T.  and  Margaret  C.  (Moose)  Graeber.  Attended  Rowan  County 
Schools;  Mt.  Pleasant  College.  Ice  and  Fuel  Dealer.  County  Com- 
missioner, Cabarrus  County,  1926-1929.  Patriotic  Sons  of  America. 
Lutheran;  Deacon  and  Elder  for  a  number  of  years.  Married  Miss 
Jennie  M.  Alexander,  1908.     Address:  Kannapolis,  N.  C. 


ERNEST  GRAHAM 
Ernest  Graham,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Robeson  County, 
was  born  in  Red  Springs,  February  5,  1891.     Son  of  Daniel  McN. 
and  Maggie  (McGirt)  Graham.  Attended  Red  Springs  schools;  David- 
son College,  two  years;   graduated  Oak  Ridge  Institute.     Merchant 


lv'  Biographical  Sketches 

and  Farmer.  Mayor  Red  Springs,  1921-1922;  Chairman  Red  Springs 
School  Board,  1921-1930;  member  Board  of  Trustees  Flora  Mac- 
donald  College,  1925-1930;  Director  Bank,  1924-1927;  Manager  Gra- 
ham Company,  1919-1930;  President  Red  Springs  Rotary  Club,  1930. 
Mason;  Scottfsh  Rite;  Shriner;  Knights  of  Pythias.  Private,  World 
War,  1918.  Presbyterian;  Elder,  1922-1930.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1931.  Married  Miss  Carrie  Belle  McNeill, 
April  10,  1918.     Four  children.     Address:   Red  Springs,  N.  C. 


LEMUEL  CLAYTON  GRANT 

Lemuel  Clayton  Grant,  Democrat,  Representative  from  New 
Hanover  County,  was  born  in  Wilmington.  January  7,  1882.  Son  of 
Reuben  and  Elizabeth  (McMillan)  Grant,  Attended  Wilmington 
Public  Schools,  1889-1901;  University  of  North  Carolina,  1901-1902; 
University  Law  School,  1907.  Lawyer.  Member  New  Hanover 
County  Bar  Association.  Chairman  Committee  Four  Minute  Men, 
New  Hanover  County,  1917-1918;  Chairman  Committee  Public  In- 
struction, 1917-1918.  Representative  from  New  Hanover  County 
in  the  General  Assemblies  of  1917,  1919  and  Senator  from  the 
Ninth  Senatorial  District,  1927.  Mason.  Knights  of  Pythias,  1910. 
Baptist.  Married  Miss  Margaret  E.  Montgomery,  November  24, 
1908.     Address:   Wilmington,  N.  C. 


TIPTON  S.  GREENE 
Tipton  S.  Greene,  Republican,  Representative  from  Mitchell 
County,  was  born  in  Bakersville,  N.  C.  Son  of  Hoy  W.  and  Celia 
R.  (Gibbs)  Greene.  Attended  Bakersville  High  School;  Stanley 
McCormic,  Burnsville  and  Athens  College,  Tennessee;  Asheville 
Business  College.  Lumberman.  Private  World  War,  Serial  num- 
ber 865261 — A.  S.  A.  P.  Mason;  Wesley  R.  Ellis  Post  No.  193,  Ameri- 
can Legion.  Methodist.  Superintendent  Sunday  School,  1924-1930, 
Bible  Teacher;  Steward.  Married  Miss  Lucy  C.  Peterson  of  Burns- 
ville, Mav  1,  1923.     Address:  Bakersville,  N.  C. 


ROBY    THOMAS    GREER 
Roby    Thomas    Greer,    Democrat,    Representative    from    Watauga 
County,    was   born    in    that    county,    February    16,    1889.      Son    of 
Thomas  Frankling  and  Mary   (Carlton)   Greer.     Attended  Watauga 


Representatives  183 

Academy  and  Appalachian  Training  School,  1903-1907;  University 
of  North  Carolina.  Farmer  and  stock  raiser.  Chairman  Board 
of  County  Commissioners,  1926-1930.  Representative  in  the  General 
Assembly  of  1931.    Address:  Blowing  Rock,  N.  C. 


CLARENCE   GRIFFIN 

Clarence  Griffin,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Rutherford 
County,  was  born  in  that  county  March  22,  1904.  Son  of  Lewis  W. 
and  Naomi  (Johnson)  Greene.  Graduated  Spindale  High  School, 
1923.  News  Editor,  the  Forest  City  Courier:  Managing  Editor, 
Ar.  C.  Historical  and  Genealogical  Record.  Member  North  Carolina 
Press  Association  Institute  American  Genealogy;  British  Society 
Genealogists;  North  Carolina  State  Literary  and  Historical  As- 
sociation, Vice  President,  1929.  Secretary  Rutherford  County  Demo- 
cratic Executive  Committee  since  1928;  member  precinct  Executive 
Committee  several  years.  Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics; 
Financial  Secretary  Hereditary  Organizations;  Sons  of  American 
Revolution;  Sons  of  Confederate  Veterans;  Order  American 
Pioneers;  Order  of  the  First  Crusade;  Society  of  the  War  of  1812; 
Secretary-Treasurer  and  Historian  Society  of  Griffin  Kindred. 
Methodist.  Steward,  1926-1931;  Sunday  School  Secretary  several 
years;  Secretary-Treasurer  Rutherford  County  Epworth  League 
Union,  1927-1928.  Appointed  County  Historian  Rutherford  County, 
1927;  Member  Rutherford  County  Civic  Club,  Secretary-Treasurer. 
1929,  1931;  Vice  President  Rutherford  County  Piedmont  Council 
Boy  Scouts,  1929;  Deputy  Scout  Commissioner,  1924-1928.  Author 
of  "Descendants  of  Chisolm  Griffin.  1931";  "The  Bechtlers  and 
Bechtler  Coinage,"  1929;  "Col.  John  Walker  and  Family,"  1930. 
Married  Miss  Thelma  Clay,  April  30,  1927.  One  son,  Donald  Clay 
Griffin.     Address:     Forest  City,  N.  C. 


JAMES  ALONZO  GROVES 
James  Alonzo  Groves,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Stanly 
County,  was  born  in  Lowell,  N.  G,  November  26,  1873.  Son  of 
Robert  Alexander  and  Margaret  Lawing  (Waddell)  Groves.  Cot- 
ton manufacturer.  Methodist.  Representative  in  the  General  As- 
sembly of  1931.  Married  Miss  Nellie  Hearne.  1924.  Address:  Albe- 
marle, N.  C. 


184  Biographical  Sketches 

LUTHER  HAMILTON 
Luther  Hamilton,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Carteret  County, 
was  born  at  Atlantic,  February  20,  1894.  Son  of  Samuel  E.  and 
Rebecca  (Fulcher)  Hamilton.  Attended  Oak  Ridge  Institute,  1910- 
1911;  University  of  North  Carolina,  1911-1915;  University  Law 
School,  1914-1915.  Lawyer.  State  Senator,  1921.  Representative  in 
the  General  Assembly  of  1931.  Mayor  Morehead  City,  1924-1929; 
County  Attorney,  1924-1928.  Commissioned  Second  Lieutenant  at 
Fort  Oglethorpe,  Ga.,  1917;  assigned  to  Fort  Bliss,  El  Paso,  Texas, 
with  34th  Infantry,  eight  months;  thence  overseas;  twenty-three 
months'  service.  Mason;  Ocean  Lodge  No.  405,  Morehead  City; 
Sudan  Temple  (Shrine),  New  Bern.  Methodist;  Steward  and 
teacher  Baraca  Class  since  1916.  Married  Miss  Marie  Long,  July  6. 
1918.     Address:   Morehead  City,  N.  C. 


CALEB  HILL  HAYNES 
Caleb  Hill  Haynes,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Surry  County, 
was  born  near  Mount  Airy,  April  16.  1863.  Son  of  Caleb  H.  and 
Margaret  (Davis)  Haynes.  Attended  country  free  school  and  Mount 
Airy  Male  Academy.  Real  Estate  dealer.  Member  Kiwanis  Club; 
Director  Bank  of  Mount  Airy  ten  years.  Elected  Register  of  Deeds, 
1892;  1894;  Clerk  Superior  Court,  1898.  1902;  Sheriff,  1908-1928; 
Alderman  Mount  Airy,  1898.  Chairman  County  Democratic  Execu- 
tive Committee,  190S;  State  Democratic  Committee,  1908,  served 
six  years;  Delegate  to  National  Democratic  Convention  1912;  mem- 
ber Mount  Airy  School  Board,  1915-1918.  Appointed  Deputy  Col- 
lector Internal  Revenue,  September  1913;  promoted  to  Field  Deputy 
Western  District,  1918,  headquarters  Statesville,  holding  said  posi- 
tion until  consolidation  of  the  districts.  Appointed  by  J.  W.  Bailey 
chief  Field  Deputy,  holding  said  position  until  1921.  Appointed 
Deputy  State  Tax  Supervisor  under  A.  D.  Watts,  January,  1922; 
resigned  December,  1922.  Elected  to  the  1931  General  Assembly 
by  a  majority  of  2,461.  Mason.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Lizzie 
Bunker,  January  10,  1889.     Address:  Mount  Airy,  N.  C. 


Representatives  185 

JAMES  HARDEN  HOWELL 
James  Harden  Howell,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Haywood 
County,  was  born  at  Jonathans  Creeks,  July  2,  1883.  Son  of  Erastus 
H.  and  Sarah  Josephine  (Brown)  Howell.  Attended  local  Public 
Schools;  Rutherford  College,  1900-1901;  Eastern  College,  1902-1904; 
Washington  and  Lee  University,  1904-1906;  University  of  North 
Carolina,  Summer,  1906.  Lawyer.  Clerk  and  treasurer  town  of 
Waynesville,  1907-1913;  Attorney,  1913-1915;  District  Supervisor 
Taxes,  1919-1920.  Nominated  for  Representative  from  Haywood 
County,  1917;  resigned  for  service  on  the  Mexican  Border.  Enlisted 
Co.  H.,  First  N.  C.  Infantry,  1907;  Second  Lieutenant,  1910,  Cap- 
tain, 1910-1916;  Major,  First  N.  C.  Infantry,  June  1916-October,  1917; 
Major  118th  Infantry,  1917-1919;  Lieutenant  Colonel,  O.  R.  C,  since 
1919.  Mason.  Waynesville  Lodge,  No.  259,  A.  F.  and  A.  M.;  High 
Priest  Waynesville  Chapter  Royal  Arch  Masons,  1926;  Eminent  Com- 
mander Waynesville  Commandery,  1927;  Junior  Order  United 
American  Mechanics;  Commander  American  Legion,  1920-1921;  1926- 
1927.  Methodist.  Treasurer  Building  Committee  since  1924.  Mar- 
ried Miss  Pearl  Marshall,  October  28,  190S.  Address:  Waynes- 
ville, N.  C. 


THOMAS  CRAWFORD  HOYLE,  Jh. 
Thomas  Crawford  Hoyle,  Jr.,  Democrat,  Representative  from 
Guilford  County,  was  born  June  19,  1907.  Son  of  Thomas  Craw- 
ford and  Lucy  W.  (Welfly)  Hoyle.  Attended  Pomona  High  School, 
1920-1924;  University  North  Carolina,  1924-1928;  Wake  Forest  Col- 
lege. Lawyer.  Member  North  Carolina  and  Greensboro  Bar  As- 
sociations.    Methodist.     Address:   Greensboro,  N.  C. 


CHARLES  HUTCHINS 

Charles  Hutchins,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Yancey  County, 
was  born  at  Burnsville,  September  3,  1889.  Son  of  Landon  Haines 
and  Trissa  (Shepherd)  Hutchins.  Attended  Yancey  Collegiate  In- 
stitute, 1906-1909;  LL.B.,  Wake  Forest  College,  1910.  Lawyer.  Mem- 
ber North  Carolina  and  Local  Bar  Associations.  Representative  in 
General  Assemblies  of  1913  and  1929.  County  Attorney  of  Yancey 
County.  1924.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Effie  Lee  Griffith,  October 
25,  1909.     Address:  Burnsville,  N.  C. 


1S6  Biographical  Sketches 

CHARLES  L.  INGRAM 
Charles  L.  Ingram,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Macon  County, 
was  born  in  Macon  County,  January  1,  1866.  Son  of  John  and  Martha 
M.  (Moore)  Ingram.  Attended  the  public  schools.  Farmer.  Travel- 
ing salesman  from  1900  to  1912.  Postmaster  at  Franklin  from  1916 
to  1921;  Sheriff  of  Macon  County  from  1924  to  1930.  Mason;  Junior 
Order.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Annie  Gaston,  October,  1891.  Address: 
Franklin,  N.  C. 


ROBERT  GRADY  JOHNSON 

Robert  Grady  Johnson,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Pender 
County,  was  born  at  Burgaw,  N.  C,  May  5,  1895.  Son  of  Joab  F.  and 
Myrtie  (Grady)  Johnson.  Educated  at  Burgaw  High  School;  Uni- 
versity of  North  Carolina,  and  Wake  Forest  College.  Lawyer. 
Member  Board  of  /  ldermen,  1922-1928;  Chairman  County  Board  of 
Elections;  member  Democratic  Executive  Committee.  Member  of 
'he  State  Senate,  1129.  Private,  U.  S.  Army,  February,  1918,  to 
May,  1919.  Mason.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of 
1931.    Address:  Burgaw,  N.  C. 


VICTOR  RICHARDSON  JOHNSON 
Victor  Richardson  Johnson,  Democrat,  Representative  from 
Chatham  County,  was  born  at  Mt.  Vernon  Springs,  N.  C,  July 
18,  1893.  Son  of  R.  P.  and  Clara  (Hanner)  Johnson.  Attended 
Pittsboro  High  School,  1908-1910;  Round  Hill  Academy,  Union 
Mills,  N.  C,  1910-1911;  Wake  Forest  College,  B.A.,  1915,  LL.B.. 
1915;  University  Grenoble,  France,  1919.  Lawyer.  Cashier 
Farmers  Bank,  1923-1925.  A.  E.  F.,  323rd  Machine  Gun  Com- 
pany, 81st  Division,  1918-1919.  Vice  Commander  American  Legion. 
Mason;  Master  Columbus  Lodge  No.  102,  Pittsboro,  1923-1924;  Dis- 
trict Grand  Master  13th  Masonic  District,  1923-1924;  Sanford  Chap- 
ter, Southern  Pines  Commandery;  Shriner,  Oasis  Temple,  Char- 
lotte. Baptist;  Moderator  Sandy  Creek  Association,  13  years;  Su- 
perintendent Sunday  School,  1928-1933.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1931.  Married  Miss  Nellie  Pilkington.  May 
11.  1922.  Two  children,  George  Pilkington  and  Eleanor  Winfrey 
chnson.     Address:     Pittsboro,  N.  C. 


Representatives  187 

ALBERT  ALLISON  JAMES 
Albert  Allison  James,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Forsyth 
County,  was  born  at  Laurens,  S.  C,  October  29,  1886.  Son  of 
Joseph  Herbert  and  Mary  Ella  (Brown)  James.  Attended  Spar- 
tanburg schools;  Davidson  College;  Page  School  of  Pharmacy. 
Druggist.  Member  North  Carolina  Pharmaceutical  Association, 
President,  1926.  Member  Winston-Salem  Board  of  Aldermen; 
School  Board  and  Board  of  Health;  served  as  member  North  Caro- 
lina Democratic  Executive  Committee.  Kiwanis  Club;  Mason; 
Sigma  Alpha  Epsilon.  '  Presbyterian.  Married;  first,  Miss  Lois 
Fleming  Nott,  June  7,  1911;  second,  Miss  Anna  Sizer,  June  14,  1927. 
Address:     Winston-Salem,  N.  C. 


GLOVER  P.  LEDFORD 
Glover  P.  Ledford,  Republican,  Representative  from  Clay  County, 
was  born  in  that  county,  December  1,  1890.  Son  of  Wilson  S.  and 
Anna  B.  (Shearer)  Ledford.  Attended  schools  of  Clay  County; 
Murphy  High  School.  Assistant  Cashier  Clay  County  Bank.  Regis- 
ter of  Deeds  of  Clay  County,  1924-1930.  Rural  Letter  Carrier, 
Route  1.  Hayesville,  1912-1920.  Church  of  God;  Deacon  since 
1924.  Married  Miss  Hazel  May  Davis,  March  27,  1912.  Address: 
Hayesville,  N.  C. 


J.  MARSHALL  LEE 
J.  Marshall  Lee,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Sampson  County, 
was  born  in  that  county,  March  1,  1888.  Son  of  Marshall  and  Eliza- 
beth (Fort)  Lee.  Attended  Buie's  Creek  Academy,  1905-1908; 
Wake  Forest  College,  1909  and  1911;  M.  D.  Medical  College  of  Vir- 
ginia, 1916.  Physician.  Member  Sampson  County,  North  Caro- 
lina and  Virginia  Medical  Societies.  Omega  Upsilon  Phi  Medical 
Fraternity.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Alese  Wagstaff,  October  22, 
1914.     Address:      Newton  Grove,  N.  C. 


WILLIE  LEE  LUMPKIN 

Willie    Lee    Lumpkin,    Democrat,    Representative    from    Franklin 

County,  was  born  at  Youngsville,  N.  C,  May  14,  1903.     Son  of  J.  S. 

and  Lena   (Parker)   Lumpkin.     Attended  Youngsville  High  School 

and    Franklinton    High    School;    Wake    Forest    College,    1919-1922; 


Inn  Biographical  Sketches 

Wake  Forest  Law  School.  Lawyer.  Member  Kiwanis  International. 
City  Attorney,  town  of  Franklinton.  Baptist;  Deacon;  President 
Franklin  County  Baraca-Philathea  Union,  1924.  Representative  in 
the  General  Assembly,  1929,  and  1931.  Married  Miss  Margaret 
B.  Ray,  1922.     Address:    Franklinton,  N.  C. 


OSCAR  PERCY  MAKEPEACE 
Oscar  Percy  Makepeace,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Lee 
County,  was  born  at  Noblesville,  Ind.,  February  18,  1883.  Son  of 
George  Henry  and  Nannie  (Fisher)  Makepeace.  Attended  local 
schools  and  Buie's  Creek  Academy.  President  and  General  Man- 
ager Sanford  Sash  and  Blind  Company.  City  Alderman.  Mayor. 
Chairman  School  Board.  Member  Lodge  No.  120,  A.  F.  and  A.  M.; 
Lee  Chapter  No.  72,  Southern  Pines  Commandery  No.  16;  Char- 
lotte Consistory  No.  1;  Moose;  Junior  Order;  Rotarian.  Methodist, 
Steward  twenty  years.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly, 
1925  and  1927.  Member  of  State  Senate  from  Thirteenth  Senatorial 
District,  1929.  Married  twice,  first  to  Miss  Zelma  Turner  Austin 
1902;  second  to  Miss  Edelweiss  King  1920.    Address:    Sanford,  N.  C. 


JULIUS  C.  MARTIN 
Julius  C.  Martin,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Buncombe 
County,  was  born  in  Wilkes  County,  October  2,  1861.  Son  of  Au- 
gustus Harrison  and  Susan  Virginia  (Corpening)  Martin.  Attended 
Oak  Hill  Academy,  Grayson  County,  Va.,  1881-1882;  University 
North  Carolina,  1884-1885;  Private  Law  School  of  Col.  George  N. 
Folk,  Caldwell  County,  1887-1888.  Lawyer.  Member  Buncombe 
County,  North  Carolina  and  American  Bar  Associations.  Chairman 
Buncombe  County  Board  of  Education,  1903-1910;  State  Senator 
1911.  Mason;  Beta  Theta  Pi.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Helen  Emilie 
Werres-Goertz,  December  29,  1891.    Address:     Asheville,  N.  C. 


JAMES  SPEED  MASSENBURG 
James  Speed  Massenburg,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Polk 
County,  was  born  in  Louisburg,  September  21,  1897.  Son  of  Ben- 
jamin B.  and  Lillian  (Mangum)  Massenburg.  A.B.  University 
North  Carolina,  1921;  University  of  Maryland;  Wake  Forest  Sum- 
mer Law  School.    Lawyer.    Member  State  Bar  Association.   Member 


Representatives  189 

Kiwanis  Club;  American  Legion;  Sigma  Phi  Epsilon.  Represen- 
tative in  the  General  Assembly  of  1925.  Methodist.  Married  Miss 
Ellen  Colburn  Seawell,  October  15,  1927  (deceased).  Address: 
Tryon,  N.  C. 


LAURIE  McEACHERN 

Laurie  McEachern,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Hoke  County, 
was  born  in  Marlow,  Georgia,  May  28,  1896.  Son  of  John  F.  and 
Margaret  G.  (Baker)  McEachern.  Attended  Warrenton  High  School, 
1910-1913;  "Washington  and  Lee  University,  1913-1917.  Farmer. 
President  Raeford  Kiwanis  Club,  1930.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1931.    Presbyterian.    Address:     Raeford,  N.  C. 


DON  LEE  McLAUCHLIN 

Don  Lee  McLauchlin,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Scotland 
County,  was  born  at  Wagram,  March  28,  1876.  Son  of  Benjamin  L. 
and  Effie  (Johnson)  McLauchlin.  Attended  Spring  Hill  High 
School,  1883-1885.  Farmer.  Chairman  Board  of  Elections  Scotland 
County;  Justice  of  the  Peace.  Private  Spanish  American  War. 
Commissioned  Lieutenant  by  Governor  Glenn,  1906;  Border  Service; 
World  War  Service,  November  1917,  Color  Sergeant  on  staff  of 
Gen.  J.  VanB.  Metts.     Presbyterian.     Address:    Wagram,  N.  C. 


LILY   MOREHEAD   MEBANE 

Lily  Morehead  Mebane,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Rock- 
ingham County.  Was  born  at  Spray,  August  13,  1870.  Daughter 
of  J.  Turner  and  Lily  (Connally)  Morehead.  Taught  by  govern- 
ness  before  attending  Peace  Institute  and  Southern  Home  School, 
Baltimore.  Cotton  Manufacturer.  Baptist.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1931.  Member  of  Board  of  University  Trus- 
tees. Married  February  8,  1896,  to  B.  Frank  Mebane.  Address: 
Spray,  N.  C. 


CHARLES  E.  MIZELL 
Charles     E.    Mizell,     Democrat,     Representative    from    Washing- 
ton County,  was  born  in  Williamston,  November  11,  1873.     Son  of 
A.  L.  and  Maryann  Mizell.     Attended  public  schools  and  artillery 
school  in  U.  S.  Army  1893-4.     Retired  officer  U.  S.  Army.     Mayor 


100  Biographical  Sketches 

of  Roper,  Member  of  City  Council,  Member  County  Board  of  Edu- 
cation. In  U.  S.  Army  from  1892  until  1922  when  retired  with 
rank  of  Captain.  Mason;  Odd  Fellow.  Received  several  medals 
for  service,  Spanish  War,  Philippines,  overseas  18  months  in  World 
War.     Married  Miss  Lucas,   July  29,  1903.     Address:    Roper,  N.  C. 


DANIEL   A.   MONROE 

Daniel  A.  Monroe,  Republican,  Representative  from  Montgomery 
County,  was  born  at  Eagle  Springs,  July  3,  1890.  Son  of  John  C. 
and  Margaret  (Seawell)  Monroe.  Attended  Elise  High  School 
1909-1913;  State  College,  1913-1916.  Electrical  Engineer;  Stock 
raising;  Flour  Milling.  Member  American  Institute  of  Electrical 
Engineers.  Military  Training  at  State  College;  Cadet  Instructor 
Capig  District,  Island  of  Panay,  Philippines,  1917.  Teacher  and 
Principal  Iloilo  Trade  School,  Island  of  Panay,  Philippines.  Na- 
tional Grange,  Master  Local  Grange  No.  572,  Star.  Presbyterian. 
Married  Miss  Florence  Kelly,  July  8,  1918.     Address:   Biscoe,  N.  C. 


JOSEPH  TRACY  MOORE 

Joseph  Tracy  Moore,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Guil- 
ford County  was  born  in  Greensboro,  in  1897.  Son  of 
Joseph  Shaw  and  Rose  (Tracy)  Moore.  Attended  Pomona  and 
Buffalo  High  School;  Mars  Hill.  Realtor.  Member  National  Real 
Estate  Association;  past  member  Greensboro  Real  Estate  Board; 
Enlisted  July  21,  1917,  at  Albuquerque,  New  Mexico.  Ambulance 
Driver  and  Dental  Assistant;  discharged  January  13,  1919.  Ameri- 
can Legion  Commander  Greensboro  Post,  1929;  Chef  de  Guerre  Forty 
and  Eight,  Greensboro,  1930;  State  Chairman  Foreign  Relations 
Committee,  1932-1933;  Y.  M.  C.  A.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Virginia 
Emma  Fentriss,  September  28,  1920.     Address:     Greensboro,  N.   C. 


ROBERT   BRUCE   MORPHEW 

Robert  Bruce  Morphew,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Graham 
County.  Was  born  in  Robbinsville,  N.  C,  in  1901.  Son  of  Thomas 
Arthur  and  Lillian  (Slaughter)  Morphew.  Graduated  from  Rob- 
binsville High  School,  1919;  attended  Cullowhee  Normal  School, 
1920;  B.A.,  Tusculum  College,  1925;  Duke  University,  1926-'27; 
Summer  School,  Wake  Forest,  1927.     Lawyer.     Sigma  Nu  Phi,  legal 


Representatives  191 

fraternity.  National  Guard,  1924-1926,  Troop  D,  Cavalry,  at  camp 
during  summer,  corporal.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly 
of  1931.     Methodist.     Address:     Robbinsville,   N.  C. 


OTWAY  BINNS  MOSS 
Otway  Binns  Moss,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Nash  County, 
was  born  in  Wilson,  October  20,  1890.  Son  of  Vernon  F.  and  Loula 
A.  (Binns)  Moss.  Attended  Wilson  graded  schools;  LL.B.  Wake 
Forest,  1913.  Lawyer.  Vice-Recorder,  Nash  County  Court,  1916- 
1922.  Supervisor  Census  Fourth  Congressional  District,  1919-1920. 
Member  School  Board,  1919-1922.  Chairman  Democratic  Executive 
Committee,  Manning's  Township,  1916-1930;  Member  County  Execu- 
tive Committee,  1916-1932.  State  Senator,  1923  and  1925;  Repre- 
sentative, 1927,  1929  and  1931.  Mason;  Shriner,  Sudan  Temple. 
Baptist.  Superintendent  Sunday  School,  1920;  Teacher  Men's  Bible 
Class,  1929-1932.  Married  Miss  Dolly  Edwards,  June  2,  1915;  two 
children.     Address:      Spring  Hope,    N.   C. 


JAMES  CLAYTON  MOYE 
James  Clayton  Moye,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Greene 
County.  Was  born  in  that  county  July  19,  1890.  Son  of  James 
Franklin  and  Mary  E.  (Meeks)  Moye.  Attended  public  schools; 
Whitsett  Institute,  1908;  Ayden  Free  Will  Baptist  Teological  Semi- 
nary, 1912-1916.  Minister.  Chevrolet  automobile  dealer.  Mayor 
of  Snow  Hill,  1926-1929.  Modern  Woodmen  of  the  World.  Mod- 
erator Central  Conference  of  Free  Will  Baptist  Church,  1918-1920. 
Free  Will  Baptist.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly,  1929 
and  1931.  Married  Miss  Ethel  Brooks,  January  24,  1921.  Address: 
Snow  Hill,  N.  C. 


WALTER  MURPHY 
Walter  Murphy,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Rowan  County, 
was  born  in  Salisbury,  October,  1872.  Son  of  Andrew  and  Helen 
(Long)  Murphy.  Educated  at  the  University  of  North  Carolina. 
Attended  Law  School  1892-94.  Lawyer.  Trustee  of  the  University 
since  1903;  executive  committee  of  same.  General  Secretary  of  the 
Alumni  of  the  University.  Trustee  of  the  North  Carolina  Sana- 
torium  for   the  Treatment  of  Tuberculosis   1907-1914.     Member  of 


L92  Biographical  Sketches 

the  State  Democratic  Executive  Committee  1898,  1913.  City  Attor- 
ney for  Salisbury,  1903-1908.  Member  of  the  General  Assembly 
1S97,  1901,  1903,  1905,  1907,  1913,  1915,  1921,  1923,  1925,  1927. 
Speaker  of  the  House  of  Representatives  at  extra  session  1914;  of 
the  regular  session  1917.  Reading  Clerk  of  the  Senate,  1899.  Elec- 
tor-at-Large,  1908.  B.  P.  O.  E.  F.  O.  E.  Red  Men.  Knights  of 
Pythias,  Mason.  Sigma  Nu  (college)  Fraternity.  President  of 
the  General  Alumni  Association  of  the  University.  President 
Salisbury  Kiwanis  Club.  A.  A.  O.  N.  M.  S.  Oasis  Temple.  Episco- 
palian. Married  Miss  Maud  Harvey  1903.  Address:  Salisbury, 
N.  C. 


WILLIAM    WEAVER    NEAL 

William  Weaver  Neal,  Democrat,  Representative  from  McDowell 
County,  was  born  in  Marion,  February  15,  1874.  Son  of  G.  H.  and 
Rowena  (Weaver)  Neal.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly. 
1919,  1921,  1923,  1925  and   1931.     Address:     Marion  N.   C. 


HARRISS  NEWMAN 

Harriss  Newman,  Democrat,  Representative  from  New  Hanover 
County.  Was  born  in  Wilmington,  October  2,  1897.  Son  of  Joseph 
and  Rolinda  (Jacobs)  Newman.  Attended  public  schools;  Cape 
Fear  Academy,  Trinity  College;  LL.B.,  University  of  North  Caro- 
lina, 1919.  Lawyer.  Member  New  Hanover  County  Bar  Association; 
North  Carolina  Bar  Association;  Chamber  of  Commerce,  member 
Executive  Committee;  Chairman  Wilmington  Chapter  Red  Cross, 
Roll  Call  Chairman,  1927-1929;  Executive  Commander  Boys'  Brig- 
ade; Member  Board  of  Directors  Baby's  Hospital,  Travelers  Aid 
Society;  National  Jewish  Hospital,  Denver,  Col.;  Member  New  Han- 
over County  High  School  Committee;  Vice-Chairman  State  Allied 
Jewish  Campaign,  1930;  Mason,  Wilmington  Lodge  No.  219;  B. 
P.  O.  E. ;  Shriner;  Past  President  Wilmington  Independent  Order 
B'nai  Brith;  Goldenrod  Chapter  Eastern  Star.  Of  Jewish  faith. 
Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1931.  Address:  Wil- 
mington, N.  C. 


Kepresentatives  193 

WILLIAM  JETER  OAKS 
William  Jeter  Oaks,  Republican,  Representative  from  Avery 
County,  was  born  in  Carter  County,  Tenn.,  October  20,  1899.  Son 
of  James  F.  and  Lieuvenia  Ellen  (Pilkington)  Oaks.  Attended 
Elk  Park  High  School;  Appalachian  State  Teachers'  College,  two 
years  Normal  work.  Teacher  in  North  Carolina  and  Tennessee  for 
fifteen  years.  Principal  Minneapolis  Consolidated  Schools.  Mayor 
Elk  Park,  1928-1930;  Alderman,  1930-1931;  Secretary  Republican 
Executive  Committee,  Avery  County,  1932-1934.  Cranberry  Lodge 
No.  598  A.  F.  and  A.  M.,  Treasurer,  1929-1933;  Elk  Park  Council  No. 
85  Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics.  Baptist;  Superintend- 
ent Sunday  School,  1929-1930.  Married  Miss  Cora  Lee  Church,  June 
9,  1920.    Address:    Elk  Park,  N.  C. 


THOMAS   O'BERRY 

Thomas  O'Berry,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Wayne  County, 
was  born  in  Goldsboro,  February  20,  1886.  Son  of  Nathan  and 
Estelle  (Moore)  O'Berry.  Attended  Goldsboro  Graded  School; 
Horner's  Military  Academy;  B.S.  University  of  North  Carolina, 
1907.  Lumber  Manufacturer  and  Insurance  Agent.  Represented 
North  Carolina  Pine  Association,  Hoover's  Standardization  Com- 
mittee, 1924;  Vice-President  North  Carolina  Pine  Association,  !920- 
1924.  Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Annie  Land,  December  14,  1910. 
Address:    Goldsboro,  N.  C. 


HUBERT  E.  OLIVE 
Hubert  E.  Olive,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Davidson  County, 
was  born  in  Randleman,  August  25,  1895.  Son  of  A.  J.  and  Emma 
(Beckwith)  Olive.  Attended  Mars  Hill  College,  1912-1914;  B.A. 
Wake  Forest  College,  1918;  LL.B.,  1920.  Lawyer.  Member  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association.  Judge  Lexington  Recorder's  Court,  1922- 
1926.  One  year  service  overseas;  First  Officers  Training  Camp, 
Fort  Oglethorpe,  Ga.,  1917;  Second  Lieutenant  U.  S.  Army,  1917- 
1918.  First  Lieutenant,  1918-1919.  Junior  Order  United  American 
Mechanics.  Baptist.  Lieutenant-Governor  Division  3,  Carolina  Dis- 
trict, Kiwanis  International,  1930-1931;  Chairman  Underprivileged 
Child  Committee,  1921-1922;  American  Legion  Department  Service 
Officer,    1924-1925;    Judge    Advocate,    N.    C.    Department    American 

13 


194  Biographical  Sketches 

Legion,  1926-1927.     Married  Miss  Charlotte  Anne  Southerland,  July 
23,  1921.     Address:    Lexington,  N.  C. 

ALBERT  RUFUS  PHILLIPS 

Albert  Rufus  Phillips,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Stokes 
County,  was  born  in  Dalton,  May  7,  1888.  Son  of  Dr.  Matthew 
Dalton  and  Margaret  Melissa  (Dalton)  Phillips.  Attended  Leaks- 
ville-Spray  Institute,  1908;  A.B.  Wake  Forest  College,  1913;  Th.M. 
Southern  Baptist  Theological  Seminary,  1920.  High  School  Prin- 
cipal; Mountain  Mission  worker.  Mason;  Junior  Order  United 
American  Mechanics.  Baptist;  Trustee  Shiloh  Church,  Pinnacle; 
Pastor  Olive  Grove  Mission  Church.  Treasurer,  Argentine  Baptist 
Mission,  1922-1925;  Teacher  Bible  and  English  in  the  Colegio  Bau- 
tista  para  Varonnes  Buenos  Aires.  Married  Miss  Ruth  Cooke,  La- 
crosse, Va.,  May  7,  1916.    Address:    Dalton,  N.  C. 


RICHARD  HUNTER  POPE 

Richard  Hunter  Pope,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Halifax 
County,  was  born  in  that  county  December  8,  1887.  Son  of  Dr. 
Joseph  Richard  and  Adelaide  (Futrell)  Pope.  Attended  Corry, 
Pa.,  High  School,  1902-1906;  A.B.  Wake  Forest,  1909.  Farmer. 
Kiwanis  Club,  President,  1927;  Member  Board  of  Trustees  Enfield 
Graded  School,  1926-1928;  Halifax  County  Board  of  Education,  1928- 
1932.  Coast  Artillery  Officers  Training  School  Fort  Monroe,  Va., 
1918.  Mason;  Enfield  Chapter  Royal  Arch  Masons,  St.  Aldemar 
Commandery;  High  Priest,  1932;  Master  Hiram  Lodge,  Winchester, 
Va.,  1921.  Baptist;  Deacon  1925-1931.  Teacher  and  Principal 
Shenandoah  Valley  Academy,  Winchester,  Va.,  1910-1923;  Superin- 
tendent Enfield  Graded  School,  1923-1926.  Married  Miss  Zoe  M. 
Wilcox,  1915,  who  died  in  1926;  married  Miss  Annie  Laurie,  1927. 
Address:    Enfield,  N.  C. 


JOHN  P.  RANDOLPH 
John  P.  Randolph,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Swain  County, 
was  born  at  Burnsville,  November  22,  1895.  Son  of  David  A.  and 
Margaret  (Horton)  Randolph.  Attended  Bryson  City  High  School, 
1908-1915;  Studied  Law  under  Mrs.  A.  M.  Frye;  Special  Course 
Wake  Forest  College,  1921.  Lawyer.  World  War,  1917-1920;    Sergeant 


Ekpresentatives  195 

Ninth  Infantry,  Second  Division,  Regular  Army.  Knights  of 
Pythias;  Odd  Fellows.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Lois  Frye,  1928. 
Address:    Bryson  City,  N.  C. 


THEODORE  ROOSEVELT  RAY 
Theodore  Roosevelt  Ray,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Hender- 
son County,  was  born  in  Asheville,  September  9,  1904.  Son  of 
Walter  L.  and  Mary  Christine  (Baird)  Ray.  Attended  Henderson 
County  Schools;  Hendersonville  High  School;  A.B.  University 
Chicago,  1925;  Recommended  for  Rhodes  Scholarship.  Represen- 
tative World  Book  Company.  Second  Lieutenant  Officers  Reserve 
Corps.  Tau  Kappa  Epsilon;  Beta  Epsilon;  Delta  Sigma  Rho;  Eta 
Sigma  Phi;  Speakers  Club.  Baptist;  Sunday  School  teacher;  B.  Y. 
P.  U.  Leader;    Auxiliary  Deacon.     Address:     Hendersonville,  N.  C. 


ROBERT  H.  ROUSE 
Robert  H.  Rouse,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Lenoir  County, 
was  born  in  Kinston,  October  15,  1894.  Son  of  N.  J.  and  Mattie 
(Rountree)  Rouse.  Student  University  of  North  Carolina,  1911-12; 
Law  Student  University  of  Virginia.  Lawyer.  Member  of  North 
Carolina  Bar  Association  and  American  Bar  Association;  Kappa 
Sigma;  A.  E.  F.  1917-19;  First  Lieutenant.  Disciple.  Married 
Miss  Lucile  Dixon,  April  14,  1920.    Address:    Kinston,  N.  C. 


JOSEPH  WATTERS  RUARK 
Joseph  Watters  Ruark,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Bruns- 
wick County,  was  born  in  Southport,  November  29,  1885.  Son  of 
James  Buchan  and  Sallie  (Longest)  Ruark.  Attended  Southport 
Academy;  University  of  North  Carolina,  1905-1906.  Lawyer.  Mem- 
ber North  Carolina  Bar  Association.  Mayor  Southport,  1915-1921; 
Recorder,  Brunswick  County,  1921-1923;  Prosecuting  Attorney  two 
years.  State  Senator,  1923  and  1927.  Junior  Order  United  Ameri- 
can Mechanics;  Fort  Johnston  Council  No.  27;  Past  Master  Phythag- 
oras  Lodge  No.  249  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Grace 
K.  Pridgen,  August  25,  1929.     Address:     Southport,  N.  C. 


196  Biographical  Sketches 

DAWSON    EMERSON    SCARBOROUGH 

Dawson  Emerson  Scarborough,  Democrat,  Representative  from 
Richmond  County,  was  born  at  Mt.  Gilead,  August  11,  1900.  Son 
of  Alfred  D.  and  Mary  (Christian)  Scarborough.  Attended  Hoff- 
man High  School,  1909-1917;  LL.B.,  University  North  Carolina, 
1923.  Lawyer.  Member  Richmond  County  Bar  Association.  Prose- 
cuting Attorney  for  Richmond  County,  1929-1930.  Two  months  in 
Students  Army  Training  Corps  at  Chapel  Hill,  1918.  Methodist. 
Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1931.  "Winner  of  J.  W. 
Bailey  Prize  offered  by  the  North  Carolina  Club,  University  of 
North   Carolina,   1923.     Address:      Rockingham,   N.   C. 

WILLIAM  HENRY  SIGMON 
William  Henry  Sigmon,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Lincoln 
County,  was  born  in  Catawba  County,  November  25,  1867.  Son  of 
Harrison  and  Sallie  (Howard)  Sigmon.  Attended  common  schools 
and  Oak  Institute,  Mooresville,  N.  C.  Farmer.  Register  of  Deeds 
for  Lincoln  County,  1908-1914.  Knights  of  Pythias,  Chancellor 
Commander,  1912;  Jr.  O.  U.  A.  M.  Methodist;  Steward,  1915-1927; 
Sunday  School  Teacher,  1915-1930;  Chairman  Parsonage  Building 
Committee,  1928.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1931. 
Married  Miss  Nannie  E.  Derr,  December  21,  1901.  Address:  Den- 
ver, N.  C. 


J.  CALVIN  SMITH 
J.  Calvin  Smith,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Martin  County, 
was  born  near  Farmville,  Pitt  County.  Son  of  J.  Thomas  and 
Emily  (Tyson)  Smith.  Attended  private  schools  and  public  schools 
of  Pitt  County;  Wake  Forest  Law  School,  1907.  Licensed  to 
practice  law,  August,  1907.  Lawyer.  Mayor  of  Robersonville,  1915- 
1918;  Judge  Martin  County  Court,  1919-1926.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1931.  Married  Miss  Margaret  J.  Chandler  of 
Mebane,  September  6,   1911.     Address:     Robersonville,  N.  C. 


HERSCHEL   SPRINKLE 
Herschel    Sprinkle,    Republican,    Representative    from    Madison 
County,  was  born  at  Mars  Hill,  October  12,  1891.     Son  of  Alfred 
F.  and  Julia   (Callahan)   Sprinkle.     Attended  public  schools;   Mars 


Representatives  197 

Hill  College;  Wake  Forest  College,  1913-1914;  Massey's  Business 
College,  Richmond,  Va.,  1910.  Wholesale  Grocer.  Alderman  of 
Marshall,  1919-1920;  1929-1932.  Sixteen  months  in  World  War, 
Quartermaster  Corps  and  Heavy  Field  Artillery;  discharged  as 
First  Sergeant.  Mason;  Master  French  Broad  Lodge  No.  292. 
County  Chairman  5-10  Year  Farm  Program;  Chairman  Madison 
County  Republican  Executive  Committee  1930-1931;  Chairman  Red 
Cross  two  years;  Chairman  Madison  County  Farm  Loan  Com- 
mittee. Presbyterian.  Married  Miss  Stella  Shelton  March  2,  1919. 
Address:     Marshall,  N.  C. 


CHARLES  WAYLAND  SPRUILL 
Charles  Wayland  Spruill,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Bertie 
County,  was  born  at  Quitsna,  April  6,  1889.  Son  of  Charles  Way- 
land  and  Annie  E.  (Tadlo'ck)  Spruill.  Attended  Oak  Ridge  Insti- 
tute, 1904-1906;  State  College,  1908-1909.  Farmer.  Merchant  and 
Manufacturer.  Member  Bertie  County  Road  Commission,  1920- 
1921;  1925-1930.  Justice  of  the  Peace  since  1911;  Chairman  Re- 
publican High  School  Board  fifteen  years;  Chairman  Township 
School  Board  seventeen  years.  Davie  Lodge  No.  39  A.  F.  &  A.  M.; 
Sudan  Temple;  A.  A.  O.  K.  M.  S.  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Ruth 
Bazemore,   November   26,    1913.     Address:     Windsor,   N.   C. 


L.  L.  STEVENS 
L.  L.  Stevens,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Camden  County, 
was  born  at  Indiantown  November  5,  1878.  Son  of  Benjamin  W. 
and  Nancy  (Leary)  Stevens.  Attended  Sandy  Hook  Public  School; 
Shiloh  High  School  Academy;  Ph.B.  University  North  Carolina, 
1901.  Educator  and  Farmer.  Superintendent  Camden  County 
Schools,  1921-1931.  Mason.  Baptist.  Author  of  Eleven  "Blue  and 
Gold"  Annuals  of  the  Staunton  Military  Academy.  Married  Miss 
Vivian  S.  Bartlett,  June  6,  1920.    Address:    Indiantown,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM   ADDISON   SULLIVAN 
William  Addison  Sullivan,  Democrat,   Representative   from   Bun- 
combe County,   was  born   in    Salisbury,   January   6,   1899.     Son    of 
Hezekiah  Holmes  and  Ada  Lee  (Lowry)   Sullivan.    Attended  Ashe- 
ville    High    School,    1915-1917;    Patton,    1918;    University    of    North 


198  Biographical  Sketches 

Carolina,  1919-1921;  Wake  Forest  College,  1922.  Lawyer.  Mem- 
ber Buncombe  County  and  Nortb  Carolina  Bar  Associations.  Police 
Court  Judge,  Asheville,  1923-1928.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Leola 
Pearson,  June  5,  1925.     Address:     Asheville,  N.  C. 


CHARLES  WALLACE  TATEM 
Charles  Wallace  Tatem,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Tyrrell 
County,  was  born  in  Columbia,  September  25,  1876.  Son  of  Cam- 
milas  Etheridge  and  Ellen  E.  (McClees)  Tatem.  Attended  Colum- 
bia Academy,  1885-1891;  Trinity  School,  1892-1893.  Civil  Engineer. 
Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1927,  1929  and  1931. 
Married  Miss  Ella  Gertrude  Wynne,  September  24,  1896.  Address: 
Columbia,  N.  C. 


FRANCIS    M.   TAYLOR 

Francis  M.  Taylor,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Halifax 
County,  was  born  at  Brinkleyville,  Halifax  County.  Son  of  John 
R.  and  Martha  (Marks)  Taylor.  Educated  in  the  public  and  private 
schools  of  the  county,  1884-1895.  Studied  Medicine  under  Dr.  John 
O'Brien,  1897-1898.  Merchant  and  Farmer.  Justice  of  the  Peace 
since  1899.  Tax  Collector,  1908-1917;  School  Committeeman;  mem- 
ber County  Board  of  Road  Commissioners  1922-1931.  Blue  Lodge 
Mason;  Knight  Templar;  Shriner,  Sudan  Temple;  Modern  Woodmen 
of  the  World;  Odd  Fellows.  Methodist  Protestant;  Steward  for  last 
thirty  years.  Representative  in  the  General  Assembly  of  1917,  1919 
and  1921.  Married  Miss  Mattie  E.  Moore,  January,  1902.  Address: 
Enfield,  N.  C,  R.  F.  D. 


HIERO  LOUIS  TAYLOR 
Hiero  Louis  Taylor,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Mecklenburg 
County,  was  born  in  Washington,  D.  C.,  March  5,  1886.  Son  of 
Lt.  Hiero  Taylor,  U.  S.  N.,  and  Mary  L.  (Tayloe)  Taylor.  At- 
tended Virginia  public  schools,  Manassas  Institute.  LL.B.  National 
University,  1908;  LL.M.,  June  1909.  Lawyer.  Member  American, 
North  Carolina  and  Mecklenburg  County  Bar  Associations.  Mason, 
Phalanx  No.  31,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.  Episcopalian.  Married  Miss  Blanche 
Pepper,  October  25,  1919. 


Representatives  199 

JAMES  ALVIN  TAYLOR 

James  Alvin  Taylor,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Currituck, 
was  born  at  Currituck  April  3,  1898.  Son  of  Zion  B.  and  Civility 
Virginia  (Boswood)  Taylor.  Attended  Poplar  Branch  High  School 
and  private  schools.  Register  of  Deeds  since  1922,  and  County 
Accountant  Currituck  County  since  1927.  Students  Army  Training 
Corps,  University  North  Carolina,  three  months,  1918.  Mason; 
Junior  Order  United  American  Mechanics;  Past  Councillor.  Metho- 
dist. Author  of  short  poem  "Awake,  Arise,  All  Ye  Neutrals"  which 
was  set  to  music.  Married  Miss  Ethel  Louise  Nelson,  November 
23,  1923.     Address:     Maple,  N.  C. 


FRANCIS    EDGAR    THOMAS 

Francis  Edgar  Thomas,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Anson 
County,  was  born  at  Diamond  Hill,  Anson  County,  December  25, 
1871.  Son  of  John  William  and  Susan  (Liles)  Thomas.  Attended 
Polkton  High  School;  Wake  Forest  College,  LL.B.,  1902;  University 
of  North  Carolina  Law  School.  Lawyer.  Representative  in  the 
General  Assembly  of  1913,  1915,  and  1931.  Baptist.  Married  Miss 
Lucy  Josephine  Hawkins,  1910.    Address:     Wadesboro,  N.  C. 


MARSHALL  ALEXANDER  THOMPSON 
Marshall  Alexander  Thompson,  Democrat,  Representative  from 
Robeson  County,  was  born  at  Aberdeen,  July  26,  1893.  Son  of 
William  Henry  and  Ammie  Jane  (Smith)  Thompson.  Attended 
Elise  School,  1914;  Glade  Valley,  1915;  Davidson  College,  1915-1917; 
A.B.  Princeton  University,  1921;  M.A.  1922;  Harvard  University. 
Editor,  Scottish  Chief;  Farmer  and  Lumber  Manufacturer.  Mem- 
ber North  Carolina  Press  Association;  National  Editorial  Asso- 
ciation; Mormax  Club;  Robeson  County  Club.  Member  Board  of 
Trustees  Liberty  School;  Township  Democratic  Executive  Commit- 
tee. Private  U.  S.  Marine  Corps,  1917-1919;  wounded  in  battle  of  Bel- 
leau  Wood,  June  1918.  Knights  of  Pythias;  The  Grange,  Member 
Executive  Committee,  1932;  American  Legion,  Commander  Liberty 
Post,  1926,  Adjutant,  1927-1931.  Presbyterian;  Superintendent 
Midway  Sunday  School,  1925-1926;  President  Men-of-the-Church, 
1932.  Married  Miss  Mary  Lewis  Nivison,  September  5,  1925.  Ad- 
dress:    Maxton,  N.  C. 


200  Biographical  Sketches 

WILLIAM  ANDERSON  THOMPSON 

William  Anderson  Thompson,  Democrat,  Representative  from 
Beaufort  County,  was  born  near  Aurora,  November  26,  1875.  Son 
of  W.  A.  and  Sallie  (Hamm)  Thompson.  Educated  at  Beech  Grove 
Academy,  1881-85;  Vance  Academy,  1885-91;  N.  B.  Collegiate  In- 
stitute; University  of  North  Carolina  Law  School,  1908.  Lawyer. 
County  Commissioner  1904-08;  Mayor  of  Aurora  1912-18;  Chairman 
Board  of  School  Trustees  Aurora,  1910-22;  Ex-Chairman  Democratic 
Executive  Committee;  Member  House  of  Representatives,  1911. 
Mason;  Odd  Fellow.  Methodist.  Married  August  3,  1898,  Miss 
Sallie  Carr.     Address:     Aurora,  N.  C. 


WILLIAM  AVERY  THOMPSON 
William  Avery  Thompson,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Colum- 
bus County,  was  born  at  Hallsboro,  May  16,  1896.  Son  of  James 
Edwin  and  Mary  Jane  (Britt)  Thompson.  Graduated  from  Trinity 
Park  High  School  1915  and  Trinity  College,  A.B.  Degree,  1919.  Mer- 
chant and  Lumber  Manufacturer.  Member  of  Board  of  Elections 
Columbus  County,  1920.  Member  of  Board  of  Land  Appraisers, 
1920.  Member  of  County  Board  of  Education,  1920-1925,  Chairman. 
World  War  veteran,  Second  Lieutenant  in  Field  Artilery.  Knights 
of  Pythias.  Methodist,  Steward  and  Sunday  School  Superintendent; 
Vice-President  County  Sunday  School  Association.  Member  House 
of  Representatives,  1925.  Married,  1920,  Miss  Mildred  A.  Carpenter. 
Address:    Hallsboro,  N.  C. 


DANIEL  DEAN  TOMPKINS 

Daniel  Dean  Tompkins,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Jackson 
County,  was  born  in  Webster.  August  15,  1890.  Son  of  William  F. 
and  Annie  Harrison  (Luck)  Tompkins.  Attended  Waynesville  High 
School  1899-1907;  Wake  Forest  College  1908-1909.  Newspaper  editor 
and  publisher.  Member  North  Carolina  Press  Association.  Presi- 
dent Sylva  Chamber  of  Commerce  1925-26  and  1931-32.  Mayor  Sylva, 
1919-1931.  Judge  Jackson  County  Recorder's  Court  August,  1931, 
filling  unexpired  term  of  late  Joseph  J.  Hooker.  Held  court  only 
one  day  to  wind  up  affairs  of  court  which  was  abolished  by  county 
commissioners.  Enlisted  July  17,  1917,  in  Radio  Company,  N.  C. 
N.  G.  Sergeant,  Headquarters  Detachment,  105th  Field  Signal  Bat- 


Representatives  201 

talion,  30th  Division,  August  25,  1917,  to  April  22,  1919.  Overseas 
service  May  27,  1918,  to  April  11,  1919.  Member  Unaka  Lodge  358 
A.  F.  &  A.  M.  Junior  Warden  1924-25;  Senior  Warden  1925-26; 
Master  1927-28  and  1929-31.  Methodist;  Steward  since  1925.  Mar- 
ried Miss  Emily  Hill  Weigle  June  23,  1931.    Address:   Sylva,  N.  C. 


DAVID  ELMER  TURNER 

David  Elmer  Turner,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Iredell 
County,  was  born  in  Vance,  N.  C,  February  21,  1876.  Son  of 
W.  W.  and  Margaret  E.  (Knox)  Turner.  Attended  Barnes  Acad- 
emy, Lenoir,  N.  C,  1892;  Davidson,  1899.  Hardware  dealer.  Mem- 
ber Hardware  Association  of  Carolinas.  Kiwanis  Club.  County 
Commissioner,  six  and  one-half  years;  County  Board  of  Edu- 
cation, two  years;  City  Alderman,  ten  years;  Clerk,  Executive 
Board:  Chief  Fire  Department;  Representative  in  the  General 
Assembly  of  1929  and  1931.  Presbyterian;  Scout  Master.  Married 
Miss  Minnie  Lee  McNeely,  December  17,  1901.  Address:  Moores- 
ville,  N.  C. 


THOMAS  TURNER,   JR. 

Thomas  Turner,  Jr.,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Guilford 
County,  was  born  in  that  county,  October  3,  1900.  Son  of  Henri 
Catlett  of  Mt.  Sterling,  Ky.,  and  Elizabeth  Little  (Dowd)  Turner. 
A.B.,  University  of  North  Carolina,  1923;  University  Law  School, 
1923-1924.  Lawyer.  Member  North  Carolina  Bar  Association  and 
High  Point  Bar  Association.  Vice-Chairman  Guilford  County 
Democratic  Executive  Committee,  1927-1929.  Sigma  Alpha  Ep- 
silon,  College  Fraternity.  Episcopalian;  Vestryman;  Junior  War- 
den, 1926,  Senior  Warden,  1927.  Representative  in  the  General  As- 
sembly of  1931.  Married  Miss  Elizabeth  Nolan  of  Marietta,  Ga.,  Oc- 
tober 28,  1925;  two  children,  Thomas  Turner,  III,  and  Marion 
Nolan  Turner.    Address:    High  Point,  N.  C. 


JOSEPH  NEWSOME  VANN 

Joseph  Newsome  Vann,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Hertford 
County,  was  born  May  26,  1884.  Son  of  Albert  C.  and  Annie  New- 
some  Vann.  Attended  Winton  School  1898-99  and  Wake  Forest 
College   1901-1903.     Merchant  and  Farmer.     County   Commissioner 


202  Biographical  Sketches 

1924-1926,  Chairman  of  Board  four  years.  Mason  and  Shriner. 
Presbyterian;  Treasurer  and  Superintendent  of  Sunday  School. 
Married  Miss  Agnes  Wooten  January  18,  1913.  Address:  Ahoskie, 
N.  C. 


JOHN  DREW  WARLICK 
John  Drew  Warlick,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Onslow 
County,  was  born  in  Swan  Quarter,  June  5,  1890.  Son  of  Robert 
L.  and  Dora  Elizabeth  (Coston)  Warlick.  Attended  Piedmont 
High  School,  Lawndale,  1904-1905,  Oak  Ridge  Institute  1909.  Law- 
yer; Member  of  N.  C.  Bar  Association.  Clerk  to  Governor  Kitchin, 
1911-13;  Clerk  in  State  House  of  Representatives  1913;  Director 
and  Attorney  of  Bank  of  Onslow,  Jacksonville;  Attorney  and  Treas- 
urer of  town  of  Jacksonville,  1925-32;  Chairman  of  Democratic 
County  Executive  Committee  1926-32;  Member  of  State  Executive 
Committee  1928-32;  Member  Executive  Committee  Young  Demo- 
cratic Clubs  Third  District,  1932.  World  War,  1917-19,  First  Lieu- 
tenant; Member  American  Legion.  Mason;  Knight  Templar; 
Shriner;  Past  Master;  Past  High  Priest;  Past  Commander;  Past 
District  Deputy  Grand  Master.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Mattie 
Belle  Tolson,  October  25,  1932.     Address:     Jacksonville,  N.  C. 


VAN  SHARPE  WATSON 
Van  Sharpe  Watson,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Nash  County, 
was  born  in  Nash  County  July  26,  1891.  Son  of  James  William 
and  Mattie  (Exum)  Watson.  Attended  Branham  &  Hughes  School, 
Spring  Hill,  Tenn.;  King's  Business,  Raleigh,  1909.  Farmer.  Char- 
ter member  Kiwanis  Club.  Member  Board  of  Aldermen,  1925-29 
and  Mayor  of  Rocky  Mount,  1929-31.  Mason.  Methodist;  Steward 
since  1927.  Married  Miss  Ruth  Benedict,  June  8,  1916.  Address: 
Rocky  Mount,  N.  C. 


R.  JENNING  WHITE 

R.  Jenning  White,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Northampton 
County,  was  born  at  Seaboard,  N.  C.  Son  of  Rufus  T.  and  Maria 
Elizabeth  (Harriss)  White.  Attended  Buie's  Creek  Academy  1914- 
16  and  Whitsett  Institute  1916-17  and  Wake  Forest  College,  LL.B. 
Degree  1921.  Lawyer.  Mayor  of  Conway  1925-27.  Private  in  in- 
fantry  student   army   training   corps   Wake   Forest   College,    1918. 


Representatives  203 

Mason.  Baptist;  Superintendent  Sunday  School  1924-30,  Deacon 
since  1924,  Church  Treasurer,  1927  and  1928.  Married  Miss  Hettie 
Mae  Cannon,  July  16,  1924.    Address:    Conway,  N.  C. 


HAMPTON  DURANT  WILLIAMS 
Hampton  Durant  Williams,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Dup- 
lin County,  was  born  in  Duplin  County  July  23,  1877.  Son  of  Du- 
rant and  Elizabeth  (Kilpatrick)  Williams.  Attended  Thompson 
School,  Siler  City,  1896-98.  Law  School  University  of  North  Caro- 
lina, 1899-1900.  Lawyer,  Farmer  and  Banker.  Member  of  House 
from  Duplin  in  1905  and  1907;  Presidential  Elector  1909.  Mayor 
of  Kenansville  1909-15.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Erma  I.  Williams, 
of  Hamilton,  Martin  County,  June  26,  1901.  Address:  KenansviUe, 
N.  C. 


ROBERT    THOMAS   WILSON 

Robert  Thomas  Wilson,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Caswell 
County,  was  born  in  Caswell  County  April  8,  1883.  Son  of  Robert 
P.  and  Virginia  Adelaide  (Travis)  Wilson.  Attended  Danville  Mil- 
itary Institute  1900-1902,  State  College  1903  and  Wake  Forest  Col- 
lege Summer  Law  School  1915.  Lawyer.  Secretary  Caswell  County 
Bar  Association.  Chief  Clerk  Enrolling  Office  sessions  1925  and 
1927  and  assistant  for  several  terms  prior  thereto.  Member  Educa- 
tional Commission  1923.  Register  of  Deeds,  1910-1920;  State  Sena- 
tor, 1923.  Captain  of  Home  Guards  during  World  War.  Mason; 
Junior  Order.  Master  Mason,  Councilor  of  Junior  Order.  Baptist; 
Deacon  for  20  years.  Member  Legal  Advisory  Board,  Chairman 
Council  of  Defense,  Chairman  War  Savings  Committee  and  Food 
Administration  during  World  War.  Trustee  State  College,  1923- 
1929.  Married  in  1907  to  Miss  Mary  F.  Flintoff,  who  died  in  1909; 
married  Miss  Ella  S.  White  October  11,  1911.  Address:  Yancey- 
ville,  N.  C. 

WILLIAM   BRANTLEY   WOMBLE 

William  Brantley  Womble,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Wake 

County,  was  born  in  Wake  County  August  6,  1896.     Son  of  Andrew 

Thomas    and    Carrie    Lee     (Edwards)     Womble.      Attended    Wake 

County  Public  Schools,  Cary  High  School  and  University  of  North 


204  Biographical,  Sketches 

Carolina,  1918-1921.  Lawyer.  Member  of  Wake  County  Bar  As- 
sociation. Theta  Chi  College  Fraternity,  Phi  Alpha  Delta  (Law), 
Order  of  Grail;  Mason;  Baptist.  Married  Miss  Etna  Katherine 
Smith,  October  22,  1923.    Address:    Raleigh,  N.  C.  and  Cary,  N.  C. 


PRESTON  WOODALL 
Preston  Woodall,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Johnston  County, 
was  born  in  that  county,  May  4,  1874.  Son  of  William  Ransom 
and  Mary  (Creech)  Woodall.  Attended  Public  Schools  of  Johnston 
County  and  Turlington  Institute,  Smithfield.  Merchant  and  Farmer. 
Formerly  Vice-President  Commercial  National  Bank  and  President 
Citizens  Bank  &  Trust  Company  of  Benson;  Member  Town  Board; 
County  Welfare  Board  since  organization.  Member  of  Kiwanis  Club. 
Presbyterian;  Elder  since  1916.  Representative  in  the  General 
Assembly  of  1931.  Married  Miss  Emma  C.  Woodall,  April,  1899. 
Address:    Benson,  N.  C. 


J.  F.  WOODFIN 

J.  F.  Woodfin,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Alexander  County, 
was  born  November  6,  1871.  Son  of  Henry  and  Rebecca  (Gilreath) 
Woodfin.  Attended  Vashti  school  1882-1892.  Farmer  and  Saw  Mill 
and  Grist  Mill  owner.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Lelia  Barnett 
October  4,  1899.     Address:     Taylorsville,  N.  C,  Rt.  3. 


JAMES  ROBERT  YOUNG 
James  Robert  Young,  Democrat,  Representative  from  Harnett 
County,  was  born  in  Dunn,  January  27,  1896.  Son  of  Ernest 
Foster  and  Alma  (Fleming)  Young.  Attended  Warrenton  High 
School,  1911-1913;  Tennessee  Military  Institute,  1913-1914;  Uni- 
versity of  Tennessee,  1914-1915;  University  of  North  Carolina, 
1915-1917;  University  Law  School,  1919-1920;  Wake  Forest  Law 
School,  1920-1922;  licensed  to  practice  law,  January,  1922.  Lawyer. 
Member  North  Carolina  Bar  Association.  Solicitor  Recorders 
Court  of  Dunn,  1929-1930.  Private  119th  Infantry,  June  22,  1917- 
June  26,  1917;  Color  Sergeant,  June  26,  1917-July,  1917;  Brevet 
Sergeant   Major,   July,   1917-April   11,   1919;    Served   overseas   with 


Representatives  205 

119th  Infantry,  30th  Division,  April  1918-April,  1919;  graduated 
from  Army  Candidates  School,  Langres,  France,  December  31, 
1918.  At  present,  Captain  Headquarters  Battery,  113th  Field 
Artillery,  N.  C.  National  Guard.  Thirty-second  degree  Mason; 
Knights  of  Pythias;  Sigma  Nu,  Psi  Chapter,  College  Fraternity, 
University  of  North  Carolina.  Representative  in  the  General  As- 
sembly of  1931.  Methodist.  Married  Miss  Hazel  Virginia  Fetner 
of  Savannah,  Ga.,  November  22,  1922.    Address:     Dunn,  N.  C.